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afford amount amygdaloid appearance bands base bearing beds belt boulders calc-spar called Carp river cause character clay cliffs coast Company composed conglomerate considerable consists containing continuous copper course covered deposites depth described direction distance district drift east elevation epidote evidence exhibit explorations extended falls feet fissures four granite Harbor height hills hundred inches indicate iron island Isle Royale Keweenaw Point known Lake Superior land latter length less limited lode mass materials means metal Michigan miles mineral mines mountains native copper nearly northern northwest numerous observed occur passed places Portage portion position present quarter quartz range regarded region ridge rises river rock rounded sand sandstone seen shaft shore side silver slope southern stream surface terraces thickness township traced trap vein walls whole width
Página 9 - The groves were God's first temples. Ere man learned To hew the shaft, and lay the architrave, And spread the roof above them — ere he framed The lofty vault, to gather and roll back The sound of anthems ; in the darkling wood, Amid the cool and silence, he knelt down, And offered to the Mightiest solemn thanks And supplication.
Página 209 - Fault, in the language of miners, is the sudden interruption of the continuity of strata in the same plane, accompanied by a crack or fissure varying in width from a mere line to several feet, which is generally filled with broken stone, clay, &c.
Página 7 - I have seen several such pieces in the hands of savages; and since they are very superstitious, they esteem them as divinities, or as presents given to them to promote their happiness by the gods who dwell beneath the water. For this reason they preserve these pieces of copper wrapped with their most precious articles.
Página 54 - The temperature of the water of Lake Superior, during the summer, a fathom or two below the surface, is but a few degrees above the freezing point. In the western portion the water is much colder than in the eastern — the surface flow becoming warmer as it advances toward the outlet.
Página 149 - He saw numerous evidences to convince him that this was an artificial excavation, and at a subsequent day, with the assistance of two or three men, proceeded to explore it. In clearing out the rubbish they found numerous stone hammers, showing plainly that they were the mining implements of a rude race. At the bottom of the excavation they found a vein with ragged projections of copper, which the ancient miners had not detached.
Página 119 - It is on the rivers, and the boatman may repose on his oars ; it is in highways, and begins to exert itself along the courses of land conveyance ; it is at the bottom of mines, -a thousand feet below the earth's surface ; it is in the mill, and in the workshops of the trades. It rows, it pumps, it excavates, it carries, it draws, it lifts, it hammers, it spins, it weaves, it prints.
Página 149 - The earth was so packed around the copper as to give it a firm support. The ancient miners had evidently raised it about five feet and then abandoned the work as too laborous. They had taken off every projecting point which was accessible, so that the exposed surface was smooth.
Página 120 - ... fortunate circumstance, not only to the company, but to the whole mining interest on Lake Superior. It gave encouragement to those engaged in these pursuits, and induced them to persevere. It also demonstrated the true source from which the loose masses occasionally found on the lake shore had been derived. It demolished the fanciful theory advanced by at least one geologist as to the transport of the...
Página 149 - When he had penetrated to the depth of eighteen feet, he came to a mass of native copper ten feet long, three feet wide, and nearly two feet thick, and weighing over six tons. On digging around it the mass was found to rest on billets of oak, supported by sleepers of the same material. This wood...