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44 me,

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Thou art Simon the son of Jóna: thou shalt be call-

ed Cephas, which is by interpretation, a stone (r). 43 The day following, Jesus would go forth into Ga. lilee, and findeth Philip, and faith unto him, Follow

Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of An45 drew and Peter, Philip findeth Nathanael, and faith

unto him, We have found him of whom Moses in

the law, and the prophets did write, Jelus of Naza46 reth, the son of Jofeph. And Nathanael said unto

him, Can there any good thing come out of Naza47 reth (s) ? Philip faith unto him, Come, and see. Jesus

saw Nathanael coming to him, and faith of him,

Behold an Ifraelite indeed, in whom is no guile (t). 48 Nathanael faith unto him, Whence knowest thou

me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before that

Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig49 tree, I saw thee (u). Nathanael answered and faith

unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God, thou art 50 the King of Israel. Jesus answered and said unto

him, Because I said unto thee, I saw thee under the

fig-tree, believest thou? thou shalt see greater things 51 than these.

And he saith unto him, Verily, verily I say unto you, Hereafter you shall fee heaven open, and the angels of God (w) ascending and descending upon the Son of inan.

(v) Cephas is the same as Peter, and signifies a Rock. (s) See Chap. vii. 41. 52.

(1) A sincere upright man, such as every one that profeseth the true religion ought to be.

(u) I saw thy actions, and thy heart.

(w) The angels of God were always obedient to his orders, and Sometimes visibly attended on him, particularly at his resurrectioa and ascendon.

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A ND the third day (a) there was a marriage in Cana

of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2 And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the 3 marriage. And when they wanted wine, the mother 4 of Jesus faith unto him, They have no wine. Jesus

faith unto her, Woman (5), what have I to do with 5 thee? mine hour is not yet come.

His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he faith unto you, do 6 it. And there were set there fix (c) water-pots of

stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, 7 containing two or three firkins a piece. Jesus saith

unto them, Fill the water-pots with water. And 8 they filled them up to the brim. And he faith unto

them, Draw out (d) now, and bear unto the gover-9 nor of the feast. And they bare it. When the ruler

of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine,
and knew not whence it was (but the servants which

drew the water knew), the governor of the feast 1o called the bridegroom, And faith unto him, Every

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(a) The third day after his discourse with Nathanael; or perhaps the third day of the marriage feast, which usually continued eight days.

(6) The expression of woman, in the antient languages, conveys no idea of disrespect, but is used to ladies of the first rank, and even i9 queens.

This is an affair in which you are no way concerned ; leave it therefore to me, and I will choose a proper time for it.

(c) The water-pots were set there, that the guests might wash their hands before they made their meal, which is still the conítane practice of the Jews.

The Syrian firkin held somewhat more than seven pints of our measure,

(d) Thus did our Lord graciously provide wine sufficient for a large company (the rest of the eight days.)

But in those countries, 'It is to be observed, wine was not only a liquor used for pleasure, but the common drink, as beer is with us. N 2

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man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and
when men have well (e) drunk, then that which is
worse : but thou hast kept the good wine until now.
This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of
Galilee, and inanifested forth his glory; and his dir-

ciples believed on him.
12 After this, he went down to Capernaum, he, and

his mother, and his brethren, and his difciples; and

they continued there not many days. '13

Ánd the Jews paffover was' at hand, and Jesus 14 went up to Jerusalem, And found in the (f) temple

those that fold oxen, and sheep, and doves, and the 15 changers of money, fitting: And when he had made

a fcourge of small cords, he drove them all out of
the temple, and the sheep and the oxen; and poured

out the changers money, and overthrew the tables ; 26 And said unto them that fold doves, Take these

things hence; make not my Father's house an house 17 of merchandize. And his difciples remembered that

it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten

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me up.

18 Then answered the Jews, and said unto him,

What sign Thewest thou unto us, seeing that thou ro doeft these things ? Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will up

Then said the Jews, Forty and lix years was this temple in building (8), and wilt thou rear it up 21 in three days ? But he spake of the temple of his

-20 raise it

(e) It is not to be imagined, that there was any excess in drinking in our blesed Lord's presence. The expression well drunk in this place, cannot possibly imply more than being cheerful within the bounds of fobriety, and the original word is often so used in other authors.

) Places dedicated to the fervice of God ought not to be put to any profane and common use, but treated with suitable reverence and respect.

ig) It had been forty-six years in building, from the time when it was begun by Herod, to the time of this discourse with the Jews:

22 body.

22 body (b). · When therefore he was risen from the

dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them: and they believed the scripture (i), and

the word which Jesus had said. 23 Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover,

in the feast day, many believed in his name (k), when 24 they saw the miracles which he did. But Jesus did

not commit himself unto them(1), because he knew all. 25 men, And needed not that any should testify of

man: for he knew what was in man.

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сн А Р. III. THERE was a man of the Pharisees, named Nico- .

demus, a ruler of the Jews (a): The same came to Jefus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man

can do thofe miracles that thou doeft, except God be 3 with him. Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily,

verily I say unto thee, except a man be born again, 4 he cannot see the kingdom of God. Nicodemus faith

unto him, How can a man be born when he is old?

can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, 5 and be born? Jefus answered, Verily, verily I say

1 unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of

the Spirit (b), he cannot enter into the kingdom of 6 God. That which is born of the flesh, is flesh; and 7 that which is born of the Spirit, is ípirit. Marvel

(h) See Matt. xxvii. 40. (i) What was told in fcripture of the death and resurrection of Chrift.

(k) Many believed him to be the Messiah.

(1) Jesus did not trust them so far as to profess himfe]f the Melo fiah ; because he foresaw that such a declaration might have exalperated the Jews, and hastened his destruction before the time.

(a) One of their great council called the Sanhedrim.

(6) The birth I-am speaking of is not a natural but a spiritual birth, reprefented by baptism, and effected by the holy Spirit.

not.

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not that I said unto thec, Ye must be born again, 8 The wind bloweth where it lifteth, and thou hearest

the found thereof; but canst not tell whence it cometh and whither it goeth : fo is every one that is born of 9 the Spirit(c). Nicodemus answered and said unto him, Jo How can these things be? Jesus answered and said

unto him, Art thou a master of Israel, and knowelt II not these things ? Verily, verily I say unto thee, We

speak that we do know, and testify that we have 12 feen; and ye receive not our witness. If I have told

you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ve 13 believe if I tell you of heavenly things? And no

man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came
down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in

heaven (a), 14

And as Mofes lifted up the serpent in the wilder15 nefs, even so must the Son of man be lifted up (c): That

whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, but

have eternal life. 16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only

begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him, should 17 not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent

not his Son into the world to condemn the world;
but that the world through him might be saved (f).

() The wind blows without any controul or direction from us: it is known only by its effects : fu likewise are the influences of the holy Spirit of God secret and invisible, being entirely internal, and known to others only by the temper and disposition they inspire.

(d) No man hath gone up into heaven to search into the secret counsels of God; and therefore no man can reveal them but the Son, who came down from heaven, and in his divine nature is continually present there.

(è) Meaning that he should die on a cross. See Chap. xviii. 32.

f) The end of Christ's coming into the world. was the falvation of mankind. If it has not that effect, it is their own fault; for if they will embrace and obey the Gospel, they will escape con,

.. demnation.

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