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196 Excavations for the City Approaches to London Bridge. [March, Edw. VI., when this college fell into and Thomas, being in Eastcheap at the hands of the crown, but was re- supper, or rather breakfast, for it newed by the fishmongers; who, from was after the watch had broken ignorance of true history, in his epi- up, betwixt two or three of the clock taph, following a fabulous Look, made after midnight, a great debate haphim the slayer of Jack Straw instead of pened between their men and other of Wat Tyler.
the Court, &c. &c.” Lidgate's song, The only existing traces of Wal. called “London Lickpenny,' tells us, worth's college will be soon swept he continues, “ that in Eastcheap the away; these are two pointed arches cooks cried hot ribs of beef roasted, in the wall bounding the church-yard pies well baked; there was clattering of St. Michael ; wherein, by the bye, of pewter pots, harp, pipe, and saw the disinterment of the dead (a pain- trie.” The customers of the cooks in ful desecration!) is now in progress. Eastcheap had no doubt their wine Stow notices an ancient house in brought them in these pewter“canniCrooked-lane called the leaden porch,t kins,” from the vintner's cellars on belonging temp. Edw. IV. to Sir John the river side hard by; and this arMerston, knight, in his time converted rangement had existed from a very into a tavern called the Swan, pos. early date; for, says Fitz Stephen, “Est sessed of strangers selling Rhenish in Londonia supra ripam fluminis inter wine.t Above Crooked-lane, at the vina, in navibus et cellis, vinaria vecorner of Eastcheap, he says was a nalia, publica coquina."|| Honest Wil. great house builded of stone, belonging liam Stephanides goes on then to deto Edward the Black Prince, who was scribe the dainties which may be in his life-time lodged there ; this was promptly had for money to refresh afterwards turned into a common hos- the weary traveller ; and tells us, that telrie, having the Black Bell (qu. while the meats are cooking, the table Bull?) for its sign. This, therefore, set out, and the vessels for ablution was the city residence of the Princes produced, one runs down to the river's of Wales, and thus the extravagancies bank, where all more that is wanted of Prince Henry and his companions (desiderabilia) are to be found; the at the Boar's Head in Eastcheap, on bread and meat having been before which Shakspeare has 80 delightfully named, these desiderabilia must have amplified, will be found to have taken been the wines. place within a stone's throw of the Let the Antiquary now therefore Prince's own dwelling; and it is watch the progress of the mattock and moreover probable, extraordinary as the spade ; for the northern approaches the assertion may sound to modern of that majestic structure the new ears, that the riot in which the king's London Bridge are destined to pass sons were embroiled, occurred at a over ground rendered sacred by no orcook's shop, having that ancient dainty dinary historical recollections. The the Boar's Head for its sign; “ for," bones of the champion of civil order, says my venerable authority, "of old Sir William Walworth, may not have time, when friends were disposed to yet found their last resting place, and be merry, they went not to dine and the foundation-stones of the dwelling sup in taverns, but to the cook's. In of the heroes of Poitiers and Azincour, the year 1410, the 11th of Henry the may in a few days see the light to be Fourth, upon the even of St. John obliterated for ever. the Baptist, the king's sons, John My next notice will contain some
“ How surely 'stablish'd is thy throne
Which shall no change or period see ;". —and here the Psalm was broken off. I have since understood that there was no real ground for alarm, but that some persons having been on the flat roof of the Church to examine its state previously to removal, had, from the concussion occasioned by the tread of their feet, loosened a portion of the plaister of the ceiling beneath.
+ A covering of lead being in these days a costly distinction for a building, sometimes gave a dame to the whole edifice; we have a striking example of this in that emporium for civic gastronomists Leadenhall.
Survey of London, Candlewicke-street Ward, edit. 1613, p. 404. $ Those who quaff their wine at the Shades hard by, are at this day regaled with the clear enlivening notes of the harp.
ll Descriptio Nobilissimæ civit. London. De dispositione urbis.
St. Saviour's Church.--Archbishop Tregury. 197 observations on the wall, which Fitz. ton to the family of Botreaux, from Stephen roundly asserts bounded old whom it passed successively, by inheLondon towards the Thames, “ Simi- ritance or sale, through the families of literque ab 'austro Londonia murata Hungerford, Hastings, Edgcumbe, Paret turrita fuit ;” and I shall be able to kins, and Vivian, to Mr. William Hals, show, on the information of a zealous who wrote the Parochial History of and intelligent young antiquary, who Cornwall, and resided here in the lathas had the best opportunity possible ter part of his life. The estate, now of ascertaining this fact, what that called Tregotha, is the property of wall probably was. I am afraid worthy Thomas Rawlings, Esq. Stephanides must give up the towers. This brief notice of the Archbishop I shall also make some remarks on the scarcely made any impression on my evidence which the works of the New mind beyond a mere recollection of the Bridge may have afforded, of the sacking circumstances, when a Cornish gentleof London by Boadicea.
man informed me that he had observed . I shall at the same time offer one or a monument to this Prelate in the two suggestions relative to the comple- Cathedral at Dublin. 1 then took tion of the repairs and restoration of the liberty of applying, through Mr. St. SaviouR'S CHURCH, which as a Dawson, Member for the County of feature connected with the New Bridge, Londonderry, to his brother the Dean if too onerous a matter for the parish of St. Patrick's, who not only gave me (as I fear it may be), ought to be made every information and reference that is one of public undertaking and expense. known to exist, but also a drawing of There is surely in these disjointed the monument, of which I have sent a and divided times, enough of public wood engraving.–Since this was entaste, public spirit, and respect for graved, † have seen a tracing from an fanes long hallowed by the worship of old drawing in the possession of Sir the Almighty, to effect an object of William Betham, Ulster King at Arms, such obvious expediency. A, J. K. which shows that the sides of the ori.
ginal altar tomb were adorned with Mr. Urban,
Tredrea, Cornwall, trefoil-headed arches rising from short
AN, March 2. pillars. YOU will much gratify me, and I It appears that few records are extant may venture to add, many other cor- of the Prelates and Dignitaries of Dubrespondents, by inserting in your most lin, prior to the Reformation, in places excellent Repository, which has now where they might most reasonably survived one century with a spirit and have been expected to be found ; and vigour that give promise for its conti- the monument itself would have penuing through another, some particu- rished but for the care and attention lars of an individual sprung from this of the celebrated Doctor Jonathan country, who must have been a man Swift, who, with the Chapter, exactly of talent and of learning sufficient for a hundred years ago, rescued it from adding lustre to any origin; but who a dilapidated chapel, and carried the is now almost entirely forgotten, his monument to its present situation in family having long since become ex. the Cathedral. tinct, and the records of the University, Michael Tregury attained his repuof the Church, of the Diocese, and of tation for learning at the University the Province over which he presided, of Oxford. He was Junior Proctor in having in great measure perished in the year 1434, under which Anthony the devastations of civil war, and espe- Wood gives the following notice of cially of those aggravated by religious him in his “ Fasti.” He“ was now dissensions.
Fellow of Exeter college, and about Mr. Lysons, in his History of Corn. these times Principal of several Halls wall, states that in the parish of St. that successively stood near to the said Wenn is situated Tregury, Tregurra, college. But the King having a spe. or Tregurtha, the seat of a family social respect for him (being now accalled, of whom was Michael de Tre- counted the almost ornament of the gury, Archbishop of Dublin, who died University) made him Prefect or Goin 1471. The last heir male of the vernor of [the College at] Caen in elder branch of this family, died in the Normandy, lately erected by King reign of Henry the Fifth, leaving three Henry the Fifth of England; which daughters coheirs, who sold this bar- office he performing with singular ap
1831.) Michael de Tregury, Archbishop of Dublin. 199 plause, became at length, through di.. the temporalities by King Henry the vers preferments (of which the Deanery Sixth, whose Chaplain he was :'(But of St. Michael of Pencryche* was one) was obliged to submit himself to the Archbishop of Dublin in Ireland.” King's favour, and renounce every
The foundation of the College or clause in his Bull, prejudicial to the University of Caen, is again mentioned Crown. He was called into the Privy by Wood in his Annals, under 1417. Council immediately, and had twenty In consequence, he says, of discontents pounds per annum || granted him by regarding preferment and tithes, “the the King, pro sano consilio, for giving corruptness of provisions, and espe- good counsell, as his predecessors, cially the wars between England and Archbishops of Dublin, who were of France, many dispersed themselves to the Council, had ; and in 1453 King other places. And because Normandy, Henry the Sixth, for securing an arrear Angiers, Poyctou, Aquitaine, Bretagne, of two years and a half, and the growGascoigne, and other places that were ing salary, granted him a custodium subject to the Crown of England, could on the manor of Tassagard, and the not for that reason exercise their Scho town of Ballachise, parcel thereof, to lastical Acts at Paris publicly and continue during the time he should be without murmurings, they receded to Archbishop of Dublin. Caen in Normandy, t and studied there. “In certain Annals ascribed to DudWhich place Henry the Fifth, of Eng- ley Firbisse, there is a mention made land, made an University, causing one under the year 1453, that an ArchMichael Tregorie, an Oxford Doctor, bishop of Dublin was taken prisoner sometime Fellow of Exeter College, to at Sea. I must leave the passage to be Governor and Reader there, to the the credit of the Annalist, not having end that the doctrine of the University met any hint of it elsewhere. There of Oxford might dilate itself and take is extant in the Black Book of the root in those parts.”
Archbishop of Dublin (p. 82), a copy The following memoir is extracted of a Bull of Pope Pius the Second, from Ware's History of Ireland, vol. i. dated the 23d of November, 1462, and p. 359:
directed to the Bishop and Archdea“ Before the close of the same year conry of Ossory, commanding them to (1449), Michael Tregury, a native of pronounce excommunicated, Geofrey Cornwall, and Doctor of Divinity of Harold, Thomas and Edmund his sons, the University of Oxford, was conse Patrick Birne, Thady Sheriff, Thomas crated Archbishop of this See. He Becagh, Robert Burnell, and other laywas a man of such great eminence for men of the City and Diocese of Dublearning and wisdom, that in the year lin, for laying violent hands on this 1418 King Henry the Fifth invited Prelate, and committing him to prison; him over to Caen in Normandy, to and that they should keep them under take upon him the government of a excommunication until they went to College, which that Monarch had then Rome for absolution, with the testifounded in the said city; to whom he monials of the Bishop and Archdeacon. joined, out of the Mendicant Friars, The reason of this insult is no where learned professors in all sciences. I mentioned, that I can find. He reThere he is said for a long time to paired the Manor House of Tawlaght, have discharged the trust committed and died there in a very advanced age, to him with great applause, both by on the 21st of December, 1471 ; having his public prelections and writings. governed this See about twenty-two A Catalogue of his works may be seen years. His remains were conveyed to in Bale and Pits. At last, upon the Dublin, attended by the Clergy and death of Talbot in 1449, he was pro- Citizens, and buried in St. Patrick's moted to this See by a papal provision, Church, near St. Stephen's Altar (as and was the same year, on the 10th of February (English style), restored to See the act of restitution of his tempo
- ralties, iv Rymer's Federa, tom. xi. p. 260. * The Deanery of Penkridge in Hereford || By Sir George Shuckburgh's Tables, shire was not, however, an early preferment printed in the Philosophical Transactions of Tregury, it having been appexed to the for 1798, this sum would be equal to almost see of Dublin as early as the reign of King six and a half times as much as the same Jobu.
nominal sum' at the commencement of the + " Jo. Rous, in lib. de Regibus, MS." present century; that is, 1301. a year. « Pits, de Script. 663."
| Rymer's Fodera, tom. xi. p. 325.
200 Michael de Tregury.- Battle of Brunanburh. [March, he had directed by his will), where additions to the Chronicle of Eusebius, t heretofore might have been seen a viz. • That there was so great a conspecious monument, adorned with his course of people from all parts of the statue, of elegant workmanship, on Christian world at this jubilee, that at which are inscribed the following verses, Hadrian's Mole almost two hundred penned without the aid of the Muses: perished in the press, besides many Præsul Metropolis Michael hic Dubliniensis who were drowned in the Tiber.' Marmore tumbatus, pro me Christum flagi They who returned safe in 1453, tetis.
brought the melancholy news, that And at the head of the statue,
Constantinople was taken by the Jesus est Salvator meus.'
Turks, and the Emperor Constantine " This monument was found under Palæologus slain. Our Archbishop the rubbish in St. Stephen's Chapel ; was so afflicted at the account, that he the cover of it was preserved by the ordered a fast to be kept strictly through. care of the Rev. Dr. Jonathan Swift, out his Diocese for three days together, Dean of St. Patrick's, and the Chapter; and granted indulgences of an hundred who in the year 1730 fixed it up in years to the observers of it; and he the wall, on the left hand, as you himself went before the Clergy in proenter the West gate, between the said cession to Christ-church, cloathed in gate and the place where heretofore sackcloth and ashes.". the Consistory Court was held; and The works of Tregurry are thus no. they have placed this inscription over ticed by Pits, in his volume “ De illusit : · Vetus hoc Monumentum, è ru- tribus Angliæ Scriptoribus :" deribus Capellæ Divi Stephani nuper “Multa scripsisse perhibetur, quæ Gallis instauratæ erutum, Decanus et Capi. inter quos vixit vel Hibernis apud quos obiit, tulum hùc transferri curaverunt, A.D. magis quàm Anglis e quibus natus est, nota 1730.”
esse poterunt. Hos tamen paucos titulos “The will of this Prelate, dated the
sequentes invenio :10th of December, 1471, is extant
Super Magistrum Sententiarum, lib. iv. among the Manuscripts in the Library
De Origine illius Studii ............lib. i.
Quæstiones ordinarias. ..............lib. i. of Trinity College, Dublin (B. 52),
Contra Henricum Albrincensem...lib. i. whereby he deviseth his two silver
Yours, &c. Davies GILBERT. gilded saltsellers (salfaris) with their covers, to make cups for St. Patrick's,
Barton, Feb. 22. to serve in Divine Offices. He also
lo perusing the communication of your bequeathed his pair of organs to the
Correspondent A. J. KEMPE, inserted in said Church, to be used at the celebra- your Magazine for December last, p. 499, tion of Divine service in St. Mary's I was most forcibly struck with a passage ia Chapel. 'I devise also (says he) the quotation from William of Malmesbury, that William Wyse, whose industry to which, presuming the translation to be for this purpose I choose, shall in my correct, I beg leave to call your attention. stead visit with a decent oblation st. Referring to the battle of Brunanburh, it Michael's Mount in Cornwall, which is there stated, amongst other consequences, by vow I am bound to perform either
that "the King of the Northmen, with his
little troop, fled in his terror to the voice by myself or proxy; and also orders
of the ship; the king of the fleet, with one him to give some Largesses towards
ship's crew living, escaped over the yellow building the neighbouring Churches
deep." On referring to your Magazine for near which his friends dwell.
January 1821, you will there find my sug“The Registry* of the Dominican
of the Dominican gestions regarding the long doubtful point Abbey in Dublin, gives an account, amongst historians, as to the site of this that above fifty persons went out of renowned battle, which I am the more conthe Diocese of Dublin to Rome in 1451, vinced took place at Buruham, about four to celebrate the jubilee then held under miles south of the river Humber; and I now Pope Nicholas the Fifth, and that this beg leave to call in the foregoing testimony prelate gave them recommendary cer
of Malmesbury as an additional proof of the tificates to the Pope; that seven of the
correctness of my suggestions; the muddy number were pressed to death in the
water of the Humber being most particularly
applicable to, and, I believe, at some time, crowd, besides what died in their return. This squares with the relation
the only water in England that can supply
an adequate authority for the expressing of given by Mathias Palmerius, in his
the yellow deep.
W. S. HESLEDEN. • Ware's MS.
+ Ad Ao. 1451.