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Feet. Feet. 10. Lille Forder On a small rock or reef of 59 2 0 10 32 5 1 Steady

The whole year

Round iron tower 156 135 *1857
the same name, on the west



side of the inlet of the bay

white belt.
of Christiania.
11. Stavornsodden. On a point of the same name 58 59 30 10 4 30 1 Steady, with

2 From 15th of July to .do

102 1855
with the old marine har


the 1st of June. bor, “Fredericksvein,"

light. 12. Langotongen .. On the south point of Lango 58 59 45 9 45 50 1 Steady

The whole year..
Yellow painted

187 1839
island, at the inlet of Pors-

square tower.
grund and Skeen's bay.
13. Tompulana. On a large island of the same 58 52 10 9 36 15 1 Revolving .. Revolves every half 5


White round stone 135 873 1839 minute, with dark


intervals. 14. Strangholmen On a little island at the inlet 58 42 10 9 15 00 1 Steady light

do Placed on the bal- 343

1855 of Risoer.

cony of a wood15. Torungerne ... One light on the great island

en bnilding. of the same name, and one 58 24 5 8 47 45

N. 20 W., and s. 20 5

Both of them white 135

100 1844
light on the little island of 58 24 50 8 48 00

*2 Steady
E., 3,600 feet.

round stone tow.
the same name.

16. Sandrigsodden.. On the west side, at the inlet 58 26 30 8 47 251


Placed on the gable 44 181 1844 to the city of Arendal.

end of a yellow

painted house. 17. Oxó. On the west side of the Oxó 58 4 25 8 3 35 1 .do


White round stone


island, at the inlet to the

city of Christiansand.
18. Oddero.. On an island of the same 58 8 10 8 0 30 1 .do

24 Light towards the sea Wooden building 28 91 1832.
name in the bay of Christ-

the whole year, but is with umbrella

extinguished against roof in front.
the harbor from May

31 until August 1.
19. Lindesnaes On Cape Lindesnaes.. 57 59 0 7 3 0 1 Revolving. Revolves every min- 6

The whole year Red round iron tow. 165 33 01723
ute with dark inter-

er on the top of a
vals; can be seen

6-cornered white three miles off.

stone tower, In thick and cloudy weather à bell is rung every half hour during the day, and every quarter of an hour during the night,

Rebullt, 1853


The following is a summary statement of the number of emigrants, and of the tonnage and number of vessels in which they sailed, from the several ports of the consular district of the United States at Porsgrund, for the United States, via Quebec, during the year ended December 31, 1862: Number of vessels....


6, 1817
Number of emigrants :
Over 14 years

1, 301
Between 1 and 14.

123 Under 1 year...

23 Statement showing the relative importance of the several seaports of the King.

dom of Norway, and how they are rated commercially, during the year ended December 31, 1861, according to the government official report.

1. The table of commerce will show that, during the year 1861, the arrival of vessels to the port of Christiania was 1,557 of all classes ; tonnage, 227,1893 ; of which number 860 belonged to foreign nations. In the same year were cleared from this port no less than 1,087 vessels, of 171,881 tonnage, of which number 717 belonged to foreign nations.

2. At the port of Bergen there arrived, during the same year, 865 vessels, of 109,889 tonnage, of which number 511 belonged to foreign nations; and during the same year the number of vessels cleared from the port was 841, of 103,7971 tonnage, of which 463 vessels belonged to foreign nations.

3. At the port of Christiansand there arrived, during the year 1861, 751 vessels, of which number 264 belonged to foreign nations; while, during the same year, 814 vessels cleared from the port, of which number 324 belonged to foreign nations.

4. At the port of Drammen the custom-house will show that the number of vessels arrived in port was 729, of which 210 belonged to other nations; while, during the same year, there cleared from the port 818 vessels, of which 226 belonged to foreign nations.

5. The fifth port of importance, of commerce and shipping, is Arendal; the sixth is the port of Frederickstadt, the seventh is Slavanger, the eighth is Laurvig, the ninth is Tonsberg, the tenth is Kragero, the eleventh is Sarpsberg, the twelfth is Frederickshald, the thirteenth is Brevig, the fourteenth is Throudhjem or Drouthem, the fifteenth is Osterrisoer, the sixteenth is Skeen, and the seven

Porsgrund, the most important commercial seaport in the kingdom. During the year 1861 there arrived at this port 211 vessels, of 49,798 tonnage, of which number 20 vessels belonged to foreign nations. During the same year there cleared from this port 266 vessels, of 55,1151 tonnage, of which number 37 vessels belonged to foreign nations, principally appertaining to the kingdom of Denmark.

The remaining twenty-six seaports in the kingdom are of less importance, and of which number the port of Levanger is the least of all as a shipping port. During the year 1861 no vessel arrived at that port, while in the same year 7 vessels, of 866 tonnage, were cleared.



DecemBER 29, 1863. On the receipt of despatch No. 15 I submitted it to a custom-house broker, who informs me that, strictly construed, the laws of Russia prohibit the importation of articles hermetically sealed, but that it is the practice of importers to make no declaration as to the mode of packing; in which case fruits and other articles, put up in air-tight packages, are admitted, after an examination, at a duty of ten per cent. So long as the government relies upon the custom-house examination, it is presumed that no smaller amount would be considered a sufficient safeguard. It is not improbable, however, that if the attention of the imperial ministry should be directed to the subject by the United States minister, they would substitute some other form of verification for the present mode by examination.


December 31, 1862. No American vessels have visited this port during the fourth quarter

of 1862.

The business of Odessa continues to be dull.

FEBRUARY 21, 1863. I enclose herewith a tabular statement showing the principal exports from the whole of Russia, from all the southern ports, and from Odessa alone, during the five years from 1857 to 1862.

From this it appears that three hundred and sixteen millions and a quarter of bushels of grain have been sent from Russia during the five years. Of this amount one hundred and sixty-eight millions of bushels have been sent from all the southern ports, and eighty-nine millions of bushels from Odessa alone.

During the same time the quantity of wheat exported, it appears, has been (to consider that article by itself) from all Russia about one hundred and twenty millions of bushels; froin the ports of the Azoff and Black seas about ninetyfive millions of bushels, and from Odessa alone thirty-six inillions of bushels.

Of tallow, it appears that six hundred and forty-six millions of pounds have been exported in the five years from all Russia; ninety-eight millions of pounds from the ports of the south, and sixty-eight millions of pounds from Odessa alone.

One hundred and ninety-eight millions of pounds of wool have been exported in the same time from all Russia; ninety-one millions of pounds from the southern ports, and forty-four millions of pounds from Odessa alone.

The total value of all Russian products exported during the same time, from all Russia, is eight hundred and twenty-eight millions of roubles; from all the southern ports two hundred and seventy-one millions, and from Odessa alone one hundred and forty-seven millions of roubles. (See statement No. 2.)

March 2, 1863.

I enclose a translation of an article from the Odessa Journal, relating to the obstacles in the way of telegraphic communication in the neighborhood of the sea of Azoff. Strong winds blowing, and accumulations of ice from the damp atmosphere gathering upon the wires, break them and tear off the insulations, rendering telegraphic operations, a great portion of the time, impossible.

I also enclose seven statistical tables, showing, in the first, the quantity of grain in store at Odessa January 1, 1863; in the second, the quantity of wool and tallow in store at the same time; in the third, account of sales of grain upon the market during the year 1862; in the fourth, quantity of different kinds of grain exported, and its destination, during the year 1862; in the fifth, quantity of wool and of tallow exported in 1862, and its destination; in the sixth, num

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ber and nationality of vessels and steamers cleared during the year 1862; in the seventh, quantity of grain brought into Odessa during the year 1862.

From these tables it would seem that the produce trade in 1861 was at least fifty per cent. greater than in 1862.

It appears from a note published in the Northern Post that this winter the telegraph line established along the coast of the sea of Azoff, from Novotcherkask to Kherson, as also the southern portion of the line going from Marioupol to Bakhmout, in the government of Catherinoslav, have frequently suffered from the effects of the wind, which blows with extreme violence in those regions, absolutely destitute of all kinds of trees. Similar accidents have been produced in former winters. Another circumstance concurs in making difficult the telegraphic service over these lines.

On the coasts of the sea of Azoff the atmosphere is all the time loaded with watery vapors, (or fogs,) which are condensed quickly from the action of cold, and, deposited upon the conducting wires, form upon them large pieces of ice, the weight of which breaks the wires, and tears off the thiek iron hooks of the isolators, (or insulators.) It is hardly possible to overcome the obstacles which arise for telegraphing under consideration of climate so unfavorable.

The repair of the damaged wires offers the greatest difficulties, and demands a considerable time; so that the transmission of despatches is, in accidents of this kind, suspended. These interruptions are generally of sufficiently long duration.

No. 1.

Tabular statement showing the quantities of grain and other cereals in store at

the port of Odessa January 1, 1863.

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No. 2.

Tabular statement showing the wool and tallow in the hands of producers and

cxporters at the port of Odessa on the first of January, 1863.

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Tabular statement showing the sales of grain at the port of Odessa for the

year ended December 31, 1862.

Wheat (soft)....
Wheat of Sandomirka
Wheat of Ghirka.
Wheat (flint).
Oleaginous grains

Chetwerts. 542, 300

71,000 356, 050

65, 800 159, 600 130, 600 139, 400

6, 400 116, 850


1,588, 000

No. 4.

Tabular statement showing the exportations of agricultural products from the

port of Odessa for the year ended December 31, 1862.


60, 8283 776, 591

Chetrerts. Chet. Chet. Chet. Black sea and Constanti

Chet. Chet. Chet, Chet. Chet. nople..

21, 810
4, 835

810 Mediterranean and Adri.

3197 30, 296 2,758 atic..

640, 318 4,788 34, 676 23, 681 Great Britain

14, 459

8,163 1, 265 49,241 649, 095 39, 023 254, 917 157, 862 710 Continent.

4,702 11, 297 126, 546 1, 244, 152 15, 350 84,657


979 Portugal..


134, 753 28, 263

5, 910

2,500 Norway

36, 673 65, 555

65, 555 Total..

1, 354, 836 198, 858 296, 313 189, 810 15, 169 14,16342,858 206, 545 2,318, 5525

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