Imágenes de páginas


Part of the head is what I'd first reveal,
And next, what does that useful part conceal;
An insect these, when join'd together make,
Whose powers both the sexes much mistake.

When vessels do ride
On the deep briny tide,
My first presides over their motion;

My second to make,

A French article take,
My whole is a man of devotion.

My first's a month when joys abound

Upon the verdant plain;
My last's, a thing that's tall and small,

And stands quite straight amain:
My whole's a place where swains retreat,
Their lovely mistresses to meet.

My first is a plant

You'll every one grant,
With ladies in eminent use;

Of a fruit with stone heart,
My second's a part,
My whole will a tutor produce.

A fatal passion first explore,

Transpose it then with care,
A piece of kitchen furniture

It straightway will declare.
Transpose again, without demur

Once farther if you please,
'Twill shew a female character
In one of Shakespeare's plays.


Electuary for a Cough. TAKE of aniseed, liquorice, and elecampane powders, each half an ounce; of diapente, a quarter of an ounce; jalap powder, one dram ; mix them in a quarter of a pound of treacle or honey, and take a tea spoonful night and morning. This remedy has been found, by forty years' experience, particularly efficacious in a cough of long standing, but must not be used for one which arises from a recent cold.

Balsamic Elixir for Cough and Consumption. Take a pint of old rum, two ounces of balsam of tolu, an ounce and a half of Strasburg turpentine, an oupce of powdered extract of Catechu, formerly called Japan earth, half an ounce of gum guaiacam, and half an ounce of balsain of copaiva. Mix them well together in a bottle; and keep it near the fire, closely corked, for ten days, shaking it frequently during that time. Afterwards let it stand iwo days to seuile, and pour off the clear for use. Half a pint of rum may be poured over the dregs; and, being done in the same manner, for ten or twelve days, as the first, will produce more elixir, and equally good. The dose may be from fifty to a hundred or iwo bundred drops, according to the urgency of the case, taken twice or thrice a day, in a wine glass of water.

Lozenges of Marshmallows, for Coughs. Clean and scrape roots of marshmallows freshly taken out of the earth ; boil them in pure water till they become quite soft, take them from their decoction, beat them in a marble mortar to the consistence of a smooth paste, and place it at the top of an inverted sieve, to obtain all the pulp which can be forced through it with a wooden spoon. Boil a pound and a half of loaf sugar in six or seven ounces of rose water, to a good solid consistence : whisk it up, off the fire, with a quarter of a pound of the marshmallow pulp: after which, place it over a gentle heat, to dry.up ihe moisture, stirring it all the time; and when a good paste is formed, empty it on paper brushed over with oil of sweet almonds, roll it out with a rolling pin, and cut it into lozenges with a tin lozenge cutter. These lozenges are adapted to sheathe and sofien the acrimony by which the cough is excited, and to promote expectoration. For these purposes, a small lozenge must often be gradually melted in the mouth. Marshmallow lozenges are often made by beating the roots to a pulp, pounding them with pulverized sugar to a paste, rolling and cutting it out, and drying them in the shade.

The compound lozenges of marshmallows, celebrated for curing inveterate coughs, the asthma, and even consumption of the lungs, are thus made: Take two ounces of the pulp of boiled marshmallow roots; three drams each of white poppy seeds, Florentine iris, liquorice, and powdered gum tragacanth. Pound the white poppy seeds, iris, and liquorice together, and then add the powdered iragacanth. Having boiled a pound of loaf sugar, dissolved in rose water, to a sirup of a good consistence; mix into it, off the fire, first the pulp, and then the powders, to compose the paste; which must be rolled out on oiled paper, and cut into lozenges, in the same manner as the former.

Pills, for a Cough. Take of Ruffus's pill, four scruples'; storax pill, one scruple; tartar of vitriol in fine powder, and squills in powder, ten graips each; chemical oil of camomile, ten drops ; sirup of saffron, enough to make it up. Make it into twenty-four pills, and take two or three every third pight. On the intermediate days take a tea spoonful of the following tincture every four hours, wasbing it down with three table spoonfuls of the pectoral mixture.

Take conserve of roses and bips, each two ounces; pectoral sirup and sirup of violets, of each half an ounce; spermaceti, three drams; oil of almonds, sis drams; confection of alkermes, half an ounce; genuine balm of Gilead, two drams; true oil of cinnamon, six drops ; acid elixir of vitriol, two drams. Mix them well together.

For the pectoral mixture, take febrifuge elixir, four ounces ; pectoral decoction, a quart"; balsainic sirup, three ounces; Mynsicht's elixir of vitriol, three dranıs, or as much as will make it gratefully acid.

Camphorated or Paregoric Elixir, Take of flowers of benzoin, half an ounce; opium, two drams. Infuse in one pound of the volatile aromatic spirit, for four or five days, frequently shaking the bottle ; afterwards strain the elixir. This is an agreeable and safe way of administeriug opium. It eases pain, allavs tickling coughs, relieves difficuli breathing, and is useful in many disorders of children, particularly the hoopingcough. The dose to an adult is from fifty to a huudred drops.

Stomach Plaister, for a Cough. Take an ounce each, of bees' wax, Burgundy pitch, and ręsin ; melt thein together in a pipkin, and stir in three quarters of an ounce of common turpentine, and half an ounce of oil of mace. Spread it on a piece of sheep's leather, grate some nutmeg over, and apply it quite warm to the pit of the stomach.

Cure for a recent Cough and Cold. Put a large tea cupful of linseed, with a quarter of a pound of sun raisins, and two pennyworth of stick liquorice, into two quarts of soft water, and let it simmer over a slow fire till reduced to one quart; add to it a quarter of a pound of pounded sugar-candy, a table spoonful of old rum, and a table spoonful of the best white-wine vinegar or lemon juice. The rum and vinegar should be added as the decoction is taken ; for if they are put in at first, the whole soon becomes flat, and less efficacious. The dose is half a pint, made warm, on going to bed; and a little may be taken whenever the cough is troublesome. The worst cold is generally cured by this remedy in two or three days; and, if taken in time, is considered infallible. It is 'a fine balsamic cordial for the lungs.

Remedy for Consumption. Gently boil in a stewpan a pound of good honey; clean, scrape, and grate two large slicks of horse-radish; stir it into the honey. Let it boil for about five minutes, but it must be kept continually stirred. Two or three table spoonfuls a day, according to the strength of the patient, some ljme persisted in, may do a great deal, even where there is a confirmed consumption of the lungs. It is serviceable in all coughs where the lungs are affected.

[ocr errors]

Cure for a Wen. Pat some salt and water into a saucepan, and boil it for four or five minutes; with which, while tolerably hot, bathe the entire surface of the wen, however large; and continue


to do so, even after it is cold. Every time, before applying it, suir up the salt deposited at the bottom of the basin, and incorporate it afresh with the water. In this mooner the wen must be rubbed well over, at least ten or iwelse times every twenty-four hours; and, very often in less than a fortnight, a small discharge takes place, without any pain, which a gentle pressure soon assists to empty the whole contents. In particular instances, the application must be continued several weeks, or even inonihs: but it is said always finally to prevail, wbere persisted in, without occasioning pain or inconvenience of any kind, there being not the smallest previous notice of the discharge.

Remedy for Dropsy. Take sixteen large nutmegs, eleven spoonfals of broom ashes dried and burnt in an oven, an ounce and a half of bruised mustard-seed, and a handful of scraped horse-radish; put the whole into a gallon of mountain wine, and let it stand three or four days. A gill or half a pint, according to the urgency of the disease and strength of the patient, is to be drunk every morning fasting, taking nothing else for an hour or two after.

Remedy for St. Anthony's Fire. Take equal parts of spirits of turpentine and highly rectified spirits of wine;, mix them well together, and anoint the face gently with a feather dipped in it immediately after shaking the bottle. This should be done often, always shaking the bottle, and taking care never to approach the eyes; it will frequently effect a cure in a day or two: though it seems at first to inflame it softens and heals.

Emollient Gargle. Take an ounce of marshmallow roots, and two or three figs; boil them in a quart of water till near one half of it be consumed : then strain out the liquor. If an ounce of honey, and half an ounce of water of ammania, be added to the above, it will then be an exceedingly good attenuating gargle. This gargle is beneficial in fevers, where the tongue and fauces are rough and parched, to soften these parts, and promote the discharge of saliva. The learned and accurate Sir Jobo Pringle observes, that, in the inflammatory quinsey, or strangulation of the fauces, little benefit arises from the common gargles; that such as are of an acid nature do more harm than good, by contracting the emunc

« AnteriorContinuar »