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1831.] Review.-English Monastic Libraries. · This Catalogue was made fourteen Turning from this Catalogue to exyears after the dissolution of the mo- amine the accompaniments produced nastery, when the books were at the by the pen of Mr. Hunter, we observe village of Worsborough, in the custody that his preface is interesting and eleof some of the members of the dis- gant, and the remarks which it consolved institution. Like most other tains, on the probable losses caused by ancient Catalogues, it describes the dis the destruction of monastic libraries, tinct works separately; several of which and the uses to which the MSS. might being sometimes bound in one volume, be now applied, are very just and and others consisting of several volumes, striking. He has given a judicious though the whole number of volumes analysis of the kinds of books whereof may be uncertain, it may be generally those collections were mostly composed, estimated equal to the number of ar- in sixteen classes. But we cannot asticles. Thus the Bretion books were sent to the remark, that " complete Crie 143; of which 31 were in the house talogues of the Libraries of the Euglish of William Brown late Prior, on the religious houses, are very rare remains 21st of July, 1558 ; 29 in the chamber of the middle ages;" because we perof Thos, Wilkinson and Ric. Hinch- ceive that Mr. Hunter's information clyf, formerly purchased and given by on this subject, just and accurate as it Thos. Frobyseer, late sub-prior; 15 in is, is very limited, in proportion to the chamber of the same T. Wylkyn. what we know to be accessible. He son alias Bolion ; 52 in the chamber of seems to be aware of the existence of R. Hynchclyff alias Woollay, some of only eight Catalogues, including that which, it seems, were wriiten by his which his book contains ; those of own hand (sumplibus ejus et manu ad. Glastonbury, Peterborough, Leicester, quisi!i); there were also 10 books on Reading, and Deping, being in print, Physic, and 6 on Grammar, belonging and those of Ramsey and Dover in MS. to the same studious person.

The accounts of the ancient Libraries The following are some of the most which form the second part of this original and remarkable books. Page3, work, are drawn from “the inva“ Liber Introductorius pro Noviliis, de luable notices of Leland," in whose ritu et ceremoniis religionis ; collectore Collectanea were recorded the chief Thoma Frobisher, sub-priore R. Tyc- books that he observed in his monastic kyil." — 4. “ Explanationes Roberti researches. The scallered notices in Holcole, in Proverbia Salomonis.”-5. that great man's work, “ De Scripto“ Polleantheon : opus suavissimis flo. ribus Britannicis," are incorporaied, ribus exornatum, iam de novo quam and some valuable facts from other de veteri testamento, et Dicta Docto. sources. The pames of the Libraries rum.”-“ Dictionarius Pauperum, et being arranged alphabetically, afford a Figuræ Bibliæ; ambo in uno libro." convenient reference to any particular -* Consolatorium Theologicum Jo- one; and the whole is closed by a hannis de Tamlaco."—7.“ Musica Mo. beautiful contrast of the state of York nachorum Johannis Norton, Prioris de library, in the respective times of LeMonte Graciæ.”_" Seneca moralissin land and of Alcuin, from whose poem mus cum commento.”* Many of the on that city is given an interesting acbooks were evidently printed, and some count of its pristine literary treasures. of them were in English ; and from It will, we conceive, afford pleasure the account of their proprietors, it to Mr. Hunter 10 be assured, that he seems that few could have been an is in error where he observes, that tiently the property of the monastery, “ beside what we can learn from which was established so early as the Leland and the existing catalogues . middle of the twelfth century.

[afore mentioned], there is little 10

be recovered; the whole of what * The following emendations are suggest could be now collected on this subed, as not interfering with the barbarous phraseology of the Catalogue. P. 6, line

ject, would lie in a small compass.”23, “ Cronica cronicorum,read-arum;

(p. vii). p. 6, 1. 10, supply morali(tatibus] ; last

- A considerable mass of information line, for " usibus” read versilus (u'sibus), relative to those ancient treasures of the “ Aurora" being a poetical version of learning, and a great number of Catathe Scriptures in hexameter verse; p.7, 1. logues of them, have been collected by 14,“ tractatus de Vivis a Mag. Arnoldo de one of our Correspondents, who has Media Villa (Middleton ?] editus," read Vinis. for several years pursued the investiga

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Review.- Pinkerton's Correspondence, [Jan. tion of them, with the same desire that approbation of the good ; that the posMr. Hunter expresses, “ that what still session of all knowledge," and ihe remains in M$. should be brought to understanding of “all mysteries," are light, and that what is to be found in “nothing” without the “charity” our printed literature should be collect which softens the temper and purifies ed.” We hope that our Correspondent the heart. It would be an act of inwill shortly favour us with some ac- justice to the memory of this departed count of the materials of his intended scholar not to state ihat he lamented publication.

too late the absence of the principle

we have endeavoured to enforce; and The Lilerary Correspondence of John Pin- it is equally due to Mr. Dawson Turkerton, Esq. Now first printed from the ner to say ihat the instructive lesson to Originals in possession of Dawson Turner, be derived from the errors of Mr. PinEsq. M.A. F.R.S. 2 vols. 8vo. Colburn kerton, did not escape his well-informand Bentley.

ed understanding and his rightly reMR. DAWSON TURNER has gulated mind. His words are these : done the literary world good service “That something more (than talents by this publication. It is by such let. and industry) are required to turn these ters that many facts connected with advantages to their full account, and literature and ils professors, are brought that the endowments of the mind, unto light; that errors are corrected and less accompanied by sound and consis. motives ascertained; and they serve as tent principles, can tend but little to guides to the biographer in the true the happiness of the individual or the appreciation of character.

good of society.The life of Pinkerton probably ex. We have only to make a few selechibits as striking a warning 10 literary tions from this correspondence, as a men as ever was presented for their sample of its literary value, and to regovernment and guidance. With an commend the volumes as a valuable intellect of uncommon depth and sin. addition to the stores of epistolary anecgular acuteness, an understanding clear, dote and literary elucidation. The forcible, and manly, of extensive learn- biography of Mr. Pinkerton will be ing, and laborious industry; yet all found in this Magazine for May 1826, these gifts and endowments were la. she died March 10 that year, not May mentably neutralized by the violence io, as Mr. Turner has it, and someof his temper and the acerbity of his what enlarged in the Fifth Volume of disposition. The pursuits of literature Nichols's Literary Illustrations. did not humanize, and his intercourse The following Letter from Dr. with the most polished of his literary Percy is interesting, not only for its contemporaries failed to soften the characteristic relation to the Bishop's asperities of his mind; he lived in an earlier studies, but for the natural de. almost constant state of intellectual sire it evinces that the pursuits by warfare with those with whom he which he is distinguished should be ought rather “to have taken sweet assigned their proper place with recounsel and walked as friends," and gard to time, and that his severer his latter days were spent in indigence episcopal duties should not be supposed and exile. He had the power to have to have been interrupted by the re, built up for himself a lasting reputa. searches into poetical reliques. tion as a scholar, and the permanent

Carlisle, Jan. 3, 1783. resources of independence seemed " I received your very obliging letter, amply within his grasp; and yet we but unluckily mislaid it, as soon as it was find him, in the last years of his life, perused, so that I only answer it from what under great bodily decay and severe I remember of the contents. I am exceedprivation, living in Paris on the pre- ingly glad that I have it in my power to carious charity of those friends whose oblige you on the subject of the old poem benevolence was stronger than their

of King James I. of Scotland, entitled Pebresentments. The moral of such a

lis to the Play; of which, by good luck, I life is upon the surface, and speaks

have the transcript here ; for, in general, I the solemn truth, that something be

have left in Northamptonshire whatever yond intellect, however capacious, and

collections I had formerly made of this sort.

And, indeed, my studies and attention have learning, however great, are necessary so long been directed to other objects, that to give dignity to character, to conci- I should not easily have come at this, if I liate the esteem of the wise and the had not had this copy with me. I formerly

1831.] Review.-Pinkerton's Correspondence.

47 told you that I had laid it by for my son in present was really only a parcel of fragments. case he chose to be editor of some supple- My memory was in fault about the Royal mental volumes of the Reliques), or, if he and Noble Authors. I thought I had given should decline it, for a very poetical nephew them to you. I recollect now that I only of mine. You will, I hope, excuse it lent you my own copy; but I have others therefore, if, whenever either of them un- in town, and you shall have them when I dertakes a work of that sort, they should go thither. For Vertue's manuscript I am reprint this old poem, which in the interim in no manner of haste. I heard on Monday, is at your service to be inserted in any pub- in London, that the letters were written by lication of yours.

a Mr. Pilkington, probably from a confound"I send you the copy I made myself ed information of Maty's review : my chief from the old manuscript, wherein alone it reason for calling on you twice this week was is preserved. The transcript is faithfully to learn what you bad beard, and I shall be and correctly made. I hope, therefore, you much obliged to you for farther information, will print it without any conjectural emen- as I do not care to be too inquisitive, lest I dations, at least in the text; and if you should be suspected of knowing more of the propose any, you will confine them to the

matter. margin or your notes. Confronting my “ There are many reasons, Sir, why I manuscript with the text, you will see notes cannot come into your idea of printing variorum, viz. of myself and also my friends, Greek. In the first place I have two or out of which I believe such a commentary three engagements for my press; and my may be gathered as will explain every obso- time of life does not allow me to look but a lete phrase and obscure passage. When little way farther. In the next, I cannot you have made such use of it as is necessary now go into new expenses of purchase : my for your intended work, I will beg you to fortune is very much reduced, both by my deliver safely to me, whenever demanded, brother's death, and by the late plan of refor the use above mentioned, this old tran formation. The last reason would weigh script and notes. If you think it necessary with me had I none of the others. My adto mention in print that you received this miration of the Greeks was a little like that old piece from me, I will beg you only to of the mob on other points, pot from sound quote me by the name of Dr. Percy, or ra- knowledge. I pever was a good Greek schother the Editor of the Reliques of ancient Jar, have long forgotten what I knew of the Poetry, in 3 vols. omitting Rev., much more language ; and, as I never disguise my ignoall mention of my present title, &c. And, rance of any thing, it would look like affectif necessary, you may speak of my slight ation to print Greek authors. I could not poetical pursuits, as what had been the bear to print them, and such a confession amusement of my younger years and hours would perhaps be as much affectation as of relaxation from severer studies, which in unfounded pretensions. I must therefore truth they were, as it is more than twenty stick to my simplicity, and not go out of years since the three volumes of Reliques, my line. It is difficult to divest one's self &c. were collected for the press, and even of vanity, because impossible to divest one's nineteen years since they were printed. And self of self-love. If one runs from one glarI have been so entirely drawn off from this ing vanity, one is catched by its opposite. subject by other unavoidable and necessary Modesty can be as vain-glorious on the avocations, that Dodsley is I believe reprint- ground as Pride on a triumphal car. Moing the book without my being able to pe- desty, however, is preferable; for should ruse or look at a single sheet or page in it. she contradict ber professions, still she I am very glad your former volume has been keeps her own secret, and does not hurt 60 well received."

the pride of others.The Letters of Horace Walpole are It may be recollected that Gibbon, in the best style of that gifted indivi

in an address published in 1793 (which dual. We will select a specimen of is printed in his Miscellanies, and his shortest :

quoted by Mr. Turner at p. 449), very “ Strawberry Hill, July 27, 1785. warmly recommended Mr. Pinkerton «« You thank me much more than the to the public as the editor of a Corpus gift deserved, Sir : my editions of such of our English Annals. The letters of pieces as I have left, are waste paper to ine.

the Roman Historian published in the I will not sell them at the ridiculously ad

present work, are distinguished by that vanced prices that are given for them : indeed, only such as were published for sale,

easy and elegant flow of language in have I sold at all; and therefore the dupli

which he is without a rival. The folcates that remain with me are to me of no lowing is a specimen : value but when I can oblige a friend with

July 25, 1793. them. Of a few of my impressions I have “It gave me real concern on last Tuesday Do copy but my own set ; and as I could se'nnight, the day appointed for our intergive you only an imperfect collection, the view, I was not able, as I had forewarned

48

Review.-Pinkerton's Correspondence. [Jan. Mr. Nicol to return in due time from name for at least six copies, and I trust that Twickenham to town; and, when I arrived a large contribution from a moderate fortune about three o'clock, I was indeed in such a will he received as a sincere and unequivocal state of mental and corporeal dissolution as mark of approbation. But you seem to would bave rendered me very unfit for any wish for somewhat more ; the public use of literary conversation. On my first visit to my name, as curator or superintendant of London we shall easily repair what I will the work; and on this delicate and ambigupresume to style our common loss. In the ous point you must allow me to pause. My mean while, I cannot lose a moment in Dame (qualecunque sit) I could not lend thanking you for your obliging letter of the with fairness to the public, or credit to my23d instant. I feel all the weight of your self, without engaging much farther than I testimony, all the value of your praise; and am either able or willing to do. Our old I feel it the more strongly, as it proceeds English historians have never been the profrom a writer whose acute mind has been fessed object of my studies ; my literary oclong exercised in criticism, and whose inde- cupations, or rather amusements, lead me pendent spirit has never been lavish of ap into a very distant path ; and my speedy plause.

return to the continent (next spring at the “On the principal subject of your letter, latest), will preclude all opportunities of I shall explain myself with the frankness be- regular inspection or frequent correspondcoming your character and my own. Above ence. There is besides another difficulty of twelve years ago, in a note to the third vo which Mr. Nicol will be sensible, and which lume of my History, I expressed the sur arises from a long and satisfactory connecprise and shame which I had long enter tion with my friend and bookseller Mr. Catained, that, after the example and success dell. of the other countries of Europe, England “I shall have the pleasure of seeing you alone, with such superior materials, should in town next month, or at the latest in Sepnot have yet formed a collection of her ori tember, nor do I conceive that in an enterginal historians. I will persevere in the prise of some years the delay of a few weeks same sentiments wbich I repeated in my can be of any importance. Indeed, I am of last conversation with Mr. Nicol, in the full opinion, that if the work, as I hope and confidence that the work would be accept- trust, should proceed, a previous and private able to the public, and honourable to all application should be made to the King, the persons at whose expense or by whose &c. and that no proposals should be offered labour it should be executed. I might to the public at large, till they were supdoubt whether any single editor, however ported by the judgment and liberality of the learned or laborious, could perform a task most respectable characters in the country. of such magoitude and variety with sufficient "I should be happy to hear from you, if dispatch to satisfy the impatience of the any ideas should occur to you concerning world: yet I am not such a friend to re- the common subject of our wishes.” publics of any kind; nor, in the choice of å sole or chief artist, do I know of any one

It must, however, be obvious to our so well qualified as yourself, by your pre

readers, that these volumes are rather vious studies, your love of historic truth, for the library of the scholar, than for your Herculean industry, and the vigorous the entertainment of the general reader, energies of your mind and character. The -they abound with literary disquisibest judges must have acknowledged your lions of the highest interest, and critimerit; and your rising fame will gradually cal opinions of the nicest discriminaextinguish the early prejudices and personal

tion on literary and local antiquities, animosities which you have been, perhaps,

by the lamp of Science the dust and too careless of provoking. Thinking as I

darkness of forgotten ages are explored, do, and called upon in so pressing and particular a manner by yourself and Mr. Nicol,

and a light is thrown on the obscure it is incumbent on me to explain for how

pages of History, by the discoveries of much I can undertake. I will embrace every

ancient songs, ihe restoration of coins opportunity, both public and private, of and medals; and the philosophical geodeclaring my approbation of the work and logist is instructed by some new point my esteem for the editor. I shall be always in the arrangement of minerals. In ready to assist at your secret committee, to short, the de omnibus rebus et guilus. offer my advice with regard to the choice dam aliis receives its amplest illustraand arrangement of your materials, and to tion in these volumes, and can hardly join with you in forming a general outline be deemed hyperbole. of the plan. If you proceed in drawing up

We will take leave of them, therea prospectus, I will consider it with my best attention, nor shall I be averse to the

fore, with stating that Mr. Dawson crowning your sulid edifice with something

Turner's share of the work is worthy of au ornamental frieze. When the sub

of his accurate research and his extenscription is proposed, I shall underwrite my sive information, and by extracting 49

1831.) Review.-Wilson's Memoirs of De Foe. one more letter from the late Mr. in arms for Monmouth, De Foe enCoutts the baoker, admirably charac- tered into trade as an agent in the ho. teristic of that amasser of millions. siery line in Freeman's-court, Corn. “Strand, Jan. 31, 1815.

hill'; he clained his freedom of the

Cily of London by birth, and was “ I have received the favour of your let

adinilled a liveryman ter, asking me to withdraw the claim for in

in January terest on the sum I lent on the security of a

1687.8. house ; but the fouting upon which you

It is unnecessary to follow De Foe's bave put the request, is one I have uniformly

editor through the details of the Revoat all times thought to be such as I ought lution of 1688, and its consequences, to reject, and have rejected accordingly. into which he minutely enters; inThe bankers in Scotland, and the country deed the plan of his work is largely lo banks in England, are on a different plan amalgamate the history of the times from those in London. They circulate with that of his author; nor do we, their own notes, and make payments in although the compilation is much them : we give out no notes of our own, swelled by this mode, object to it. It aud, if we were to give interest at even one is but exhibiting the hero of his piece per cent. per annum, we should be losers by

on a stage adorned with appropriate our business. We do not consider ourselves

scenery and decorations. as being obliged to any one person who

In 1692, De Foe having entered places money in our bands, however considerable: it is to the aggregate and general somewhat deeply into mercantile spemass of society that we owe vur situation, culations, inade a voyage to Spain, and to the credit our prudence and attention where the ship in which he was em. has obtained for us; and people depusit barked, and in which he had a share, their money in our hands for their owu ad went on shore in a gale of wind on vantage and conveniency, not from favour the coast of Biscay. On this occasion to us ; por do we desire to bave it ou any the greater part of the crew perished other terms. Probably you may not uo in sight of a Spanish vessel, which lay derstand the explanation I have spent time

at anchor securely under the land, and in making, which I can very ill spare, and

which might have saved them by it may therefore answer po purpose : but it satisfies myself; and I wish to show equal

merely putting out a boat. The Spa. attention to all my employers, whether they

niard being afterwards questioned by have large or small sums in my hands, which

the Captain as to the cause of his inindeed hardly ever occupies my attention.

humanity, replied, with an oath, “That “My attention is fully engrossed in do

if he (the Captain) and all his men had ing business with honour and regularity, swum to the ship's side, he would not leaving the rest to the common chance and have taken ove of them ap; for he had course of things. It surprises me that, himself been once wrecked on the though it every day appears that there is coast of England, and instead of obvery little truth published in the news. taining succour from the inhabitants, papers, yet people will still believe what shev

they came off, robbed him, tore his they read, especially abuse, or what they ship in pieces, plundered the cargo, thiök is against character or prudence of and left him and his men to swim the person treated of. “I saw some paragraphs, and heard of

ashore for their lives!” more, of what I had done for Mr. Kean, in

It may be easily conceived that De all which there was not a word of truth;

ih. Foe's lively description of the wreck of though I see no reason why I might not,

Crusoe on the desolate island was without offence to any one, have given to

drawn from this eveni, to which he Mr. Keso any thing I pleased. In doing had been eye wilness. During his any little matter in my power for any indivi commercial career De Foe visited dual, I must add I never had any view to France and Germany; but his biocelebrity with the present age or with pos- grapher tells us that " the occupations

of irade do not assort well with lite

rary genius, and De Foe was of 100 Memoirs of the Life and Times of Daniel De

mercurial a nature to follow it with Foe. By Walter Wilson.

success.....He spent those hours with

a small society for the cultivation of (Conlinued from vol.C. part ii. p. 529.)

polite learning, which he ought to SOON after his escape from the have employed in the calculations of hazardous consequences of appearing the counting-house."

GENT. MAG. January, 1891.

terity.”

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