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* WALL ST
ACCEPTED COMPETITIVE DESIGN FOR MEMORIAL HALL, YALE UNIVERSITY
CARRERE & HASTINGS, ARCHITECTS A masterly plan. One that cannot be studied without benefit and enjoyment. The general arrangement is very simple, the subdivisions are well distributed, and the minor service details are worked out with ingenuity and precision. A monumental plan, and one that does not sacrifice too much space. The architects knew their theme, and dealt with it with authority.
THE ARCHITECTURAL ANNUAL
PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED BY MODEL TENEMENTS
THE NEW BUILDINGS TO BE ERECTED BY THE CITY AND SUBURBAN HOMES COMPANY-A
DETAILED DESCRIPTION BY THE ARCHITECTS-ELIMINATION OF INSIDE ROOMS AND THE A BOLITION OF NARROW COURTS PROMINENT FEATURES–STOREROOMS AND BATHS
REPRINTED FROM THE " · NEW YORK EVENING POST"
N appointing an efficient commission to inves- objectionable features, while all the essential tigate the question of the housing of the poor requirements of suitable dwellings were to be
in New York, the Governor of the State furnished. focussed public attention upon a vitally impor- The competition attracted 170 architects, who tant problem, for it is said that over two-thirds submitted 300 plans. Of these, the designs preof the people of Manhattan Island live in tene- pared by R. Thomas Short of the form of Harde ment houses upadapted to their wants, and & Short were awarded the first prize. These incompatible with their health and moral advance- plans, somewhat modified, have been adopted by ment. But without waiting for the State to the City and Suburban Homes Company for the remedy the evils in tenement construction several next group of tenements which it will erect on citizens determined to attempt to solve the prob- the east side. lem themselves, and to offer suitable homes for The following description of the projected the poorer classes at low rentals.
improvements was furnished by the architects : The City and Suburban Homes Company was The building will be six stories high, each formed with that object in view, and it was the unit covering 70 per cent. of four city lots, and pioneer in a most needed reform. The officers of 30 per cent. being left vacant for light and ventithe company are: President, Elgin R. L. Gould ; lation. No part of the buildings will exceed two Vice-President, Samuel D. Babcock ; Treasurer, rooms from outside to outside. This has been Charles Stewart Smith ; Secretary, George W. called “the secret of the whole tenement house R. Fallon. Directors : R. Fulton Cutting, chair- problem," because it means that there are no man; Joseph A. Auerbach, Samuel D. Babcock, dark interior rooms. Each building will conJohn D. Crimmins, W. Bayard Cutting, Elgin R. tain ninety-two separate apartments, twelve on L. Gould, Adrian Iselin, Jr., D. O. Mills, Isaac the ground floor and sixteen on each upper floor. N. Seligman, Charles Stewart Smith, Cornelius Every apartment is to be a complete and attracVanderbilt, Alfred T. White and George W. tive home in itself, consisting of two, three, and Young.
four rooms, with two or three closets, private Through the Tenement-House Committee of hall and toilet; 75 per cent of these apartments the Charity Organization Society of New York, will have a front outlook. a competition was recently arranged which had The elevation, while not highly ornamental, a threefold purpose : To stimulate the intelligent will avoid a cheap appearance, being simple but interest of architects in the scientific and eco- of good architectural design. The entrances will nomic planning of city homes for working people; be attractive, with jambs and pilasters of polished to encourage the building of model tenements by granite. The buildings will be semi-fireproof. demonstrating that such buildings could be made The entrances and staircase halls throughout will to yield satisfactory commercial returns; and to be entirely fireproof; the staircase hall will be obtain type plans of high character adapted to enclosed with brick walls, and the floors of the the conditions which prevail in this city. It was halls throughout will be of fireproof construction. required in the demands formulated by the Com- The stairs from the cellars to the roofs are to be mittee, that plans should show economy of con- fireproof, wide, and easy of ascent, well lighted struction, convenience of design, good ventilation, and ventilated. One of the most important and cheerful outlook, and concentration of light and an entirely original feature will be the arrangeair space; and that they were to provide more ment of the staircases to secure cross-ventilation clear rentable area than the “double-decker” through them from one court to another throughplan, avoiding, at the same time, all its recognized out the entire block.
On February 12, 1900, the jury appointed by the Tenement House Committee to judge the competitive plans reported that in its opinion no previous competition ever presented so many varied and valuable suggestions for structural improvement and comfortable living in
About three hundred sets of plans were submitted ; these the jury reduced to twelve, and then on the first ballot, by a vote of five to one, selected Mr. R. Thomas Short's design for first prize, and it is now being executed in a slightly modified form.