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OBITUARY.-Simon Bolivar,

[April, mined band, and disembarked at Mar- personal conduct, the Spaniards were garilla. Alter publishing a proclama- pursued towards the south, hence bis tion, convoking the representatives of troops, after a tedious but glorious camVenezuela tu a general Congress, he paign, compelled their enemy to capitupassed over to Barcelona, where he es- late after a tyranny of 300 years,-bence tablished a provisional government. lo he became the liberator of Peru, and a 1817, he was elected Supreme Director portion of the ancient vice-royalty was of Venezuela, and in 1819 be presided called Bolivia after his name. Where. at the opening of Congress at Angos- ever his arms extended, bis command tura, where be submitted to the Depu- over the minds of the civil classes of the ties tbe plan of a Republican Constitu- population was more striking than his tion. Immediately afterwards here. victories, and free institutions were sumed his military command; and af planted on the footsteps of conquest. ter traversing the Cordilleras, gained It would probably have been impossithe important battle of Boyaca, which ble for the most skillul political archiwas followed by the emancipation of tect to have constructed a permanent New Granada. On the 8th of Septem- edifice of social order and freedom witb ber ensuing, he was nominated Presi- such materials as were placed in tbe dent at Santa Fe; and New Granada hands of Bolivar; but whatever good and Venezuela being united into one exists in the present arrangements of commonwealıb, was distinguished by Colombia and Peru may be traced to the title of the “ Republic of Colombia.” bis superior knowledge and capacity. In 1820 proposals were made to the When compared with Washington, we Royalist General Morillo to conclude an immediately recognize the great disarmistice, and the late M. Zea, and ten tance between the liberator of South Commissioners, were despatched to Ma- and North America,-a distance, howdrid, to arrange the preliminaries of a ever, not greater perbaps than between general pacification. These negocia- the colonists of England and Spain, tions proved abortive, and hostilities with whom they had respectively to deal ; were commenced in the following April, but let us measure him by the San Marand the Independent forces were sig. tins, Santanders, and other chiefs, and nally victorious at tbe battle of Cala- we shall be sensible of the vast supebozo. The British volunteers distin- riority of Bolivar. guished themselves on this occasion by Latterly, the disorganization of the their intrepidity and discipline, and so prov ces - the necessity of frequent sensible was Bolivar of their meritorious changes in the fundamental laws-the exertions, that he conferred the decora- separation of the maritime and interior tion of the Order of Liberators on all districts from each other and the freofficers and privates who survived the quent intrigues or rebellions against his engagement. Cart bagena surrendered authority, have conspired to strip bim to the patriotic forces on the 25th of of the administrative reputation which September; and on the 1st of May, be at first acquired; and he was com1821, the first Colombian Congress was pelled by an ungrateful people into reheld. The members applied themselves tirement. with diligence to establisb a new form He was said to be ambitious and deof Government ; tbey adopted the Con- spotic, but let it be remembered that he stitution of the United States as a mo- repeatedly declined the presidency for life, del, and improved that beau ideal of le- when the President's chair might bave gislative perfection, by the complete been converted into a regal chrone. His abolition of slavery.

personal courage bas also been disputed; The liberation of the extensive pro- but, if he did not possess a quality wbich vinces composing the republic of Co- is of all others the most vulgar in a solJombia,—the union uf these provinces dier, be at least bad acquired the art of into one stale,-the organization of its directing the bravery of his troops, and Government, and the establishment of overcoming tbat of his enemies, Note its political relations with the rest of withstanding bis having for a long pethe world, were in a great measure the riod possessed unlimited control over work of Bolivar. He had likewise the tbe revenues of three countries-Culoinmeril of seeing that his Colombian in- bia, Peru, and Bolivia, the Liberator stitutions could not be safe while a Spa- died without possessing a single sbilling nish corporal's guard remained west of of the public money-an unanswerable the Atlantic, and therefore resolved to proof of bis integrity; -and also without assist the other provinces of Spanish debts, alıbough he had sacrificed nineAmerica to throw off the yoke from tenths of a splendid patrimony in prowhich his country had been freed. moting the service of his country, and Hence under bis auspices, if not by his in liberating nearly one thousand slaves.

mences.

1831.] OBITỨARY.-M. Niebuhr.-Rev. Wm. Layton, A.M. 373 A few days before his death he dictated sive title, yet the original texture or and signed an address to bis country. mould is at times palpably evident. The men, taking leave of them with bis style is characterized by excessive bredying breath, and recommending to vity and abruptness of transition,--an them the principles on which be bad inordinate imitation (so to call it) of lived. The following are some of the the great Tacitus.” The more importarticles of bis will:

ant characteristics of the work are, buw4. I aver ibat I possess no other pro- ever, that it contains “ many new and perty but the lands and mines of Arroa, original views, many profound and ingesituated in the province of Carabubo, nious disquisitions, many bold and sucand some furniture, as specified in the cessful conjectures; boundless erudition, inventory which may be found among and occasional Aigbts of eloquence-an my papers, in the charge of Juan de enthusiasm in the cause of liberty, which, Francisco Martin, a citizen of Cartha though sometimes carried to a considergena.

able excess in his condemnation of the 6. It is my desire that the medal pre- Patricians, and the odium he excites sented me by the Congress of Bolivia, against them, springs from the purest in the name of that people, may be re- source-sympathy with the oppressed. stored in my own name, as a pledge of These may well compensate for i he scat. the true affection which I retain for that tered blemishes of style, and the clouds republic even in my last moments. and mysticisms engendered by pro

7. It is my desire ibat the two works fundity of thought." sent me by my friend Gen. Wilson, and The work was intended to be contiwhich formerly belonged to the library nued to the point where Gibbon comof Napoleon, entitled The Social Com

About a year ago a fire conpact, by Rousseau, and The Art of War, sumed some part of M. Niebubr's paby Montecuculi, may be presented to pers, but not the manuscript he had the University of Caraccas.

prepared for the sequel of the work. 10. It is my desire, that after my de- In 1816 M. Niebubr, then a professor cease, my remains may be deposited in at Berlin, was appointed by the King of the city of Caraccas, my native place. Prussia, bis Minister at Rome. It ap

11. Tbe sword given me by the Grand pears that this legation was created legs Marshal of Ayacucho (General Sucre), I from political motives than from personal direct my executors to restore to bis patronage towards M. Niebuhr. His widow; that she may preserve it as a Prussian Majesty was anxious to place proof of the love to him which I bave the historian, wbere he could enjoy adalways prosessed.

vantages and facilities in pursuing his 12. I direct my executors to render inquiries which he could have had in thanks to Gen. Sir Robert Wilson for any other manner. However, he conthe good conduct of bis son, Colonel cluded a sort of Concordat with the Bedford Wilson, wbo bas so faicbfully Holy See in the year 1821. accompanied me to the last moments of On his return, to induce him to army life.-(Col. Wilson was one of the range bis materials and make them General's Aid-de-Camps, and was with public, the professorsbip of History was bim to the last.)

founded for him in the University of Ber

lin; and he was attacbed as a supernuM. NIEBUHR.

merary under the name of a Free AssoJan. 2. At Bonn, in Prussia, aged 53, ciate to the University of Bonn. He M. Niebuhr, the eminent Roman histo- was also adorned witb several orders and rian.

decorations, and continued a Counsellor He was a son of Carston Niebuhr, the of State until his death. oriental traveller, an excellent biography The widow of M. Niebubr did not of wbom he prefixed to the first volume survive himn for many days. of bis historical and philological works. The first portion of his History of Rome was published at Berlin in 1812. It was

Rev. William LAYTON, A.M. translated into English histeen years after Feb. 19. At his residence in St. Mary (in two vols. 8vo), by F. A. Walter, esq. at Elms, Ipswich, in his 81st year, the M.R.S.L. one of the librarians of the Rev. William Layton, A.M. British Museum, wbo has in his preface He was the only surviving son of the given the following account of the la- Rev. Andrew Layton, A.M. for twentybours of the author :

eigbt years rector of St. Mattbew, in “ This work was founded on a series Ipswich, descended from a very ancient of lectures delivered by M. Niebubr. and highly respectable family in YorkThough he remodelled to a certain ex- sbire, a pedigree of which is given in tent, and adopted a more comprehen- Thoresby's “ Ducatus Leodinensis."

374

OBITUARY.- Rev. William Layton, A.M. [April, He was born in the rectory house of dulgent and affectionate; as a friend, Sproughton in Suffolk, and was placed most kind and sincere; and as a master, at a very early age under the care and most generous and considerate. For tuition of his uncle, the Rev. Anthony about a year previous to his decease, Temple, A.M. the learned and eminent Mr. Layton's health bad been visibly Master of the Free Grammar School at declining, although bis faculties conti. Richmond in Yorkshire. From thence, nued unimpaired to the last, but the after having reaped the benefit of his natural vigour of his constitution ena. uncle's instruction for a period of nine bled him frequently to rally in such a years, he was removed to St. Paul's

manner, as to excite the most lively school, London, then under the judi- bopes in the breasts of his friends, that cious superintendence of that able and his lise might be spared to them for some accomplished scholar, George Thick

time longer. These hopes, bowever, nesse, esq. With an exbibition from proved unfounded; and that trying this school, he was entered a pensioner scene was now rapidly approaching, in of Trinity-college, Cambridge, where he which he was to bid an eternal adieu to proceeded to the degree of A. B. in 1773, every thing here below, and to comand to that of A.M. in 1776. In 1774 mence his journey to “ that better counhe was licensed, on the nomination of try," that “undiscovered bourne from George-William Earl of Bristol, to the whence no traveller returns." But he Perpecual Curacy of Playford in Suffolk ; was prepared for its approach. The and in the following year was presented bope of tbe Gospel, and a conscience by the Crown to the Rectory of Helm- void of offence both towards God and ley in the same county, and to that of man, supported bim under the awful St. Matthew in Ipswich. In 1826 he trial; and by bis firm reliance on the resigned, at the solicitation of the pre- merits and mediation of a Saviour, his sent Marquis of Bristol, the Curacy of end was peace and joy. On ibe 25th Playford.

his remains were deposited in the faIn his public as well as in his private mily vault, in the church-yard of St. character, Mr. Layton was most bighly Matthew, in Ipswicb. valued and most deservedly respected ; Mr. Layton was never married, but and his loss will be long selt and lament- bas lest two sisters, viz. Elizabeth, the ed by a numerous circle of friends and wife of the Rev. Josepb Lowthian, M.A. acquaintance. Few persons ever passed Vicar of Thatcham, Berks, and Mrs. a more active and useful life; and no Marianne Layton, of Ipswich. one was more frequently consulted or In 1815, Mr. Layton was presented more ready to give advice and render by the members of the Ipswich Book assistance in matters of doubt and dif- Club with a handsome gold medal, comficulty, and in seasons of affliction and memorative of his services; and at the distress. On all subjects connected with time of his decease he was one of the ecclesiastical affairs, his knowledge and oldest surrogates and incumbents in the information were most correct and ex- county of Suffolk, as well as members tensive; these therefore were constantly of the Society for Promoting Christian sought after by bis clerical brethren, and Knowledge, of whicb he was for many as freely and kindly imparted to them. years the valuable and active secretary A zealous advocate for civil and religious to the District Committee of the town liberty, and firmly attached to those of Ipswich. constitutional principles which were es- Mr. Layton possessed a very valuable tablished at the Revolution, bis senti- and extensive library, rich in works of ments were liberal and enlarged ; and, topography, antiquities, and genealogy, although such sentiments at one time to which branches of literature he was exposed bim to obloquy and censure, early and ardently attached ; and in yet on every occasion he fearlessly wbich not a book is to be found that maintained them, and boldly acted up does not contain some marks of bis corto those principles with firmness and rective hand. But his attention was consistency. In disposition he was kind chiefly directed to the ecclesiastical hisand benevolent, and his contributions tory of his native county, and in this, to charitable institutions, more espe- his favourite department, bis manuscript cially to those of Ipswich and bis native collections were most ample, and of the county, were liberal and extensive, and highest value from their extreme accuexceeded only by his more numerous acts racy and minuteness of research. The of private beneficence. But his real per- writer of this memoir bas often beard sonal character could only be justly ap- him remark, tbat “ for fear of error he preciated by those wbo were most inti- dared not put pen to paper;" but when mately acquainted with him. They well the pen was once put, the fact or date know that as a brother be was most in- were then unquestionable.

1831.] OBITUARY.-Rev. A. Thomson, D.D.-Rev. R, Hall. 375

The pages of this Miscellany were fre- and on opening a vein only a few ounces. quently indebted to bim for many useful of blood flowed, and be expired. corrections, and various sbort bigrapbi- A subscription bas been made for the cal notices; and those of the “ Literary benefit of bis family, amounting to Anecdotes," as well as the “ Illustra- about 8000l. It is stated that bis Mations of Literature,” are enriched with jesty, upon the representation of Lord many of his valuable and judicious re- Brougham, bas ordered a pension of marks. Mr. Layton's name is bonour- 1501. a-year for life, to be granted to ably recorded by the late Mr. Nichols, Mrs. Thomson, the widow; and that, in bis advertisement to the eighth vo through the same influence, Dr. Thomlume of the “ Anecdotes," and in bis Pre- son's eldest son is to be appointed to face to the fourth of the “ Illustrations,” the Professorship of Music in the Unias one of those “ friends and excellent versity of Edinburgh. correspondents, to whom be returns bis sincere acknowledgements for continual assistance, and to whom bis warmest

Rev. ROBERT HALL. thanks are particularly offered."

Feb. 21. At Bristol, aged 68, the In the advertisement to the first vo

Rev. Robert Hall, M.A. Pastor of the lume of the “ Illustrations," the editor Baptist church, Broadmead, in that acknowledges his " baving been favoured city, one of the most eminent ministers by bis worihy and intelligent friend the

of that communion. Rev. William Layton, with the Memoirs

He was son of the Rev. Robert Hall, of Mr. Midgley and Mr. Archdeacon

Minister of the Particular Baptists at Pearson, and the Portrait of Mr. Midg. Arnsby in Leicestershire, some notices ley," which appeared in that volume.

of whom will be found in Nichols's HisTo the sixth volume of the same work, tory of that County, vol. iv. pp. 13, 417, recently published, is prefixed the fol- For his education he was first_placed lowing " Dedication-to the Rev. Wil

under the care of the Rev. Dr. Ryland, Jiam Layton, M.A. Rector of St. Mat

at Northampton, and then sent to the thew, Ipswich, a gentleman, to whom the late Mr. Nichols was indebted, dur Baptist Academy at Bristol, whence he ing a friendship of more than forty years,

proceeded in 1781 to the King's college

at Aberdeen. After four years residence for much valuable literary assistance, there, he returned to the academy at this volume is respectfully dedicated, by Bristol to become Assistant to Dr. Cahis faithful humble servants, J. B.

leb Evans, in which situation he contiNichols and Son."

nued until 1791, when he succeeded the The writer of this brief memoir, who

Rev. Robert Robertson as minister at was for many years both honoured and Cambridge. Whilst there resident he gratified by bis esteem and friendship, became known to, and admired by, some and in whose society be bas spent many of the most distinguished scholars of the and many an agreeable bour, now pays this last bumble, but well-merited tri- bas, like Bishop Taylor, the eloquence

age. Dr. Parr said of him, “Mr. Hall bute of respect to the memory of a sin.

of an orator, the fancy of a poet, the cere and highly valued FRIEND.

acuteness of a schoolman, the profoundVale!

ness of a pbilosopber, and the piety of a Ah! quanto minus est cum reliquis ver

saint.” It is said that he was offered Quam Tui meminisse!

[sari, ordination by Bishop Barrington. From J. F.

Cambridge about 1804 be removed to

Leicester, where he was Pastor of the Rev. A. THOMSON, D.D.

meeting in Harvey Lane until invited Feb. 7. At Edinburgh, the Rev. An- to succeed Dr. Ryland at Bristol in drew Thomson, D.D. Minister of St. 1826. George's Church, and long an ornament Mr. Hall's publications appeared under of the Kirk of Scotland.

the following titles: Christianity cone He was just returning home from a sistent with the love of Freedom, being meeting of Presbyrery, and having met an answer to a sermon by the Rev. John a friend at the west end of Prince's Clayton, 1791, 8vo.—Apology for the Street, he was giving him an account of Freedom of the Press, and for general the proceedings which bad taken place. Liberty, with remarks on Bishop HorsThis gentleman walked along with bim ley's sermon preached 131h Jan. 1793. to his own door, where, stopping for a 8vo.--Modern Infidelity considered with moment, as if he wished to say some- respect to its influence on society; a thing more, he muttered some words in- sermon preached at Cambridge, 1800. distinctly, and instantly fell down on 8vo.-Reflections on War, a sermon, on the pavement. He was carried into bis June 1, 1802, being the day of thanksown house in a state of insensibility, giving for a General Peace.-The Senti

376 OBITUARY - Rev. G. A. Case.-T. F. Hunt, Esq. [April,
ments proper to the present crisis, a Mr. Case was a descendant of the Rev.
Fast sermon at Bristol, Oct. 19, 1803.- Thomas Case, of Christ Church, Oxford,
The effects of Civilization on the people sometime Minister of St. Mary Magda-
in European States. 1805.—The advan- len, Milk-street, and Lecturer at Al-
tage of Knowledge to the Lower Classes, dermanbury and St. Giles's, Cripplegate,
a sermon at Leicester. 1810.-The dis- London, of whicb latter benefice he sub-
couragements and supports of the sequently became Rector.
Christian minister, an ordination sermon, He commenced his ministerial labours
1812.-The character of the late Rev. in Salop, in 1795, as an assistant to tbe
Thomas Robinson, Vicar of St. Mary's, Rev. Jubn Rowe (alterwards of Bristol),
Leicester. 1813.-Address to the Public and on that gentleman resigning in

an important subject connected 1798, became sole pastor of the congre-
with the renewal of the Charter of the gation. Possessing a disposition the
East India Company. 1813.–An Ad- most open-hearted and amiable, consis-
dress to the Rev. Eustace Carey, Jan 19, tent in bis conduct, a reciprocal atrach-
1814, on bis designation as a Cbristian ment was formed between him and his
Missionary to India.--On Terms of Com- flock, by the sincere interest he took in
munion ; with a particular view to the their welfare ; and as a preceptor of
case of the Baptists and the Pædo-Bap- youth in classical learning his name will
tists. 1815.-The essential difference be cberished by many who had the be.
between Christian Baptism and the Bap- nefit of his tuition, for the kind and
tism of John, more fully stated and con- familiar manner with wbicb be imparted
firmed.--A Sermon occasioned by the instruction.
death of the Princess Charlotte of Wales,
preached at Leicester, 1817.--A sermon

T. F. Hunt, Esq. on the death of Dr. Ryland 1826. Mr. Hall was for some time one of the con

Lately. At Kensington Palace, aged ductors of the Eclectic Review.

40, Tbomas F. Hunt, Esq. one of the The name of Mr. Hall stood prominent

Labourers in Trust attached to be as one of the first pulpit orators of tbe

Board of Works. day ; his oratory was not loud, forcible,

This ingenious architect was the auand overpowering, like some distin

thor of the following excellent prosesguished individuals, whose powers have

sional publications, all printed in quarto : been compared to the thunder of cata

“ Hall a dozen Hints on picturesque racts, but it was soft, mellifluous, rich,

Domestic Architecture, in a series of deep and fluent as the flowing of a

designs for gate-houses, game-keepers' mighty river to this be added an ear

cottages, and other rural residences,” nestness and fervency which impressed

two editions. bis audience with the sincerity of bis

“Designs for Parsonage-bouses, Alipsbelief. From bad health, and a pecu- houses, &c. &c. with examples of gables liarly delicale nervous temperament,

and other curious remains of old English he hardly ever, of late years at least, architecture, 1827," containing i wentystudied any of the orations tbat he de- one plates; reviewed in our vol. xcvii. livered, or even thought of them until

i. 605. he had entered the pulpit. His ad.

“ Architettura Campestre ; displayed dresses were in consequence unequal.

in lodges, gardeners' houses, and otber Tbere was at times a heaviness in his

buildings, composed of simple and ecodiscourses, which was apt to make

nomical forms, in tbe modern or Italian strangers wonder at the reputation for

style ; introducing a picturesque mode oratory to wbich be bad attained; but

of Roofing," with twelve plates. when bis health was firm, bis spirits

Exemplars of Tudor Architecture, good, and his ebeme congenial, no man

adapted to modern babitations, with ever rose to higher and happier flights

illustrative details selected from ancient tban be did in these purely extempora

edifices, and observations on the Furnineous exhibitions.

ture of the Tudor period, 1829," with The remains of this talented and vir

tbiriy-seven plates ; reviewed in our tuous man were interred on the 2d of

vol. c. i. 33-36. March, in the small burying-place adjoining bis Chapel in Broadmead, Bris

MR. HUNTLEY. tol. He has left a widow, one son, and Lately. Aged 48, Mr. Huntley, the three daughters.

Roscius of the Coburg Theatre.

He was a native of Barnsley, in York,
REV, G, A. Case.

shire; and, having lost his father dur-
Jan. 6. The Rev. George Augustus ing infancy, received from bis mother's
Case, Minister of the Unitarian Chapel, care a good education in London, and
Sbrewsbury.

was then articled to a surgeon. Re

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