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ferving, that the defire to facilitate the conclufion of a general peace could alone lead his court to the difcuffion of a propofal so disadvantageous to the interefts of Great Britain; and as the termination of the continental armiftice would put an end to all inducements of fuch a measure on the part of this country, fuggefting the expediency of France prolonging the armistice with Auftria, and to allow time for receiving the king's commands on the propofal made here.

No. XX. Note from M. Otto to Mr. Nepean, Sept. 4, enclofing a fketch of the treaty propofed by France.

No. XXI. Sept. 5. à letter from M. Otto to captain George, obferves, that his majefty's choice in the provifiona! appointment of Mr. Grenville to take part in the eventual negociations at Luneville, cannot fail to be very agreeable to the French government, and that he fhould deliver the neceffary paffport, which he had previoufly obtained, as foon as the refult of the prefent communications fhall have rendered fuch journey necessary.

No. XXII. Sept. 6, A note from M. Otto to lord Grenville, ftating, that he had forwarded his lordfhip's note of the 5th, by an extraordinary meffenger, to Paris.

No. XXIII. Sept. 7, A note from lord Grenville to M. Otto, enclofing

No. XXIV. of the fame date, a reply to the French official anfwer of the 4th, ftating, that the fpirit of that answer was not confonant with the conciliatory difpofition which it profefled; that the unauthorised a& of an Auftrian officer, who had been perfuaded to fign articles, was not calculated to terminate the war; P 2 yet

yet that his majefty had not inter- his majefty is expected to bind him, felf towards the allies of France, even before any reciprocal engage ment can be received from them, in which all mention of the king's allies is totally omitted; that the principle contained in the following projet is that alone on which his majefty can confent to treat; and although the conditions are far fhot of what his majefty might justly demand from analogy to the terms of the continental armistice, or from the relative fituation of naval force, he reposes in the good faith of his enemies; and if M. Otto was authorised to accede to thefe ftipulations, his majefty would authorife a perfon to fign them; if not, he is requested to forward them without delay to his government.

fered to have fuch preliminaries
annulled, because there exifted
previous engagements between the
courts of London and Vienna, not
to treat for peace except in concert
with each other, and because the
firft intimation which his majefty
received of the fignature of thefe
pretended preliminaries, was ac-
companied by the exprefs declara-
tion of his ally, that they were
wholly unauthorised, and must be
confidered as abfolutely null. The
French government, at the time
they treated with the Auftrian offi-
cer, knew he had no powers or in-
ftructions for fuch treaty: he avowed
fuch to be the fact at the time, and
declared it even in the paper which
he figned. That although his ma-
jefty views the propofal of a naval
armiftice in no other light than as a
temporary advantage, which it is
propofed him to yield to the ene-
in order to prevent the renewal
of continental hoftilities-yet as it
may contribute to the conclufion of
a general peace, if France will con-
fent that the refpective pofition of
the two parties fhould remain during
the armistice, fuch as it was at its
commencement, and that neither of
them fhould, by its operation, ac-
quire freth advantages, or new
means of annoying his enemy, fuch
as he could not otherwife obtain,
his majetty would confent to the
armiftice, notwithstanding the many
difadvantages which would refult to
this country from fuch a meafure;
that the French projet profeffes to
affimilate Malta and Egypt, &c.
to Ulm and Ingolftadt, although the
terms it requires of victualling them,
&c. for an unlimited period, is in
direct contradiction to the ftipula-
Hons of the German armiftice, and

(No. XXV.) Counter Projet.

Art. 1ft. Stipulates that all hoftilities, both by fea and land, between the forces of the two contracting parties, shall be fufpended, and shall not be renewed until after fourteen days notice given of the termination of the armistice; but in cafe of the renewal of hoftilities between Auftria and France, the armistice between Great Britain is likewife to be confidered as terminated.

Art. 2d. relates to the fending orders from the two governments to their officers abroad to conform to this agreement.

Art. Sd. All prizes made during the continuance of the armistice, by any officer apprized of this meafure, to be restored, if made in the Channel or North Sea, within twelve days after the ratification of this convention, to be given up, although the captors fhould be ignorant of the truce.


Art. 4th. Malta, and the maritime towns and ports of Egypt, fhall be placed on the fame footing as thofe places which, though comprifed within the demarcation of the French army in Germany, are occupied by the Auftrian troops; confequently nothing fhall be admitted by fea which can give additional means of defence; and provifions only for fourteen days at a time, in proportion to the confumption, as it fhall be ascertained by commiffaries to be named for the purpose, who fhall have power to eftablifh the neceffary regulations for giving effect to this ftipulation, conformably to the principles of the fourth article of the convention concluded between the Auftrian and French generals in Germany.

Art. 5th. The blockade of Breft, Toulon, and any other of the ports of France by his majefly's fleets, fhall be difcontinued; and all Britifh fhips fhall be inftructed not to interrupt or obftruct the trade or navigation of any fhips failing to or from the coafts of France, except in the articles of naval and military ftores, which are not to be brought thither by fea during the prefent armiflice. None of the lips of war now flationed in the faid ports refpectively thall, before the renewal of hoftilities, be removed to any other ftation.

Art. 6th. The allies of the two parties fhall feverally be at liberty to accede to this armiftice, if they fo think fit; provided that they alfo engage to obferve a like armiflice, on conditions fimilar to thofe here Specified, towards fuch of the allies on the other fide as thall alfo accede to it, The naval ports and arenals of the allies of France are, during

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fuch armistice, to be placed on the fame footing with thofe of France; and the notices which are to precede the renewal of hoftilities, as well as all other matters relating to fuch armiftice, are to be regulated according to the terms of this convention.

Art. 7th. This convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications fhall be exchanged within the term of practicable. ten days, or fooner, if the fame be

No. XXVI. A note from M. Otto, September 8, to lord Grenville, obferving, that as the object of France was to compenfate, by a British armiftice, the inconvenience which might refult to the republic from the eventual prolongation of the German armistice, and that the counter-projet fo far defeated his purpose, he deemed it neceffary to fubmit it to his government, and to wait for farther infructions.

No. XXVII. A note from M. Otto to lord Grenville, September 16, ftating that the first conful, still hoping to approximate the interests, of the two governments, and their withes for a fpeedy and folid peace, had difpatched orders for deferring, for fome day, the attack which the French army had been directed to make upon the whole line. It likewife enclosed

No. XXVIII. A reply to lord Grenville's letter of the 7th September, and which accompanied it. In this, the counter-projet M. Otto obferves, that as the fipulations propofed by his lordship, offered no compenfation to France for the continental truce, it could, only be admitted as the prelimina ries of a particular arrangeme P 3 betwe


between France and England. He was accordingly directed by the chief conful to fubmit that the projet of the armistice be drawn up, and admitted in terms analagous to thole propoled by the British minifter, but folely under the fuppofition that this armistice should be independent of the events of the continent, and relative only to a feparaté negociation, to be immediately opened between the two powers; or that his majefty continuing to make common caufe with the emperor, fhould confent that the maritime truce may offer to the French republic, advantages equal to thofe fecured to the houfe of Auftria by the continental truce. He then adverts to the effects of the armiftice to Auftria and Naples, and obferves, that France fhould derive equivalent advantage from the naval armiftice, in the free na vigation of her fhips, and the facilities neceflary for her communications with the inlands of France, and the re-union of her American colonies, and in reinforcing her army in Egypt.

No. XXIX. A note from lord Grenville to M. Otto, Septem20 inclofing a note of the fame date.


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already rejected; " The orders for giving notice of the termination of the continental armistice muft actually have been dispatched from Paris at the very time when the continuance of that armiftice was proposed to his majefty, as the condition and inducement for a maritime truce." The king, however, waving this and fimilar confiderations, would ftill be induced, on fuitable conditions to make the facrifices necessarily attendant on a naval truce, if the doing fo fhould prevent the renewal of hoftilities on the continent, and facilitate a general peace. His majefty would not admit that his enemies had acquired any afcendant over the spirit of the Auftrian armies; but were the affertions of the French government better grounded, his majefty could not admit a right to demand from him compenfation for the benefit France alleged would be derived by Auftria from the continuance of the armiftice, although his majesty had offered to make confiderable facrifices on account of his allies, and to evince to Europe his concern for the general welfare, and to his enemies, his pacific difpofitions. "But to yield to the prefent demand would be to facrifice those means of prefent defence, and thofe pledges of future fecurity which have been acquired by fuch great and memorable efforts, and which he can never be expected to forego till the refult of thofe negociations, in which he has declared his readinefs to concur, fhall have crowned his endeavours for the happinefs of his people, by the restoration of a fafe and honourable peace."

No. XXXI. M. Otto, in a letter to lord Grenville, September 21, refers to a new projet.


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No. XXXII. which, after propofing that negociations fhall be opened for a general peace; that hoftilities fhall be fufpended: that British officers conveying orders to foreign ftations for that purpole fhould be furnished with paffes to proceed through France, and that prizes made after certain periods fhall be returned; ftates as follows: Art. 4th. Malta and Egypt fhall be affimilated to the places in Germany, which, although blockaded by the French army, have been permitted to enjoy the benefit of the continental armiftice, Malta fhall be furnished with provifions for 15 days at a time, at the rate of 10,000 rations per diem. With regard to Egypt, fix French frigates fhall have the liberty of failing from Toulon, of unlading at Alexandria, and of returning without being searched, and without fuffering any oppofition during their paffage, either from English fhips or from thofe of the allies of Great Britain. An English officer of rank fhall for this purpose embark on board one of the frigates, and fhall travel through France on his way to Toulon.

Art. 5th. The blockade of Breft, of Toulon, and of every other French port, fhall be raised; and all British captains fhall receive inftructions not to interrupt the trade of any veffel either entering therein or going out thereof. No fhip of the line, however, of two or three decks, actually at anchor in the faid ports, fhall be at liberty to go out before the renewal of hoftilities, for the purpose of changing its station; but frigates, floops, and other small fhips of war, may freely go out and navigate, and in the event of their meeting at fea with fhips belonging to his Britannic majefty, they hall

obferve the customs established be-
fore the war.

Art. 6th. The land-forces in the pay of his Britannic majefty fhall not have the power of dilembarking in any port of Italy during the continuance of the present armistice.

Art. 7. The allies of France, namely, Spain, the Batavian republic, and Genoa, fhall participate in the benefit of the prefent armistice. (If his Britannic majefty infift upon including his allies in the armistice, they fhall enjoy the fame advantages with thofe of France.)

Art. 8th. The prefent convention. fhall be ratified, and the ratifications fhall be exchanged in the space of ten days, or fooner if it should be poffible.

No. XXXIII. M. Otto, in a letter to lord Grenville, Sept. 23, refers to an answer which he inclofes to his lord@hip's note of the 20th.

No. XXXIV. M. Otto enters at much length into the pofitions advanced in the above note, and with much ingenuity replies to them.

No. XXXV. Is a note from lord Grenville to M. Otto, Sept. 25, referring to a note in answer to his communication of the 23d.

No. XXXVI. Contains this anfwer, highly argumentative, but not containing any new propofition.

No. XXXVII. Lord Grenville acquaints M. Otto, that in confequence of his defire to communicate perfonally with a confidential perfon, his majefty had appointed Mr. Hammond to meet him.

No. XXXVIII. Lord Grenville, in a letter to Mr. Hammond, fame date (September 24), recapitulates to that gentleman the progrefs of the negociation, and fhews in terms.. the moft ftriking and diftinct, that there did not exift a fimilitude be

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