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drifts of thirty feet in Minnesota, Iowa, Illinois, Wisconsin, Missouri, and Nebraska on the 12th and 13th. On the 17th it was again 3° below zero in Winnipeg, and a heavy snow-storm set in throughout Northern Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin. By the 20th there was very little snow at Montreal, while Western cities were blockaded. Another “cold dip” came along on the 23d and 24th, when the mercury at Montreal fell to 15° below zero, and this was accompanied by another snow-blockade at Chicago and other points westward.

MARCH, 1881, entered lion-like generally from Montreal, Canada, to Washington, D. C.; and although the Argus of Albany, N. Y., stated under date of the ist that the month had come in “ lamb-like” and contrary to prediction, it on the ed admitted that this paragraph had been “a grim and ghastly joke." Seeing indications of such a condition of the weather, I as early as the 14th of February, in a letter to the Hon. A. S. Solomons of Washington, gave warning of the approach of the storm, stating distinctly that it would embrace that city. This statement or forecast was ridiculed by many both in Canada and the United States, and was utterly ignored and scoffed at by the Signal Service Office at Washington.

But I must desist, for space will not permit of further detail. Suffice it to state that the entry of March, 1881, was the most blustery and widely-extended period of storm remembered in a long period of years.

On the 12th of the month snow-storms and blizzards again occurred in western sections; and on the roth and 11th, Montreal, Quebec, and Ottawa came in for the worst storm of the season. Notwithstanding, in the cities last named the snow had nearly disappeared by the 17th, and carts and

wagons had replaced the sleighs. On the 15th, 16th, and 17th unusually heavy rains fell in North and South Carolina and Georgia, and dangerous floods occurred in Georgia and Tennessee.

Snow-storms again occurred on the 19th and 21st through the Western United States, while heavy rain-storms extended from Montreal to New York, with wind-storms. On the 22d the ice-railroad track was taken up over the St. Lawrence at Montreal; on the 27th sleighs were out again at Montreal; while on the 30th snow-storms were general, and very stormy weather in western sections, and heavy rain- and wind-storms occurred at New York and other seaboard cities.

My prediction in this Almanac for 1881 relative to the 30th of March was: “On the 30th the weather will be blustery, with sleet and snow, possibly, at many points East and West."

And again my weather system worked well. “ The storm was widespread. On the Atlantic coast the wind was the highest recorded during

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Day of
Year.
Day of
Month.
Day of
Week.

The ancient Saxons, be it understood,
Used in this month to kill and salt their food;
The modern practice is the other way-
Namely, to kill and eat on every day.

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Onion-skins very thin,
Mild winter coming in;
Onion-skins thick and tough,

Coming winter cold and rough.-Gardener's Rhyme. 22d Sunday after Trinity.

An early winter, a surly winter.
If cranes appear early in autumn, a severe winter is expected.

St. Martin's Day (11th). If the wind is in the south-west at Martin-
mas, it keeps there till after Candlemas.
23d Sunday after Trinity.

318

Much crying of peacocks denotes rain.

If dust whirls round in eddies when being blown about by the wind, it is a sign of rain.

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24th Sunday after Trinity.

Hares take to the open country before a snow-storm.-Scotch
Proverbs.

When cats sneeze, it is a sign of rain.
If spaniels sleep more than usual, it foretells wet weather.

22 W
23 Th
24 Fr
25 Sa
26 S
27 M
28 Tu

25th Sunday after Trinity.

Bearded frost is a forerunner of snow.

29 W 30 Th

He that would have a bad day, maun gang oot in a fog after a frostScotch Proverbs.

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PREDICTIONS FOR NOVEMBER.-A good deal of rain and mild weather previous to the roth, with but few fine days. oth to 15th, snowfalls North and rains South, and moderate weather, except in proximity to 14th and 15th, when there may be lower temperatures; and on the 16th and 17th a polar wave ” is not unlikely to reach us from the North-west. Not much snow anywhere. Between the 18th and 21st a mild term is probable, with snow-furries; sleet and rains according to locality, with gales on St. Lawrence River and lower lakes. This will end abruptly, and a cold snap is again probable after the 21st of the month. About 25th and 26th heavy rain-storms in southern and western sections, with rain. and snowfalls in Northern United States and Canada. The month will close with an intensely “cold dip” and snow-storms through Canada and Northern and Middle, as well as Western, United States.

the winter, and Long Branch and other seaside resorts suffered severely. In New York it rained heavily all day, and cellars in the lower portion of the city were flooded. In Virginia there was a tornado in the region about Danville, and numerous buildings were destroyed. In the West the storm was very severe. Columbus, O., had more snow than in any previous storm this season, and two feet deep was reported in various parts of the State.”'

Thus ended the terrible winter of 1880–81. The summer which followed (1881) was also a terrible one, owing to its heat and drought, and to the prevalence of forest-fires, which caused so great a loss of life and destruction of property. But space will not permit me to dwell further upon these back records, although such are of great interest and value for comparison in the future.

“ OLD SAWSNOT ALWAYS CORRECT.

as

Such “old saws

“ If there's ice in November that will bear a duck,

There'll be nothing after but sludge and muck;"
and again-
“ If the ice bear a man before Christmas, it will not bear a mouse after;"

“ If ducks do slide at Hollantide,
At Christmas they will swim ;
If ducks do swim at Hollantide,

At Christmas they will slide,"were altogether knocked on the head by the November of 1880 and the winter which followed it. The Montreal Witness of the 22d Novem. ber proclaimed : “ As there was in the canal basin this morning ice about two inches thick, and consequently sufficiently strong for ducks to slide on, our weather outlook for Christmas and after does not appear, according to the popular English theory, to be most cheering.”

But how very opposite were the facts in this case ! Christmas came in with no balminess or mildness, but “on the wings of the storm everywhere, not only throughout America, but in Britain as well, while in Western cities, in particular, exceptionally heavy snow-blockades occurred.

On the other hand, we must bear in mind that the winter of 1875-76 upheld these “old saws” in a very marked manner; for, although a sharp snap at the close of November (1875) ice-locked even the mighty St. Lawrence, Christmas and the New Year gave a return to mildness, rains, and slush, and the duck that did slide at Hollantide did actually swim on Christmas. Consequently, perhaps, after all, there have existed sufficient grounds for the “old saws we have quoted.

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Third Quarter. 2 IO 12 morn. IO o morn. 9 48 morn.
New Moon...

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10 53 morn. 10 41 morn. 10 29 morn. First Quarter.. 17

11 55 morn 11 43 morn. 11 31 morn, Full Moon......

24 10 57 morn. 110 45 morn. 10 33 morn.

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Day of
Year.
Day of
Month.
Day of
Week.

This month in turn Time's annual circle fills,
And Christmas-tide brings solace for our ills;
Yet prickly holly then our homes adorns, [thorns.
Showing that Christmas pleasures have their

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5 Tu

If the sun shines through the apple tree on Christmas Day, there will be an abundant crop the following year.

6 W

7 Th

335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355

8 Fr
9 Sa
10 S
11 M
12 Tu

13 W 14 Th 15 Fr

16 Sa

17 18

18 M

19 Tu 20 W

A green Christmas makes a fat churchyard,
2d Sunday in Advent.

If Christmas Day on Thursday be,
A windy weather ye shall see.
Windy weather in each week,
And hard tempests, strong and thick,

The summer shall be good and dry.
3d Sunday in Advent.

If it rain much during the twelve days after Christmas, it will be a wet year,

He who scatters thorns, let him not go barefoot.

For want of a nail, the shoe is lost; for want of a shoe, the horse is
lost; for want of a horse, the rider is lost.
4th Sunday in Advent.
Christmas Day.

Good words without deed are rushes and reeds.
A good winter brings a good summer.
Humility often gains more than pride.

He that eats till he is sick must fast till he is well.
1st Sunday after Christmas.

21 Th 22 Fr

356

23 Sa

24 S

25 M

357 358 359 360 361 362

26 Tu

27 W

28 Th

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PREDICTIONS FOR DECEMBER.-Generally cold weather up to about 3d. Very little snow in northern sections, where the weather will have been cold and dry. Between 1oth and 15th a change to colder and stormy weather, with snowfalls and drifts probably in Canada and western sections of the United States and maritime provinces. Possibly a “cold dip” about the 15th and 16th in the North-west and Canada generally. Up to the 20th low temperature will probably continue in most sections, the cold extending far to the West and South. Milder weather between 20th and 25th. A rainy Christmas in many sections, and nearly everywhere mild. Moderate weather is likely to continue through the remainder of the month, bringing in a mild “ New Year.” This December is likely to be somewhat remarkable, and perhaps exceptional.

“SO THE STORY GOES."

WEATHER-PREDICTIONS SIMPLY DESCRIBED.

66

“Well, I never thought the Yankees could be fooled like that,” remarked an Anti-Vennorite a short time since in one of our principal Montreal hotels. “ Here's a man writes to a newspaper and says, “We pin our faith to Vennor-in fact, swear by him; and rightly so, for we have his predictions pinned up, and they are almost invariably correct.' Pshaw !And the self-important speaker, with an air of superheated wisdom and with profound pity depicted on his countenance for the “ poor Yankees," quitted the apartment.

Now, it is pretty generally admitted that “Yankees” are not easily "fooled,” and that any man who is able to hoodwink them is either a particularly smart individual or is in possession of some truth or truths not generally known. And further, when we come to look into the matter, we see no.“ hoodwinking” in the question at issue at all, but simply an honest effort made by an individual to forewarn and prepare his fellowmen for the weather that is approaching. That such an attempt has met with a certain measure of success is patent to all. The Yankees have not been “ fooled," but with their usual smartness have already seen in the rough effort a germ of truth. Had there been no truth, all would have ere now ended in smoke; but, on the contrary, the predictions are daily being applied to the business-affairs of life, and are found to be of practical value. And what is this truth—this new truth? Simply the fact that the weather repeats itself, or occurs in waves of like duration at intervals of time. It has been thought that these waves consisted each of a period of three years, and were alternately “hot and dry” and “cool and wet;” but this theory is now proved untenable. One worker not many years ago attempted to establish the following rules—

viz. :

1. When the number representing the year is even and exactly divisible by 3, then that year is the middle one of a triad of cool and wet years.

2. When the number representing any year is odd and exactly divisible by 3, that year is the middle one in a triad of hot and dry years.

Unfortunately, however, these apparently definite and simple rules do not stand the test of comparison with facts. Occasionally—as, for example, the year 1881 in the triad 1880, '81, '82-a group of years may appear to bear out the theory, but in the majority of cases it is otherwise, often exactly the reverse.

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