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312 Removal of the Inscriptions from the Monument defended. [April, bated as destroyers, ought they not be made, one of the inscriptions conrather to be hailed as restorers ?
taining it would have been brought in It is only upon this being establish. at the conclusion of an account of the ed on the most incontrovertible evi. fire, and have been so constructed as dence, that I claim for this act of the to show that it was principally writCommon Council the sanction of ten for the purpose of implying a conpublic approbation. And, first, as to tinued apprehension of " papistical the internal and circumstantial evi. fury;" and that the other would have dence on which I ground my opinion. occupied a position so little adapted to Surely, Mr. Urban, if this pillar had the importance of the subject it rebeen erected, not only “the better to cords. preserve the memory of this direful But leaving this view of the case, visitation,”* but likewise to hold up it may safely be affirmed that it was the Papists as the authors of it, it is not till the year 1678, that this charge natural to conclude that the sculptor against the Papists obtained any thing would have introduced something into like general credence ; at that period, the noble hieroglyphic which graces however, by reason of the plot as. it, corresponding with such an idea: cribed to the Papists by Titus Oates nothing, however, of the kind is to be (since acknowledged by all to be a traced; the only figure of an ungra pretended one), it not only began to cious aspect which appears, is that of be almost universally believed, § but “Envy peeping forth underneath the the public apprehension of them was stone pavement where the King excited to a very great degree; indeed stands;" while we find, on the con- to such an extent was this feeling car. trary, “the Duke of York,” who was ried, that it led in Parliament, in the a professed Papist, standing behind year 1679, to the agitation of the queshis brother King Charles the Second, tion for the exclusion of the Duke of “ holding a garland ready to crown York from the Crown, and to a prothe rising City.”+ Again, if this clamation banishing all Papists from pillar had been intended to embrace the City of London, the posts and that object, would not the inscription chains of which were put up as in which was written under the direc- times of great tumult, and it prepared tion of Sir Christopher Wren for for a defence as if besieged. this mighty effort of his genius, To prove that the charge against have contained some notice of it? yet the Papists with respect to the Fire it is in vain that we seek in this in- of London, was then first generally scription, which is preserved in the regarded as a fact, a multitude of au“ Parentalia,” for even the most dis- thorities might be adduced. In the tant allusion to such a circumstance. speech of Sir Thomas Player, Cham
Another argument that this was berlain of London, made on the 12th not intended, may, I think, be ga- of September, 1679, the following pasthered from an examination of the sage occurs : “ It cannot be forgot inscriptions in question, and the situ- that thirteen years ago this City was ations assigned to them on the Monu. a sad monument of the Papists' ment; it is hardly to be believed that cruelty, it being now out of all doubt if this charge was originally meant to that it was they that burnt the City.”
* These are the words of the Act of Parliament, 19th Charles the Second, c. 3, under the authority of which the Monument was erected.
+ This figure is thus described in Stow's “ London and Westminster," by Strype, edition 1720, and likewise in the edition published in 1756. In “Maitland's London," edition 1739, a similar description is to be found; but in later editions of this work the name of " the Duke of York" is superseded by that of “ Mars,” the “chaplet in his band ” being described as “an emblem that an approaching honourable peace would be the consequence of war !"
This work, which is entitled “ Parentalia, or Memoirs of the Family of Wren,” was compiled by his son Christopher, and published by his grandson Stephen Wren, esq. with the care of Joseph Ames, F.R.S. and Secretary to the Society of Antiquaries, London, where it was printed in the year 1750.
$ The disclosure made by Titus Oates, as it respects the Fire of London being the work of the Papists, will be found in the 34th article of his “ True Narrative of the Horrid Plot, &c. of the Popish Party,” edition 1679.
1831.) City Records relative to the Monument.
313 Again, in the Votes of the House I was convinced that these inscrip. of Commons, of the 10th of January, tions were additions to those origi1680, the following resolution is to be nally inscribed upon the Monument. found : “ That it is the opinion of this To me the evidence of this kind which House that the City of London was I had collected, appeared irresistible ; burnt in the year 1666 by the Papists, and for my own satisfaction I redesigning thereby to introduce arbi- quired nothing beyond: I felt, howtrary power and Popery into this ever, that, if the facts were as I supkingdom."*
posed, other evidence of a more direct By a reference likewise to the Pa- nature must be in all probability ac. geant exhibited on the 29th of Octo cessible, and I determined for the saber, being the show of Sir Patience tisfaction of others, and to place the Ward, Lord Mayor of London, as subject beyond all doubt, to endeawell as to “ London's Defiance to vour to obtain it. For this purpose I Rome," and to “The Solemn Mock carefully examined the City Records, Procession, or the Tryal and Execu. and was much gratified to find that tion of the Pope and his Ministers," they fully established the truth of the (the first of which was exhibited on opinion I had formed. The following the 17th of November, 1679, and the are correct copies of these official doother on the same day in the year cuments, commencing at the period 1680,) additional evidence will be when Dr. Gale was first required “to found to the same effect; in short, a devise a fitting inscription to be set fearful anxiety as to what the Papists on the new Pillar,” and ending at the might further accomplish, and a reste period when these additional inscripless animosity, springing from the re- tions, together with the inscription on collection of the awful conflagration the house in Pudding-lane, were set which it was believed they had occa- up for the second time. sioned, almost wholly occupied the
COURT OF ALDERMEN. public mind, and hence most certainly
4th October, 1677.—This Court doch dethe origin of these inscriptions on the sire Dr. Gale, Master of the Schoole of St. Monument.
Paul, to consider of and devise a fitting InIn “England's Reformation," by scription to be set on the new Pillar at Fish Thomas Ward, a poem written about Street Hill, and to consult with Sir Christhis period, the disclosures made by topher Wren, Knt. his Majesties Surveyor Titus Oates regarding the Papists, and Generall, and Mr. Hooke, and then to prethe consequences to which they led seat the same unto this Court. with reference to the subject imme- COURT OF ALDERMEN, 22d Oct. 1677. diately in question, are thus distinctly Upon intimation now given by the Right pointed out :
Honble the Lord Mayor, that the loscrip. “ He swore,—with flaming faggot sticks, tions for the new Pillar op ffish Street Hill, In sixteen hundred sixty-six,
prepared and lately presented to this Court That they through Loodon took their by Dr. Gale, had been tendered to and very marches,
well approved off by his Musie. This Court And burnt the City down with torches ; doch Order that the said Inscription be Yet all invisible they were,
forthwith made upon the said Pillar accordClad in their coats of Lapland air.
iogly. That saifting Whig-mayor Patience Ward
Court of ALDERMEN, 25th Oct. 1677. To this damp'd lie paid such regard,
This Court now takeing into their consiThat he his godly masons sent, T'engrave it round the Monument :
deration the ingenious Inscriptions prepared They did so; but let such things pass,
and presented unto this Court by Dr. Gale His men were fools, himself an ass." CANTO 4.
for the new Pillar on ffish Street Hill, doth
order that Mr. Chamberlein doe deliver Such is a portion of the internal unto Mr. Lane, Comptroller of the Chamand circumstantial evidence by which ber, ten guineys (to be placed on account of
• It is worthy of remark that this was the first vote which the House of Commons came tu on the subject. The Committee of that House, which was appointed on the 25th of September, 1666, to inquire into the causes of the Fire, made a Report bearing date the 220 of January, 1667, but upon the 8th day of February following, the Parliament was prorogued, before they came to give their judgment thereupon. * A Free and Faithful Account of the several Informations laid before the Committee," edition 1967.
GENT. MAG. April, 1831.
City Records relative to the Monument. [April, the cole duty), and hee to lay out the same
COURT OF ALDERMEN, in a handsome piece of plate, to be present held on the 23d day of June, 1681. ed to the said Dr. Gale as a loveing remem The Right Hon'ble the Lord Mayor is brance from this Court.
desired by this Court to direct the setting Court or Common Council.
up the Inscriptions lately agreed to in Com
mon Counsell touching the fireing of this 12 Nov. 1680. - It is ordered by this City by the Papists, A.D. 1666, upon the Court that Mr. Comptroller, takeing to his Pillar on Fish St. Hill, and the house where assistance such persons as he shall think fitt, the Fire began, in such manner as his Lorddoe compose and draw up an Inscription in ship shall think convenient. Latin and English, to be affixed on the Mo
A COURT OF ALDERMEN, nument, on Fish Street Hill, siguifying that held on the 12th day of July, 1681. the City of London was burnt and consumed
It is now agreed by this Court that the with fire by the treachery and malice of the
Right Honourable the Lord Mayor, who Papists in September in the year of our Lord
was desired by this Court to cause the addi1666.
tional inscriptions lately agreed to in ComCOURT or Common Council. mon Counsell, to be set up on the Pillar at
Fish Street Hill, doe in order thereunto 17 June, 1681.–This day Mr. Comp
s day Mr. Comp cause the Inscription already made on the troller of the Chamber (p'suant to an Order said Pillar, or such part thereof as his of the 12th of November last) did present Lordship shall think convenient. to be to this Court an Joscripcion in Latin and taken out and anew engraved, the better to English by him composed, to be affixed on make way for the said additional Inscription. the Monument or Pillar on fish Street Hill; the Latin is in these words (Sed Fu
COURT OF ALDERMEN. ror Papisticus qui tam dira patravit nondum
16 Sept. 1689.-It is unanimously agreed restinguitur), w'ch he conceives might and ordered by this Court, that the two seproperly be added to the p’sent Inscripcon verall Inscripcions formerly sett up by order on the north side thereof, after these words of this Court in the Mayoralty of Si Pa(stetit Fatalis Ignis et quaquaversum elao- tience Ward, on the Monument and the guit). And the English Inscripcon follows house where the dreadfull Fire began (which in these words (viz.): (This Pillar was sett have been since taken down, *) be again sett up in perpetuall remembrance of that most uppt in their former places, and that Mr. dreadfull burning of this Protestant City, Chamb’laine and Mr. Comptroller doe se begun and carried on by the treachery and the same done accordingly. malice of the Papists in the beginning of
Thus conclude these documents; Septeinber in the year of our Lord 1666, in order to the carrying on their borrid
and now, Mr. Urban, when I state plott for extirpating the Protestant Religion
that I had the honour, during the disand old English liberty, and introducing
cussion of the question in the Court Popery and slavery); which said inscripcons
of Common Council for the erasure being read, this Court doth very well like of these Inscriptions, to bring forward and approve of them, and doth order that evidence so incontrovertible, how I the same shall be forth with affixed on the ask was it possible for the Court to do said Monument in the most convenient parts otherwise than adopt the Resolution ? thereof, ate the direccon and appointme of I am almost ashamed to argue the the Rt. Honble the Lord Mayor and Court subject further. Here is a Pillar of Aldmen
erected for a certain purpose, in the And it is likewise ordered, that another
words of the Act of Parliament, “the Inscripc'on in English now p'sented by Mr.
better to preserve the memory of this Comptruller, and read in this Court, and
direful visitation.” Years pass on; agreed on, shall be likewise forthwith affixed on the front of the house where the
folly, ignorance, passion, prejudice, said Fire began, at the like appointment of
—what you will —comes into action, the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldmen, and sets up inscriptions turning this wch said Inscripc'on is in these words, viz. : (Here, by the permission of Heaven, Hell * This was soon after the accession of broke loose upon this Protestant City from James the Second. the malicious hearts of barbarous Papists, + How long the Inscription thus "again by the hand of their agent Hubert, who set up on the house where the dreadful Fire confessed and on the ruines of this place began,” remained, I have not been able to declared the fact, for which he was hanged, ascertain. In an “Historical Narrative of viz. that here began that dreadful fire wch the great and terrible Fire of London," is described and perpetuated on and by the W. Nicholl, London, 1769, it is stated to neighbouring Allar.)
have been there very lately.”
1831.] Church of St. Etienne-du-mont, Paris.
315 Pillar of remembrance into a fire. Henry IV. Such an edifice naturally brand of a more deadly nature to the exhibits a great diversity of style. peace and happiness of the citizens of On approaching the Church from London, than the Fire, on the ruins the west, the front presents four Coof which it was erected, was destruc- rinthian pillars with a pediment. The tive to the property of the inhabitants. columns are ornamented with annular Under such circumstances, can there bands, and other devices commonly be any difficulty in finding out “ the introduced at the close of the 16th wisdom which led to their removal ?” century : there is a specimen of this or can such an act be truly characte- style in the Tuileries, and in that part rized as a “childish proceeding?" I of the gallery of the Louvre built by will only add, that the course which Henry IV. Above the pediment are has been adopted is that which jus- four pilasters; in the centre is a cirtice pointed out, and which antiqua. cular window, and between the pair ries (if merely judging as antiquaries) on each side is a niche; the whole is should join with the wise and good in surmounted by a corniced arch. The applauding. It is in truth nothing upper part of the front forms a gable more than the restoration of this end; and in the triangle is an opening grand national Pillar to its original for a window, latticed up with fanstate,* and thereby preventing it from tastic curves in stone work. On the being any longer made an instrument northern side, and a little behind the for the dissemination of falsehood, and front, rises a slender square tower of the exciting of party spirit and reli- three stages, with a projecting circular gious animosity.
staircase; and at the corner of the FREDERICK THORNHILL, building is a little round turret, with
a slated cone-shaped roof: this turret
contains a staircase leading to a room MR. URBAN, Paris, March 14. over a porch at the north-west end. ST. ETIENNE-DU-MONT is the
It is probable that the tower and this parochial church of the 12th Arron
porch were erected at the same time dissement of Paris; it is situated on one
as the chancel, for the style is of that of the highest spots of ground within age the walls, at the top of the Rue de la
The partition walls of the chapels Montagne Ste. Genevieve. It was ori
on the south side, are carried up to a ginally no more than a subterraneous
considerable height, and terminate in chapel in the abbey of St. Genevieve;
slopes on a line with the roof. The and the present building is so conti
design of the north side is different, as guous to its successor, the Pantheon,
there are two rows of buttresses; the that the English visitor is forcibly re
inner row being ornamented with pinminded of St. Margaret's, Westmin
nacles. The roof is formed so as to ster, standing like a pious handmaid
represent a cross more distinctly on by the side of that venerable Abbey.
the outside than within. At each In 1221, the population of the neigh
corner of the arms are flying butbourhood having greatly increased, a
tresses; and to the north-east of the separate Church was erected; but it
cross is another cone-topped turret, was still considered a part of the
nearly as high as the top of the chanAbbey, in order to be exempted from
cel, which ends in a heptagon; that the jurisdiction of the Bishops of Paris.
distribution of the east end of the The chancel was added in 1491 ; and
building has, however, lost a great the side chapels were constructed at
part of its effect by a circular chapel subsequent periods. The portail, or
il or having been erected behind the prin
having been en grand front, was built in 1610 by Mar
cipal altar. garet of Valois, the divorced queen of
The interior of this Church has long attracted notice : the screen of the
choir is formed by a narrow gallery, • The Resolution of the Court of Com
which passes round the pillars sup. mon Council was begun to be carried into execution on the morning of the 26th of
porting the roof. The side facing the January last, when Mr. Charles Pearson,
nave is lower than the others, and is Mr. Richard Taylor, and the writer of this
placed over an arch. A spiral stairarticle, attended with the workinen, and case, of remarkable construction, winds were the first to commence the erasure of up a column on each side; and a handthese loscriptions.
some porch is placed at each entrance
Church of St. Etienne-du-mont, Paris. [April, to the continuation of the aisle, which foucauld,* it was placed in an underpasses behind the choir. Galleries si. ground chapel of the Abbey, whence milar to the above, connect the pillars it was brought to this Church by Mr. forming the side aisles, at one third of de Voisins, Dec. 31, 1803. their height, and thus render the Near the door of the Church is an slender form of those columns less inscription on a plain marble tablet, striking. The curious workmanship to the memory of the talented author of the balustrades of the gallery, and of the Lettres Provinciales, who was staircases leading to it, the rich gild. interred at the back of the choir : ing about the altar, the shrine of S. " Pro columna superiori, sub tumulo marGenevieve placed above it, and the moreo, jacet Blasius Pascal, Claromontanus, stained glass in the eastern windows, Stephani Pascal in supremâ apud Arveraos all contribute to give this Church an curiâ præsidis filius, post aliquot annos in appearance both singular and interest- severiori secessu, et divinæ legis meditaing.
tione transactos, feliciter et religiosè in pace No other transept appears than that Christi vita functus, anno 1662, ætatis 399, indicated by the discontinuance of the die 19a Augusti,” &c. &c. gallery before described, and a trifling In a stone frame to correspond with difference in the height of the ceiling. the above, is fixed a tablet, originally The roof is groined, and appears to be placed in the church of Port Royal. of brick, thinly stuccoed over. The The epitaph being the composition of compartment forming the centre of Boileau, I imagine your readers will the cross, is ornamented with medal. be gratified by its insertion at length. lions, roses, &c. and an inverted pin. " Hic jacet nobilis vir Joannes Racine, nacle of unusual boldness. The groins Franciæ thesauris præfectus, regi à secretis over the south, are higher than those atque à cubiculo ; necnon unus è quadraover the north aisle, which is more- ginta Gallicanæ Academiæ viris, qui postover filled up in part by the base of quam profana tragediarum argumenta diù the tower, as the Church' was enlarged cum ingenti hominum admiratione tractasset, on the erection of the western front.
musas tandem suas uni Deo consecravit, This edifice contains several inte
omniumque ingenium in Eo laudando conturesting monuments, for which the
lit, Qui solus laude dignus. Cùm eum vitæ
negotiorumque rationis multis nominibus lovers of Church antiquities are in.
aulæ tenerent addictum, tamen infrequenti debted to the late incumbent: Mrf. hominum consortio, omnia pietatis ac reliA. de Voisins, who exerted himself to gionis officia coluit. A christianissimo rege recover the wrecks of the revolution. Ludovico magno selectus, una cum familiari He died Feb. 14, 1809, and his heart ipsius amico fuerat, qui res eo regoante, is buried behind the great altar, which præclarè ac mirabiliter gestas præscriberet ; he had been instrumental in restoring, huic intentus operi repentè in gravem æquè as appears from the following inscrip- et diuturnum morbum implicitus est : tagtion on a brass plate :
demque ab hac sede miseriarum in melius
domicilium translatus, apdo ætatis suæ lix; « 27 Mars, 1806. La pieté des fidèles a qui mortem longiori adhuc intervallo remorelevé du milieu des ruines cet autel, con- tam valde horruerat, ejusdem präsentis assacré par M'g'r André, ex-Evêque de Quim- pectum placidå fronte sustinuit, obiitque per : curé, M. F. A. de Voisins."
spe multò magis et piâ in Deum fiducia
erectus quam fractus metu : ea iactura omnes Another remnant of antiquity, re
illius amicos à quibus nonnulli inter regni covered by Mr. Voisins is the tomb of
primores emicabant acerbissimo dolore perS. Geneviève. It is now placed in a
tulit. Mauavit etiam ad ipsum regem tanti chapel on the right of the choir, and
viri desiderium. Fecit modestia ejus singuis constantly supplied with conse- laris, et præcipua in hanc Portâs Regii docrated tapers, &c. by the old women mum benevolentia, ut in isto coemeterio pie of this city. A long inscription on magis quam magnificè sepeliri vellet, adeomarble gives the history of this highly
* There were two Cardinals of this favenerated relic. The body of the Saint
mily: 1. Francis de la Rochefoucauld, Bishop reposed in it, 120 years after her death,
of Senlis and Abbot of St. Genevieve, ob. which occurred Jan. 3, 511. St. Eloi,
bloi, 1645, æt. 87; and 2. Frederic de Roye de Bishop of Noyon, made a shrine for la Rochefoucauld, Archbishop of Bourges, her in 631. The tomb was long an and Abbot of Cluny, ob. 1757. The former object of veneration. Having been is the person alluded to in the inscription : stripped of the decorations bestowed his life has been written by the Jesuit de by the pious Cardinal de la Roche- la Morigiène.