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poniard, while he was walking with citizen Protain, the architect, on the terrace, which looks from the garden of the head-quarters into the fquare of Efbekier. Citizen Protain, in endeavouring to defend the general, received himfelf fix wounds. The firft wound which Kleber received was mortal. He fell-Protain ftill lives. The general, who was giving orders for repairing the head-quarters and the garden had no aide-de-camp with him, nor any individual of the corps of guards: he had defired to be alone: he was found expiring. The affaflin, who was difcovered in the midst of a heap of ruins, being brought to the head-quarters, confeffed that he was folicited to commit this crime by the aga of the Janiflaries of the Ottoman army, commanded by the grand vizier in perfon. This vizier, unable to vanquish the French in open warfare, has fought to avenge himself by the dagger, a weapon which belongs only to cowards. The affatlin is He named Soleyman-el-Alepi. came from Aleppo, and had arrived at Cairo, after croffing the defert on a dromedary. He took up his lodging at the grand mofque Eleafer, whence he proceeded every day to watch a favourable opportunity for committing his crime. He had intrufted his fecret to four petty cheiks of the law, who wifhed to diffuade him from his project; but who, not having denounced him, have been arrested, in confequence of the depofitions of the affaffin, condemned to death, and executed on the 28th of last month (June 17). I appointed to conduct the trial, a commiffion ad hoc. The commiflion,

after conducting the trial with the utmost folemnity, thought it proper to follow the cuftoms of Egypt in the application of the punishment. They condemned the affaffin to be impaled, after having his right hand burnt; and three of the guilty cheiks to be beheaded, and their bodies burnt. The fourth, not having been arrefted, was outlawed. I annex, citizen conful, the different papers relative to the trial.

At prefent, citizen conful, it would be proper to make you acquainted with the events, almoft incredible, that have occurred in Egypt; but I must first have the honour of informing you, that general Kleber's papers not being yet in order, I can only inform you of thofe events by a fimple reference to the date of the transactions.When circumftances are more favourable, I fhall fend you the details; but it is fo neceffary that you fhould know our fituation, that I am determined to address to you the following fimple journal:


Date of the Events which have occurred in Egypt from the Treaty of El-Arifch, inclufive.

Ift. Treaty concluded at ElArilch, on the 5th Pluviofe, and ratified by the general-in-chief on the 8th of the fame month, at the camp of Salahich.

2d. Conferences of Sebille Hallem, near Matharich. They continued from the 22d of Ventofe to the 27th of the fame month.

3d. The letter to lord Keith, printed and announced to the army on the 27th, with the proclamation of the general-in-chief, Kleber.

The head-quarters had been damaged by cannon-fhot during the fiege. Q 4


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10th. Surrender of the fort of Balbys on the 1ft of Germinal600 Turks prifoners of war-eight pieces of cannon taken.

11th. The affair of Coreid on the 2d Germinal.

12th. Arrival of the army at SaJahich on the 3d. Taking of 12 pieces of cannon belonging to the grand vizier's camp, and an immenfe quantity of baggage abandoned by the enemy in his precipitate retreat across the defert, which he ftrewed with dead bodies. The number of men that perished from Salahich to Gaza is estimated at 18,000 departure of the general-in-chief, Kleber, on the fame day for Cairo.

13th. His arrival at Cairo on the 6th Germinal.

14th. First capitulation of Cairo agreed to on the 14th Germinal.— The Turks refufe to leave the place, and continue to fight,


15th. Arrival of Ofman Bey-elOfear, and an officer of Nafif Pacha on the 29th Germinal, on a parley.

A mine dug by the French, blew up a large houfe, in which there were between 4 and 500 Ofmanlis.

16th. Definitive capitulation for the evacuation of Cairo by the Turks, agreed to on the 1ft Floreal, (April 21.)

17th. On the 2d, adjutant-general René, and citizen Tioch, officer of the staff, lent hoftages for the execution of the capitulation, and exchanged in the fquare of Efbekier, againft Ofman Bey-el-Ofcar and the Kiaya of Nafif Pacha. The Turks and the Ofmanlis infult them in the city, and they are obliged to take refuge in a mofque, where Elfy Bey, who was intrufted to guard them,, defended them against the attempts of the furious multitude.

18th. Departure of the Turks, to the number of 5000, on the 5th Floreal.

19th. Affaffination of general Kleber on the 23th Prairial (June 14.)

20th. Execution of the affaffin and his accomplices, on the 28th of Prairial (June 17.)

Peace was concluded with Mou

rad Bey during the fiege of Cairo. The provinces of Girge and Affuan were ceded to him." He enjoys them under the title of prince governor for the French republic. It fhould be remarked, that during the battle of Heliopolis, Mourad Bey kept conftantly on a height near the field of battle. He had faid that

that he would make no movement, and he kept his word. The tails of feveral Pachas have been taken at Matharich, Balbys, and Salahich. After the battle of Heliopolis the troops marched to retake Damietta, which had been given up to the Turks in confequence of the convention. Twelve hundred Ofmanlis were killed there. The remainder fled by the lake of Menzale and the defert.

of 500 camels; many thousand Greeks have enrolled themselves in our fervice, and alfo 500 Cophts and Syrians. Seventy Turkish and Greek veffels have, fince the rupture, of which they were ignorant, entered the ports of Alexandria and Damietta; they came after the evacuation; they have been retained as prifoners; the merchandise which they brought has ferved to pay the troops. A caravan of 10,000 flaves and 15,000 camels is arrived from Darfur and the Niger; it is at Syouth, which we have kept in our treaty with Mourad Bey. A caravan from Tor, and another from Yambo, are arrived here by Suez. I have given, and shall continue to give them, every fupport for the encouragement of commerce, which I wish to re-establish, and to endeavour to fupply Arabia by way of Suez. I am organizing there a caravan, which will leave this every fifteen days; another caravan, coming from Tazanna, from Beled and Gezid, in fifty days, is alfo arrived at Cairo. The inftitute is going to refume its fittings. The grand vi zier is at Jaffa with about 7 or 8000 men; he has 2000 at Gaza, and 1000 at El-Arifch; Catieh is deftroyed. If he fhould be able to recruit his army, and fhall again attempt to pafs the defert, we will go to receive him at Salahich; the troops are determined to beat him. The captain pacha is with twentyfour fail before Alexandria, Rofetta, and Damietta; they cruise from one port to the other: we reckon in this fquadron eight Turkish fhips of the line and two English; every where we are prepared, the army will combat till they die; happy if we can preferve to the republic a great colony, of which


Prefent Situation of the French Army.

Ten millions have been impofed upon the city of Cairo to punish the revolt; all the arrears due to the army have been paid, and for the future their pay will be fecured.The fortifications of Cairo are completing; twelve forts furround the city at prefent; in fifteen days the whole will be completed; the arches of the grand aqueduct have been flopped, fo that it is now impoffible to pafs from the bank of the river to the citadel; on the other fide, the ramparts of the city are raifed, and all the pace between Fort Camin behind the head-quarters to Boalac is to be enclosed by a wall. The fortifications of Salahich are much increated; they will be finished before three weeks.Lesbe, near Damietta, is finished, and towers are building on the different passes that go from the fea to the lake Menzale. The fort of Burlos will foon be finished, that of Rofetta is completed; Aboukir is entirely repaired; they are working with diligence at Alexandria. Our artillery is in the beft condition, the works in the arfenal of Gizeh are in the greatest activity. I have eftablished a depot of 500 horfes at Gizeh, and alfo a park of reserve

you have been the founder I cannot fend you the names of thefe who have diftinguished themselves, I may fay they are the whole army. I fhall not enter into thefe details until the papers of general Kleber are arranged. I fhall confine myfelf to request of you, citizen conful, to confirm the promotions that have been made; thefe are the generals of divifion, generals of brigade, and all the fubordinate ranks. Many brave men have been killed and many wounded; they are all worthy of your attention. You know my refpect and devotion: both the one and the other are unbounded.

Abd. J. Menou.

Convention between his Britannic Majefly and the Emperor of the Romans; figned at Vienna, June

20, 1800.

IS majefly the emperor of the Bohemia, and his majefty the king of Great Britain, have judged that it was conformable to the intereft of their crowns, and to the good of the common caufe, to concert with each other on the best manner of giving effect to the union of their efforts against the common enemy in the prefent campaign. In confequence of which the baron de Thugut, grand crols of the order of St. Stephen, his Imperial majefty's minifter of conferences, and commiflary general and minifter plenipotentiary in his provinces of Italy, Iftria, and Dalmatia, &c. and the right honourable Gilbert lord Minto, peer of Great Britain, one of his Britannic majefty's most honourable privy council, and his envoy extra

ordinary and minifter plenipotentiary to the court of Vienna, being furnished on the part of their aforefaid Imperial and Britannic majelties, with the powers requifite for difcuffing and arranging this important object; the faid plenipotentiaries, after having refpectively exchanged their full powers, have agreed upon the following articles: I. In order to relieve the preffing neceffities of the finances of his Imperial majefty under the enormous expenfes already incurred, and which remain to be incurred during the prefent campaign, his Britannic majefty fhall advance to his abovementioned Imperial majefty by way of loan, the fum of 2,000,000l. fterling. This fum fhall be divided into three parts, and paid at three different periods, preferably in fpecie: fo that the first third of 666,6661. 13s. 4d. fhall be paid in the first days of the month of July; the fecond third of the like fum in the first days of September; and

remaining third days

of the month of December.

II. During the whole continu ance of the war, and during the fix months which fhall follow the con clufion of a peace between Austria and France, his Imperial majesty fhall not be bound to pay any interest upon the fum of two millions advanced, as ftipulated in the preceding article, Great Britain confenting to take this charge upon her own account until the period above mentioned. But on the expiration of the term of fix months after the conclufion of peace, his Imperial majefty fhall pay for the future to the British government, or to the individuals who fhall be pointed out by the British government, an annual rent or annual rents, making altogether

altogether the amount of the intereft of the two millions advanced, which intereft fhall be calculated at the fame rate as the intereft of the loan made on account of the British government in the prefent year. His Imperial majefty fhall moreover pay annually to the British government the fum of 20,000l. fterling at two periods, that is to fay, 10,000l. every fix months, which fum thall be employed in the fucceffive purchafe and reduction of the principal of the two millions, according to the method adopted by the British government in its own loans.

the enemy, in conformity to the conventions and capitulations concluded on this fubject by the king of Great Britain." His Britannic majefty fhall take the neceffary meafures for the farther reinforcement of the army of his Imperial majefty in Germany, by as great a number as poffible of Germah and Swifs troops.

V. Their Imperial and Britannic majefties engage, during the whole continuance of the prefent convention, not to make a feparate peace with the French republic, without the previous and exprefs confent of of each other. They engage likewife not to treat with the enemy, nor to receive from him any overtures either for a private peace, or for a general pacification, without making, mutually, communications of them with openness, and acting in every refpect in perfect concert.

VI. The duration of the prefent convention is fixed for the term of one year, to be computed from the 1ft of March, 1800, until the end of February, 1801. From the month of December, and immediately after the acquittal of the last payment of the ftipulated advances, the two high contracting parties fhall enter into deliberation and confidential explanation upon the determinations that they may think necessary to adopt for the future, according to circumstances, and their mutual convenience.

VII. The prefent convention fhall' be ratified in due form by their Imperial and Britannic majefties, and the refpective ratifications thall be exchanged at Vienna in the space of fix weeks, or tooner, if pollible,

In witnefs whereof, we, the underfigned, furnished with the full powers of their Imperial and Bri

III. Their Imperial and Britannic majefties mutually promife each other to carry on the war against the French republic, during the prefent campaign, with all poffible vigour; and to employ in it all their relpective means by land and fea, concerting together, as occafion fhall require, on the moft advantageous manner of reciprocally employing their forces by land and fea to the fupport of their operations againft the common enemy. His Imperial majefty fhall be careful to complete Lis armies of Germany and of Italy in proportion to the loffes which they have fuftained, in order always, as far as poffible, to act against the common enemy with the fame number of effective men, conformably to the statements which his Imperial majefty caused to be confidentially communicated to the British government on the opening of the campaign.

IV. The Bavarian troops, thofe of Wurtemberg, and the Swifs regiments in the pay of Great Britain, fhall be at the difpofal of his Imperial majesty, to form a part of his army in Germany, and to be employed there in operations againft

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