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Trinity Term began on Monday, 18th, sat on Friday, June 22nd, and ended July 11th. I need hardly give return days. Michaelmas Term began November 3rd, sat on November 6th, and ended on Wednesday, 28th.

We also find that in or about this year the Lords Justices appointed to govern the country in the absence of the Lord Lieutenant—a rather frequent and prolonged occurrence in those days—were Hugh, Archbishop of Armagh, Thomas Wyndham, and Sir -Ralph Gore. While we find frequently the name of the Primate, that of the Archbishop of Dublin does not recur. The Provost of Trinity College in this year was the Kev. Richard Baldwin; the President of the College of Surgeons was James Grattan, who lived in Henry-street; and we find as censors of the College, Kingsbury, Hewetson, Aston, and Foreside.

ABSTRACTS FROM THE ANCIENT RECORDS OF THE
CORPORATION OF CASHEL.

BY THOMAS LAFFAN, M.R.C.S.E., &c.
[Submitted May 26, 1902.]

rPHE City of Cashel has a pre-historic foundation. Even seven centuries ago, the town, which succeeded one destroyed, was denominated "the new town." The history of these ancient civic communities is but little known, though well worthy of study. Irish walled towns seem to have been little republics in themselves, with an almost complete system of self-government. Cashel Corporation was created in 1216 by Donat O'Louergan, Archbishop, who gave some of the choicest lands about the town to the burgesses. They were about 1500 acres in extent, and of these 50 acres remain in the hands of the present Corporation. The subjoined are furnished iu pricis from the Corporation minutes :—

Guilds.

Charters were given to various guilds from time to time. March 14th, 1673, one was granted to the Blacksmiths.

Official Robes.

1st May, 1673. A creditable gown fit for the magistrate of such a city, and same as that of Lord Mayor of Dublin, ordered for the mayor. Silver-laced capes ordered for the sergeants at mace.

Irish Inhabitants.

Nov. 12th, 1673. The Lord Lieutenant ordered a return of the Popish inhabitants within the City. At the next meeting, Mr. Henry Cooke, Town Clerk, was allowed 24 shillings for his pains in returning the names of the Irish inhabitants to the Lord Lieutenant, as required by him.

22nd July, 1686. The Irish inhabitants ask permission to exercise their trades, but the matter was adjourned, as the Council was not a full one.

Stbangebs.

2nd Aug., 1683. No stranger allowed into the city, unless approved of by the Corporation, paying twenty shillings and other fees, and taking the oaths.

10 July, 1680. All foreigners standing in the Market Place to pay rates.

Official Gazette. 27 July, 1688. Newspaper still to be maintained.

King "william's Charter Abrogating King James'. 5th Aug., 1690, entered on the minutes.

The Bellman.

16th July, 1691. Ordered to be dismissed, for his incapacity, as a Papist, to hold office.

Beggars.

16th July, 1691. Strange beggars not admitted, lest they become a parisb charge, and sturdy ones to be whipped out of town. Local ones of three years' residence allowed to beg.

Cattle.

7th Sept., 1691. All parties bringing their cattle at night into the public streets for safety ordered to pay three pence for each beast, and a penny per month per beast for the purpose of cleaning the streets.

Markets.

7 Sept., 1691. All commodities ordered to be sold at the little cross in the city at 8 o'clock in the morning, by sound of bell, the prices to be fixed by four members of the Corporation. Any person buying outside the public market to forfeit the goods bought, for the first offence, and the seller the price paid; and for the second offence double the price, and to receive severe punishment; a freeman to be disfranchised. Beef was fixed at 2d. per lb. for the primest parts; mutton, ditto; pork, 2^d. sweet milk, Id. per quart.

May 17th, 1712. Colliers to pay a penny per barrel for their coals.

June 28th, 1712. Timber, coals, slates, laths, fish, fresh butter, and firing admitted free.

Labourers' Hire.

Oct. 12th, 1694. Labourers to be paid 6d. per day for work done. Nov. 17th, 1693. A slater gets 3 shillings for taking down the Town Court bell from the Kock Steeple.

Postmaster.

April 1st, 1695. Leake, Postmaster, is thanked for services rendered.

Sanitation.

Oct. 16th, 1699. No person to be allowed to wash clothes in the public cisterns.

May 14, 1673. Mayor allowed five pounds for cleaning manure off the streets.

Places Of "worship.

June 4th, 1700. Ten pounds to be expended by the mayor for the building of a pew for the Corporation in St. Patrick's Cathedral; the chapter giving the ground for ever. The Mayor to pay the money and to be excused his usual Michaelmas treat.

Aug. 11th, 1703. Quakers prevented from building a meeting-house.

Oct. 24th, 1716. The Marshalsea erected, a prisoner having escaped from the common jail.

Schools. .

June 29th, 1725. Lease for schoolhouse ordered. A grove let at peppercorn rent to allow the boys, freemen and gentlemen to walk therein.

29th Sept., 1745. Lease of Charter School ordered.

The Pook.

June 29th, 1725. Ten pounds ordered to be paid to Dr. Burgess to encourage him to settle in the city. This was subsequently continued that he might attend the poor.

Mayoralty.

29th Sept., 1732, and Oct., 1733. A great contest for the Mayoralty, several candidates having been proposed.

Members Of Parliament.

The Mayor and Corporation nominated two M.P.s. After the Union, Sir Robert Peel was elected on the 15th of April, 1807, and Lord Primrose on 17th of November, 1806.

Freemen.

29th Sept., 1758. John Bagwell, Clonmel, elected. On other occasions are found the names of the Earl of Bective, Mathews of Thomastown, Sir "William Barker, Sir Thomas Dancer, the Maudes of Dundrum, Hon. Robert Jocelyn, &c.

Tenant Right.

29 June, 1767. The Mayor gets a lease for 99 years of a large number of buildings erected by encroachers, for a fine of £5 and a guinea a year for 99 years, to preserve them for the Corporation.

Town Hall.

28tli May, 1771. The Town Hall, which was ordered in 1747 at a cost of £676 14*. 9</., reported to be completed. The money was ordered to be raised out of the revenues of the Corporation.

Night Watch.

20th Dec, 1780. A Protestant English watch ordered. Roman Catholics to watch their turns by a Protestant. (On another occasion, 2nd Aug., 1683, a watch was ordered of which the majority only should be English Protestants. The commander to be personally responsible if poultry should be destroyed.)

The Gkeat Chabter Of Cashel.

Translation of Charter of Roland, Archbishop of Cashel, dated 19th October, 1557, containing inspeximus and confirmation of Charter of Maurianus, Archbishop of Cashel, dated 12th July, 14 Hen. III. (1230).

Roland by Divine Mercy and by the favour of the Apostolic See Archbishop of Cashell. To all to whom the present letters shall come greeting; we have inspected the letters Patent of the Lord Maurianus of happy memory, formerly Archbishop of Cashell, our predecessor, in these words: Maurianus by Divine Mercy and by the favour of the Apostolic See, to all to whom the present letters 6hall come greeting; know ye all that we of our special grace and of our certain knowledge and mere motion have given, granted, and by this our present Charter have confirmed, with the consent of our Dean and our whole Chapter at a Chapter held in the Chapter House and specially summoned and assembled for this purpose, in a solemn discussion and with mature deliberation concerning the welfare of our Archiepiscopal City or Town of Cashell, to the Provost and twelve Burgesses of the said City of Cashell, or of whatever lesser number they be who now are and who for the time shall be, for ever, our City of Cashell aforesaid, which the most Excellent Trince Henry by the Grace of God King of England, Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, Earl of Anjou and Lord of Ireland, by his letters Patent dated the fifteenth day of November in the thirteenth year of his reign had given and granted to us and our successors for ever, in free pure and perpetual alms, free from every charge exaction and secular service, excepting and reserving to us the Bakehouse and Market of the suid Town of Cashel; likewise we have also given, granted and by this our present Charter have confirmed to the said Provost and Burgesses who now are and who for the time shall be, for ever, free pasture for all and every of the animals of them and of their tenants whomsoever and of all persons inhabiting and sojourning in the said Town and the Burgage thereof in all our lands except meadows, standing corn—lauds and manors, and power and authority to hold therein an Hundred and a Court Baron, and to hear and decide pleas and plaints pertaining to said hundred and Court in said town and the Burgage thereof, by the Provost of the said Town for the time being, for ever, from time to time as often as it shall please the said Provost; to have and to hold all and singular the aforesaid Town, pasture, hundred and Court with all their rights and appurtenances

T~.. i> c \ T S Vol. xiv., Fifth Ser. I _

]our.R.b.A.I. j Vo, XXJ[I'V _ Consec Ser | D

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