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Day of
Day of

Augustus Cæsar, seized by love of fame,
Gave to this seasonable month his name.
To Ceres it was dedicated; ergo,
Its sign Zodiacal of course was Virgo.




3 Th

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219 220




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213 Tu The month of August is likely to give a good deal of rain up to about 214 W the 20th day, after which fine warm and dry weather is likely to set in, 215

and extend well through September. 216 4 Fr

“When it rains in August it rains honey and wine." 217 5 Sa

“A wet August never brings dearth."-Old Proverbs. 218 6 s 9th Sunday after Trinity. 7 M

When first the moon appears, if then she shrouds 8 Tu

Her silver crescent, tipped with sable clouds, 9 W

Conclude she bodes a tempest on the main, lo Th

And brews for fields impetuous floods of rain; 223 II Fr

Or if her face with fiery flushings glow, 224 12 Sa

Expect the rattling winds aloft to blow. 225 13 S 10th Sunday after Trinity. 226 14 M

But four nights old (for that's the surest sign), 227 15 Tu

With sharpened horns if glorious then she shine, 228 16 W

Next day, not only that, but all the moon, 229 17 Th

Till her revolving race be wholly run, 230 18 Fr

Are void of tempests both by land and sea.-Virgil. 19 Sa 232 20 S 11th Sunday after Trinity. 233 21 M

If it rain on St. Bartholomew's Day (24th August), it will rain forty 234 22 Tu

days after.-Roman Proverb. 235 236

If the twenty-fourth of August be fair and clear, 237

Then hope for a prosperous autumn that year. 238 26 Sa 239 27 S 12th Sunday after Trinity. 240

28 M Sheep huddle together at the approach of bad weather, and turn their 241

tails toward its direction. Dogs and cats feel lazy at the approach of 242

rain. The reason is because the air is deficient in oxygen, and the damp 243

depresses the nervous system. The August of 1876 was the driest perhaps in a score or more of years; that of 1881 was even more so, and for a much greater period of years. The August of 1877 was excessively wet and stormy, and só in all probability will be the August of 1882. This is my general prediction for the month at date of writing (October 10, 1881).

When overtaken in the country in a thunder storm, it is safer to stand out in open ground than under shelter of a tree.

A valley or hollow is safer than an eminence. Indoors, contiguity to the walls is not so safe as the centre of the room. Placed on a bed or seated in a hair-cushioned

a chair, with your feet on another, in the middle of an apartment, is a position of almost perfect security, even though the lightning strikes the building and enters the room where you happen to be.

23 W 24 Th 25 Fr

29 Tu
30 W
31 Th

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JANUARY, 1881. Jan. 4: Quebec........

go below zero. Montreal..

9 Ottawa

Pembroke | Ottawa River Valley.............. 28

Gatineau Mills


Gatineau River Valley...... 31

30 Snow-storms were again general after this “cold wave,” and on the 12th were experienced in England and Scotland.

On the 14th and two following days another frigid wave was reported from all sections. On the 14th in Western cities the temperatures were as follows (below zero): Detroit, 10°; Chicago, 15°; Milwaukee, 15°; Winona, 250 ; St. Paul, 24°; Dubuque, 20°; Davenport, 20°; Des Moines, 10°; St. Louis, 8o; Peoria, 18°; Omaha, 14°. The temperature at Montreal on the same date was 9° below zero. In London, Eng., 25° of frost were registered. Strange to say, at Hamilton, Ontario, a thaw and rain set in and sleighing disappeared. On the 15th the mercury fell to 13° below zero at Montreal, and similar low temperatures continued in western sections.

On the 18th there was again intensely cold weather in Manitoba, and snow-storms in South-western States, while in London, Eng., the weather was cold and blustery, with snow. It very often happens that intense cold in the North-west is accompanied by storms and gales in Britain ; and certainly this was the case during the January of 1881. On the 21st, Hamilton, Ontario, again had snow sufficient for sleighing in a one-footand-a-half snowfall, while snow-storms and gales swept over New York and other seaboard cities of the Middle United States.

On the 22d the north of France was visited by a cold and wintry wave, while on this continent rain and snow-storms and floods in Western Territories were experienced, there causing loss of life and great destruction of property.

On the 24th a cold wave struck North Carolina, and snow fell at Wilmington—a most unusual occurrence; while on the same date heavy rains visited the State of Virginia. In Canada and Northern New York State temperatures were low. On the 26th cold weather was again reported from Britain, while on this side the Atlantic snow-storms were general. It is worthy of note here, for comparison in future, that about this date also snow-drifts in the neighborhood of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., were from seven to fifteen feet deep along some of the lines of railroad.

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Day of
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From septem,“ seven,"and from umber, shower,"
Because September pours with all its power,
The month derives its title, it is plain,
From the small fact that rain begins its reign.

I Fr

2 Sa
3 S
4 M

5 Tu

6 W

7 Th

244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267

8 Fr
9 Sa
Ιο S

12 Tu
13 W

14 Th 15 Fr

Dew and fog are indicators of fine weather.

Small, inky-looking clouds foretell rain. 13th Sunday after Trinity.

If dry be the buck's horn

On Holyrood morn,
'Tis worth a vest of gold;

But if wet it be seen

Ere Holyrood e'en,

Bad harvest is foretold.-Yorkshire Proverbs. 14th Sunday after Trinity.

A bright yellow sky at sunset presages wind; a pale yellow, wet.Admiral Fitzroy.

A dark, gloomy blue sky is windy, but a light, bright blue sky indicates fine weather. When the sky is of a sickly-looking greenish hue, wind or rain may be expected.-Ibid. 15th Sunday after Trinity.

A rapid rise of the barometer indicates unsettled weather; a slow rise indicates fair weather. The result of all rapid changes in the weather, or in any of the instrumental indicators, is brief in duration, while that of a gradual change is more durable. 16th Sunday after Trinity.

It is generally believed that the storm derives its advancing force from the wind, but this is not so; the direction of the wind at any place being entirely distinct from that of the storm's progress over the earth's surface. For instance, while the storm advances slowly eastward, the wind has every possible direction at different places within the limits of the storm. -Loomis.

16 Sa
17 S
18 M

19 Tu

20 W 21 Th 22


23 Sa

24 S


25 M

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The heat during the early portion of last September (1881), up to the 9th and roth days, throughout Canada and the United States, will long be remembered by all who experienced it. In Washington on the 7th the heat was almost unbearable, and was recorded by the Signal Service as the hottest day in a period of ten years.

This was the fourth torrid wave of the summer of 1881.

THERE were extensive forest-fires in different localities in the United States; especially in the northern part of Michigan, where there was great destruction of life and property. President JAMES A. GARFIELD died the 19th of the month.

On the 29th, as milder weather set in in Britain, another severely cold wave swept over Canada and a portion of the United States, lasting up to the 4th of February. At Montreal the temperature for six consecutive days was 6°, 9°, 8°, 5o, 12°, 16°, and 6° below zero, and at Winnipeg on the 31st of January was 38° below zero. And still the weather continued mild in Great Britain. In Chicago on the night of the 31st one hundred men were employed in clearing the streets of snow.


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FEBRUARY, 1881, entered about the middle of the cold snap with which January closed, and while cold reigned triumphant everywhere. Even Toronto, that most exceptional of all points re the weather, was obliged to confess, “Cold and snow have been reigning as supreme here for the last week or so as if there were no Lake Ontario to temper the frost, and as if this were as high a latitude as Montreal or Ottawa.”

Trains running into Chicago on the ist of February were from ten to twenty hours late, “owing to severe snow-storms and drifts," and there was "intensely cold weather throughout New York State.” This cold wave also again embraced Hamilton, Ontario, where there was likewise plenty of snow. In Ontario the temperature ranged from 50 to 15° below

On the 4th, St. Paul, Minn., was snow-bound, and a heavy storm raged at Winnipeg. On the 6th “a regular blizzard swept over Minnesota and the Far West," and miles of wire were blown down. Storms also raged in New Brunswick.

Following this period of storm, at length came the “ January thaw,” and rain, slush, and floods reigned supreme for a time. The snows ran off rapidly everywhere. At St. Louis navigation was resumed after being closed for seventy-two days. An extraordinary rainfall occurred in Califor. nia up to the 7th instant, occasioning disastrous inundations in the Sacramento and San Joaquin Valleys. A very severe storm of rain and sleet, accompanied by low temperature, prevailed in Chicago on the 7th and 8th insts., the breaking down and freezing together of telegraph-wires causing much inconvenience to business-men. On the oth it was again snowing heavily throughout the North-west, and a railroad blockade was again threatened.

Gales raged on the English coast, and nine barges were sunk in the Thames. In Ireland the storm was the most violent since the great storm of the year 1839. On the 14th snow-storms again took place in Kansas and points westward, and there was a general cessation of the thaw. Floods were reported in Ohio and Pennsylvania and at Washington. There was very stormy weather on the Atlantic. Snow-storms and

Moon's. PHASES.






D. H. M.

H. M.
H, M.
H. M.

H. M.
Third Quarter. 3

9 33 eve.
9 21 eve. 9 9 eve.

8 57 eve. 8 27 eve. New Moon..... 12 I 17 morn. I 5 morn. o 53 morn. O 41 morn, O II morn. First Quarter.. 19 7 II eve. 6 59 eve. 6 47 eve.

6 35 eve.

6 5 eve. Full Moon...... 26 9 50 morn. 9 38 morn. 9 26 morn.

9 14 morn.

8 44 morn.
October has its name from octo, “eight,”
Though 'tis the tenth, perhaps 'tis well to state:
Such sixes and such sevens the months were
That ten became translated into octo. (knocked to,

Day of


Day of



17th Sunday after Trinity.

If in the fall of the leaves in October many of them wither on the boughs and hang, it betokens a frosty winter and much snow.

3 Tu

Good October, a good blast
To blow the hog acorn and mast.


13 Fr 14 Sa 15 S

274 IS 275

2 M 276 277

w 278 5 Th 279 6 Fr 280 7 Sa 281 8 S 282 9 M

Io Tu 284

II W 285

12 Th 286 287 288

16 M 290 291 18 W 292

19 Th 293 20 Fr 294 21 Sa 295

22 S 296 23 M 297

24 Tu 298 25 W 299

26 Th 300

27 Fr 301

28 Sa 302 29 S 303 30 M 304


17 Tu

18th Sunday after Trinity.

The dimness of the stars and other heavenly bodies is one of the surest
signs of very rainy weather.

Sudden rains never last long; but when the air grows thick by de-
grees, and the sun, moon, and stars shine dimmer and dimmer, then it
is likely to rain six hours, usually.
19th Sunday after Trinity.

If the sun sets behind a straight skirting of cloud, be sure of wind
from the point where the sun is setting.

A bit in the morning is better than nothing all day.

Those who would be young when they are old, must be old when they
are young
20th Sunday after Trinity.

After dinner sit a while, after supper walk a mile.
He that goes to bed thirsty rises healthy.
An hour's sleep before midnight is worth two hours' after.
The best physicians are Dr. Diet, Dr. Quiet, and Dr. Merryman.

Feed sparingly, and defy the physician.
21st Sunday after Trinity.

The foot of the owner is the best to manure the land.
Take a vine of a good soil, and the daughter of a good mother.

32 Tu

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The October of the year 1880 was one of the stormiest and most winter-like in a long period of years.

Great snowfalls with drifts occurred in the Western States and North-western Ontario as early as the 15th and 16th of the month. The first snow-storm of the season occurred at Mon. treal, Canada, on the 19th, while during the same period storms of unexampled severity swept over Lakes Michigan and Huron, occasioning wrecks and loss of life. In London, England, there were dense fogs and darkness, while cold weather with snow prevailed throughout the United Kingdom.

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