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PERIODICAL LITERATURE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

(For list of abbreviations used, see Chronicle of International Events, p. 704.)

Aerial law. La circulation aérienne et les droits des états en temps de paix.
P. Fauchile. R. générale de dr. int. public, 17:55.
Luftschiffahrtrecht. Zitelmann. Zeitschrift für int.

privat und öffentliches Recht, 19:458.

La question des aérostats a la session de Paris (1910) de l'Institut de droit international. R. générale de droit international public, 17:163. Africa. La conquête du Sahara touareg. E. F. Gautier. R. de Paris, April 1, 1910.

L'Ethiopie et l'expansion européenne en Afrique orientale. II. René P. Ferry. Ann. sc. pol., 25:199.

Notre situation en Ethiopie. Lucien Comet. R. politique et parle. mentaire, 64:52. Alsace-Lorraine. Les préludes d'une lutte nationale. Pierre Braun. Q. dipl.,

29:457.

- Déclarations de M. Daniel Blumenthal. René Henry. Q. dipl., 29:471. América moderna, La. Vicente Gay. España Moderna, 256:153. Argentine. Reconocimiento por España de la República Argentina. Jerónimo

Bécker. España Moderna, 255:5, 256:15. Argentine-Brazil-Chile. Une entente cordiale sud-américaine. Henri Lorin.

Q. dipl., 29:521. Artistic and literary property. La propriété artistique et littéraire et la con

férence de Berlin (1908). II. Léon Poinsard. Ann. sc. pol., 25:225. Atlantic Fisheries Dispute, The. P. T. McGrath. R. of Reviews, 41:718. Austria-Russia. L'accord austro-russe. R. Recouly. R. politique et parlementaire, 64:136.

Les communique austro-russes. Jacques Dorobantz. Q. dipl., 29:403.
Les conversations austro-russes. Angel Marvaud. Q. dipl., 29: 329.

Réconcilliation austro-russe. Victor Bérard. R. de Paris, March 1,
1910.
Belgium, Britain and the Congo. E. D. Morel. Nineteenth Century, 67:407.
Chile-United States: Alsop claim. Un conflicto yankee-chileno; la cuestión

Allsop. Pio Ballesteros. España Moderna, 257:89. China. The good and the bad in the western invasion of China. Ernest D. Burton. World To-day, 18:251.

La transformation de la Chine. Rouire. R. de deux mondes, 56:180, 57:204. Danish foreign policy. La politique extérieure du Danemark depuis quarante

et situation internationale, comte de Guichen. R. d'histoire diplomatique, No. 1, 1910.

ans

sa

Declaration of London, The. John Westlake. Nineteenth Century, 67:505. Dutch and Belgian independence. Capt. Cecil Battine. Nineteenth Century,

67:663. Egypt. De la condition juridique des étrangers en Egypte. H. Lamba. R. de dr. int. privé et de dr. pénal int., 37:421.

Le statut politique de l'Egypte au regard de la Turquie. H. Lamba. R. générale de dr. int. public, 17:36. England. Imperial relations in 1909. A. B. Wallis-Chapman. Westminster R., 173:253.

On the making of an over-sea dominion. Sir Francis T. Piggott. Nineteenth Century, 67:605. England in Africa. L'Angleterre en Afrique. E. de Renty. Q. dipl., 29:227,

358. England and France. A propos d'une alliance franco-anglaise. Ernest Lémonon.

Q. dipl., 29:164. England and Germany. An Anglo-German entente. Lord Lamington. Nineteenth Century, 67:48.

Le conflit anglo-allemand. — La lutte navale. Unsigned. R. de Paris, March 1, 1910.

England and Germany. Sydney Brooks. Atlantic Monthly, 105:617.

England and Germany: how to meet the crisis. Sir Edmund C. Cox. Nineteenth Century, 67:753.

England and Germany: how not to make the crisis. Thos. Hodgkin. Nineteenth Century, 67:862. England and Portugal. L'alliance anglo-portugaise. Translated from the

Portuguese of Moraes Sarmento (published in the Annaes do Club militar

naval, November, 1909] by Abel Fournier. R. maritime, 184:573. England's peril: invasion or starvation. Archibald Hurd. Fortnightly R.,

N. S., 86:679, 862. Expatriation. De la condition juridique des “ Heimathlosen Sans Patrie"

ou

en France. Ernest Lémonon. R. de dr. int. privé et de dr. pénal int., 37:

403. Expulsion. De l'expulsion des étrangers en Espagne. Francis Lastres. R. de

dr. Int. privé et de dr. pénal int., 37:369. France-Germany-England. Les alliances et le point de vue naval. G. Blanchon.

Q. dipl., 29:279.
Fachoda, La route de. Victor Bérard. R. de Paris, May 1, 1910.
France-United States. Le traité de commerce franco-Américain. P. Chemin-

Dupontes. Q. dipl., 29:565.
Grand old man of Turkey, The. [Kiamil Pasha] Frederick William

Herbert. Westminster R., 173:529.
Great Britain and Japan in the Far East. Earl Stanhope. Nineteenth Century,

67:534. High court of nations, The proposed. Unsigned. Canada Law Journal, 46:153. International law. De l'interprétation des traités internationaux. P. Pic. R. générale de dr. int. public., 17:5.

La véritable mission de la science du droit international pour donner

1'0n

á la société internationale son organisation juridique. Pasquale Fiore. R. de dr. int. et de législation comparée, 12:169.

Vom Wesen des internationalen Rechtes. Niemeyer. Zeitschrift für Internationales Recht, 20:1. Japan. Epochs of Japan. Joseph H. Longford. Nineteenth Century, 67:711, 866.

Le Japon en 1909. Roger Dorient. Q. dipl., 29:530.

Pages de l'histoire du Japon. Közö Kijima. R. de dr. int. comparée et de législation comparée, 12:160. Latin America. Los Estados Unidos y los asuntos extracontinentales de la

América latina. Pío Ballesteros. España Moderna, 256:49. Maritime lau. Seekriegsrecht und Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit. Wehberg. Zeitschrift

für das int. privat- und öffentliches Recht, 19:497. Mediation. L'avenir de la médiation. N. Politis. R. générale de dr. int. public,

March-April, 1910. Monaco, L'avenir de. Victor Bérard. R. de Paris, April 15, 1910. Morocco. España y Francia en la cueston de Marruecos. Guillermo Rittwagen.

R. de deux mondes, 257:163. Nationalisme italien, Le. Maurice Muret. Q. dipl., 29:137 Nationality, law of. La nationalite dans le nouveau droit chinois. Camille

Sainson. R. de dr. int. privé et de dr. pénal int., 37:407. Papacy and international law. La papauté devant le droit international public

et privé. Joseph Dubois. R. de dr. int. privé et de dr. pénal int., 37:374. Persia, Our weak policy in. Maurice B. Blake. Nineteenth Century, 67:544. Peru and Bolivia. L'arbitrage de 1909 entre la Bolivie et le Pérou. A. Weiss.

R. générale de dr. int. public, March-April, 1910. Prize lau. Early prize jurisdiction and prize law in England. Pt. II. R. G.

Marsden. English Historical R., 25:243. Rolin-Jaequemyns, Notice sur Gustave. Ernest Nys. R. de dr. int. et de

législation comparée, 12:139. Russo-Japanese War. Histoire officielle de la guerre maritime russo-japonaise.

Published by the Etat-Major générale de la marine japonaise. R. maritime, 184:505.

Why Russia went to war with Japan. I. The story of the Yalu concession. Unsigned. Fortnightly R., N. S., 86:816. Second Hague Conference. Die zweite Haager Friedenskonferenz. Nippold.

Zeitschrift für int. privat- und öffentliches Recht, 19:363. Thibet. Le Tueur de Lamas. Ch. E. Bonin. R. de Paris, April 1, 1910. Turkey. The future of the Ottoman Empire. Ferdinand L. Leipuik. Contemporary R., 97:291.

The new régime in Turkey: its success and its failure. Proximus. Forum, 48:392.

La question du Yémen. Gaston Rouet. Q. dipl., 29:475.
Turkey revisited. F. H. Skrine. East and West. 9:195.
The Turkish question. Edwin Maxey. Forum, 13:293.
La Turquie et les pays arabes. H. Marchand. Q. dipl., 89:553.

W. CLAYTON CARPENTER.

THE FOURTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF

AMERICAN REPUBLICS

The International Conference of American Republics has assumed a well-defined and dignified position among the great international organizations of the world. Four conferences have met up to the present time. The suspicions and misrepresentations by which the first of these meetings were surrounded, while still occasionally cropping up in the press and among persons who are not entirely well informed, are no longer of any effect among serious publicists. As the general character of the International Union becomes more and more established, many matters that originally led to heated discussion may now be taken for granted and left to a purely academic forum. The work of the conferences of the Union has become specific and definite, its usefulness can no longer be questioned, when it has come to form the main basis of treaty relations and of administrative arrangements among the American republics. But these specific achievements in the development of international law do not exhaust the mission of the Pan-American conferences. They are assisting in the creation of that common mind, that harmonious public opinion, the existence of which will make it possible for America to play in the history of the future that part which accords with the resources and the natural conditions of her countries. The mere fact that twenty-one nations differing from each other in customs and traditions as widely as does Brazil from Mexico or the the United States from Paraguay, can meet together in a harmonious body and, realizing a common destiny imposed by natural conditions and a common historic development, set to work to solve specific problems in a practical sense — this fact alone is a proof that the Pan-American Union has not been established in vain.

The Fourth International Conference met at Buenos Aires on July 12 under the honorary presidency of the Secretaries of State of the United States and of Argentina, Mr. Philander C. Knox, and Doctor Victorino de la Plaza; and under the active presidency of Dr. Antonio Bermejo, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Argentina; with the Argentinian Minister in Washington, Señor Epifanio Portela, acting as Secretary General. As the year of the Conference coincides with that of the celebration of the centenary of independence in most of the Spanish American countries, the Conference will stand in history as the most notable feature of this commemoration; especially as it gives proof of the fact that the nations of this continent, moved by a common impulse to establish their independence, are still, after a century has passed, acting upon the basis of a common American policy. It is not, however, our purpose in this article to give an account of the sessions of the Conerence or of the celebrations which accompanied these meetings, interesting though this may be, but to deal more specifically with the action of the Conference as affecting or involving international law principles or as creating new administrative arrangements.

In accordance with the precedent established at the Conference of Rio de Janeiro, the work of the Conference was based entirely upon a program previously adopted by the Governing Board of the PanAmerican Union in Washington and accepted by the Governments composing the Union. A preliminary program which had been issued about six months before the meeting of the Conference contained a number of subjects which were ultimately omitted by the Governing Board for reasons of convenience and out of deference to the wishes expressed by one or the other American government. The preliminary program is nevertheless interesting as embodying subjects which may be taken up in future discussions. The Governing Board also adopted the rules and regulations which governed the Conference. These rules followed in the main, and in almost every detail, those which had been in force at the Conference of Rio de Janeiro. The provision that the sessions of the Conference were to be secret was, however, omitted, it being left to the Conference itself to determine the matter of admission to its sessions. The rules fixed the number of countries to be represented on the various committees, but the actual number of these committees was settled by the Conference itself; there being altogether fourteen committees, on six of which every delegation was represented.

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