Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB
[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Receipt for the Rheumatism. Take of garlic, two cloves ; of ammoniac, one dram; blend them by bruising together; make them into two or three bolusses, with fair water; and swallow them, one at night and one in the morning. Drink, while taking this medicine, sassafras tea, made very strong, so as to have the teapot filled with chips. This is generally found to banish ibe rheumatism, and even contractions of the joints, in a few times taking

Cure for Ague. Take thirty grains of snake root; forty of worinwood; half an ounce of the best powdered Jesuit's bark; and balf a pint of red port wine. Put the whole into a bottle, and shake it well together. It should be taken in four equal quantities, the first thing in the morning, and the last thing at night, when the fit is quite over. The quantity should be made into eight parts for a child, and the bottle should always be well shaken before taking it.

This medicine should be continued some time after the ague and fever have left.

Pill for an aching Tooth. Take half a grain of opium, and the same quantity of yellow sub-sulphate of quicksilver, formerly called Turpeth mineral; make them into a pill, and place it in the hollow of the tooth some time before bed-time, with a small piece of wax over the top

Sirup of Angelica Root, for the Influenza, &c. Boil down gently, for three hours, a handful of angelica root, in a quart of water; then strain it off, and add liquid Narbonne, or best virgin honey, suficient to make it into a balsam or sirup; and take two tea spoonfuls every night and morning, as well as several times in the day. If there be any hoarseness, or sore throat, add a few nitre drops. Sirup for the Scurvy, King's Evil, Leprosy, and all Impurities

of the Blood. Boil together, in two gallons of soft water, over a slow fire, till one half is reduced, balf a pound of angelica root sliced; four ounces each of the leaves of male speedwell or Auellen; the roots of comfrey and of fennel, both sliced; three ounces of Winter's bark, and two ounces of bark of elder, Surain off the decoction into an earthen pan, and

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

let it stand all night to settle. In the morning, pour the liquor carefully off from the sediment; and dissolve, in the clear liquid, three pounds of treble-refined sugar, and two pounds of virgin honey; then simmer the whole into a thin sirup. Take a large iea cupful night and morning; or, in some cases, morning, noon, and night; adding to each dose, at the time of taking it, a small tea spoonful of Dr. Huxam's celebrated essence of antimony, which greatly heightens and improves the virtue of the former medicine.

Ointment for Burns, Scalds, Cuts, Bruises, &c. Set over the fire, in a glazed pipkin, a quarter of a pound of the best olive oil: and when it boils, put in a quarter of an ounce of the best white lead, finely powdered and sifted.; stir it with a wooden spoon, till it is of a light brown colour; then add four ounces of yellow bees' wax cut in small pieces; and keep stirring till it is all melted and mixed together. Take it off the fire, and continue stirring till it gets cool; then put in a quarter of an ounce of camphor, cut or pounded in small bits, and cover it up close with white paper for a short time. Afterward, stir it up, put it into gallipots, and let it be well secured with bladder, to keep out the air. This ointment is to be spread on linen cloth, and applied to the part affected; the plaister must be changed every twelve or twenty-four hours, as occasion may require; and great care must be taken not to let the air get to the wound.

Calamine Cerate. Take of olive oil one pint, calamine prepared, and yellow wax, of each half a pound. Melt the wax with the oil, and as soon as the mixture begins to thicken, mix

with it the calamine, and stir the cerate until it be cold. This coinposition is formed upon the plan of that which is commonly known by the name of Turner's Cerate, and which is an exceedingly good application in burns, and in cutaneous ulcerations and excoriations from whatever cause.

;

Remedy for the Gout. Mix two ounces of finely pounded gum guaiacum, with three quarts of the best rúm, in a glass vessel ; stir and shake it from time to time. When it has remained for ten days properly exposed to the sun, distil the liquor through cotton or strong blotting paper, and bottle the whole, corking it up tight. The more there is made of it at a time the better, as it improves by keeping. The dose is a table spoonful every morning fasting. The bottles should be corked as closely as possible; but should not be quite filled, lest the fermentation of the liquor should make them burst. This medicine in ost not be made with brandy, or any other spirit, but good genuine rum.

Foxglove Juice, for Deafness. Bruise, in a marble mortar, the flowers, leaves, and stalks of fresh foxglove; mix the juice with double the quantity of brandy, and keep it for use. The herb flowers in June, and the juice, will thus keep good till the return of that season. The method of using it is, to drop one drop in the ear every night, and then moisten a bit of lint with a little of the juice, put it also in the ear, and take it out next morning, till the cure be completed.

Decoction of Foxglove, for the Dropsy, Scurvy, &c. Take four ounces of the leaves of foxglove, boil it in a quart of water till reduced to a pint ; add a table spoonful of brandy, and cork it up close for use. Of this decoction, the dropsical patient must take a table spoonful at going to rest; and another at eleven o'clock next morning. Should this prove too violent, the above quantity must be taken at bed-iime only. In cases of scurvy, &c. where the patient is not too far reduced, and particularly where the lungs are ulcerated, it is of great use. It is, however, a powerful remedy, and caution must be taken, in administering it to subjects of a tender age, &c.

Decoction of Logwood, for the Flur. Boil three ounces of the shavings, or chips, of logwood, in four pints of water, till half the liquor is evaporated. Two or three ounces of simple cinnamon water may be added to this decoction. In fluxes of the belly, where stronger astringents are improper, a tea cupful of this may be taken with advantage three or four times a day.

Electuary for the Dysentery. Take of the Japonic confection, iwo ounces; Locatelli's balsam, one ounce; 'rhubarb in powder, half an ounce; sirup of marshmallows, enough to make an electoary. This is a very safe and useful medicine for the purpose expressed in the title. About the bulk of a nutmeg should be taken twice or thrice a day, as the symptoms and constitution may require.

[ocr errors]

Sir Hans Sloane's Liniment for sore Eyes. One ounce of prepared tutty, two scruples of prepared lapis hæmatites, twelve grains of the best prepared aloes, and four graius of prepared pearl. Put the whole into a marble mortar, and rub them very carefully with a marble pestle, and a sufficient quantity of viper's grease or fat 10 make a liniment. This should be used daily, either in the morning or evening, and sometimes boih. It is to be applied with a small hair pencil, the eye at the same time winking or a little opened.

Means of preventing infectious Diseases in Hospitals,

Prisons, 8c. Put some hot sand in a small pipkin, and place in it tea cup, with half an ounce of strong vitriolic acid :: when a little warm, add to it half an ounce of purified nitre powder, stir the mixture with a slip of glass, or the small end of a tobacco pipe. This should be repeated from time to time; tbe pipkin being set over a lamp. This has-so often been tried with success, in infirmaries, jails, &c. at land, and in hospital and other ships, that it is known to possess a specific power on putrid contagion, jail fevers, &c.

Drink for a weak Constitution. Boil as much pearl or Scotch barley, in water, as will make about three pinis; then strain it off, and having dissolved an ounce of gum arabic in a little water, mix them, and jast boil the whole up together. The barley water need not be thick, as the gim gives it sufficient consistence. When used, take it milk warm; and the good effect will generally be soon manifest.

Cordial Electuary. Boil a pint of the best honey; and, having carefully taket off all the scum, put into the clarified liquid a bundle of hyssop which has been well bruised previously to tying it up, and let thein boil together till the honey tastes strongly of the hyssop.' Then strain out the honey very hard, and put into it a quarter of an ounce each of powdered liquorice root and aniseed, half that quantity of pulverized elecampane and angelica roots, and one pennyweight each of pepper and ginger. Let the whole boil together a short time, being went stirred all the while. Then pour it juro'a gallipot, or small jar, and continue stirring it till quite a 20

89

cold. Keep it covered for use ; and whenever troubled witla straitness at the stomach, or shortness of breath, take some of the electuary on a bruised stiek of liquorice, which will very soon give relief.

METHOD OF RESTORING TO LIFE DROWNED PERSONS.

The greatest exertion should be used to take out the body before ibe elapse of one hour, and the resuscitative process should be immediately employed

On taking bodies out of rivers, ponds, &c. the following cautions are to be used:

1. Never to be held up by the heels.

2. Not to be rolled on casks, or to suffer any other rough usage.

3. Avoid the use of salt in all cases of apparent death.

Particularly observe to do every thing with the uimost promptitude.

For the drowned, attend to the following directions :

1. Convey the body, with the head raised, to the nearest convenient house.

2. Strip and dry the body: clean the mouth and nostrils.

3. For young children: place the body between two persons in a warm bed.

4. For an adalt: lay the body on a warm blanket, or bed; and in cold weather, near the fire. In the warm season, air should be freely admitted.

5. It is to be gently rubbed with flannel sprinkled with spirits; and a heated warming-pan, covered, lightly moved over the back and spine.

6. To restore breathing: introduce the pipe of a pair of bellows (when you have no apparatus) into one nostril; close the mouth and the other nostril, then inflate the lungs, till the breast be a little raised; the mouth and nostrils must then be let free. Repeat this process till life appears.

7. Tobacco smoke is to be thrown gently up the fundament, with a proper instrument, or the bowl of a pipe covered so as to defend the mouth of the assistant.

8. The breast is to be fomented with hot spirits: if no signs of life appear, the warm bath to be used; or hot bricks, &c. applied to the palms of the hands, and the soles of the feet.

9. Electricity, to be early employed by a medical assistant. 10, The breath is the principal thing to be attended to.

« AnteriorContinuar »