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SELECT POETRY. LONG LIVE OUR SAILOR KING. Wben black’niag clouds, the sky o'ercast A NEW LOYAL SONG,
And gloomy is the day. COME, raise the goblet high,
When winter's blast is sweeping past, While with heart and voice we sing
He's safe with Alice Grey. And all England makes reply,
And when life's taper dimly throws “ Long live our Sailor King !"
A small and glim'ring ray, The vessel of the State
He views the close of all his woes Has a seaman at the helm,
Iu Heaven with Alice Grey. And bowe'er our foes may hate
Newcastle, April 6th, 1831. H.G. They old England can't o'erwhelmFor while we rule the waves We may firm and fearless sing,
MOMENTARY THOUGHTS, No. III. “ Britons never will be slaves
THERE'S not a spot in all the world While they have a Sailor King !".
To me so dear or sweet, May we lead a life of peace
As that where all my youthful scenes While we live beneath his sway
Of Boyhood's gladness meet :
Where ev'ry house, or tree, or view,
Display some long-lived trace,
And oft revives the soothing smile And the British seventy-fours
Of some forgotten face. Shall protect our Sailor King !
O Shrewsbury! thou art thus to me Our blessings on the Queen
The dearest place on earth, Who shares our monarch's throne,
And thou shalt be my place of rest, Apd who gilds the courtly scene
As thou wert of my birth. With virtues like his own
And may my friends still gather round May their people happy be,
My coinb, and think of me And each bill and valley ring
With somewhat of that bosom's joy With shouts from Britons free
That now I feel for thee. “Long live our Queen and King !"
H. P. Come raise the goblet high While with heart and voice we sing
THE SAILOR'S TOMB.
THE rolling waves receive the placid corse,
trust. Lines written as an Answer to the Favourite
Thus based on living adamantine rocks, Song of “ Alice Grey."
What monument e'er sculptur'd by man's HE strikes the lyre, that long hath been Neglected and forgot,
So fit to hold enshrin'd the last remains Io voice and mien a change is seen,
Of an immortal soul! For chang'd is now his lot.
The solemn funeral peal ne'er ceases here.
The summer breeze, and ev'ry wintry blast, He treads again the verdant plain,
Produce a sad remeinbrance of the tomb. His step is light and gay,
Not Memnon's head, when the last evening His bours of pain are on the wane
beams Belor'd by Alice Grey.
Illum'd its awful front, did e'er pour forth His spirit now is light as air,
Such deep-tuned sounds, or solemn mystic His eye is bright as day,
strains. For years of ease he now will share
What regal tomb, enrich'd by human art, His all with Alice Grey.
But must decay and crumble into dust, The gloom his hopes had darken'd o'er
While this shall stand iminutable and bright,
”Till the Archangel's voice shall reach the Is now dispers'd away,
depth He sighs no more, there's bliss in store For him and Alice Grey.
Of Ocean's caves, and summon forth the He's happy now with her alone,
O God, in that tremendous day, again And she is bright and gay;
Unite in holy love those kindred bands Despair has flown, aod now his own
Whom death' has rent, and scattered fur and Fond bride is Alice Grey.
[ 353 ] HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.
PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.
House of Lords, March 24. been made in the population returns, which On the presenting of a petition, by Earl might work an injustice, it was not the inGrey, from the freeholders of the county
tention of his Majesty's Ministers to abide of Down, in favour of PARLIAMENTARY by these returos.-Lord John Russell disREFORM, the Duke of Wellington said, that claimed all intention of doing any injustice, the proposed Bill would throw dowo all the
and expressed his willingness to lay those established institutions of the country, and returns before the House. If it should turn that in his opinion there was no reason
pason out that the rule applied to parishes, rather whatever for altering the constitution of Par- than to the boroughs only in which those liament. He could not look at the mea- parishes were interested, was more favoursure without considering the day on which it
able to an extension of the franchise, he should pass as the moment from which they
thought it ought to be applied. inight date the downfall of the country.- Earl
In a Committee of Supply, Sir J. Graham Grey, in reply, said that he considered him
moved various items connected with the self completely committed by and identified Navy Estimates, the whole of which were with the measure, and by this measure he agreed to. The House afterwards went into should stand or fall, and as far as depended a Committee on the Civil List. The Chancelupon him he would suffer no alteration to lor of the Eichequer proposed that a revenue be made that would detract from its effi- of 510,000l. be granted to his Majesty durciency; and without throwing out any threat ing his life, which was agreed to. of dissolution, he had no objection to say, that in order to support and carry into effect this measure, there were no means
House of Lords, March 28. sanctioned by the principles and practice of
Lord Wharncliffe rose for the purpose of the constitution, and by a devoted sense of moving for returns of the population of the public duty, from the employment of which different counties in England and Wales ; he would shrink. The Noble Earl in con- and in the course of a very long and able clusion observed, that the measure would speech took occasion to enter at large into support the dignity of the aristocracy, and the details of the Bill now in progress would keep up their respectability by throw
through the Lower House, which, although ing from them that power which made them
undoubtedly a most efficient, was not by any odious to the penple.
means, in his opinivo, a moderate reform.
On the contrary, he believed that it would In the House of Commons, the same
put in danger all the best institutions of the day, the “ Bill to amend the REPRESENTA
country; and for this reason it was, that he tion of IRELAND," was brought in by Mr.
felt compelled to oppose it. The Bill would Stanley, and an extended debate ensued, in
give the commercial a great preponderance the course of which the Chancellor of the
over the landed interest, cause the number Exchequer stated that Government had made
of electors to be inconveniently large, and, up their minds irrevocably “ to persevere in
in short, prove as great a delusion as had the proposition for cutting off sixty bo
ever been offered to the country. In times roughs. They would listen to do compro
of excitement (and it was sometimes necesmise. They considered the disfranchise
sary for Ministers to counteract popular ment of rotien boroughs essential to the
opinion) the Government, should this Bill public welfare, and they trusted that the
be adopted, could not go on, since it would House and country would staud by them in
be impossible for the members of it to obcarrying it into effect." The Bill was read a
tain seats in Parliament.-Lord Durham, first time, and the second reading appointed
the Duke of Richmond, the Marquis of for the 18th of April.
Clanricarde, and Lord Plunkelt, spoke in favour of the measure.—The Lord Chancel
lor said, that the supporters of things as March 25. In reply to some observa- they are had formerly reproached the friends tions of Sir Robert Peel on the population of reform with having no settled plan to returns of the boroughs intended for dis- offer to Parliament. At present, however, franchisement, Lord Althorp said, that it was a measure had been brought forward which the determination of Ministers to abide by had met the approbation of the whole the rule of disfranchising those boroughs country; while its opponents, although they whose population fell short of the number all admitted that some sort of reform was nelimited in the Bill; but if a mistake had cessary, had not in a single instance submitted
Gent. Mag. April, 1831,
Proceedings in Parliament.-- Reform Bill. [April, a plan which might be placed by the side of was ordered of the number of houses rated the Ministerial Bill, and thus be subjected at 101. and upwards, in the districts of the to a comparison with it. The Noble Lord Tower Hamlets, Holborn, and Lambeth. observed, that up to the period of the union Both Houses adjourned to the 12th of with Scotland it had been the undoubted April. right of the Crown to send writs to what boroughs it pleased, and to cease to send HOUSE OF COMMONS, April 12. them when it thought proper; and Mini- In answer to some questions relative to sters now only proposed to do that which the REFORM BILL, Lord John Russell said, before that period was not an unfrequent that Ministers had endeavoured to procure occurrence..-The Duke of Wellington said, as correct a return as possible of the poputhat in his opinion the state of the repre- lation of each city and borough which sent sentation ought not to be changed. They Members to Parliament. His Lordship could, on principle, no more deprive one of stated, he should liave several alterations to these Boroughs of its franchise, without de- make that would not change the principle linquency in proof, than they could deprive of the Bill, but would render it more corhim of his seat in that house or of his estate. rect. For instance, in consequence of fur- Earl Grey thought the measure recom ther information, Buckingham would not be mended by the Ministers of the Crown was retained in the disfranchising schedule, A. of the greatest importance to the well-being There would likewise be several amendments of the country: to that measure he was coin in the wording of the Bill, as regarded the mitted heart and soul, and he would not shrink existing rights of those who had freedoms from giving any advice to his Majesty to by service or birth, &c. His Lordship also adopt every constitutional means to carry stated, that the objections to the proposed it into effect. The Bill had been introduced, reduction of the number of Members had and had received the general approbation been anxiously considered; and he added, of the country.
that if the sense of the House should appear The motion for the returns of the popu to be fairly against that reduction, the Golation of counties, cities, and towns, was vernment were prepared to relax in that then agreed to without a division.
part of the plan.--After some desultory
observations on the measure, Mr. Hunt reIn the House Of COMMONS, the same marked, that he had just returned from a day, Mr. F. Leuis brought in a Bill for the tour in Staffordshire, Warwickshire, and better regulation of the vend of Coals in other counties, and he openly declared that London. It proposed that henceforth coals there was now a re-action with respect to should be sold by weight, by the ton instead the Reform Bill. He had addressed very of the chaldron; that the several city large assemblies of the people, and had not charges and orphaos' dues should be reduced met a single individual among those who to is. per ton, and id. per ton for the mar- would be excluded, under this Bill, from ket, &c. ; that the system of meters at the the elective franchise, who was not opposed slips and wharfs should be abolished, and to it. These poor people had recovered that there should be no party between the from their delusion. They were not now collier and the merchant, nor any person be so much in love with this measure as they tween the wharf and the consumer; that at first were. They had found out that they city and orphans' dues should be collected hall been deceived. They expected that the by the Customs, the parties compounding Bill would give them cheap bread, cheap according to the tonnage of the vessels ; mcat, fewer hours of labour, and higher and that the compensations to the meters, wages; but they had discovered that this &c. should be adjusted by the city autho expectation was a mere delusion. For his rities out of the one-penny rate. The Bill owu part, he voted in favour of the Bill, was read the first time.
because he thought that it was an inroad
(Cheers) —yes, an inroad, on that accursed March 30. Mr. Baring brought up the system which had plunged this country report of the Select Committee appointed to in debt and distress.—Colonel Davies deinquire into the salaries of the Great Officers nounced, in warın terms, the speech of the of State, with a view to their reduction. Hon. Member for Preston, who, although After a few words from Sir C. Wetherell, professing himself a reformer, had that Mr. Baring, Sir H. Hardinge, and Sır G. evening done more to injure the cause than Warrender, the report was brought up, and the most determined enemy of reform. ordered to be printed.
Mr. Stanley moved for and obtained leave Lord Althorp moved that the Lord Lieu to bring in a Bill for the promotion of public tenant be permitted to issue Exchequer Bills works in Ireland. to the extent of 50,0001. to meet the tem- Mr. Crampton moved for and obtained porary and local distress of Ireland. After leave to bring in a Bill to improve the ada short conversation between several Mem- ministration of the law in Ireland. The obbers, the vote was agreed to.
ject of the Bill was, to assimilate the laws On the motion of Mr. Wilks, a return of Ireland to those of England,
1831.) Proceedings in Parliament.-Reform Bill.
355 April 13. On Mr. Western presenting a Excellency the Lord Lieutenant, from the petition from the county of Essex in favour Grand Jury of Clare, relative to the disturof Reform, Mr. Stanley said, that as a mis- bances which had taken place in that county. apprehension existed, both in that House This led to an extended discussion. Whatand elsewhere, as to the intentions of Mi ever differences there were on particular nisters with regard to the Reform Bill, he points, nearly all the speakers admitted the thought it right to state most unequivocally, necessity of introducing poor laws into Irethat his Majesty's Ministers did not mean, land, as the only means of protecting the in any, even the slightest degree, to deviate poor, and securing them against the consefrom the broad and plain principle on which quences of absentee landlords. It appears they had founded that great measure. They from the memorial, the production of which were determined on the entire disfranchise- was agreed to, that eight, nine, ten, and ment of those Boroughs which did not come even eleven pounds annual rept had been up to a certain standard of populatiou, and demanded for a single acre of unreclained on the partial disfranchisement of those bog or inountain, whereon the famished peawhich did not come up to another given sant might plant potatoes for his family. standard. The only alteration intended was this-that if any Boroughis could fairly and April 14. After some acrimonious conplainly show that they did not come within versation between Mr. Hunt and Mr. O'Conthe fixed rule and line marked out by the nell, on the subject of the Reform Bill Bill, then those Boroughs would be justly during which the latter Member accused entitled to be excluded from the schedules Mr. Hunt of having been bought over by of disfranchisement, or partial disfranchise- the Tories), the Chancellor of the Exchemeut. If it should appear to be the quer brought a message from the King to prevalent feeling of the House, that the the following effect:number of the Members should be auge “ His Majesty, trusting to the affectionate piented beyond the amount contemplated by regards of his faithful Commons, both for the Bill, the disfranchised Boroughs would himself and his Queen, took that opportunity not be restored, but the Members to be to express his hope, that they would take imadded would be taken from such important mediate steps to make an adequate provision towns, or populous districts, as might be for maintaining the Royal dignity of ber considered to have, under such circum- Majesty, in case she should survive the destances, a fair claim to representation.--Lord mise of his Majesty.” Althorp, in reply to a question from General Gascoyne, also spoke in explanation of the
House of Lords, April 15. ininisterial plan; and he begged to be dis. The Earl of Roselerry presented a petitinctly understood, that the retaining the tion praying that some compulsory rate whole number of Members was in no one might be established in Ireland, for the redegree to touch that principle which went lief of the poor of that country. The Earl to the disfranchiseinent of che rotten Bo- of Limerick doubted the expediency of inroughs. If the House should, by a division, troducing the Poor Laws into Ireland. compel Ministers to increase the number of Those laws in England operated as a bounty Members, then they would take in populous upon population ; and if such a system were towns, or populous bodies of constituency, adopted in Ireland, there would be no knowand bestow the elective franchise on them. ing what effect it would have in that prolific
Sir R. Peel said that by these alterations couutry. the Bill became a new one, and an exten Io the COMMONS, the same dav, thellouse sion of time ought to be allowed for its con- went into a Committee on the King's Messideration.
sage, when, on the motion of the Chancellor Lord Nugent moved for, and obtained leave of the Erchequer, it was agreed, that a sum to bring in, a Bill to abolish certain oaths of 100,0001, should be secured to the Queen taken in the Customs and Excise. Jo one year if she should survive his Majesty, to sup101,590 oaths had been taken in the Customs, port her Royal dignity, payable out of the and 194,612 in the Excise. In answer to Cousolidated Fund, together with Marlboan application from the Treasury, the Boards rougb House, and the house and lands of of Customs and Excise had reported, that Bushy Park. out of 94 classes of oaths 92 might be abo Mr. Buxton brought forward a motion for lished, without injury to the public service. the immediate abolition of Slavery. The la place of the vaths it was proposed to sub motion was seconded by Lord Morpeth, and stitute a declaration, the breach of which opposed by Mr. Keith Douglas.-Lord Alwould subject the offender to a penalty of thorp objected to the motion, on the ground 1001.
that the state of the slaves should be graMr. O'Brien brought before the consi- dually ameliorated. At the saine time, he deration of the House the present dreadfully wished to ascertain what steps the local Ledisturbed state of certain parts of Ireland, gislatures would take upon the subject. and moved, that there be laid upon the table After copsiderable discussion the debate was a copy of the memorial presented to his adjuurned until the 26th instant.
• Proceedings in Parliament.- Reform Bill. [April, House of LORDS, April 17.
motion were carried it would prove destrucThe Earl of Limerick brought forward a tive to the Bill. He implored all those who formal complaint against the Editor of the were sincerely disposed to carry the Bill, to Times newspaper, whom he accused of vio- support Ministers in their opposition to the lating the privileges of the House, by the amendment.—Lord Stormont submitted that scurrilous language he had adopted when the proposed alterations changed the princianimadverting on the noble Earl's senti- ple of the Bill.-General Duff was in favour ments with regard to the introduction of of a wholesome salutary Reform, and would Poor Laws in Ireland. In the paragraph give his support to Ministers.-Lord Lough. complained of the writer observed : “There borough supported the amendment, and deare men or things with human pretensions, signated the Bill as revolutionary.-Colonel nay, with lofty privileges, who do not blush Wood should oppose the Bill without very to treat the mere proposal of establishing a considerable alterations were nade in it. fund for the relief of the diseased or helpless The debate was adjourned. Srish with brutal ridicule and almost impious scorn." After some discussion the printer April 19. The debate on General Gasof the Times was ordered to appear at the coyne's amendment was resumed. Mr. Lylbar of the House.
ton Bulwer, Mr. Campbell, Mr. Wilbraham,
and Mr. Hawkins opposed the amendment, In the Commons, the same day, Lord J. as being destructive to the principles of the Russel moved that the Houise go into a Bill.- Mr. Fane, Mr. C. Douglas, Mr. W. Committee on the REFORM Bill, when he Wynn, Sir G. Clerk, and Sir J. Malcolm, stated the alterations proposed by Ministers supported it.—Sir R. Wilson said, that he in that measure. The noble Lord said, that had been sent into that House as the friend in consequence of more perfect details as to of a full and free representation, and he the population of particular places, Aldbo never could agree to a measure that would rough, Buckingham, Malmesbury, Oak have the effect of producing a decimation of hampton, and Reigate, were to be trans the English Members. He supported the ferred to schedule B; or, to send one Mem measure up to the present momeut; and ber, instead of being disfranchised; their po under the feeliug that it was the intention pulation having been found to exceed 2000. of his Majesty's Goveroment to submit the Leoninster, Northallerton, Morpeth, Tam principle of numbers to the consideration of worth, Tavistock, Calne, Truro, and West the House, he had promised the gallant Gebury to be taken out of schedule B, in neral who brought forward the amendmeot other words, to continue to send two Mem. his support. He had done so, because he bers, their population exceeding 4000. The did not think that such an amendment was most important alteration was regarding the in opposition to the principle of the Bill. counties. To attain a greater number of If however the course which he should parMembers than the Ministers first proposed, sue would be such as would not satisfy his there was to be an additional one to each constituents, he was ready to resign his seat. county of upwards of 100,000 ivhabitants -Mr. Stanley replied to Sir Robert Wilson, in England and Wales. Those counties and implored those who were anxious for were Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Cam- Reform to reject the present amendment.-bridgeshire, Dorsetshire, Herefordshire, Sir G. Murray and Mr. North supported the Hertfordshire, Oxfordshire, and Glamore amendment.--Sir R. Peel spoke against the ganshire, in Wales. Counties having a po- measure of Reform. Wliat might be the pulation of 150,000 or upwards, were to consequences of the Bill he would not say; send four Members. They proposed to give but if it should prove prejudicial to the in to Salford, Bury, Oldham, and Rochdale, terests of the country, he should hold resin the county of Lancaster, to the Potteries ponsible for it that Ministry which had prein Staffordshire, and to Wakefield, Whitby, pared the Bill without due consideration to and Halifax, one member each. The effect its importance ; and by so doing, had reof these alterations would be to make the duced them to such a state of embarrassinent whole number of Members of the United that they must either acquiesce in what Kingdom 627, thus causing a diminution of they believed to be injurious to the Constionly 31 in the present number.-General tution, or witness the melancholy prospect Gascoyne said that the Bill introduced by of the affairs of this realm being submitted the noble Lord was a different and distinct to misrule and anarchy.-Sir J. Graham Bill from that which the noble Lord had warned all the friends of the measure, that previously introduced upon the subject of Re- if they had hitherto been sincere in its supform. He condemned the whole measure, port, this present step was a most important as calculated to subvert the constitution of one.-The Altorney-General concluded a the House. He then moved as an amend- long speech by saying, he conceived that ment that the number of representatives for the vote of the present night would be deEngland and Wales might not be decreased. cisive to the question of Roform.-Lord J. -Mr. Sadler seconded the amendment. Russell spoke agaiust the amendment, and Lord Allhorp strongly resisted it; for if the entreated all who were friendly to the mea