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166 Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. [Feb. against agricultural improvement.--Tbe tbus given his plans for a remedy for tbe Bishop of Lincoln and the Bishop of Bath present tythe system, he would now and Wells then addressed the House, venture to prescribe a recipe for the cure borb of them in favour of commutation of the evil of non-residence. It would for land in lieu of tithes.-Lord King be simply this-let the non-residence be was glad to bear from the two Right taken as a receipt in full for the tilbe of Rev. Prelates tbat tbey were savourable the living during the absence of the into the principle of commutation. His cumbent, and their Lordships might deLordsbip then commented on the evils pend upon it, it would be found a most of non-residence.—The Bishop of London effectual cure for the evil.-The Bishop said that the evil or non-residence was of London lamented that the patronage owing to the system of lay-impropria of so many livings being in the hands of tion, but for that, it would bave been laymen, prevented the enforcement of cured long since. The noble Lord might residence. - The Earl of Carnarvon recollect that when a measure was in. lamented that his noble friend should troduced on this subject some time ago, think it cousistent with his duty, in and an attempt was made to enforce re these troubled and dangerous times, sidence mure strictly, tbe lay impropri- when the Guvernment was surrounded ators - goblemen and commoners — with difficulties, to take every pussible throughout the country, in wbose bands occasion of attacking the clergy. He so large a portion of church patronage believed, and the majority of the counexisted, took the alarm. The strict en try agreed with him, ibat a more reforcement of residence would lessen the spectable body of men never existed value of that which was considered sale than the clergy of the Church of Engable property; and by their means the land, and that whether their incomes measure was, in a great measure, de were large or small, there were no infeated.—The Earl of Winchilsea said comes in the country so well spent. that be fully agreed with the Right Rev. Prelate that to the great extent of lay In the House of COMMONS, the same impropriation and lay patronage was to day, Mr. Hunt moved " That an humble be attributed the evil of non-residence. Address be presented to bis Majesty from
The Archbishop of Canterbury gave tbis House, praying that his Majesty notice of his intention to bring forward would be graciously pleased to grant a a measure for more effectually enforcing general pardon and amnesty to those the residence of the clergy on their unfortunate agricultural and otber lalivings, similar to tbat wbich bad been bourers who had been tried and conintroduced in another place. — Lord victed at the late special commissions." King then intimated that he should Mr. Hunt addressed the House in a have many similar petitions to present speech of very great lengib, all tending to their Lordsbips.
to sbow ibat ibe conduct of the rioters
arese from distress or delusion. In his Feb. 8. Lord King, on presenting direct charges against magistrates and petitions from places in the county of others be was replied to at length by Gloucester against the Tithe system, said Mr. Benett, the Member for Wilts; and that he had three plans, any of which Mr. G. Lamb, Mr. J. Smith, Lord Morwould be a remedy for the evil com- peth, and Mr. Long Wellesley, opposed plained of. The first was, to charge the ihe motion as an impolitic interference titbe as a fixed sum on land, the value with the prerogative of the Crown. Sir to be taken by the average amount of J. Yorke made some humourous remarks the last years, and to let it remain at on the Hon. Member for Preston, and that value without any alteration. The the Attorney.General warmly defeoded second was, to fix a corn-rent, to be set the policy of ibe Commissions, which, tled by a certain quantity of corn, to be be ubserved, had realized all the good decided by the average of the last years, that had been expected from them, Mr. and to remain without alteration at that Hume advised bis Hon. Friend to withrate for ever. The bird was, to take draw the motion ; he, bowever, declined the tithe at its bighest value, let it be to do so, and the House divided, when sold at that value, and tbe produce be there appeared-For the motion 2taken into the hands of Government, Against it, 269. and from that fund let the clergy be pro Mr. O'Gorman Mahon, in a desultory vided with a suitable maintenance; and violent speech, moved for the proif an overplus remained, as no doubt a duction of copies of the recent Proclaconsiderable one would remain, let it go tions of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. to the public, or let it be bestowed in Tbe Hon. Meinber was repeatedly called improving the condition of those wbo to order. Among other extraordinary parwere really the working clergy. Having ticulars, he acknowledged that he had 1831.] Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. 167 belonged for more than eleven years to 300,0001. which be considered as being a secret society, the olject of which was much too low. His (tbe Chancellor of the dissolution of the Union - The Chan the Excbequer's) object was, to reduce celor of the Exchequer said, that while the taxes which pressed on the poorer the Government were prepared to conci- and labouring classes, including such as liate the Irish people respecting obnoxi. pressed on the classes who employed ous laws, and do every thing in their them. He sbould divide the taxes into power to promote the happiness of Ire- three classes; the first consisting of those land, yet that sooner than consent to reductions whicb would rather increase the repeal of the Union, they would tban injure the amount of the revenue ; bave recourse to arms, and oppose force secondly, those which pressed unequally to force. (Loud cheers.) - Sir Robert on particular parts of the population; Peel said, that he would offer his cordial and thirdly, the taxes which interfered support to Government in the manly with the manusactures, and took more course in which they bad avowed it to from the population than tbey produced be their determination to proceed - Lord to the revenue. With regard to the Palmerston, Mr. Wyse, and Sir C. We first class, the first tax which he protherell avowed similar sentiments.—Sir posed to reduce was that on Tobacco. Francis Burdett made an admirable He meant to reduce the present duty of speech against the insanie project of 3s. on raw tobacco to the sum of one dissolving the Union, in the course of shilling and sixpence; and the present which be said that the Hon. Mover bad duly of 98. on manufactured tobacco, merrily laid about him on friend and from 9s. to 4s. 6d. Tbe tax on Newsfoe, in a manner that reminded him of papers and Advertisements be proposed the proverbial dexterity of his country- to reduce, the stamps to 2d. without men in bandling a sbilelagb at Donny- discount, and advertisements to ls. bebrook fair. The morion was agreed to. low 10 lines, and 2s. 6d. above. Tbe
tax on Sea-borne Cuals and slate, it was House of Lords, Feb. 10. his object to reduce altogether. He also A discussion on the titbe system, non
proposed to take off the tax on Tallow residence, and other similar subjects
Candles, because that impost took more took place, on the presentation of a
from the people than it paid into the petition by Lord King, from the inba
Exchequer. The next tax he wished to bitants of tbe parisb of St. Giles, in the take off was that on Printed Calicoes. Isle of Ely, for the abolition of titbes, Another tax be proposed to reduce was and that the clergy should be paid in
that on Glass, wbicb might thereby be some other manner; in the course of raised into a staple commodity. Some which Lord Wynford said, that if lithes
smaller taxes were also intended to be rewere abolished, he would not give a
duced, wbich produced only about 20001. quarter of a year's purchase for the
The total amount of reduction would Noble Lord's estate. He had the bo
be 4,080,0001. The way to make up nour of being a member of a com
for this deticiency would be, by laying a mission, opon which there were six
duty on every kind of Wine, including Bishops, and bore testimony to tbeir Cape, at the rate of 58. 6d. per gallon, anxious desire to put an end to the
which would equalise the duty on that abuses of the church. (Hear.)-The
article. The tax on Timber he had also Marquess of Lansdowne said the sub
thought capable of alteration. The rate ject was one of great importance, and
at present was 58. on a load of rough be trusted that the measure intended to
European timber, and 105. on the same be introduced by the Rigbe Rev. Pre description of Canadian timber. He Jates would prove beneficial.-The Lord
therefore meant to raise the 5s. to 50s. Chancellor said, that the property, the
and the 10s. to 20s. so that an improverights, and interests of the Church, re
ment would be obtained for the revenue quired the most serious attention.
in that way. He also proposed laying on a tax of Id, the lb. on Raw Cotton,
allowing a drawback to the same amount House of COMMONS, Feb. 11.
on all coiton exports. He proposed to The Chancellor of the Exchequer rose alter the tax on the export of Cuais to make his financial statement. He from 195. 6d. on the large and 48, 6d. proposed first to inform tbe House of on the small, to 10s. on all. He would the offices in which it was intended re also lay a tax on Steam-boat passenduction should take place. He enu- gers of, for distances of 20 miles Is.; merated altogetber as many as 210 30 miles %s. ; and above that distance places tbat were to be abolished or re- 2s. 6d. per bead. He would also lay a duced. The reductions wbich would be duly of une-ball per cent. ou the bona fide made would leave a surplus revenue of Transfers of Funded Property, and the 168 Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. [Feb. same duty on the sale of land. By these duction of the duties on tobacco and means there would be left a surplus glass. revenue of 450,0001.
Lord King, pursuant to notice, Mr. Ward could not but express the moved for returns of the non-resident greatest surprise at the proposition of incumbents on the different livings in the Noble Lord; it was tbe boldest a England and Wales, distinguishing bose Minister ever made. (Hear.) To tax who held under lay patrons.-The Bishop the transfer of the funded property was of London complained of the gross misa proposition which would create the representations in circulation upon ibe greatest possible alarm and dismay. He sonject of the revenues of the Churcb. should oppose the motion, as one in He had said, upon a former occasion, that every way calculated to compromise if the total revenues of the church were public credit.Sir R. Peel said, ibat the divided among the total number of its tax on the transfer of stock and property ministers, they would yield from 3506 was objectionable upon every pulitical to 3601, a year to each. He had upon ground, and its adoption would tarnish tbat occasion, as he always felt bound the sair lame of the country. He would to do upon all similar occasions, taken resist ibe imposition of any tax on the the account rather against than in fatransfer of funded property. (Loud vour of himself. He was now to state Cheers.)- Lord Althorp said, that, in to the House, that if such a division of bis apprehension, as funded property the revenues of the Church were 'made was entitled to protection as well as any amongst the ministers of England and other property, so it ought to be subject Wales, so poorly was the Establishment to participation in the public burthens. really provided, that it would not give -Mr. Benett approved of the statement 1851. a year to each clergyman-Earl of tbe Chancellor of the Exchequer, par Grey said it was due to the beads of the ticularly the tax of one-half per cent. on Church to state, that he knew they were the transfer of sunded property.--Mr. desirous of a general commutation of Hunt gave the Chancellor of ibe Ex tilhes. But there were difficulties in chequer credit for good intentions. The the way of such a measure ; and antax upon tbe fundbulders he knew would other Bill for a composition of ritbes prove satisfactory. - The Resolutions had been proposed by the head of the were put and carried.
Church Esiablishment. He had seen that Bill, and approved of it, and bad
also bad a consultation with the ReveHouse Of LORDS, Feb. 14. rend Prelate at the Head of the church The Duke of Buckingham, in advert upon pluralities; and he found the ing to the Budget of the Chancellor of Reverend Prelate imbued with the most the Exchequer said, that he considered
liberal principles upon ibat subject. He the intended duty on transfers of stock
should leave himself to introduce bis to be no other than a revolutionary
propositions upon that subject to their measure.- Earl Grey stated in reply,
Lordships. He was also enabled to state that one of the great reasons whicb in
to their Lordships that it was in conduced Government to propose this mea
templation to abandon the practice of sure was, because they had heard a ge
Conimendams, by calling in certain neral cry for the imposition of a pro.
preserments which had no cure of souls perty-tax, to which, in time of peace, attached to them, and which were conbe had great objection, and which, by
pected with those bisbopricks which operating on parts of the community in
were in need of some addition to their great distress, would be most impolitic. salaries. The motion was then agreed and would tend to drive capital out of to, and the House adjourned. the country more than any other procedure. His Noble Friend (the Chan- In the House of COMMONS, the same cellor of ibe Exchequer) bad had the day, the Marq. of Chandos asked the opinion of the Governor of the Bank of Right Hon. Secretary for Ireland, England, who thought the tax might be whether it was true that Mr. O'Conimposed and collected without difficulty; nell bad pleaded guilty to the charges notwithstanding which, looking to the against bim, on condition that the general expression of public feeling on proceedings would, by a sort of comthis subject, bis Noble Friend had, under promise with the Irish Government, all the circumstances, resolved to forego pass over.- Mr. Stanley said, that the not only the proposed duty on the trans Írish Government felt ibat it would be fer of funded, but also that on be trans- impossible for tbem, consistently with fer of landed property. It grieved him, tbeir own dignity as a Government, to however, to state, tbat in consequence enter into any negotiation implying they were compelled to give up the re the remotest compromise with the tra2831.) Parliamentary Proceedings.--Foreign News. 169 versers, or that might lead them to sup- Castle. In this department the excess pose that they would abate one inch. above the estimates, after making every It was the unalterable determination deduction, was about 61,0001.-Several of the law-officers in Ireland to follow Members spoke in terms of strong indigup the present proceedings against Mr. nation on this subject, which they O'Connell and his associates with the termed a useless and scandalous waste strictest rigour of the law. (Loud of the public money. The motion for cheers.)
the appointinent of a Committee to inOn the motion for receiving tbe Re- vestigate the subject was agreed to. port of the Committee of Supply, Lord The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved Althorp made known bis intention of for leave to bring in a bill for the amend. abandoning the tax on the transfer of ment of the Game Laws. The Noble tbe sale of stock and of land, and that Lord observed, that these laws, framed he was therefore obliged to retain the as they now were, bad been productive duty on glass and tobacco.
of great mischief; be intended to do Mr. Perceval moved that an humble away with the necessity of having a Address be presented to bis Majesty, qualification to kill game. He would praying that bis Majesty would be gra. allow any one, on payment of a license ciously pleased to issue his royal procla- duty, to be qualified to kill game. He mation appointing a day to be set apart intended to allow the sale of game; but for general fasting, national bumility, the dealers must be licensed. The mode and prayer to the Almighty for the re- in wbich he proposed to protect the lief and succour of the nation; also that land was by the law of trespass. After bis Majesty would be graciously pleased to some discussion, the Bill was read a first direct that on that day collections should time, and ordered for the second reading be made in all the churches for the bene on the 18tb inst. fit of the poor.-Lord Althorp submitted that the constitution of the country put
Feb. 18. Mr. D. Browne, on presentthe origin of these matters in the Crown, under the advice of the heads of the
ing two petitions on the state of IREChurch, and that they were much fitter
LAND, said, that unless relief was speedily to be discussed by them than in bat
provided, there would be 200,000 people House. He did not stand up to give a
in that country without food. (Hear.)
He suggested that the sum of 200,0001. direct negative to the motion ; but he felt himself called upon to move the pre
be advanced by the way of loan, and
that Government should be guaranteed vious question. The Hon. Mover did
in the advance, and tbat the sum should not press the question to a division.
be laid out in the promotion of public
works.-Mr. Stanley said, that the Irish Feb. 15. The Chancellor of the Er- Government had been called upon to chequer laid before the House certain meet this distress; and his Majesty's papers relating to BUCKINGHAM PALACE, Ministers were prepared to submit to and to the supply of the furniture of the House a proposition that a large WINDSOR CASTLE. The Noble Lord sum of money should, upon certain consaid, that the estimates of the works had ditions and proper security, be advanced been enormously exceeded. The origin for the prosecution of public works in nal estimates bad amounted to 496,0001. Ireland, and by that means provide It appeared, however, by the accounts her labouring poor with employment. to Midsummer, 1830, that the amount (Cheers.) Sir R. Peel said, the Irish of the sums expended up to that dace landlords were dead to the common feel. was 576,3531. being an excess above the ings of humanity, when they saw such estimate of 76,0001.; the total yet to be misery around them, and made no exprovided for above the estimate was ertion to relieve it.-Mr. Ald. Wood reabout 120,0001. The other papers which marked, that the only remedy for rehe had produced related to ibe recent lieving Ireland effectually, would be a purchases of furniture for Windsor system of poor laws.
FOREIGN NEW S.
de Berri, the partizans of the exiled family Some tumultuous scenes have been exhi
got up a mass for the repose of that prince's bited in Paris, owing to the intemperate zeal
soul, in the church of St. Germaid l’Auxeof the old Bourbon partizans and the easily
rois, (that church whence sounded the excited temperament of a Parisian mob. It knell of the massacre of St. Bartbolomew). appears that on S:. Valentine's day, the After the service, lithographic portraits of anniversary of the assassination of the Duc the Duke de Bordeaux were distributed, and Gent. Mag. February, 1831.
170 Foreign News
[Feb. a figure of the child was crowned in the sa- at Bordeaux. A number of persons have cristy with a wreath of fleurs-de-lis; some been arrested at Paris and Bordeaux in conof the assistants wore the cross of St. Louis, sequence of the riots. An order is issued for others the dress of the national guard, se- the arrest of the Archbishop at Paris. veral wore the uniform of the military The Duke de Nemours having been electschool of St. Cyr, and the greater numbered King of the Belgians in the Sitting of were ladies, and tradesmen of the ex-royal the National Congress at Brussels on the family. The populace having been informed 3d. inst., the Belgian deputies have since of this piece of mummery, proceeded in the had a public audience, and received the offievening in a great body to the church, cial answer of the King of the French, that and demolished the windows of the curate's he could not, under any circumstances, achouse, entered the sacred edifice, trampled cept the Belgian crown for his son. upon the canopy and other decorations that had been provided for the ceremony, broke
ITALY. and kicked about the wax tapers, spilled the The choice of a Pope has fallen upon holy water, and committed other profana- Cardinal Maura Cappellari, who has assumed tions; but though thus enfuriated, they the title of Gregory XVI. His Holiness respected the magnificent fragments of art was born at Belluria, the 18th of Septemwhich the building contains, particularly ber, 1763. He is said to be an estimable the beautiful painted glass which abounds in man, and to be profoundly skilled in the the church, the paintings which adorned Oriental languages. He was made a Cardithe walls, and which were actually removed nal in 1826, by Leo XII. across the square into the Louvre, to pre Italy has at length made an effort for the vent their possible exposure to danger, and attainment of liberty. The flames of disthe curious Gothic portico of the front en content, which had been long smouldering trance : all which were spared on condition in that devoted country, stirred up by some that the richly-adorned cross and fleur-de. recent oppressions of the Court of Modena, Jis, which surmounted the roof of the build and of the Vice-legate of Bologna, have found ing, should be prostrated as a forfeited em vent in these two places. The movement at blem. The National Guards were called Bologna appears to have met with scarcely out, and at length succeeded in clearing any resistance; but at Modena the people the church and its precincts of the angry and the troops of the Grand Duke had enmultitude (who invoked imprecations upoo gaged in conflict. The first impulse was the priests, Jesuists, Carlists, and congrega- given at the theatre, and in the presence of tionists), and took several of the offenders the Grand Duke, upon the evening of the 5th into custody. While a part of the mob was of February. M. Menotti jumped upon the thus employed, another division crossed the stage, waved a tri-coloured flag, upon which river to the Archbishop's palace, broke the Vive la Liberté was inscribed, which acting windows, and damaged the furniture. The as a signal, the whole population flew to National Guards bere as elsewhere checked arms, and engaged in conflict with the the riot, and restored tranquillity It having troops of the garrison. The Vice-Legate been rumoured that other churches of the took to fight : and the Grand Duke, after metropolis were marked out for visits from having ineffectually resisted the insurgents, the populace, strong detachments of the ci- retired to Mantua. tizen military were stationed in their vici
RUSSIA AND POLAND. nity, and secured them from profanation. On Tuesday morning, the mob revisited In the sittings of the 25th of January, the church of St. Germain l'Auxerrois, and the Diet of Warsaw declared unanimously the Archbishop's Palace, and in both conti that the throne of Poland was vacant; and it nued their work of devastation. The popu. seems that the Poles are unalterably resolved lace assembled in great force, with the to make a stand, which will terminate in avowed purpose of pulling down many ob their emancipation or apnibilation as a senoxious places of worship; but owing to the parate State. The Prince Czartoryski has vigilance of the military, they only suc accepted the office of President of the Naceeded in demolishing the fleurs-de-lis and tional Government. other Bourbon emblems they could meet Accounts from Berlin, dated the 10th Fewith, and this appears to have been con. ruary, contain the important information of nived at by the police. Ou Wednesday, the the entry of the Russians into Poland, on King appeared much in public. His popu the 2d and 3d instant, in three placeslarity does not appear to have suffered. namely, Merecy, Alexotin, and Prenn. On
The Government have, in compliance the 5th, a division of Russians was at Sgawith the demands of the people, effaced the kie, but no attempt at resistance had been crosses and fleur-de-lis generally. They made. The Warsaw papers of the 5th auhave published addresses to the people, call nounce that the Cossacks had passed the ing on them to respect the public moqu- frontier, at a point much nearer Warsaw, ments. It appears that there was a simul- in the neighbourhood of Beyese-Sitewski, taneous rising of the Carlists on that day on the Bug, in Lithuania.