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1831.] New CHURCHES.- AU Saints, Poplar.
489 NEW CHURCHES.-No. XXXI. suckles. The next portion to be de. All Saints, Poplar.
scribed is an irregular octagon, every
alternate face being rounded off, in Architect, Hollis.
the larger faces are circular dials surTHE first subject in the accompany- mounted by a pendant wreath of foli. ing engraving (Plate I.) is a north- age; to this succeeds an elegant little west view of the Church of the newly. temple of the composite order, which created parish of Poplar, the last of is manifestly copied from the campathe numerous parishes to which the nile towers of St. Paul's Cathedral; noted village of Stepney has given it consists of a circular stylobate with birth.
projections corresponding with the The plan is parallelogrammatic, the angles of the substructure: this suseastern angles cut off by quadrants of tains a peristyle of eight columns, circles, and increased by the addition broken into couples by pairs of coof a small chancel. It is divided into lumns in advance before the peristyle, a tower and lobbies, a spacious area and having the projections in the styfor the nave of the Church unbroken lobate for their basement; the cella is by pillars, and a chancel, which, al- pierced with windows. A small temthough it is rectangular in its exter- ple with circular apertures succeeds, nal lines, is internally rounded at the forming the pedestal to the octagonal angles in the same manner as the obelisk, which is crowned with a vane. main edifice. The Church is built of The whole composition being 160 feet Portland stone, upon a plinth of gra- in height: 10 nite. The western front is embel.: The Alanks are distinguished by a lished with a hexastyle portico of the portico, composed of a pair of colonic order, crowned with its entabla- lumns with corresponding antæ at the ture and a pediment, within which is western extremity, a style of decoration the principal entrance. The portico first introduced at St. Martin's, and is approached by a flight of steps, since copied into St. Pancras and the which, with the landing and accom- present structure. These columns are panying pedestals, are constructed of crowned with their entablature. At granite. The elevation is made into the eastern extremity are coupled two stories by a string course, and antæ instead of a repetition of the crowned by an entablature, which is portico, as at St. Martin's ; the intercontinued from the portico, and sur- mediate portion is made in height into mounted by a ballustrade. The stee- two stories by a string course, the ple, situated on the roof at the rear of lower contains five rectangular win. the portico, is a handsome composition dows, the upper the same number of in the style of Wren, and though infe. arched openings bounded by archirior in the delicacy of its proportions, traves. This portion is finished with and the harmony of its parts, to the the frieze and cornice continued from elegant steeple of the neighbouring the entablature, and is crowned with Church of Shadwell (vide vol. xciii. a 'ballustrade. The eastern front is 201, is still a handsome and pleasing on three portions; the curved ends of composition. Its constituent parts are a the Church form wings to the chanquadrilateral tower, forming the base- cel, and have windows as before ; in ment to a composition of great taste, the centre of the chancel is an arched consisting of an octagon basement, window, above which, in a large panel, and circular temple in succession, is the following inscription: crowned with an octangular obelisk.
." This parish Church of All Saints Pop
on This harish The first portion, the tower, consists lar. Middlesex, was consecrated on the of a rusticated , stylobate pierced by third day of July, MDCCCxxii. by the semicircular windows, and crowned Right Reverend failer in God, . William with a cornice. The superstructure is Howley,: D.D. (by Divine permission), of the Corinthian order, and has an Lord Bishop of London. The Reverend arched window in every face, between Samuel Hoole, A.M. Rector; James Mountwo engaged columns with cou. tague, Churchwardeu and Treasurer; James pled antæ at each angle; the whole Carey, Church warden ; Charles Hollis, is crowned with an entablature and
Architect; Thomas Morris, Builder; Thoblocking course, and at the angles are
mas Horne, Vestry Clerk.' cinerary urns ornamented with honey. The whole is finished as above, the
GENT. Mag. June, 1831.
New Churches.-All Saints, Poplar. [Junė, chancel is flanked by a porch and ves. A gallery surrounds the remainder of try corresponding in design.
the Church ; it is sustained on iron The entire structure is surrounded columns, which retire behind the line by a spacious cemetery, enclosed with of the fronts, the first range of pews iron rails; and opposite to the west being supported by means of canti front, but separated by a street, is the livers; the galleries are sustained on residence of the Rector.
iron trusses in the form of a low arch, The INTERIOR.
with hollow spandrils. These trusses
stretch from column to column, and At the west end is a spacious triple from the columns to the side walls. lobby. The central portion, formed
The pulpit and reading-desks are within the tower, is groined with a octangular. They are situated on opcircular opening for communication posite sides of the Church, and are of with the upper works; the lateral di.
different altitudes; there is nothing visions contain the gallery stairs. The remarkable in the design of either. body of the Church is an unbroken The organ has a wainscot case, and area. The upright of the walls is re
occupies the centre of the western porlieved by pilasters on the piers be
tion of the gallery ; it is flanked by setween the windows, and is finished condary galleries for the charity chil. with a cornice, forming the impost to dren, in addition to which, the upper the ceiling, which is coved at the sides, part of the side galleries is raised and and horizontal in the centre : the coved fronted with a halustra
fronted with a balustrade, and apportion is ornamented in a singular
pears like a second gallery ; this is and inelegant style by broad ribs rising
also appropriated to the children. from above the pilasters. The hori
The font, situated below the western zontal part of the ceiling is enriched
gallery, is a plain circular basin of with three circular groups of flowers. marble, on a pillar of the same. The recess containing the chancel is
The Church is upon the whole very bounded by two piers, which are sur
creditable to the architect. He has mounted by a frieze and cornice, the avoided the common place imitation of former charged with perpendicular Grecian temples, which marks the leaves. The fore part is occupied by works of his professional brethren, a handsome screen composed of two and has shown a considerable degree columns and two antæ of scagliola, of judgment and taste in the construc. in imitation of Sienna marble, with tion of his steeple, and in the decorastatuary capitals and entablature : on
tions of the altar, which particulars the cornice is placed the Royal arms.
are perfectly orthodox, and are more The back of the recess is composed of
pleasing decorations to a Church than a stylobate in imitation of porphyry, the pepper-box towers of the pseudo the rest of the walls being veined mar.
Grecian school, and the plain miserable ble; in the centre is an arched win.
terminations to the altars of most of dow between two pairs of antæ of the new Churches. verd antique, crowned with entabla.
The Church has been entirely built ture and pediment, on each side of by the parishioners, the inhabitants of which are the customary inscriptions. the ancient Hamlets of Poplar and The altar is, contrary to usual custom, Blackwall, formerly constituting one solid; it is raised on a platform of of the Tower Hamlets, and which five stairs in two flights, and is com were erected into a parish by an Act posed of a pedestal of bronze with a of Parliament of the 57th Geo. III. panel in the centre, charged with the 1817. In the original contract the sacred monogram, accompanied with expense was estimated at 18,0001.; cartouches, and covered with a slab of the cost of the whole edifice, with its marble. The whole arrangement of appendages of parsonage-house. ceme. the altar is highly creditable to the
tery walls, &c. amounted to 33,0771. architect, and displays an excellent
The expense of the Church was about
The specimen of the Italian school of de- 20,000i. The organ was built by Russign. In the window is a painting sell, and the steeple is furnished with on glass of our Saviour, of which a peal of ten bells. little can be said in praise ; it is cn The first stone was laid on the 29th closed in a rich ornamented border, of March, 1821, and the edifice conseand below it, on the pedestal on which crated on the 3d of July, 1823. the fie n ds, is the Lord's prayer.
491 West HACKNEY CHURCH. pronaos, and communicating with the Architect, Smirke.
body of the Church, which is made in The second subject in our engraving
breadth into a nave and side aisles, represents the west front and north
and in length into nine divisions. side of this Church. The plan gives a
The upright is in two stories ; the first parallelogram for the body of the
consists of square piers, sustaining an Church, subdivided into a nave and
architrave cornice and an attic. The side aisles, with a portico and lobbies
second story is a colonnade of a spurious at one end.
doric, crowned with a mean entablaThe elevation is made into two dis
ture, and surmounted with a low attic; tinct portions, the first comprehends
upon this rests the ceiling, which is the portico, pronaos, and tower, and
horizontal and pannelled. The first the other the naos or body of the
division from the west is occupied by Church. The portico is hexastyle,
a vestibule covered with a gallery, exand composed of six futed Grecian
tending into the Church to a breadth doric columns, two being situated in
equal to another division; the remainder the flanks, giving additional depth to
constitutes the part appropriated to the the portico, the whole surmounted by
congregation. A portion of the eastern the entablature of the order, and a pe
end of both the aisles is portioned off diment. The architecture of the Par
for vestries. thenon appears to be the prototype,
The mouldings of the higher and which under Mr. Smirke's pencil is
lower attic of the lateral colonnades, rendered fitting for a Church or a
are continued along the east wall, di. play-house, as occasion requires. At
viding the elevation into two stories; the back of the portico are three en
the first is occupied by the altar screen. trances, with arched windows above
This is a handsome design, composed them, peculiarly appropriate to Grecian
of Scagliola, and executed by Messrs. architecture, in which the arch is not to
Croggan and Co. of Lambeth, in imita. be found. The entablature is continued
tion of statuary, porphyry, and yellow along the flanks of the pronaos, and
antique marbles. The screen is in here the order ends, and the large
three divisions; the pilasters of yellow. meeting-house-like body commences.
The tablets, with the decalogue, &c. on The tower commences with a stylobate,
the side divisions, are of porphyry, and so low that there was no room for
in the centre is a large table of porphyry, the dial, which to the great detriment
with the sacred monogram and cross of the design, is of necessity added to
in a splendid irradiation of ormolu ; an upper portion of the elevation.
the entablature of statuary. The whole Upon the stylobate is raised a circular
is crowned with an attic; the face ortemple, broken by antæ; a part of the
namented with honeysuckles in gold, intervals between which is pierced.
dispersed in bunches, with circles beAn entablature set round with Grecian
tween, inclosing passion flowers, being tile, and a dome (ribbed and sur
the same style of ornament as the mounted by a cross), finishes the whole
architect has introduced in Covent structure, which wants elevation.
Garden Theatre, the passion-flower The body of the Church has in the supplying the place of the
supplying the place of the national western front an arched window on
emblematic flowers; and indeed in each side of the pronaos. The flanks
almost every building of Mr. Smirke's, are made by breaks into three divi.
is the same style of decoration to be sions, each containing six windows in
found. It is to be regretted that such two tiers, the upper arched and the
mannerism should be the peculiar and lower nearly square ; the height of the
distinguishing feature of the works of elevation being divided into two stories so many of our celebrated architects. by a string course, and finished by
The interior bears a striking and an architrave, cornice, and blocking
servile resemblance to the architect's course. The eastern front has a cen
other Churches at Wandsworth,* and tral window, square, and made by
Bryanstone-square ;t the exterior dif. antæ into three lights ; the elevation
fers but little from either of those is divided and finished as before, and
Churches, and the body in fact is the the lower story has two entrances.
* same in all. It has an universality of . THE INTERIOR
• Described in vol. xcix. pt. ii. p. 577. is approached by lobbies formed in the + Described in vol. xcvn. pt. ii. p. 9.
[June; character, and will suit any portico of such restorations and such restorers. any order.
The ancient brasses, with the “ orate, The pulpit and desks, on opposite &c." chiselled out, are parallel cases, sides of the centre division, are alike and I fear a feeling as irrational dicin design, but the reading-desk is not tated those injurious obliterations. In so high as the pulpit. They are each this instance nothing can be more falsustained in square pedestals, orna. lacious than the plea of restoration. mented with antæ.
Mr. Thornhill professes to be an adThe font is a shallow antique vase mirer of our natioral antiquities ; let on a circular pedestal.
us see to what his apology would lead The organ is situated in the western if universally adopted. A Saxon gallery ; on the front of which is an Church exists, having an inscription inscription recording the consecration on one of its pillars recording the conof the Church.
secration of the Church by such a This Church is parochial, the old Bishop at a given date, say, sometime parish being divided into three distinct in the twelfth century; here then is parishes.* The first stone was laid an inscription which at first sight ap. on the 17th Nov. 1821, and the pears to be at variance with truth. It Church was consecrated on the 10th is manifestly not original, and ought, April, 1824. It is calculated to hold in accordance with Mr. Thornhill's 636 persons in pews, and 1192 in free ideas of restoration, to be erased; yet seats, making a total of 1828. The would any person, would Mr. Thornamount of the contract, including in hill himself, urge the destruction of it cidentals, 15,3021, 148.
upon such a ground? I feel certain E. I. C. that all who profess the least esteem
for the antiquities of the country, Mr. Urban,
May 20. would exert themselves for its preser. THAT the inscriptions engraved on vation. Yet if originality alone gives the Monument on Fish-street Hill, value to an inscription, it ought to be spoke the language of the times in which erased, as well as those on the monuthey were set up, Mr. Thornhill (p. ment. The plea of restoration spe311) does not deny; so far they were cified, affords no apology for the eraoriginal, and so far they were va sure of these inscriptions, and I fear luable. The sentiments contained in Mr. Thornhill, with all his sagacity, them, whether just or unjust, had will be unable to justify the act. The become perfectly harmless; they of. thanks of your readers are due to him fended the feelings of no one, and they for the valuable historical documents kept up no national prejudice. The he has brought forward; but in my only light in which they could now humble opinion, by so doing he has be regarded, was in that of an histo. added to the value of the inscriptions, rical memorial, speaking the language by proving the existence of the feeling of times past, and affording evidence which gave rise to them, and at the of the universal belief of a plot, the same time showing that they were absurdity of which is so great, that genuine and authentic, inasmuch as at the present day we can scarce be they were set up to record the belief lieve an enlightened nation could have of the majority of the nation on the credited it.
subject; and being so genuine and auThe destruction of any historical thentic, ought to have been suffered memorial is a vile and useless act; to remain.
E. 1. C. witness the democratic violence re. cently exercised against the fleurs-de-lis CHURCH OF Stow, co. LINCOLN. on the French monuments, by the
(Concluded from p. 416.) Paris revolutionists; and as to the
IN viewing the interior of the once specious plea of restoration, I do not
fine Church of Stow, * there is one see how it can be said with any de.
feeling which cannot fail to impress gree of propriety, that setting a la
the mind of every observer, and that bourer to cut several deep channels in the most conspicuous part of an
is, commiseration for the ruinous state ancient monument, is restoring it.
in which it is suffered to remain. The Heaven defend our antiquities from
nave appears never to have been pew.
* External and internal Views of this • Vide the 4th Report of the Commis Church are engraved in Huwlett's Lincolosioners
493 ed, for the floor is almost wholly co. plain window in each end of the gable, vered with inscribed stones of memo. besides those which have been already rials for the dead, but they are too nuo described. On the east side of the merous and common place for intro- north transept is a doorway, over duction here. Amongst them appear which is a slab or bracket, supported many broken fragments of slabs, with by two monstrous figures ; and in the mutilated inscriptions in church text, south transept is a similar bracket, which bespeak their antiquity; and placed on the back of a triple animal ; two coffin-shaped stones, uninscribed, the remains of ornamental details, the one with a head sculptured in re which were probably more numerous lief, within a hollow circular excava. when this fine Church was in the tion at the broad end of the stone; zenith of its prosperity and glory. and the other containing a cross fitchée The steps which led to the rood loft botony. On the east side of the north remain ; but that erection, so indisdoor is a small pointed recess in the pensable to the ceremonies of the wall, but no appearance remains of a Romish Church, has long been taken bason for consecrated water.
away. The last fragment of the main The Font occupies its legitimate beam which supported it, fell from place in this part of the Church, being the wall a few days before I visited situated in the centre of the nave, be the Church in the month of October tween the north and south doors of last. It is of carved oak, but comentrance. It consists of a square pletely decayed by the operation of basement of solid masonry, supporting the dry rot. a smaller square, which forms the ac- There formerly existed three carved tual pedestal of the font. The bason screens, which were placed at the enis octagonal, with ornamented faces, trance of the chancel, amid the tranand is placed on a large central cylin- septs, fragments of which still remain der surrounded by eight smaller ones, in a lumber-room at the end of the the weight of which appears to crush north transept. The upper part of a serpent or dragon, which is sculp- each division terminated in ogees tured as writhing underneath it; an within obtuse pointed arches, filled in emblematical device, characteristic of with alternate decorated and perpendithe enemy of mankind, overpowered cular tracery, and enriched with fesand vanquished by the powerful effi- toons of flowers. They were probably cacy of Christian baptism. The de introduced into the church a short vices on the several faces of the font time previous to the Reformation. are these : 1. Two fieurs-de-lis. 2. The oaken pulpit is hexagonal, One ditto. 3. A lily. 4. A rose. 5. with ornamental carvings on each A serpent. 6. Two fleurs-de-lis. 7. face. The canopy is sculptured in A human head, with flowers is compartments, and the back is flanked suing from each side of the mouth. by carved eagles. On the north pier, 8. The triple triangle, composed of at the entrance of the chancel, immefive lines returning into itself; which diately behind the pulpit, is a brass was another emblematical device, plate, with this inscription : termed by the ancients Hygeia (üyela), and in
" Aspice, Respice, Prospice. this situation denoted the In this chauncell lyeth buried ye bodies Health flowing to the soul from the of Richard Burgh, of Stowe Hall, Esq. and authorized use of the baptismal waters. Amy his wife, which said Richard was de
The transept is fitted up with pews scended from ye noble and ancient familie of for divine service, but they are in a the Lord Burgh, baron of Gainesborough, * very dilapidated state. It has a round and next heyre of that familie, and ye said
* The following notices of this family are extracted from Nicolas's " Testamenta Vetusta," a work of great utility to all who are engaged in topographical or genealogical researches. Sir Thomas Burgh, Knight of the Garter, was created a Baron, 29 Sept. 3 Henry VII. His wife was Margaret daughter of Thomas Lord Roos of Kendal, and widow of Sir Thomas Botreaux, Knt. « Buried in my new chapel in the Church of All Saints at Gainsborough, in which I will that a tomb' be made at the north end of the altar, with two images or figures thereon, viz. of me in armour, and of my wife, with our arms, and the days of our obits; and I will that the image of me have my mantle of the Garter, and the Garter about my leg." In the same will he established a perpetual chantry in the same chapel, of one priest to pray for his soul, and those of his ancestors, &c. with an annual rept of 101. out of his manor of Tunstall. He also founded a hospital for five bedemen,