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when the ascending node is in the spring equinox, and the moon 90° in advance of the node in her orbit, and that of south in the reversed circumstances-the intermediate situations of the node corresponding to the absolute minima of each. These situations, according to the declination theory, ought to bring round a periodical increase and diminution in the average rainfalls and barometric heights. Like the others, however, when compared on any extended scale with recorded facts, this results in no establishment of any positive conclusion.”Manual of Weathercasts.
WHAT MAKES THE "WEST-END” RESPECTABLE.
Westerly winds mostly prevail in England, that is, sw., W. and NW. winds; and it seems that this fact accounts for the tendency of the wealthier population to move westward or toward "the West End,” because the air there is freer from smoke, &c., the prevalent westerly winds not only driving back the smoke of the city or “East End," but carrying to it the smoke of "the West End.” Of course it is the same with exhalations; and so the westerly wind keeps the West End healthier as well as makes it "respectable.” We may observe that in east winds, owing to the greater density of the air, the smoke and exhalations of both East and West End rise higher, and so each gets rid of a greater part of the nuisance. Curiously enough, it is the same in other great cities—Paris, Vienna, Berlin, Turin, St. Petersburg, Liege, Caen, Montpellier, and almost every other capital or large city of Europe, where the best districts are in the West, with the same results. Moreover, it was actually the same at Pompeii and other ancient cities. Thus, if “instinct" did not lead to this preference, it may be satisfactory to know that for once, at least, “ fashion” is right in its requirement.-Steinmetz.
CALMS IN WINTER.
In Canada, Minnesota, and all countries where the weather in the winter is intensely cold, the attention of the stranger is called to the fact, that in the bitterest cold days and nights the weather is always calm and clear ; for were the wind to blow at such time, neither man nor beast would be able to withstand the blast. Clear weather in winter denotes a dry atmosphere, and a dry atmosphere being favorable to radiation, permits the heat to escape from the earth faster than the sun imparts it ; at such times it turns cold. There is, on such occasions, not enough vapor in the air to be condensed even irro a cloud. The result is, that the weather remains clear and coll, until the winds, which are put in motion by some of the agents clsewhere, which give circulation to the atmosphere, Iring vapor-laden nir to relieve the coid. This vapor is immediately condensed inio clouds or snow, its latent heat is set free, and this being converted into sensi. ble heat, it warms the air, and the intense cold is at an end.-Maury's Physical Geography.
THE AUGUST COLD TERM.
The cold wave which passed over the continent about the middle of August, in this year, was foretold by Mr. Vennor. lle announced that a cool to cold term, with frost, would occur between the 15th and 20th days of August, and the cold and frost were duly chronicled in many journals throughout the continent. The Montreal Gazette, of August the 16th, said :-"Mr. Vennor has again hit the mark. The chilly atmosphere prevailing yesterday would seem to indicate the truth of his prophecy.” A New York correspondent of the Montreal Witness said :--"The nights of the 14th and 15th have been so cold that doubtless frost will be noticed in some quarters.”
“Vennor was right. It was almost cool enough for over-coats last evening,” said the Albany Argus of the 18th of August. A telegram from Rondout, N. Y., dated the 16th, said that on the night previous “there was frost in the various parts of Ulster County. The temperature at Pine Hill at 6 a.m. was 45°. Many of the mountain board. ing-houses had fires yesterday and this morning for the comfort of their guests. At Margaretville, Delaware County, at 5 a.m., the thermometer showed 44°. There were heavy frosts and tender vegetation was killed, and the growing crops, such as corn and buckwheat, were somewhat injured. The stage drivers report that a slight snow fell in Stony Cove, Ulster County, last night. At Stamford, Delaware County, there was a heavy white frost and sheet ice. The temperature at 6 o'clock was 32°. The growing crops were somewhat injured.” From Lake George, N.Y., Poughkeepsie, N.Y., S. Danville, Va., came similar reports. From Danville it was reported that a furious hail-storm swept the neighborhood of Vernon Hill, Halifax County. The hail-stones were very large, and there was a heavy fall of rain. One planter had 100,000 hills of tobacco destroyed, and other planters had large quantities ruined.
WEATHER RECORD OF 1880
1. Rapid inoderation from previous cold weather, and thaw set in. 2. Creat thaw and slush (as predicted). Storms in Atlantic. 3. Fairly cold again, with snow at night. 4. Thaw again, rain and great slush. 5. Cooler, but very fine and mild. Great rains, London, Goderich,
and in olher places in Ontario. 6. Thaw continues with rains. 7. Brilliant and cooler weather-spring-like. 8. Cloudy, raw and mild at most points. 9. Bright and warm ; great slush ; warmth unseasonable. 10. Bright, windy and cooler ; cold dip during night. 11. Cold, with keen northerly wind. Sleighing gone at Belleville,
Ontario, and other points westward. 12. Cloudy and mild. 13. Bright, clear and calm ; colder. 14. Fair to cloudy and moderate. Mercury first touched Zero last night. 15. Moderate, with light snow-fall. 16. Light snow and rain. 17. Great break up ; slush and rain everywhere. 18. Thaw continues ; wet snow. 19.
“ dip” during night. 20. Cold “dip,” with wind and snow ; fierce night of cold and storm. 21. Bright and cold ; heavy drifts everywhere. 22. 3° below zero early morning ; cold and cloudy-moderating. 23. Heavy snow-fall ; milder. Snow-storm, Wisconsin. 24. Colder and stormy. 25. Milder, with snow flurries. 26. Foggy ; bright and mild ; strange fluctuations of temperature. 27. Great thaw with rain ; Montreal ice-bridge shaky; cold in N. West. 28.
gale at night ; 30° below zero N West. 29. Brilliant and cold ; a “dip ;" 3° below oo. 30. Sudden moderation again to rain ; windy night 31. Bright and spring-like ; windy.
On the whole, a most changeable and mild month, with a great deal of rain, not at all typical of a Canadian January, and very unlike what the month will be in 1881.
1. Great snow-storm and cold “dip;" mercury fell 40° between 8
a. m. and midnight. 2. Brilliant and very keen ; below oo all day ; 35° below at Win
nipeg. 3. Day of great storm and drift ; snow falling from Halifax to
Hamilton ; the most wintry weather in a long period in New
York, Chicago and westward. 4. Cloudy, with light snow. 5. Light snow furries ; dristy. 6. Moderate and cloudy. 7.
snow flurries ; no thaw yet this month. 8. Mild and spring-like. 9. Brilliant and wintry ; below zero. 10. Storm and drift ; below zero all day. 11. Brilliant and moderate. 12. Mild ; rain and slush ; spring-like. 13. Mild and cloudy ; snow during night. 14. Bright, colder and drifty. 15. Cloudy, with light snow. 16. Bright and spring-like. 17. Cloudy and mild ; slush. 18. Cloudy and moist weather ; rain ; “dip” during night. 19. Cold and blustry day ; “ blizzard.” Gales and storms U. States. 20. Bright and cold. 21. Moderate, with snow-fall. 22. Fair to cloudy and mild ; snow at night. 23. Snow-fall continues; cold “dip” at night ; 7° below oo.
; 24. Bright and cold. 25. Cloudy weather with rains; wet and slushy. 26. Warm and spring-like. 27. Foggy and mild. 28. Raw and wet ; sleighing bad everywhere ; heavy rains. 29. Blustry ; snow furries ; colder ; March winds.
This February acted as February formerly was wont to act.
years the month has belied its true character, and dumbfounded all the “weather prophets.” It will this year (1881), however, again be exceptional.
MARCH (extremis winteres.) 1. Fair and wintry ; heaviest snow-fall at St. John's, Newfoundland,
in 20 years.
2. Bright and fairly cold.
frozen over ; intensely cold in N. West; 10° below oo, London,
Ontario. 9. Wintry spell continues ; cold weather in eastern Canada. 10. Wintry and cold at all points. II. Cold weather continues; 1° below oo Montreal ; cold and win.
tery at New York and west.
Canada and the North-West, Sydney, C. B., and Chatham,
zero, and Pembina, Minn., 27° below oo.
prophets” take a back seat but Vennor. 17. Drifty and wintry; grand aurora at night in N. East. 18. Cloudy and colder, with snow-fall. 19. Bright and mild. 20. Warm and spring-like ; good depth of snow in country still. 21. A "dip” and stormy day, with snow at many points. 22. Fair, mild and spring-like. 23. Heavy snow-fall, with high wind. 24. Great snow-storm and drist ; cold weather again, New York ;
heavy snow, Halifax, N.S. 25. Bright, cold and wintry. 26. Good FRIDAY. Bright and spring-like ; sleighing good. 27. Bright and mild, spring-like ; river ice quite good, plenty of
snow, Quebec and below ; snow in the United States. 28. Cold, cloudy and windy. 29. Very fine and seasonable ; fairly cold. 30.
heavy snow, Halifax, N.S. 31. Warm and spring-like ;