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use of the Canons of the Church of the Daughter of Zola, the land called Ballidubgail" (Baldoyle), &c., &c., as an endowment of the Monastery of All Hallows. "The Church of the Daughter of Zola " puzzled Mr. Butler, and in a note on p. 126, he states "that Dunsoghley, in County Dublin, had been suggested" as an identification.

The solution of this difficulty is to be found in Sweetman's " Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland," where, under the year 1268 (p. 135), we find an exemplification of this Charter of Dermott M'Murough, most probably copied from the original document, the copy of which in the "All Hallows' Register" was made more than 100 years later. In it we read that the grant to Edan, Bp. of Louth, was made " to the use of the Canons of the only Daughter of that Church [ecclesiae filiae solae]." It is almost certain that the copyist in the Register must have written "Zole," as a man of Mr. Butler's learning and acuteness would have preferred the simpler reading should he have had any doubt about the initial letter; however, this point could be easily settled by an inspection of the manuscript in the Library, T.C.D.

The fact that the monks of All Hallows' and Louth were Augustinian Canons supports the statement that the former was the daughter house of the latter. Edan was a patron of the Augustinians, as the Abbey of Cnoc na n-Apstol (Knock), near Louth, founded by him and Donagh O'Carrol, King of Oriel, in 1148 (iv.m.), was for that order.— K. C. Beunskill.

A Paper on the Pre-Norman Monasteries of the County Louth, by the Rev. L. Murray, appears in the "Journal of the Louth Archaeological Society," just issued.


^l^His Excursion was undertaken at the request of a large number of

Members of the Society and of some of the leading Archaeologists of the United Kingdom, to enable places and objects of great antiquarian interest around the Irish Coast to be visited, which would be otherwise inaccessible except at considerable expense and much inconvenience. It was carried out, as far as practicable, on the same lines as the cruises of 1895 and 1897 and of the Scottish Cruise which gave so much satisfaction in the summer of 1899.

The Belfast Steamship Company gave, for the use of the party, the twin-screw steamer "Magic," which left Donegall-quay, Belfast, on Tuesday morning, June 21st, at 10 o'clock, arriving punctually at Kingstown on Wednesday, June 29th, 9 o'clock, p.m.; the sea excursion thus occupied nine days.

The "Magic" had accommodation for 220 first-class passengers in berths; the number taken was 125, which conduced to the greater comfort of the party, and avoided overcrowding.

Non-Members of the Society paid a fee of 5s. each for enrolment as Associates during the trip. All Members of the Society who applied for berths were accommodated.

The party landed in the ship's boats, and in the Steam Launch provided for the purpose, at the nearest accessible points, and proceeded on foot to the places to be visited.

The Irish Railway Companies gave the usual facilities of return tickets at single fares to members travelling to and returning from Dublin; and the Belfast Steamship Company issued Saloon return tickets—Liverpool to Belfast—at a reduction.

Members travelling from Dublin to Belfast, or from any intermediate station, were allowed a reduction of 20 per cent, on the single fare. Members returning from Dublin to Belfast, or to any intermediate station, had the same privilege.

The tickets for the Cruise were issued to individual Members and Associates by the Belfast Steamship Company.


The following places of antiquarian interest on the Irish coast were noted on the Excursion. (Those places where landings were effected are marked with an asterisk) :—

I. Kathlin Island, County Antrim. Lough Swilly, County

II. Tory Island, County Donegal.—Round Tower, Crosses, and
remains of a Columhan monastery.
•III. Inishmurray Island, County Sligo.—Ancient cashel, with
early monastery, inscribed slabs, and leachta or

IV. Cliff forts of Doonamoe, Doonaneanir, and others.—Leacht an Iorrais monument, &c, west coast of Erris, County Mayo.

V. Island of Inisbglora, County Mayo, with St. Brendan's monastery.

VI. Islands of Iniskea, County Mayo, with early churches and slabs.

VII. Island of Davillaun, with cross-inscribed slab. •VIII. St. Dervila's Church (remains of) at Fallmore, at tlic southern extremity of the Mullet, County Mayo. IX. Achill Island, County Mayo, with numerous dolmens and a cashel.

•X. Clare Island, County Mayo, with Granuaile's Castle, Benedictine Abbey of St. Mary, O'Malley monument, &c. XI. Calier Island, County Mayo, with early monastery. XII. Inishturk Island, County Mayo. XIII. Inishbofin Island, County Mayo.

*XIV. Killery Fjord (between the Counties of Mayo and Galway).

Leenane, Connemara, where the Beltaine Fires may be seen on Midsummer Eve. XV. Ardoilean, or High Island, County Galway, with early monastery.

XVI. St. Mac Dara's Island, County Galway, with early church and carved slabs.

•XVII. Inishmore (the North Island of Aran), County Galway, with Dun JEnghus and other early stone forts; Tempul Brecan and the Seven Churches, Tempul Mac Duadi, and numerous early churches and cloghauns; also Tempul Benen, Round Tower, and St. Enda's Church. •XVIII. Inishmaan (the Middle Island of Aran).—Dun Conor and Dun Moher forts, Kilcananagh, and other churches and dolmens.

*XIX. Inisheer (the South or Eastern Island of Aran), with fort and castle, the churches of Kilchoemain and Kilgobnet, &c.

XX. The Bun-en Coast, County Clare. XXI. Iniscaerach, or Mutton Island, County Clare.—Slight remains of St. Senan's Monastery; Bishop's Island, County Clare, with early cells. XXII. Kilcredaun and other remains at Carrigaholt, County Clare.

XXIII. Iniscatha, or Scattery Island, County Clare.—Bound Tower

and five churches of St. Senan's Monastery.

XXIV. Magharee Islands, County Kerry.—Early monastery and


XXV. Corkaguiny, County Kerry.—Kilmalkedar churches and cells; Gallerus and other early oratories, cells, and stone forts; Bahinnane and other castles. *XXVI. The site of the ancient city of Fahan, County Kerry, with the fort of Doonbeg, and numerous stone cells, and other remains. Dunmore Fort and Ogam-stone. XXVII. Blasquet Islands, County Kerry, with early cells and slabs. XXVIII. Valencia Island, County Kerry.

*XXIX. The Great Skellig, or St. Michael's Bock, off the Kerry coast.—Early monastery, crosses, and cells. XXX. Dursey Island, County Cork. *XXXI. Clear Island, County Cork. *XXXII. Inishsherkin, or Sherkin Island, County Cork, with Franciscan Monastery. *XXXIII. Cork Harbour and Queenstown.

*XXXIV. Ardmore, County "Waterford.—Bound Tower, ruins of ancient cathedral, oratory, church, well, crannog, and other remains of St. Declan's Monastery.

*XXXV. Bag-in-bun, County Wexford, the reputed landing-place of Strongbow, with camp or cliff fort, and the inscribed stone.


FIRST DAY—Tuesday, June 21 :—

The steamship left Donegall-quay, Belfast, punctually at 10 a.m., an hour which allowed Members to arrive from Liverpool and Glasgow by that morning's boat.

Anchored off Kathlin Island (60 miles); and steamed past Giant's Causeway, Dunluce Castle, and to Lough Swilly to anchor for the night.

SECOND DAY—Wednesday, June 22: —

Steamed around Tory Island (140 miles).

Landed at Inismurray (220 miles) and explored the numerous Antiquities there; and anchored for the night in Blacksod Bay.

THIRD DAY—Thursday, June 23 (Midsummer Eve):—

Visited the remains of Fallmore Church (St. Dervilla) (306 miles) 011 the main-
land; and landed on Clare Island (342 miles); visited St. Bridget's Abbey
and Grace O'Malley's Castle.

Steamed to the great Killery Fjord (3G6 miles), and anchored for the night.
The Beltaine Fires on Midsummer Eve were seen at Leenane, Connemara.

FOURTH DAY—Friday, June 24 (Midsummer Day):—

Landed at Onaght (436 miles), and Seven Churches, North Aran Island (Aranmore); walked on to Kilmurvey (2 miles), saw Dun Aengus Stone Fort, Tempuil Mac Dara, and landed at Killeany; visited Tempuil Benen, site of monastery at Killeany, remains of Round Tower, St. Enda's Church, and anchored in Killeany Bay for the night.

FIFTH DAY—Saturday, June 25 :—

Called at Middle Island (Inishmaan) (450 miles); saw Dun Conchobar Stone

Fort, and Kilcananagh, or Tempuil Kenanagh, &c. Visited the Antiquities in the South Island (Inisheer) (452 miles), Tempuil

Choemhain, or St. Cavan's Church, &c, and steamed for Galway Harbour.

SIXTH DAY—Sunday, June 26 (4th Sunday after Trinity) :—

Landed and vioited Galway (482 miles) for Divine Service. (Arrangements were

made, and carried out, for Divine Service on hoard also.) Left Galway Harbour in the afternoon for Ventry Harbour, in Dingle Bay.

SEVENTH DAY—Monday, June 27 (Full Moon, 8.23 p.m.) :—

Landed at Ventry, and saw Doonbeg and the site of the ancient City of Fahan (612 miles); visited Beehive structures there, and Dunmore Fort and Ogamstone.

Landed on the Great Skeilig Rock (635 miles), to 8ee the ancient Church and stone-roofed dwellings of the monks; and steamed into Bere Haven and Bantry Bay to see Glengarriff.

EIGHTH DAY—Tuesday, June 28:—

Cape Clear (710 miles); landed at Clear Island, and saw the ancient Church;

afterwards called at Sherkin Island, and visited the Abbey there. On to Cork Harbour (780 miles), and visited Queenstown.

NINTH DAY—Wednesday, June 29 :—

Landed at Ardmoro Bay (820 miles), and visited the Round Tower, Ruin of Cathedral, &c.

Landed at Bag-in-bun (860 miles), County Wexford, and saw the Entrenchments and Inscribed Stone. Arrived at Kingstown (970 miles) at 9 p.m.

An Illustrated Programme and Descriptive Guide was prepared for the use of Members of the party, a new edition of which will, at the special request of Members, be published by the Council as one of the Antiquarian Handbook Series, and issued to the Fellows as an Extra Volume.

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