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209 Claremont, near ter Church in Thanet. I send for MR. URBAN,
Dublin, Jan. 2. your inspection a similar article of I ENCLOSE drawings of two coins, much finer workmanship (Fig. 4). It both, I believe, unpublished, and the is of silver, gilt, and in length, includ. latter unique.
ing the moveable ring, 24 inches, the The first (Plate II. Fig. 1), is a breadth across the legend is áths of penny of King John, the obverse bear an inch, and the thickness one-eighth ing the usual legend, JOHANNES REX; of an inch; the weight not quite one the reverse is remarkable by having ounce. WILELM. P. ON. DIV., which I am not The two pins, which are supposed aware occurs on any published coin to have confined the end of a leathern until the time of Edward I. when the thong, remain firmly riveted near the name of Robertus de Hadlee appears extremity; the round hole underneath on some of the pennies. I have seen the quatrefoil is very distinct, and I but one other penny of John bearing suppose might be made for the pura similar inscription, which is in the pose of receiving a small hook, by collection of my friend George Petrie, which the article in question and the esq. to whom I am indebted for the scabbard supposed to have been ansubject of the present drawing.
nexed to it were more securely susThe second (Fig. 2) bears on the pended from the belt; the two pins obverse three crowns in a shield, with being scarcely sufficient for supporting a small figure of 1 over it- the legend so heavy an appendage as a sword.* obliterated, partly by the coin having The'ring proceeds from the mouth of a lost somewhat of its circumference; wolf or some other animal ; this is the reverse has a star of 12 points, di- also the case with the specimen (which vided by a long cross running out to is now in my possession) engraved in the edge of the coin, the centre of the your volume for 1818; but in that encross forming a rose. The letters DVBL graving the head of the animal does only remain of what was probably the not appear.' . '. original inscription, civITAS DVBLINIE. I consider that the ring was fasThis coin is copper, and weighs, above tened to the belt, and that the legend 7 and nearly 71 grains, which is the was at the end near the hilt of the weight assigned by Simon in his Essay sword; this idea is confirmed by the on Irish coins (ed. 1810) p. 21, to à appearance of the metal near the top coinage of brass money of Henry VI. of the hole, on the under part, which A.D. 1459; the penny of which was is worn or become thin rather on one to weigh 60 grains, and the eighth part side, and I have no doubt by the fricof the penny 74 grs. Whether this tion of the hook which assisted in should be referred to Henry VI. or, as confining it to the belt.. . the type would rather lead us to ima. "Allow me to add a suggestion relative gine, to his rival and successor Edw. to one of the seals engraved in your IV., and to whom I am disposed to number for November 1829; which place it, I leave to more learned an represents a squirrel, and is inscribed tiquaries.
CRECZCECEL. I think it probable that This coin was turned up singly in this belonged to one of the family of the garden of the National Institution Creswell, who bore three squirrels for for the Deaf and Dumb at Claremont their arms, and a squirrel for their crest, near Dublin, and is now (together with Yours, &c. R. ALMACK. the penny of John, already described), in my possession.
port, Nov. 4. THE Ring (Fig. 3) was found within IN your number for July, (p. 17) the last year at Burgh in Norfolk, the your correspondent T. A. presented Garianonum of the antiquary Ives, and you with what I was preparing to of. is now in the possession of John Bruce, esq. F.S.A.
• The nse of these brass ornaments not
being precisely ascertained, we will not exMR. URBAN. Long Melford, Suf.
press a decided opinion; but we must con"I folk, June 2.
fess that we racher leao to the idea of sbat IN your number for April last ap- correspondent wbo suggested that they were peared an engraving of a brass relic made to fasten books : see a note to the list found beneath the pavement of Mins of plates at the back of the title-page to our Gent. Mag. March, 1831.
vol. c. part i.- Edit.
210 Roman Antiquities found at Lancing Down. [March, fer-an'account of the Roman Remains in a straight line, from this temple to on Lancing Down, Sussex. He has the great camp called Cissbury, (the therefore saved me the trouble of send. station or camp of Cissa), about a ing drawings of several of the articles mile to the north-west. . found, as described by him, to the The room in the centre mentioned correctness of which I am happy to by T. A. was undoubtedly the Sancbear testimony.
tum Sanctorum, into which the priest I visited these interesting remains was accustomed to retreat from the several months ago, and found they worshippers, to hold (as he wished corresponded with the description them to believe) more intimate comgiven, to which I beg to offer a few munion with the Deity. The stucco additional observations,
on the exterior has evidently been That the building, whose foundation sprinkled with some red liquid. Is it alone remains, was a temple, or one too much to suppose it to be the dedicated to religious purposes, there blood of the animals sacrificed ? Boars' can be but little doubt. Its size and tusks and other bones were found. form prove that it was neither a villa The most interesting of the surnor a common residence ; and the un- rounding excavations is the small circommon circumstance of its being sur cular bath, the dimensions of which rounded by graves shows that it was prove that it was used not for comconsidered a sacred spat, and set apart mon purposes, but for sacred ablufor sacred purposes.
tion, connected with the rites of the That it was exclusively British, temple. The narrow bronze spoon Saxon, or Roman, is not probable, represented among the other relics in since remains of all these people have the number for July, was undoubtedly been found in and about it. Several used for the service of religion. of the brooches and bone combs are The small urns found at the bottom exceedingly rude, and are most proba- of the narrow graves (some of which bly British. But there are indubitable are not above a foot in diameter) proevidences of its being chiefly of Roman bably contained the ashes of the workmanship. The tesseræ are such as heart. That which I have in my posare generally found in common pave- session is three inches wide, and two ments of their villas, being formed of deep; a sketch of which (Fig. 5) I pieces of dark grey limestone, about send you. In the grave No. 10, as an inch square. There were also frag- represented by T. A., were the bones ments of common black pottery, and I of a fowl, and a fibula in the shape of have in my possession a few pieces of a cock. The bones were most likely the fine Samian ware made only by those of that bird ; as they have not them. The coins also prove the same. unfrequently been found with the re
It is well known that the Belgæ had mains of the dead. At the bottom of very numerous settlements on the ex- an urn discovered in the castle bank tensive downs that are on the southern at Lewes, formerly a Roman station, coast, and at no place are their re- almost in a line with those near Lanmains more frequently found than cing, the skeleton of a cock was found, along the range of which Lancing which I saw in the splendid cabinet of Down forms a part. It is therefore G. Mantell, esq. of that place. probable there was a colony on this Mr. Medhurst has made several spot or in the neighbourhood (in sup- other interesting discoveries in the port of which I shall presently bring neighbourhood. About a mile from another proof), and that here was the the pavement towards Cissbury, he edifice where their religious rites were opened a tumulus which contained a performed. When the Romans be- skeleton, with the right arm extended, came masters of this part of the coun- and in the hand a curious but rudely try, and established themselves in the formed small urn (Fig. 6) about three different camps on the heights, they inches deep, and five wide at the proimproved upon the rude structure of jecting rim that forms the terminathe Britons, and formed a temple ac- tion of the bars. This also, which is cording to their own plan that would of an uncommon form, probably conserve for the use of the neighbouring tained the ashes of the heart. stations, which are to be seen on the Being informed by him that several west, north, and east: indeed there is skeletons had been found in digging evidently a narrow raised way, almost for chalk in a large pit, a quarter of a
211 mile to the south of the temple, I I need not particularly direct your accompanied him to the spot, and attention to the classical allusions in having procured suitable implements, which this ornament is mentioned. I and examining the most probable bad thought it occurred in Anacreon ; place, had the great satisfaction of but on hastily glancing over that audisinterring a skeleton in a very de. thor I do not find what I expected, cayed state, imbedded in loose chalk and I therefore suppose my memory at the bottom of a grave two feet be- was misled by some recollection of his low the surface, cut in the solid chalk ode Eis Téttiya. In Thucydides, howhill; the sides of which still retained ever, the notice is very distinct, “kai the mark of the shovel in its smooth xpuowy tettiywy évépoel kpópulov åvaand regular form. Near the head was doúpevou TÔ év tû kepalộ tpuy@y." the blade of a knife very much cor- Wherein the Athenians are represented roded, of the shape and size of Fig. 7, as “wreathing their hair into a topwhich I have in my possession. The ping, which they fastened around by down where these graves were is quite the insertion of golden grasshoppers." level, and the only circumstance that In the Knights of Aristophanes also it induced us to suppose we should make is said, “ó ékeivos ópâv TeTTiyopobóthe discovery was the rusty colour of pos tô ápxaiw oxumatı Nautt pós.”the chalk in that spot, at the side of “But he was a mighty fine fellow to the pit which had been dug close to look at, wearing his golden grasshopthe foot of the grave.
pers after the olden fashion." Here was in all probability a Bri. Lucian also is supposed to refer to tish encampment; and this their place the passage I have quoted from Thuof sepulture. The knife exactly cor. cydides; but I need not multiply responds with others found at the left these references. It is worthy of reside of several skeletons disinterred mark that these ornaments were very near Lewes; one of which is given in generally worn by men, as I suppose Horsfield's History and Antiquities of they were, by women; and from the that place; and confirms the account circumference of my specimen it would we have of a custom prevalent among appear as if the hair had been gathered some of the British tribes, of deposit up in many ringlets. ing a knife in the left hand of their Yours, &c. W. JERDAN. dead.
Nearly the whole range of the Sus- Mr. Urban, Winchester, Nov. 11. sex Downs abounds in remains of for WITH this I send you a drawing mer ages : and their summits, crowned (Fig. 9) of a silver Ring, which has with camps and tumuli, are exceed. lately fallen under my inspection. It ingly interesting to the antiquary. is in the possession of Dr. Littlehales
Mr. Medhurst, a few weeks since, of this place, and was found at Denefound a skeleton at a short distance bury Hill, near Andover. from the pavement, bent so as almost My own observations lead me to to encircle three urns.
think that it originally belonged to the Yours, &c.
J. H. B. Douglas family, from the representa
tion of a heart crowned above, and Mr. Urban, Gro Toen Grove House, Bromp. winged on the sides; yet in the usual
ton, March 12, figures of the heart so crowned, the THE Ring (Fig. 8) which I have wings are pointed upwards. This the pleasure to submit to your inspec. change, however, might have taken tion, was found in a Greek tomb, toge place to accommodate the ring by not ther with several other ornaments, and taking up so much room. At the back of a date evidently some centuries an. of the ring are two hands united, and terior to the Christian era. It is, you issuing from a rose on each side; and will observe, of very pure gold and cu. from which we may be led to think rious workmanship; the head repre- there may be allusion to the union of senting that of a grasshopper, and the the two houses of York and Lancascircle being formed of a wire round ter. The ring is of very rude workwhich a smaller wire of gold is wound manship, especially where the two till near the extremity, where an at ends are united within. tenuated thread terminates in a hook The opinion of your correspondents which fastens it to a small loop held on the above will oblige in the mouth of the grasshopper,
Yours, &c. Joux LATHAM.