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Officious, and not valiant-you have sham'd me In your condemned seconds.

[Exeunt fighting, driven in by Marcius.



The Roman Camp. Alarum. A Retreat is sounded. Flourish. Enter at one side, COMINIUS, and Romans; at the other side, MARCIUS, with his Arm in a Scarf, and other Romans.

Com. If I should tell thee o’er this thy day's


' you have sham'd me

In your condemned seconds.] For condemned, we may read contemned. You have, to my shame, sent me help which I despise. Johnson.

Why may we not as well be contented with the old reading, and explain it, You have, to my shame, sent me help, which I must condemn as intrusive, instead of applauding it as necessary? Mr. M. Mason proposes to read second instead of seconds ; but the latter is right. So, King Lear: “ No seconds? all myself?”

STEEVENS. We have had the same phrase in the fourth scene of this play: “ Now prove good seconds !" MALONE.

9 If I should tell thee &c.] So, in the old translation of Plutarch: “ There the consul Cominius going up to his chayer of state, in the presence of the whole armie, gaue thankes to the goddes for so great, glorious, and prosperous a victorie: then he spake to Martius, whose valliantnes he commended beyond the moone, both for that he him selfe sawe him doe with his eyes, as also for that Martius had reported vnto him. So in the ende he willed Martius, he should choose out of all the horses they had taken of their enemies, and of all the goodes they had wonne (whereof there was great store) tenne of euery sorte which he likest best, before any distribution should be made to other. Be

Thou'lt not believe thy deeds : but I'll report it, Where senators shall mingle tears with smiles; Where great patricians shall attend, and shrug, I'the end, admire; where ladies shall be frighted, And, gladly quak’d,' hear more; where the duli

Tribunes, That, with the fusty plebeians, hate thine honours, Shall say, against their hearts,-We thank the gods, Our Rome hath such a soldier !Yet cam'st thou to a morsel of this feast, Having fully dined before.

Enter Titus LARTIUS, with his Power, from the



O general, Here is the steed, we the caparison: Hadst thou beheld

MAR. Pray now, no more : my mother,

sides this great honorable offer he had made him, he gaue him in testimonie that he had wonne that daye the price of prowes above all other, a goodly horse with a capparison, and all furnitúre to him : which the whole armie beholding, dyd marvelously praise and commend. But Martius stepying forth, told the consul, he most thanckefully accepted the gifte of his horse, and was a glad man besides, that his seruice had deserued his generalls commendation; and as for his other offer, which was rather a mercenary reward, than an honourable recompence, he would none of it, but was contented to haue his equall parte with other souldiers.” STEEVENS.

| And, gladly quak’d,] i. e. thrown into grateful trepidation.

To quake is used likewise as a verb active by T. Heywood, in his Silver Age, 1613:

We'll quake them at that bar

“ Where all souls wait for sentence." STEEVENS. . Here is the steed, we the caparison :] This is an odd encomium. The meaning is, this man performed the action, and we only filled up the show. Johnson.

Who has a charter to extols her blood,
When she does praise me, grieves me. I have done,
As you have done; that's what I can; induc'd
As you have been; that's for my country:*
He, that has but effected his good will,
Hath overta'en mine act. 5

You shall not be
The grave of your deserving; Rome must know
The value of her own: 'twere a concealment
Worse than a theft, no less than a traducement,
To hide your doings, and to silence that,
Which, to the spire and top of praises vouch'd,
Would seem but modest: Therefore, I beseech you,
(In sign of what you are, not to reward

you have done,') before our army hear me. MAR. I have some wounds upon me, and they

smart To hear themselves remember'd, Сом. .

Should they not,"


- a charter to extol-) A privilege to praise her own son.


that's for my country:] The latter word is used here, as in other places, as a trisyllable. See Vol. IV. p. 201, n. 5.

MALONE. * He, that hath but effected his good will,

Hath overta'en mine act.] That is, has done as much as I
have done, inasmuch as my ardour to serve the state is such that
I have never been able to effect all that I wish’d.
So, in Macbeth:

“ The flighty purpose never is o'ertook,
“ Unless the deed goes with it." MALONE.

not to reward
What you have done,)] So, in Macbeth:
“ To herald thee into his sight, not pay


STEEVENS * Should they not, ] That is, not be remembered. JOHNSON.


Well might they fester 'gainst ingratitude,
And tent themselves with death. Of all the horses,
(Whereof we have ta'en good, and good store,) of

The treasure, in this field achiev'd, and city,
We render you the tenth; to be ta'en forth,
Before the common distribution, at
Your only choice.

I thank you, general;
But cannot make my heart consent to take
A bribe to pay my sword: I do refuse it;
And stand upon my common part with those
That have beheld the doing.
[A long Flourish. They all cry, Marcius !

Marcius! cast up their Caps and Lances :

COMINIUS and LARTIUS stand bare. MAR. May these same instruments, which you

profane, Never sound more! When drums and trumpets


- When drums and trumpets shall &c.] In the old copy:
“ when drums and trumpets shall
“ 'the field prove flatterers, let courts and cities be
“ Made all of false-fac'd soothing.
« When steel grows soft as the parasite's silk,

“ Let him be made an overture for the wars:”All here is miserably corrupt and disjointed. We should read the whole thus :

- when drums and trumpets shall
['th' field prove flatterers, let camps, as cities,
Be made of false-fac'd soothing! When steel grows
Soft as the parasite's silk, let hymns be made

An overture for the wars! The thought is this, If one thing changes its usual nature to a thing most opposite, there is no reason but that all the rest which depend on it should do so too. [If drums and trumpets prove flatterers, let the camp bear the false face of the city.] And if another changes its usual nature, that its opposite should do so too.

l'the field prove flatterers, let courts and cities be Made all of false fac'd soothing ! When steel grows

[When steel softens to the condition of the parasite's silk, the peaceful hymns of devotion should be employed to excite to the charge.] Now, in the first instance, the thought, in the common reading, was entirely lost by putting in courts for camps; and the latter miserably involved in nonsense, by blundering hymns into him. WARBURTON,

The first part of the passage has been altered, in my opinion, unnecessarily by Dr. Warburton; and the latter not so happily, I think, as he often conjectures. In the latter part, which only I mean to consider, instead of him, (an evident corruption) he substitutes hymns; which perhaps may palliate, but certainly has not cured, the wounds of the sentence. I would propose an alteration of two words:

when steel

grows “ Soft as the parasite's silk, let this [i. e. silk] be made

“ A coverture for the wars!" The sense will then be apt and complete. When steel grows soft as silk, let armour be made of silk instead of steel.

TYRWHITT. It should be remembered, that the personal him, is not unfrequently used by our author, and other writers of his age, instead of it, the neuter; and that overture, in its musical sense, is not so ancient as the age of Shakspeare. What Martial has said of Mutius Scævola, may however be applied to Dr. Warburton's proposed emendation;

Si non errasset, fecerat ille minus.STEEVENS. Bullokar, in his English Expositor, 8vo. 1616, interprets the word Overture thus: “ An overturning; a sudden change.” The latter sense suits the present passage sufficiently well, understanding the word him to mean it, as Mr. Steevens has very properly explained it. When steel grows soft as silk, let silk be suddenly converted to the use of war,

We have many expressions equally licentious in these plays. By steel Marcius means a coat of mail. So, in King Henry VI. P. III:

“ Shall we go throw away our coats of steel,

“ And wrap our bodies in black mourning gowns ?". Shakspeare has introduced a similar image in Romeo and Juliet:

" Thy beauty hath made me effeminate,

And in my temper soften’d valour's steel.Overture, I have observed since this note was written, was

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