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El. B. By hoarie Nereus wrincled looke,
The invocations, assigned to the Brothers in the receding lines, are recited by the Spirit alone in all other copies of the poem. It is probable, that at Ludlow Castle, this part of the poem was sung; the four first lines perhaps as a troo; the rest by each performer separately. Ver. 893. Thick set with agate, and the azur'd sheene. Shakespeare has the “azur'd vault,” Tempest, A. v. S. i. And Greene, the “atur'd skye.” Never too late, 1616, P. ii. p. 46. But Milton's own word is azurn. See the Note on Com. v. 893. Ver. 897. Thus I rest my printles feete Ore the couslips head. Ver, 907. Of vinblest inchaunters vile, Ver. 911. Thus I sprinkle on this brest. Stage-direction after v. 937. “Songe ends.” Ver. 938. El. Br. Come, Sister, while Heav'n lends vs grace, Let vs fly this cursed place, &c. Dem. I shal be your faithfull guide Through this gloomie covert wide, &c. Wer, 951. All the swaynes that neere abide, With jiggs and rural daunce resorte; Wee shall catch them at this sporte,
&c. El. B. Come, let vs hast, the starrs are high, But night sitts monarch yet in the mid skye, The Spirit again is the sole speaker of the nineteen preceding lines in the printed copy. Stage-direction. “The Sceane changes, then is presented Ludlowe towne, and the President's Castle; then come in Countrie daunces and the like, &c. towards the end of these sports the demon with the 2 brothers and the ladye come in.” Then
Now my taskeis smoothly done,
Mortalls, that would follow me,
The Epilogue, in this manuscript, has not the thirty-six preceding lines, which are in the printed copies. Twenty of then, however, as we have seen, open the drama. Like the Cambridge manuscript, this manuscript does not exhibit what, in the printed copies, relates to Adonis, and to Cupid and Psyche. The four charming verses also, which follow v. 983 in the printed copy, are not in the *i;
TO THE NIGHTING ALE.
O Nightingale, that on yon bloomy spray
Lady, that in the prime of earliest youth [green,
Daughter to that good earl, once president
Ver. 1. Daughter to that good earl, She was the daughter of sir James Ley, whose singular learning and abilities raised him through all the great posts of the law, till he came to be made earl of Malborough, and lord higi, treasurer, and lord president of the council to king James I. He died in an advanced age; and Milton attributes his death to the breaking of the parliament; and it is true that the parliament was dissolved the 10th of March 1628–9, and he died on the 14th of the same month. He left several sons and daughters; and the lady Margaret was married to captain Hobson of the Isle of Wight. It appears from the accounts of Milton's life, that in 1643 he used frequently to visit this lady and her husband; about which time we may suppose this sonnet to have been composed. Ver. 1. A book was terit of late call'd Tetrachordon,] This elaborate discussion, unworthy in many respects of Milton, and in which much acuteness of argument, and comprehension of reading, were idly thrown away, was received with contempt, or rather ridicule, as we learn om Howel's Letters. A better proof that it was treated with neglect, is, that it was attacked
by two nameless and obscure writers ouly; one
XII. , , on THE SAME.
I did but prompt the age to quit their clogs
To M.R. H. LAWES ON THE PUBLISHING Biri Arrse
Harry, whose tuneful and well measur’d song
XIV. ON THE RELIGIOUs MEMORY of MRs. CATHE
RINE Thomson', my Christian friend, deceased 16 Decemb. 1646.
When Faith and Love, which parted from the never, Had ripen'd thy just soul to dwell with God, Meekly thou didst resign this earthly load Of death, call'd life; which us from life doth sever.
of whom Milton calls,a Serving-man turned Sk licitor : Our author's divorce was on Platonio principles. He held, that disagreement of mind was a better cause of separation than adultery of frigidity. Here was a fair opening for the laughers. This and the following Sonnet were written soon after 1645. For this doctrine Milton was summoned before the Iords. But they not aP. proving his accusers, the presbyterian clergy, * thinking the business too speculative, he was quickly dismissed. On this occasion Milton commenced hostilities against the Presbyterians. * Mrs. Catherine Thomson, I find in theat. counts of Milton's life, that, when he was first
Thy works, and alms, and all thy good endea-
XV. TO THE LORD General FAir FAx.
FAIRFAx, whose name in arms through Europe
. XVI. to the Lord General, croMWell
Cromwell, our chief of men, who through a cloud Not of war only, but detractions rude, Guided by faith and matchless fortitude, To peace and truth thy glorious way hast plough'd, • And on the neck of crowned fortune proud Hast rear'd God’s trophies, and his work pursued, [imbrued, While Darwen stream, with blood of Scots And Dunbar field resounds thy praises loud, And Worcester's laureat wreath. Yet much remains To conquer still ; peace hath her victories No less renown'd than war: new foes arise Threatening to bind our souls with secular chains: Help us to save free conscience from the paw Of hireling wolves, whose gospel is their maw.
XVII. To siR HENRY van E, THE YouNgER.
YANE, young in years, but in sage counsel old,
made Latin secretary, he lodged at one Thomson's next door to the Bull-head tavern at Charing-Cross. This Mrs. Thomson was in all probability one of that family. NEHWTON,
liament which began in 1653, and was active in settling the protectorate of Cromwell. In consequence of his services, he was made president of Cromwell's council; where he appears to have signed many severe and arbitrary decrees, not only against the royalists, but the Brownists, fifth-monarchy men, and other sectarists. He continued high in favour with Richard Cromwell. Henry Lawrence, the virtuous som, is the author of a work entitled Of our Communion and Warre with Angels, &c. Printed Anno Dom. 1646. 4°, 139 pages. The dedication is “To my Most deare and Most honoured Mother, the lady Lawrence.” He is perhaps the same Henry Lawrence, who printed A Vindication of the Scriptures and Christian Ordinances, 1649. Lond. 49. 'Son of William Skinner, esq. and grandson ef sir Vincent Skinner; and his mother was Bridget, one of the daughters of the famous sir Edward Coke, lord chief justice of the King's Bench.
Right onward. What supports me, dost thou ask? The conscience, friend, to have lost them overplied In liberty's defence, my noble task, Of which all Europe rings from side to side. This thought might lead me through the world's vain mask
Content though blind, had I no better guide.
XXIII. on his deceased WIFE.
METhought I saw my late espoused saint
Title. “To a Lady.” Ver, 7. And at thy blooming vertue fret their spleen. Ver. 13. Opens the dore of blisse that hour of night, All in Milton's own hand-writing. .
SoNN. x. Title, as printed in this edition. SoNN. xi.
Title, as printed in this edition. Ver. 1. I writt a book of late call'd Tetra" chordon, And weav'd it close, both matter,form, and style: It went off well about the town awbile, Numbering good wits, but now is seldom por’d on. Ver, 10. Those barbarvus names.