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Mr. Kempe desires to rectify a misappre- ticed safe ; for this plain reason, that when hension of Mr. W. S. HESLEDEN, (p. 200), the chest has been opened in a damp atthat our former correspondent quoted Wil- mosphere, on closing the lid, such a quanliam of Malmesbury, in a passage which tity of humidity is kept in contact with the makes mention of the Battle of Brunanburh, contents, that decomposition must ensue and in which the epithet yellow is applied to from mere want of ventilation." the sea. A. J. K. distinctly referred to the P. remarks that “ Lord King, in his Life Saron Chronicle, as literally translated into of Locke, hus printed a letter of Dr. William English by Miss Gurney, aud printed at Fuller, Bishop of Lincoln, in order to show Norwich in 1819, for gratuitous and private that the celebrated Dr. Stillingfeet, aftercirculation. "I am not aware (adds Mr. wards Bishop of Worcester, received his KEMPE) that any similar term in relation to first dignity' in the Church at the request the sea is employed by William of Malmes of the Earl of Shaftesbury, and that he must bury in his history; in citing which I merely therefore have originally belonged to that said that he had imitated the compilers of nobleman's party. A little inquiry would the Saxon Chronicle by inserting in his work have shown Lord King that it was not the some verses in praise of the renowned mo- celebrated Dr. Stilling fleet that was PreDarch Athelstan; but I by no means inti- bendary of North Kelsey, but John Stilmated that the verses in Malmesbury and lingfleet, D.D. Rector of Beckingham in the Saxon Chronicle were the same. How · Lincolnshire (Willis's Cathedrals, ii. 230), far the appellation of the yellow deep may be and that therefore a charge of ingratitude intended as applicable to the Humber, is ano. was gratuitously advanced against that emither consideration ; but before any positive nent prelate. It may be added, in further inference can be drawn from it as to the lo- proof of the want of research manifested by cality of Brunanburh, it must be shown Lord King, that, had Dr. Edward Stillinga that the poet intended something more than fleet been appointed to a prebend in 1674, a vatural' epithet. When “the bright can- it would not have been his first dignity,' dle of God the Eternal" sapk in the west, since he was preferred to the prebend of and the host of Anlaf sought refuge in their Islington in the Church of St. Paul's in “ nailed ships," the deep would be gilt with 1667, and to a canopry of the same Cathethe rays of departing light, and therefore dral in 1670." there appears to me nothing very extraor AN OLD SUBSCRIBER remarks, “ Lord dinary in terming it yellow."
Courtenay having established his right to Q. says, “F. E. in your Supplement to the Earldom of Devon under the grant to the Magazine for the last year deserves the Edward Courtenay, 28 Sept. 1553, it seems thanks of the country at large for his sug- to remain a question whether the present gestion, in consequence of the late lamented Earl be entitled to the precedence of 1553 accident of the destruction of Lewisham only, or to the original precedeace of 1335 Church and Registers; and his caution and (which would constitute him premier Earl), recommendation to the Clergy respecting there being a clause in the patent of 1553 the transmission of copies of the Parochial granting to Edward Courtenay the same Registers is very judicious; but I am afraid precedence any of his ancestors being Earls it scarcely extends quite far enough; for I am of Devon bad heretofore enjoyed. Now informed, that in some instances little pro the original grant to the Courtenays was vision is made for the subsequent arrange dated 22 Feb. 1335.-In what way is the ment or even careful preservation of the do Earl Compton (see Promotions for March) cuments when transmitted to the Registry to bear the designation of Kirkness ** of the diocesan, Some attention seems re ANTIQUARIUS will be obliged by being quisite in this particular; and being now so informed if there is any other copy extant near to the point, it may not be amiss to of the Parliamentary Surveys made after the suggest that, whatsoever security may be death of Charles the First in the time of afforded for the preservation of Parochial the Commonwealth or of Cromwell, than Registers in iron chests (and by the bye, if the one in the Archiepiscopal Library at the Lewisham Registers were so kept, what Lambeth. becomes of such supposed security from the P. 82, for Massareene read Massereene, effects of fire ? and if they were not, what passim. punishment do not the negligent parties de- ' P. 268. The late Lord Rivers's Chrisserve for the irreparable and incalculable tian names were William Horace, not • Homischief to which they have contributed ?) race William ;'-on succeeding to the title -unless such chests are frequently opened he took the surnames of Pill-Rivers for and constantly kept from damp air, the himself, but his children to be Pitt only, writings, especially parchments, decay much during his life-time; but the heir succeedsooner than when kept in a wooden or lat- ing him in the title to be then Pilt-Rivers.
ORIGINAL LETTER OF KING CHARLES 1.
Dalby Terrace, am therfor confident that you ar in a MR. URBAN,
MR. URBAN, City Road, Marchl. good forwardness, for the sending I INCLOSE you a copy of an ori- over to me a considerable supply of ginal Letter in my possession from men, artillery, and amunition ; all the unfortunate Charles to the Mar- that I have to add is, that the necesquis of Ormond. The Letter is in sity of your speedy performing them perfect preservation, and the copy is is' made much more pressing, by new exact in every particular. The com- disasters; so that I absolutly Comand mencement and conclusion are parti. you, (what hazard soever that king. cularly striking. Indeed, the forlorn dome may run by it,) personally to and melancholy situation in which bring me all the Forses, of what sort the unhappy Monarch was placed by soever you can draw from thence, and his adverse fortunes, is depicted leave the Governement there (during throughout in language well calcu- your absence) in the fittest hands, lated to draw
that you shall judge, to discharge it; - iron tears down Pluto's cheek.” for I may not * want you heere to Co
mand those forces wch will be brought Nay, even down the cheeks of that
from thence, and such as from hence stern republican John Milton himself,
shall be joyned to them : But you The Letter is indorsed in the handwriting of the time thus :-" His
must not understand this as a perMalles 31 July, 1645."-Rec. 18 Au
mission for you to grant to the Irish gust. By Robi Smith.” In all pro
(in case they will not otherwais have bability, therefore, it was intercepted.
a Peace) any thing more, in matter of Yours, &c.
Religion, then what I have allowed you alreddy; except only in some con
venient parishes, where the much Ormond, Cardif, 13 July, 1645. greater number ar Papists, I give you
Ir hath pleased God, by many suc power to permitt them to have some cessive misfortunes, to reduce my af places, weh they may use as Chapells faires, of late, from a verry prosper. for theire Devotions, if there be no ous condition, to so low an eb, as to other impediment for obtaining a be a perfect tryall of all mens integri. Peace; but I will rather chuse to suf. ties to me ; and you being a person fer all extremities, then ever to abanwhom I consider as most entyrly and don my Religion, and particularly generously resolved to stand and fall ether to English or Irish Rebells, to with your King, I doe principally rely wch effect, I have com’anded Digby to upon you, for your utermost assist. wryt to their Agents that were imance in my present hazards : I have ployed hither, giving you power to com’anded Digby to acquaint you at cause, deliver, or suppresse the letter, large, with all particulars of my con- as you shall judge best, for my serdition; what i have to hope, trust vice: To conclude, if the Irish shall too, or feare; wherin you will fynde so unworthily take advantage of my that, if my expectation of Relife out of weake condition, as to press me to Irland be not in some good measure that wch I cannot grant with a safe and speedely answered, I am lykely conscience, and, without it, to reject to be reduced to great extremities. I a Peace; I com'and you, if you can, hope some of those Expresses I sent to procure a further Cessation; if you since my misfortune, by the Bat. not, to make what devision taile of Nazeby, ar come to vo
* So in the origi
Petition of Mr. Hickman to Charles II. [April, among them, and rather leave it to petitioner as in duty bound will for ever the chance of Warr betweene them pray, &c." and those Forces 'wch you have not ? Underneath this petition, in the power to draw to my assistance, then same handwriting, but written at a to give my consent to any such al different time, is this observation : lowance of Popery, as must evidently
“ This petition was presented att London bring distruction to that Profession,
several times, but to no purpose, about wch, by the grace of God, I shall ever
ye yeare 1688." maintaine through all extremities : 1
And in the margin, thisknow, Ormond, that I impose a verry
“ His eldest son he took from y Univerhard Taske upon you, but if God pros
sity (his name being Samuell), and made him per me, you will be a happy and glo
captaine of a troop of borse which was all rious subject; If otherwais, you will
maintained at his owne proper charge. He perishe nobly and generously, with was killed at Newbery first site by a cannon and for him, who is
ball, as he was waiting on y King's perYour constant reall faithfull son, &c." Frend,
On the back of the paper are some
Charles R. verses, written by the petitioner's The Marquis of Ormond.
“ brother Edmund,” to the memory of ** The words printed in Italics are his father, who died “ye 19th day of interlined.
Septm'. 1703, aged 77." These verses
are written in a quaint style; but, as Mr. URBAN, Mere, April 6.
they express generally only the most I SEND you a copy of an old paper
common sentiments, I shall forbear to in the possession of one of my neigh
transcribe more than a few lines which bours. It is the counterpart of a pe
refer to his pedigree. tition to King Charles the Second,
“ All that I hear shall mention of his line from a Mr. Hickman; whose family Is that 'twas ouble, loyall, and divive (clerical] had suffered from its adherence to the
Two Bishops his greate grandsiers by his moKing in the civil war.
[of Carlile t'other.
Great Pilkington of Durham one, and Mey “ To the King's Most Excellent Massie. The elde:t son of Durham inaried Carlile's “ The humble Petition of Nathaniell Hick daughter; [a 12 months after.
man, of West Knoyle, in ye county of From whom his mo'er had her birth about
Wilts ; most humbly sheweth : (In holy orders he) at last they came « Dread Soveraigne,
To live at Hambledon i'ch' sbier of Buck" That in ye late usurpation your Maties
ingham. poore petitioner's father, Thomas Hickman, “ Tho's father's line was not so high in was invested of a parsopage in Upton Louell, blood,
(and good ; in ye county aforesaid, and dureing the same Yet 'twas devine [clerical] and loyall, just did wholy imploy him selfe at his owne pro- He from the north wear the same place did per charges in providing horses and armes comie, and sending forth of his sones and servants Whence this great doctor did of Hambledon; in vindication of your Maties sacred Father Not meane nur low, as plainly doe appeare, of blessed memory, and in restoration of His grandf' haveing at lest five hundred youre most sacred person, for which your pounds a year ; poor petitioner's father was throwne out of Breeding his second son for the priesthood, his parsonage, worth one hundred and twenty A studiant came to th' University. [he pounds p' ann. ; plundered of his goods, and Where inarring this great Doc's eldest divers times and in severall places imprisoned, daughter, and constrained to purchase his life at great They came to live in Wiltshire shortly after." cost, and to borrow a hundred pounds to sa The petition, it seems, was pretisfie the avaritious Com'itte; all which
ferred “to no purpose :” a fact that losses amounting to one thousand eight
coincides with the statement recorded hundrd pounds and upwards. And yor poore
on the page of History, that Charles petitioner's father, after fourteen years ex
the Second “ took no care to reward pulsion from his liveing, departed this mise. rable life, leaving your poore petitioner two
his former friends, as he had taken hundred pounds indebted, and hardly any
few steps to be avenged of his former thing wherewithall to subsist.
enemies." "Youre petitioner humbly prays your
Yours, &c. DILETTANTE. sacred Maties commisseration of his sad and deplorable condicion in some releife as shall This correspondent will find the seeme good to your princ'ly mercy, and yor petition in another form printed in
1831.] .. Families of Hickman, Pilkington, and Mey." Walker's “ Sufferings of the Clergy,” lousy of Queen Elizabeth, who in conIt is there in the name of Elizabeth sequence deprived the Bishopric of the widow of the ejected Divine, and 10001. a year, which she settled on the addressed to Lord Chancellor Claren- garrison of Berwick,* In the Bishop's don, Walker adds: “I am loth to epitaph this wife and the four children tell the reader what success, or rather already enumerated are alone named ; what disappointment this moving pe- and the executors appointed by his tition met with, from the hands of that will, were “ Alice Kyngsmill, my now great person to whom it was pre knowne wife, and Deborah and Ruth sented; and have only to add that Mr. my daughters.” His two sons had Hickman had a temporal estate of died in infancy. about 201. per annum, on which his This evidence might be considered wife and four or five children subsisted sufficient to disprove the accuracy of during the Usurpation; and that his Mr. Hickman's poetical genealogy, immediate successor was one Bradish, did not he claim so immediate a dean Irishman, of whose ridiculous scent from the Bishop. The precision preaching (not to give it the worse of his statements, however, aided by name which it deserveth) I could let the mystery which involves the prethe reader have a very particular in- late's early domestic history, may jusstance, if modesty would permit me tify the belief that they present some to relate the story."
adumbration of the truth. His other · Thomas Hickman was instituted to episcopal descent, from Bishop Mey the rectory of Upton Lovel as early as of Carlisle, is corroborated by several 1619, on the presentation of the authorities, as will be seen hereafter. Crown. It might, perhaps, be difficult Wood gives, in his Athenæ Oxonito trace further the history of his fa- enses, a short article on Dr. Richard mily; but the statement made in the Pilkington. He states him to have verses regarding their episcopal de. been descended from the ancient fascent, will admit of a few observations. mily seated at Pilkington in Lanca
The family of Pilkington was a very shire, which was that of the Bishop; numerous one, as will be seen by re- and adds, somewhat remarkably, “but ference to the pedigree in the first vo- where born (unless in the County Pal. lume of Surtees's History of Durham, of Durham) I cannot justly say." He p. lxxix, and to that of another branch was sent to St. John's College, Camin Nichols's History of Leicestershire, bridge, “at about 17 years of age,” vol. 111. p. 650. But the “great doc. and took the degree of M.A. in 1598. tor of Hambledon," whose name was These dates would fix his birth hardly Richard, and who was also Archdea. before 1578, and the Bishop died in con of Leicester, does not occur either 1575-6, which forms another reason among the Bishop's children, or his for discrediting the genealogical poet. numerous nephews. The particulars However, he was instituted to the recpreserved of Bishop Pilkington's do- tory of Hambledon in Buckinghammestic history are, that he married shire, on the presentation of Lord late in life, and at first, perhaps from Scrope of Bolton, May 27, 1596.7 In the prejudices of Queen Elizabeth and 1597 he was collated by his father-in. her times against a married clergy, law, Bishop Mey, to the Archdeaconry concealed the connection ; that he had of Carlisle ; but he resigned it about four children, whom, after the taste of the end of the next year. The Bishop families inclined to puritanism, he was then dead, and Mr. Pilkington named Joshua, Isaac, Deborah, and was probably no longer anxious to reRuth; that the sons died young; and tain a preferment so distant from his that he saved such large fortunes for living. In 1599 he removed to Queen's the daughters as to provoke the jea- College, Cambridge, and was incorpo
* “ I have heard that Queen Elizabeth, being informed that Dr. Pilkington, Bishop of Durham, had given ten thousand pound in marriage with his daughter, and being offended that a Prelate's daughter should equal a princess in portion [i. e. herself by Henry the Eighth's will], took away one thousand pound a year from that Bishoprick, and assigned it for the better maintenance of the garrison of Berwick."-Strype's Church History, book v. p. 253 ; compare with book ix. p. 109. + Langley's Desborough Hundred, p. 270.
Willis's Cathedrals, vol. 1. p. 307. ln Hutchinson's Cumberland the name is misprinted Pickington.
294 Preservation of St. Saviour's Church recommended. [April, rated Master of Arts in that Univer. part of the Church is in the same sity, Oct. 30. He proceeded B.D. style of architecture as the choir so 1600, and D.D. 1607. In 1618 he lately restored with so much effect by published “ Parallela : or, the grounds Mr. Gwilt; it was a part of the Church of the new Roman Catholic and of the built in the reign of Henry III. by ancient Christian Religion, out of the Bishop de Rupibus ; and, as in all perholy scriptures, compared together; fect Churches the Lady Chapel forms in answer to a late Popish pamphlet, a complete and tasteful finish to the entitled A Manual of Controversies, edifice, more especially so does the ele. &c. by A.C.S." On the 16th of Au- gant structure which forms the eastern gust, 1625, he was collated to the extremity of St. Saviour's. To destroy Archdeaconry of Leicester; and on it would be to inflict on the Church the 19th of September 1631, he was an injury equal to the removal of the buried in the chancel of his church at head from the body of a statue, and Hambledon, in the midst of a violent without it the Church will appear an tempest, on which Anthony à Wood unfinished, half-destroyed, awkward enlarges from the account given to a pile of building. It is true that considersubsequent rector by Dr. Pilkington's able sums of money have been raised by servant; thus concluding : “ certain the parish for the repairs of the choir it is that that most unusual storm did and the transepts, and now, the nave occasion certain odd reports concern- being declared dangerous, a large sum ing the said doctor to be made by the must necessarily be expended upon it; R, Catholics, to whom in general he 20,000l. it is said ; but if the parish had been a bitter enemy in his preach- funds are not sufficient, or are not ing and writing.” No epitaph appears considered applicable to the purposes to have been put over his grave.
of the repairs of the Lady Chapel, Regarding the marriage of Dr. Pilk. why is not a subscription solicited ? ington with the daughter of Bishop Let the diocese of Winchester be Mey, the connection is traced not appealed to; for this portion of the only in the preferment of our “great building has an especial claim on the doctor" to the Archdeaconry of Car- diocese at large, being the spiritual lisle ; but in an entry in the parish court for the deanery of Southwark. register of Hambledon, which records To the public it has claims of an exthe burial, Dec. 20, 1620, of Amey tensive nature; as a beautiful specimen Mey, widow to the Bishop of Carlisle.* of ancient architecture it would inteIt is also mentioned by Anthony à rest the antiquary and the man of Wood, in his memoir of William taste, and as the scene of the trials of Crompton, the author of several works some of the martyrs of the Reformain divinity, and preacher of the word tion, it has claims upon all who cherish of God at Little Kimble in Bucking- an object on account of historical recol. hamshire. “ Being acquainted with lections connected with it. But the exDr. Rich. Pilkington, rector of Ham. pense of the reparations necessary for bleton in the said county, he married the stability and decency of appearance one of his daughters, begotten on the of the structure, is not the only reason body of his wife the dau, of Dr. John for its destruction. The London Bridge Mey, sometime Bishop of Carlisle, approaches, which are peculiarly ini. and received from him instructions to mical to Churches, are said to interproceed in his theological studies, and fere with it, and that the Committee withal an inveterate averseness to which directs these works has depopery, or any thing that looked that creed its destruction; for what reason way."'t
I cannot tell, as a carriage road now
passes between it and the Bridge, and Mr. Urban,
March 30. which will become useless when the THE altar-screen of York Minster Bridge is finished. has been saved from destruction by I therefore take this opportunity of the exertions of the press. I have appealing, through your pages, to all now to call for the aid of the same interested in the preservation of a power to avert the threatened de- structure so elegant, with the confident molition of the Lady Chapel of St. hope that when it shall be known that Saviour's Church, Southwark. This this wanton act of mischief and barba
rity is to take place, that a degree of * Willis, 1. 293.
interest commensurate with the im+ Athenæ (edit. Bliss), vol. 111. col. 23. portance of the structure, will be ex