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St. Columbkille, the stone altar of which is nearly perfect; so is the holywater font. There is a curious feature about the position of the altar. The Epistle end is built up against the south wall, while there is a space of about 2£ feet between the Gospel end and the north wall. The position of the east window is not in the centre of the gable, but is over the centre line of the altar. This indicates an alteration of the width of the church.
On the sandhills are the remains of some stone-roofed cells, and several upright incised cross slabs, one of which bears a rude representation of the Crucifixion. In the sand, from time to time, bronze pins and needles have been found. There is a "dun " on the west side of the island in good preservation.
On Iniskea south there is an elaborately incised upright slab in a disused burial-ground. On this island are the remains of a nunnery, erected about 300 years ago for nuns who took refuge here after the dissolution of monasteries.
As the weather proved to be suitable, a landing was effected at the little bay of Portmore, a small, sheltered strand on the south-west point of the Mullet, to see what remains of the church of St. Derbhile, or Dervila. Only the two gables of this ancient structure are now standing, the east containing a small, round-headed window, and the west has a roundheaded doorway, which has been illustrated in Lord Dunraven's work. The ruin is situate within a public burial-ground, at the village of Falmore, near the seashore. An examination of the west gable shows where the original primitive church had been widened on the south side. The first church appears to have been only 13 feet wide, internal measurement, and about half the length of the present church. This widening and enlargement is very frequently met with in such churches. A doorway was formed in the south wall, near the east end, which was afterwards built up. Recently a window-head has been discovered, having an ornament of interlaced pattern, which is evidently of the same date as the west doorway. The arch of the west doorway had three small bead-mouldings in the external face of the stone. The lower bead was returned on the soffit, and had a row of bosses on it and on the face of the arch. The stone is greatly weathered, and the bosses are scarcely visible. The jambs of the doorway consisted of three stones on each side externally, and it was 5 feet in height to the springing, 2 feet wide at top, and 2 feet 5 inches at bottom. The original floor was 3 feet below the present surface at west gable. There is a curious aumbry to the north side of the east window.
In the churchyard, surrounded by a low stone wall, is a grave, which is pointed out by the natives as the grave of St. Derbhile.
The coasts and islands of Mayo, Galway, Clare, and Kerry are fully dealt with by Mr. T. J. "Westropp. His account of the stone-roofed dwellings of the ancient Fahan will be found most interesting. Mr. R. A. S. Macalister's Paper on the Dingle promontory, published by the Royal Irish Academy, has afforded much material and several illustrations.
At the Blasquet Islands, the landing-place for the large island is on the east side, heneath the village. The landing-place for Inisvickillaun is on the north-east side of the island. At Inistuaiskart it is near the middle of the south side. At Dunbeg and Fahan the landing is dangerous, and the natives attempt it only in fine weather. The bottom is foul, so that a ship could not anchor. It was found necessary to land at the pier in Ventry Harbour, about a mile from Dunbeg.
St. Michael's Monastery, on the great Skellig Rock, was visited under great difficulties. This remote and almost inaccessible island was visited by the Society, in conjunction with the Cambrian Archaeological Association, in August, 1891, and it was again visited by the Society in 1897. The illustrations and materials procured, as the record of these visits, were made available for the Journal.
Leaving the greater and lesser Skellig Rocks, approaching the mainland, Dursey Island, in County Cork, is seen, just outside of which is the Bull Rock Lighthouse, situate near the top of a cliff 300 feet high. In the centre of this rock is a natural arch 60 feet high; the cliffs here, like those of the Skellig Rocks, are covered with myriads of sea-birds.
As time permitted, Bantry Bay, where the French arrived in 1796, was visited. As an episode of this visit, it may be mentioned that a local gentleman named 0'Sullivan, having mustered a large force of his tenantry, watched the coast for several nights to prevent a landing, and took a lieutenant and .a boat's crew prisoners to the English general, Dalrymple, at Bantry, who would not believe they were French ships until he saw the prisoners brought by 0'Sullivan.
On Clear Island, the most southerly point of Ireland, the ruins of St. Kiaran's Church are situated; they measure 40 feet by 14 feet 6 inches internal dimensions. The interesting feature is the curious drop or cusping in the single-light window of the east gable. This window is only 9 inches in width, splaying internally to 5 feet 2 inches in width. The height internally is 4 feet 2 inches, the head is formed of a single stone, and the jambs are of two stones each; the wall is 2 feet 4£ inches in thickness.
The remaining walls average 8 feet high. The north-west corner has fallen away. There is a small window in the south wall near the east end. This window is 7 inches in width and 3 feet in height; one of the external jambs is formed of a single stone, and the others of two stones: it has a flat lintel. There is a doorway in the south wall, near the east end, with a rough arch.
The church is in a graveyard, and interments take place in its interior ; portions of coffins are lying about, and the recess in the north wall near the east gable is filled with human skulls and bones. The ruin is near the seashore, and can be approached from sea by the "North Harbour," called Trawkieran, where there is a strand, a landing-place, and a small dock.
Far Sherkin Abbey there is a good landing-place, at a slipway in theabbey strand, just inside the sontbern entrance to Baltimore Bay, The rnin is only about 100 yards distant from the landing-place.
Although there are not many antiquities on the shores of Cork Harbour within walking distance, the town and neighbourhood of Queenstown are well worth -visiting.
Less than four miles from Queenstown by rail is Fota station, near which is Fota Martello Tower. The grounds at Fota are very fine, and at the northern end of Belvelly Bridge, which connects Fota Island with the Great Island, stands Belvelly Castle, a plain, square structure; and towards the east is Barry's Court Castle, which the late Sir JohnPope Hennessy described as non-existent, whereas it is in a good state of preservation, and has an inscribed fireplace—also its original chapel still intact; but as it is at least two miles from the entrance to Fota, not many would be inclined to walk the distance. A badly-kept farmyard adjoining detracts from its appearance.
Near Belvelly Castle, on the Great Island, is a small castle built by the Barrys on what is now the Ashgrove property.
On the other side of the harbour a visit might be paid to Monkstown by steamer, to see the old Elizabethan Castle there; and a pleasant walk to Carrigaline Castle, perched on a rock, visible for miles around, would afford views of very fine scenery.
Leaving Cork Harbour, the next place visited is Ardmore, which affords an example of a most interesting group of Christian antiquities, including the remains of the cathedral church of St. Declan, near which is a round tower 95 feet 4 inches in height, also the small Oratory of St. Declan, two Ogam stones, "Tempul Deiscart," St. Declan's holy well, and the remains of a crannog submerged at high water. These antiquities have been so fully described and illustrated in the last volume of the Journal of the Society (vol. xxiii., 1903), that it has not been considered necessary to add anything to what has been so recently published on the subject.
The next and last place visited is the promontory of Bag-in-bun, in County "Wexford, a condensed description of which is given by Mr. Goddard H. Orpen, who read a short Paper on the spot, giving an account of the battle fought here by Kaymond. The story of the landing of Strongbow at this place, and the formation by him of a fortified camp, though generally accepted-as correct, cannot be regarded as authentic.
There are many earthworks of a similar character at or across headlands on the Waterford and Wexford coast, of which Bag-in-bun is a good example, as Dunbeg, on the Dingle promontory, is of the stonework method of construction. The cliff forts of the "Welsh coast on the opposite side of the Channel were evidently built by the same race, and are of the same period.
(56th YEARLY SESSION.)
CONNAUGHT MEETING AT TUAM, AUGUST, 1904.
A General Meeting of the Society was held at Tuam, County Gal way,, in the Town Hall (by permission of the Chairman, Town Commissioners),, on Tuesday, 9th August, 1904, at 8 o'clock, p.m.:
His Grace The Most Rev. Dr. Healy, Archbishop of Tuam,
The Minutes of last Meeting were read by the Hon. General Secretary and confirmed.
The following Candidates, recommended by the Council, were ■elected :—
Shallard, L. Stafford, M.a., F.r.h.s., F.n.a.m., Lyndenhurst, Camden-road, North; and King's College, London: proposed by Robert Cochrane, Fellow.
Brodrick, Hon. Albinia L., District Infirmary, Ashton-under-Lyne: proposed by
Robert Day, J.P., F.s.a., Fellow. Butler, Miss E., The Lodge, Waterville, County Kerry: proposed by P. J. Lynch,
Callanan, Martin, Physician and Surgeon, The Square, Thurles, County Tipperary:
proposed by the Rev. William Carrigan, c.c. Cassidy, C. D., D.d.b., 16, Clare-street, Dublin: proposed by George D. Burtchaell,
Coakley, Rev. Cornelius, c.c, Farran, County Cork: proposed by Robert Cochrane, Fellow.
Connor, G. W., M.h.c.s., L.b.c.f., L.d.s., 77, Hill-street, Newry: proposed by Robert A. Mullan.
Courtenay, Mrs. Louisa, Rathescar, Dunleer, County Louth: proposed by John Ribton Garstin, President.
Crowley, Timothy, M.d., Larchfield, Coachford, County Cork: proposed by Robert Cochrane, Fellow.
Davis, the Rev. James, c.c, Belmullet, County Mayo: proposed by John Butler Manning.
Doyne, Miss M. Josephine, Rossbegh, Shrewsbury-road, Dublin: proposed by
Thomas J. Shaw, i.r. Duffy, Joseph J., 5, Brighton Vale, Monkstown, County Dublin: proposed by
Robert Cochrane, Fellow. Eeles, Francis Carolua (Diocesan Librarian, Aberdeen), Munross, Stonehaven, N.B.;
and 105, .Adelaide-road, London, N.W.: proposed by 'William R. L. Lowe. Ferrar, Benjamin Banks, B.a., M.d. (Univ. Dubl.), 7, Beresford-row, Armagh:
proposed by John Ribton Garstin, President.
Fox, Rev. Arthur W., Fielden Hotel, Todmorden, Lancashire: proposed by William C Stubbs, Fellow.
Hudd, Alfred E., F.8.A., 94. Pembroke-road, Clifton: proposed by Robert Cochrane, Fellow.
Joynt, Alfred Lane, B.a., 5, Pembroke-road, Dublin: proposed by John Cooke, Fellow.
Joynt, Richard Lane, M.d., 84, Harcourt-strcet, Dublin: proposed by John Cooke, Fellow.
Kelly, Rev. J. Herbert, M.a., Rector of Dunany Union, Diocese of Armagh, Clonmore Rectory, Dunleer, County Louth: proposed by John Ribton Garstin, President.
Kincaid, Mrs. M. M., University Station, Seattle, Washington: proposed by Major
Joshua Fielding, Fellow. Kirkpatrick, J. C, Bally mullock, Larne: proposed by Seaton F. Milligan, Fellow. Kirwan, Denis B., jun., Dalgin, Milltown, Tuam: proposed by the Rev. James
Laverty, John, 58a, Brougham-Btreet, Belfast: proposed by W. Grove White, Ll.b. Lawrence, Arthur, Lavernock House, Penarth, South Wales: proposed by Robert Cochrane, Fellow.
Milling, James, Edenville, Bangor, County Down: proposed by Matthew Dorcy. •Monaban, Miss M. A., 63, Northumberland-road, Dublin: proposed by Mrs. W. J. Byrne.
Montgomery, Henry C, Glenoe, Bangor, County Down: proposed by Seaton F.
Nichols, Junies, 8o, Ranelagh-road, Dublin: proposed by George Duncan.
O'Sullivan, Dr. W. J., Mniville, Lisdoonvarna, County Clare: proposed by O'Mears
Place, G. W., Barrister-at-Law, 9, Ailesbury-road, Dublin: proposed by Henry A. Cosgravc.
.Robb, Alfred A., M.a., Ph. D., Lisnabreeny House, Castlereagh, Belfast: proposed by
Seaton F. Milligan, Fellow. Ward, Joseph, J.p., Chairman, Killiney District Council, Ardmore, Killiney, County
Dublin: proposed by Robert Cochrane, Fellow.
The following Papers were read, and referred to the Council for 'publication:—
"Inishmain Abbey, the Hag's Castle, Lough Mask, and Cong," by His Grace the
Archbishop of Tuam, Vice-Fretidmt. "Antiquities of Tuam and District," by Richard J. Kelly, Esq., J.p., Hon. Local
"The Antiquities of the Tuam District," by T. B. Costello, Esq., M.d.
The following Papers were taken as read, and referred to the Council for publication:—
"The Ecclesiastical Monuments at Kilmacduagh," by the Very Rev. Jerome Fahey, D.d., r.p., v.o.
"Notes on the Round Tower and other Remains, Kilmacduagh," by Robert Cochrane, Fellow.
"The Castles of Bollinderry and Barnaderg," by Colonel Nolan, M.p. "Abbey Knockmoy," by J. A. Glynn, Esq., B.a.