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65

1831.) Review.-Moore's Life of Byron. or to the cause of good morals, which indeed to have made a selection, that our situation as independent Journal. would have placed him in a very high ists calls upon us to defend, if we did rank of our epistolary literature. As it is, not enter an indignant protest against his letters are disfigured by the sins of such a publication. If ihe work had bad taste and worse morality; of enhorne the title of a “ History of the milies that never sleep; and a selfishIntrigues of a Man of Fashion," the ness that cannot emerge from its own antidote would have been conveyed eternal wailings. If we lose ourselves with the poisou, and we should have for a moment in the admiration of his been forewarned of the character of fine talents, or of some generous im. the volume. If we blush to see a no. pulse that flits across his habitual mal. bleman want manners, if we lament temperament, he speedily recalls us 10 that absence of all moral taste and the conviction, thai if the distinctious gentlemanly feeling, which could make of right and wroug were not conhis adulteries the perpetual theme of founded in his mind, they were in his his private correspondence, what shall practice; and that the homage he ocwe say of hia, to whom the office of casionally paid to virtue, was not the biographer was entrusted, obtruding result of any principle on which it the degrading register into print, and could be said to depend. He would giving a permanent record to letters have erected a false standard of judg. which should have been committed to ment in morals, and have the action the flames. Where was charity and rated by the man, and not the man by delicacy, when this offence to his me. the action ; and he has missed the mory was perpetrated? And where most glorious opportunity which was was the leasi respect for the feelings of ever placed by God within the human the living, when the envy, hatred, grasp-of uniting the nobility of birth, malice, and all uncharitableness, dic and the splendour of talents, with a rected against his contemporaries, have love of virtue and the practice of holibeen given to the world. In a letter ness; of combining, in one and the lo Mr. Murray, Lord Byron, speaking same person, the highest natural adof the publication of his letters, to be vantages, and the most splendid of incollected from a lady whose name is tellectual gists; of realizing the angel's not given, says, “sinking, of course, beauty and the seraph's song. But the names, and all such circumstances it is passed, and we must deal with as might hurt living feelings, of those the melancholy record before us as we of survivors !It is only justice to can; and if we appear to be insensible Lord Byron to give this extract; a to the many fine thoughts and feelings caution which, if it have been in any with which this volume abounds, it degree observed by Mr. Moore, would is, that however beautiful in themlead to an inference, respecting the selves, they are too often in direct opmatter which has been suppressed, position to man's true happiness, and most horrible to think of.

his immortal hopes ; at variance with On those who have exposed their that wisdom, without which the poet, “ noble friend” to the scorn of the in his highest flights, is but in the rehigh-minded, and the ridicule of the gions of clouds and darkness, denser profane, be the shame; on those who than the world from which he has have made a public spectacle of his escaped. irregularities be the dishonour; on It was during Byron's residence at those who emblazon vice, and cry out Geneva that his third canto of Childe “ charity," be the blame that now Harold was written, and it bears the falls upon his meinory; and on those deep irnpressions which that wild and who have raked among the ashes of romantic country had traced on his the dead, and tainted the moral almo- mind and memory. It was in Italy, sphere with the exhalation, be the sin however, that Lord Byron gave a of the desecration.

looser rein to his passions; and we The volume, as we have before leare Mr. Moore to be his own apoloobserved, takes up the life of Lord gist, for the publication of letters in Byron soou after his last departure which his friend's gallantries are refroin England to his death; and there corded by his own hand. is inuch in his correspondence dus. “It must have been observed, in my ac. ing this period (about eight years), of count of Lord Byron's life previous tv bis a very interesting character, sufficient marriage, that, without leaving altogether

GENT. Mag. January, 1831.

66

Review.Moore's Life of Byron.

(Jan. unnoticed (what, indeed, was too notorious took Moore's poems, and my own and some to be so evaded) certain affairs of gallantry others, and went over them side by side with in which he had the reputation of being en- Pope's, and I was really astonished (I ought gaged, I have thought it right, besides re- not to have been so) and mortified at the fraining from such details in my parrative, ineffable distance, in point of sense, learnto suppress also whatever passages in his ing, effect, and even imagination, passion, journals and letters might be supposed to and invention, between the little Queen bear too personally or particularly on the Anne's mau and us of the Lower Empire, same delicate topics. Incomplete as the Depend upon it, it is all Horace then, aod strange history of his mind and heart must, Claudian vow, among us; and if I had to in one of its most interesting chapters, be begin again, I would mould myself accordleft by these omissions, still a deference to ingly. Crabbe's the man, but he has got a that peculiar sense of decoram in this coun coarse and impracticable subject; and *** try, which marks the mention of such frail- is retired upon balf pay, and has done ties as hardly a less crime than the com- enough, unless he were to do as he did formission of them, and, still more, the regard merly." due to the feelings of the living, who ought not rashly to be made to suffer for the errors

In speaking of Don Juan, Mr. of the dead, have combined to render the

Moore uses the following language, sacrifice, however much it may be regretted,

and it is, upon the whole, a faithful necessary.

description of that monument of mis“ We have now, however, shifted the applied talent. The phrase “ in many scene to a region where less caution is re- respects" occurs twice, and serves to quisite ; where, from the different standard soften down the darker shadowing applied to female morals in these respects, which truth would have laid on the if the wrong itself be pot lessened by this picture. diminution of the consciousness of it, less scruple may be, at least, felt towards persons It was at this time, as we shall see by so circumstanced; and whatever delicacy we

the letters I am about to produce, and as the may think right to exercise in speaking of

features indeed of the progeny itself would their frailties, must be with reference rather

but too plainly indicate, that he conceived, to our views and usages than theirs." and wrote some part of his poem of “ Dun

Juan ;" and never did pages more faithfully, We will give one specimen of Mr. and, in many respects, lamentably reflect Moore's regard to the feelings of the every variety of feeling, and whim, and pasliving. In a letter 10 Mr. Murray, sion, that, like the rack of autumn, swept dated Jan. 2, 1817, Lord Byron says, across the author's mind in writing thens. “ On this day iwo years I married : Nothing less, indeed, than that singular -'Whom the Lord' loveth he chas- combination of attributes, which existed teneth.'” And again, speaking of his and were in full activity in his mind at this excitement during the writing of moment, could have suggested, or been caChilde Harold, “I should many a good pa

wood pable of the execution of such a work. The day have blown my brains out, but

cool shrewdness of age, with the vivacity

and glowing temperament of youth-the for the recollection that it would have

wit of a Voltaire, with the sensibility of a given pleasure to my mother-in-law; Rousseau-the minute, practical knowledge, and even then, if I could have been of the man of society, with the abstract and certain to haunt her."

self-contemplative spirit of the poet-a susThe following passage of a letter to ceptibility of all that is grandest and most Mr. Murray was said, by Mr. Gifford, affecting in human virtue, with a deep wi10 contain more good sense, feeling, thiering experience of all that is most fatal and judgment, than any other he ever to it-the two extremes, in short, of man's read, or Lord Byron wrote:

mixed and inconsistent nature-now rankly

smelling of earth, now breathing of heaven, " With regard to poetry in general, I am

--such was the strange assemblage of conconvinced, the more I think of it, that he trary elements, all meeting together in the and all of us—Scott, Southey, Wordsworth, same mind, and all brought to bear, in turn, Moore, Campbell, 1,-are all in the wrong, upon the same task, from which alone could . one as much as another; that we are upon have sprung this extraordinary poein-the, a wrong revolutionary poetical system, or most powerful, and, in many respects, painsystems, not worth a damu in itself, and ful display of the versatility of genius, that from which none but Rogers and Crabbe has ever been left for succeeding ages to are free ; and that the present and next ge- wonder at and deplore.” Derations will finally be of this opinion. I am the more confirined in this, by having The account of the visit paid to Lord lately gone over some of our classics, parti- Byron by Mr. Moore, is not the least 2.!! Pope, whom I tried in this way:- entertaining portion of the volume.

1831.) Review.- A Clergyman's Address to his Parishioners, &c. 67 Would that there were more of such collection of his letters now before us, matter

the stronger is our couviction, that he Lord Byron's intercourse with Mr. was wholly destitute of any settled Shelley, Mr. Hunt, &c. has been am. principle of virtuous feeling, or of love ply detailed in the volume which the for his follow-creatures. Like Sterne, laiter gentleman gave to the world he had sentiment at his fingers' ends, soon after Lord Byron's death; an in- but he had nothing of the reality in jury which has been amply revenged his heart. He was the Timon of his by the publication of Lord Byron's country, and his day; but he outdid letters. “Amicitia nisi inter bonos the Grecian misanthrope, by adding a esse non potest,” says Cicero, and we legacy of posthumous venom to the see no reason to doubt the truth of this poison he had circulated in his life. assertion in any of the friendships of Though dead, he is made by his Bio. this pobleman—there was connection, grapher the agent of deeper mischier, but no union.

and an unholy gain is attempted to be It is consolatory to reflect, that the made of a correspondence which ought brightest epoch of Lord Byron's life never to have seen the light. It is to was the last. It is impossible to pe. the honour of Mr. Hobhouse that he ruse the memoir of his disinteresied bas withheld the letters addressed to services in the cause of Greece with him. He has shewn himself worthy of out the liveliest sympathy. Something the eulogy bestowed on his friendship perhaps of that love of excitement by by Lord Byron, in the dedication of which his life was governed, may have his finest poem ; and he has increased had a share in his efforts in that quar- his title to the respect of the good, by ter; but there was a consistency in the suppression of every thing that his conduct, which leaves no doubt of could add to the obloquy which this his sincerity, and to this cause he de- and similar publications have heaped voted the best energies of his heart, upon the tomb of his friend. In ihis his fortune, and his life. It is in read- delinquency he has had no share. ing this record of his services, that we We will not apply to the editor of feel the deepest regret for the narrative this volume the strong language of that precedes it. It is now, we find, Johnson on the conduct of Mallet, in what great and good things he might the publication of the works of Bohave effected for himself, his country, lingbroke. We are quite sure that it and the world, had he been restrained is a production on which Mr. Moore by the early guidance of moral disci. will never look with pleasure, and pline, and been persuaded of the high which we suspect its publisher does purposes for which his stupendous ta. not now view with much complalenis were bestowed. But we must cency. not be betrayed, by our admiration of An useful volume might be written the heroic qualities displayed by him on literary ethics, for the guidance and on this new theatre of action, into an direction of authors, editors, and pub. amnesty with unrepented sin. We ad. lishers. There is a cold and calcuinire his updaunted courage, his ge- laling spirit, tainting the literature of nerous devotion, his disinterested ain. The present day, and debasing all that bition. We cannot read of his personal is noble in the exertions of intellect. sacrifices for the cause of liberiy, with- A vile huckstering feeling is abroad, out the respect that is due to all he did overlaying much ihat is generous and and all he suffered; but there is a highminded; the puniest appetite is hand-writing against him, which the more consulted than the cultivation of moralist cannot blot out-it is, unhap- the understanding; and the Temple pily, stamped on the pages of his im. of Learning, like the Temple of the mortal works; and it would be revived, Jews, is profaned by the seat of the if even it could have been forgotten mean and ihe mercenary, who, dead in the pages through which we have to glory, only buru for gold, toiled, with the mingled feelings of admiration, and pily, and disgust.

But we must conclude. The more A Friendly Address to his Parishioners, and we read of this extraordinary man, lke honest English Lalourer, in this Chriswhether in the history of his habits, tian Country, by a Clergyman and Ma. his recorded conversations, his opinions gistrate of the County of Wilts, on Landa and counexions, or in the ponderous Lords and Clergy, and scandalous Falso

68

Review.-Fine Arts.

[Jan. hoods respecting them in the present day. held field meetings. “Well, well,” Half sheet 8vo.

said one parson A. “it may make you A Voice of the People. By One of Your more sober." It was inmediately cir. selves.

culated through the parish, that the A Word of Caution and of Comfort to the Middle and Lower Classes of Society :

parson would cause their masters to

dock their allowance of beer, and that being a Pastor's Advice to his Flock in a

they must hereafter drink water. No Time of Trouble.

more was heard of the field-preaching. THESE, and several other circu. -A second Clergyman, B. had a large lars, addressed to the labouring poor, common in his parish. Some officious have been written by well-intentioned Evangelicals proposed the erection of a Clergymen, with the Christian pure house upon it, for prayer-meetings. pose of allaying the passions, and un- 'Two or three days afterwards it was deceiving the understandings, of a circulated all over the parish," that is misled population. The first is a calm a piece of the common was taken off and eloquent appeal from the pen of for that purpose, others would follow the Rev. Wm. Lisle Bowles.

The precedent, and the coinmon he We trust that such addresses, when ultimately lost." The innovation sell simple in their diction, and unincum- to the ground. The same Clergyman bered with a perplexity of argument, (A.) is now circulating ainong his pamay in some degree answer the bene. rishioners, that if they engage in the volent purpose of the writers. But present riots they will, if unsuccessful, there is great cause to apprehend that be either hanged or transported; or, if opon the populace, as a body, little excited to a civil war, be obliged to go impression can be made, except by for soldiers. It is not that motives of alarms respecting their interests. We higher moral clevation might not be shall therefore state the political mea. suggested, but people who have not sures taken by two Clergymen, to im- the innocence of the dove, must be pede the progress of mischief and dis counteracted by the wisdom of the sent, which measures have proved serpent. most efficient. Itinerant preachers had

FINE ARTS. 1. Designs for Farm Buildings. By P. F. The Village Church is designed in the Nor

Robinson, Architect, F.S.A. 56 plates, man style, and is well suited for effect and

4to.

convenience.

2. Village Architecture. By the Same. 40 The “ Village Architecture" is designed

plales, 410. Carpenter and Son. to be “illustrative of the Observations conThe first six numbers of this work were tained in the Essay on the Picturesque, by noticed in vol. xcvill. p. ii. 253. As the latter

Sir Uvedale Price; and as a Supplement to part of the work relates more particularly to Mr. Robinson's previous Work' on Rural 6. Village Architecture," Mr. Robinson has

Architecture." designated it by that name, and it may be

Speaking of Sir U. Price's work, Mr. Ropurchased separately; but the places of both binson justly observes, “ It is written with parts being numbered continuously I to 96,

the truest feeling for the subject upon the work ought not to be separated into two

which he treats, as compared with the subportions. Indeed, it is altogether so useful

lime and beautiful, and with an earnest and elegant, that we trust it will easily meet recommendation to those who are about to with purchasers in its complete form.

improve real landscapes, to study the paintOur former notice applied to the “ Farm ings of the old Masters.” Buildings." The second part of the work Mr. Robinson's work is well calculated to is more interesting. The designs consist embody, as it were, the excellent observaof the Village Inn, School-house, Alms- tions on Village Architecture to be found in houses, Market-house and Shambles, the Sir U. Price's work, on which so much dePump, Butcher's Shop, Work-house, Par- pends the beauty of our country, and indeed, sonage, Swiss Dairy-room, Town-hall and it may be added, the comfort and happiness Market-house, Entrance to Church-yard, of our labourers; for every thing that atVillage Church, and Village Street. The taches the poor to their dwellings, and last plate coinbines in one group several of causes them to take a laudable pride in the designs which compose the present work, them, must have a beneficial effect, in a and forms a Village Street of ancient archi- national point of view. By attending to tecture, of the most picturesque description. Mr. Robinson's suggestions, instead of de69

brity.

1831.)

Fine Arts. stroying « picturesque old gabled cottage, proof of the vastness of the reputation of and substituting a brick square box in its the Hero of the Cross. room, the ancient forms of the cottage may be preserved, which the eye of taste delight's The Pointer. Moon, Boys, and Graves. to dwell upoo, and which give such charms Painted by Martin Theodore Ward, and ento the pictures of celebrated painters. At graved by Mr. John Scott. This print is the same time this may be dove at a less worthy of the painter and engraver, high as expense, and with, probably, more room and each of them stands in the true representaconvenience.

tion of animals. The late lamented enMr. Robinson is so well known by his “Ru- graver, Mr. Scott, having left the plate unral Architecture,” his “ Remarks on Mickle- finished, it has been completed with much ham Church" (which he so judiciously re ability by Mr. John Webb. The print is paired), and other works, that it is only 16 inches by 13. necessary to add, that this work is well cala culated to increase his justly deserved cele Panorama of Quebec.-Mr. Burford has

lately opened a Panorama of Quebec. The

capital of our Canadian possessions is worPortrait of the Duke of Wellington. thy of being known to the British public. Moon, Boys, and Graves. In this noble The view is taken from the Heights of picture Sir Thomas Lawrence has repre Abraham, very near the spot where the galsented the great British General, seated, in lant General Wolfe fell, after having achievthe most animated manner, on his charger ed one of the most arduous exploits that the Copenhagen, and in the costume which he whole history of modern warfare presents. wore at the field of Waterloo. It is admi- Very little of the town is visible, its low rably engraved in the line manner by W. situation rendering it impossible to introBromley, Associate Engraver R. A. in the duce it without sacrificing other and more large size of 2 feet by 17 inches. This important points. There is, however, a maguificent print is destined to command magnificent view of the bold and romantic more than a passing popularity; from its land which surrounds it, intersected by the large proportions, and masterly execution, gigantic river St. Lawrence, and the sinuous it must always rank among the first class of St. Charles; and the point at which the English portraits ; and among the noblest Mootmorency falls into the basin of Quebec resemblances, if not the very best, of the is clearly indicated. For pictorial effect hero of Waterloo.

no panorama we remember exceeds this of

Quebec, and the manner of its execution is Lord Byron, at the Age of Nineleen. highly credicable to the artist. Moon, Boys, and Graves. From a painting by G. Sanders, in the possession of John Nine numbers have been imported from Cam Hobhouse, esq. M.P.--This print is Paris of a little work, entitled “The English admirably engraved by Mr. W. Finden, and School," consisting of a series of the most is both published separately and forms the approved productions of Painting and Sculpfrontispiece to the second volume of Moore's ture, by British Artists, from Hogarth's life of Byron (reviewed in pp. 64–67. days to the present time. The plates are Lord Byron is standing on the sea-shore, very well engraved in outline, upon steel, leaning on a rock, in a position to show his by Parisian artists; and they are selected by graceful features and form to the best ad- Mr. G. Hamilton, who has accompanied vantage; he is accompanied by a sailor, them by descriptive explanatory notices, waiting with a boat to take his Lordship to both in English and French. From the a vessel in the distance. It is a pleasing neatness of the plates, the terseness of the subject, and well managed. Size 10 inches descriptions, and the cheapness of the work, by 8.

it is well calculated to spread a knowledge

of the merits of English art on the ContiRichard Cæur de Lion and Saladin, at the nent. It will, doubtless, have a very exBattle of Ascalon. Moon, Boys, and Graves. tended circulation. Each sumber has six -This is an engraving from the picture by plates, for the small price of Is. 60.A. Cooper, R.A. in the possession of James Reynolds, West, Lawrence, Wilkie, Peters, Morison, Esq. M.P. The print is well aqua- Fuseli, Flaxman, Chantrey, &c. are drawn tinted by W. Giller, and measures 17 inches upon to furnish materials for this work, and by 18.-Mr. Cooper has done ample justice their exquisite productions are pleasingly to his subject. From his celebrity as a brought to our recollection by these minute painter of equestrian combats, it was agree copies. The places, however, are not equal in able to his taste, and he has contrived to merit. Wilkie's Blind Fidler and Rent-day, throw a majesty and a confidence in the and Scothard's Pilgrimage to Canterbury, figure of Richard, which is well suited to each a difficult subject, are well copied ; our national hero : whose very name in the whilst the Purtraits of George IV. and of East, after so many centuries, is still re- John Kemble are failures. membered as an object of terror the best Nos. 7, 8, aud ), of “ The English

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