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composition of the original Hebrew. The result of this criterion appears, upon comparison, not to differ much from the notion entertained by some learned persons, who in some late publications have given a metrical appearance to the prophetical writings; we mean bishop Lowth, archbishop Newcome, and Dr. Blayney. The principal difference we have observed between them and Mr. R. seems to be this: what Mr. R. states in a metrical form, is generally so given by those learned persons; but many passages, we observe, that are put in a metrical form by them, are printed as prose by Mr. R. We do not presume to decide between them; but, we cannot help remarking, that, upon the whole, Mr. R. seems to have taken the safer course, in such an intricate way; for his metre, after all, is only the established verses in our common Bibles, and therefore open to none of the criticism, to which the verses, or rather lines of those learned persons are subject. Mr. R. bas endeavoured to show us, what is metrical, without undertaking to pronounce what is the metre.
The following are instances of metre distinguished by Mr. R. from prose, in writings that have not undergone the learned la- . bours of the above mentioned biblical critics; in Job i. 13.
“13 And there was a day when his sons and his daugh- Satan destroys bers were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's Job's cattle house: 14 and there came a messenger unto Job, and said, and childrenr. The oxen were plowing, and the asses feeding beside them: 15 and the Sabeans fell upon them, and took them away: yea, they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. 16 While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The fire of God is fallen from heaven, and hath burned up the sheep, and the servants, and consumed them ; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. 17 While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The Chaldeans made out three bands, and fell upon the camels, and have carried them away, yea, and slain the servants with the edge of the sword ; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. 18 While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, Thy sons and thy daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's house: 19 and, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee, '20 Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped, 21 and said,
“Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away ; bless
ed be the name of the LORD. 22 In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly."
Again in Ecclesiastes, ix. 13. Piety teaches “ This wisdom have I seen also under the sun, and it us to to see seemed great unto me: 14 There was a little city, and few that prudence men within it; and there came a great king against it, and should direct besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it: 15 Wow us in the ma- there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisnagement of dom delivered the city ; yet no man remembered that same affairs.
poor man. 16 Then saidī, Wisdom is better than strength: nevertheless, the poor man's wisdom is despised, and his words are not heard.
« 17 The words of wise men are heard in quiet more than the cry of him that ruleth among fools.
“18 Wisdom is better than weapons of war:
destroyeth much good.
“2 A wise man's heart is at his right hand;
but a fool's heart at his left." Again, Ecclesiastes, xi. 7. Lastly it “ Truly the light is sweet, and a pleasant thing it is for teaches to live the eyes to behold the sun : 8 But if a man live many years, piously from and rejuice in them all ; yet let him remember the days our very of darkness ; for they shall be many. All that cometh is "youth. vanity. 9. Rejoice. I young man, in thy youth; and let
thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes; but know thou, that for all these things God will bring thee into judgment. 10 Therefore remove sorrow from thy neart, and put away evil from thy flesh: for childhood and youth are vanity.
Chap XII Remember now thy creator in the cavs of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them ;
** 2 While the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain :
“3 in the day when the keepers of the house shailtremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the wit dows be darkened,
“4 And the door shall be shit in the streets, when the sound of the grinding is low, and he shail rise up at the voice of the bird, and all the daughters of music shall be brought low;
"5 Also when they shall be asraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish, and the grasshopper shall be a burden, and desire shall fail: because man goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets;
“6 Or ever the silver cord be loosed, or the golden bowl be broken, or the pitcher be bro
ken at the fountain, or the wheel broken at
“7 Then shall the dust return to the earth
God who gave it. “8 Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher; all is vanity. Solomon en. 9 And moreover, because the Preacher was wise, he still forces thé obtaught the people knowledge ; yea, he gave good heed, servance of and sought out, and he set in order many proverbs. 10 The these instruePreacher sought to find out acceptable words: and that tions, which was written was upright, even words of truth. 11 The words of the wise are as goads, and as nails fastened by the masters of assemblies, which are given from one shepherd. 12 And further, by these, my son, be admonished; of making many books there is no end ; and much study is a weariness of the flesh.”
The foregoing passages exhibit completely the effect of Mr. R.'s division into paragraphs, and the distinction he has made between prose and metre; the other characteristic of this novel edition of the Bible is the divisions into sections. These sections are made cor formably with the natural division of the matter, and have the effect of presenting portions of scripture, whether historical, prophetical, or doctrinal, that contain in themselves a complete whole; they stand at the head of each division in the following manner : "SECTION I.- Of the Creation of the visible world, and the orderly
formation of the several parts thereof in six days' time : Chap. i, ii. A. C. 4004.
"CHAP. I. In the beginning God created the heaven of the Creaand the earth. 2 And the earth was without form and void; tion. and darkess was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters
*** 3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was The work of light. 4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and the first day. God divided the light from the darkness. 5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.'
So in the prophecy of Isaiah. “SECTION III.-Containing such prophecies as were revealed to Isaiah
in the reign of Ahaz. Chap. vii.-xii. A. c. 745—730. "CHAP. VII. And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz They are prethe son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that mised deliverRezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, ance from the king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against forces of Syria it, but could not prevail against it. 2 And it was told the and Israel, and house of David, saying, Syria is confederate with Ephraim. the end of And his heart was moved, and the heart of his people, as those kingthe trees of the wood, are moved with the wind. 3 Then doms is fore. said the LORD unto Isaiah, Go forth now to meet Ahaz, told. thou, and Shearjashub thy son, at the end of the conduit of the upper pool of the highway of the fuller's field ; 4 And say unto him,
“Take heed, and be quiet; fear not, neither be fainthearted for the two tails of these smking firebrands, for the fierce anger of Rezin
with Syria, and of the son of Remaliah.” So in the apostolical writings, as in the epistle to the Hebrews. " SECTION II.-He proceeds to prove the excellency of the Christian re
ligion above the Jewish. by shewing the pre-eminence of Christ above
Moses. Chap. iii. iv. 1.” * SECTION III.-He shews, by the way, the pre-eminence of Jesus above
Joshua, who brought the Israelites into the promised land. Chap. iv.
2--13." " Section IV.- He proceeds to show the pre-eminence of Christ above
Aaron, or any other high priest of the Jewish church. Chap. iv. 14 vii. 5."
The historical books of the Old Testament are divided into sections, that are numbered in regular series from the beginning of Genesis to the end of Esther; this order is interrupted by the necessity there was of notifying, that the book of Esther should, in order of time, he introduced in the middle of Ezra ; this is done by numbering the sections of Esther, as if they were really so placed; the series then goes on to the end of Nehemiah, which was the last written of all the historical books, and indeed of all the books of the Old Testament. Another exception to this series of historical sections is the two books of Chronicles, which, containing a repetition of the story already told in other books, particularly those of Samuel and Kings, are divided, very properly, into distinct sections of their own. As these sections coincide with parallel sections in Samuel and Kings, and notice is generally given of such parallelism, they contribute to bring before the reader this part of the scriptural history, in the clearest manner; a part, which, in our common Bibles, has always seemed to us the most involved and perplexing, and greatly to need the disentanglement which is here effected by Mr. R.'s method.
After the bistorical books are brought to form a continued series of history from the creation, to the building of the second temple, the other books, both of the Old and New Testament and also of the Apocrypha, are divided into sections of their own, distinct from one another. Perhaps none of the sacred books have derived more advantage from this sectional division, than the prophecies of Jeremiah. It seems, these writings are agreed by the best critics to be misplaced, but the order, in which they ought to stand, has been tolerably well ascertained. Mr. R, has contrived to reduce them to this order, by mcans of his sections, without disturb
ing the series of chapters. Another part, where the utility of this sectional division is particularly distinguished, is the four Gospels; these seem to be harmonized, in a new manner, by means of the sections, into which each is divided; the sections of each gospel comprehend a period between one passover and another, and thus preserve an exact parallelism in the narratives of the four evangelists.
What we say upon this publication is confined wholly to the text of the Bible; it might be added, that the notes, which Mr. R. has compiled on the Old Testament and the New, and subjoined to each volume, conspire with the new form of the text, to make the reading of scripture still more intelligible and easy.
Upon the whole, comparing the execution with the design, as set forth by Mr. R in his preface (to which, and the discussions therein contained, we again refer the reader) we have no hesita:ion to declare our opinion, that he has succeeded in accomplishing what he proposed; namely, to furnish the public with a more convenient, more intelligent, and altogether a more useful ana readable Bible than we have yet had. After this, it can be no longer objected, that the Bible is an anomalous book both in size and fashion ; not easily lifted, and still less easy to read ; for we may now take a part of it only from the shelf, like a volume of any English writer, and may pursue the siudy of any one among the holy penmen, without being incommoded with the remainder of that bulky collection of sacred w itings. It can no longer be complained, that there is one undistinguishing sameness in the text of the Bible, and that 100 a saineness which revolts rather than invites the reader, we mean the division into verses; for the text is now distinguished, according to its true nature, into prose, and metre ; this variety strikes the eye, at the first opening of a volume, and the reader is enabled to chuse the style of composition, that suits best with the present temper of his mind : again, when he has made his choice, he can easily collect the complete whole of the subject before him, by means of the sectional heads, and marginal abstracts of the paragraphs. Whether we consider the instruction, or amusement, of the reader, we are bound to say, that the holy scriplures, in all their parts, appear to us to be laid before the public, in this edition of them, with a perspicuity of order, and discrimination of parts, that must attract and detain every person of judgment and taste. We have now a rational and readable Bible; and there is