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FIRST PRIZE DESIGN—MODEL TENEMENT HOUSE COMPETITION, 1901, AUTHORIZED BY THE TENEMENT HOUSE

COMMITTEE OF THE CHARITY ORGANIZATION SOCIETY OF NEW YORK

R. THOMAS SHORT, ARCHITECT
Showing how the redistribution of property in a New York block may be made to give a
rental area of about 60 per cent., while affording modern hygienic conditions far superior to those
obtainable in single tenement houses on ordinary lots.

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FIRST PRIZE DESIGN—MODEL TENEMENT HOUSE COMPETITION, AUTHORIZED BY THE TENEMENT HOUSE

COMMITTEE OF THE CHARITY ORGANIZATION SOCIETY OF NEW YORK

R. THOMAS SHORT, ARCHITECT " The secret of the whole tenement-house problem” lies in the fact that no part of the buildings exceeds two rooms from outside to outside and, therefore, no dark interior rooms are possible. Attention is called to the system of cross ventilation at the head of the stairways, and to the absolute privacy of each suite of rooms. The buildings are six stories high.

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THE ARCHITECTURAL ANNUAL

Every room in the buildings will be well dresser, with closets, drawers, and shelves. The lighted by large windows opening directly to the rooms are all to be unusually large, bedrooms outer air. There will be no interior light-wells, being arranged for two beds, and each bedroom the space not built upon being concentrated will be reached from the living-rooms and pri. into large open courts. The windows of the vate halls without passing through another bedcourts, where opposite each other, will be far room. enough apart to insure privacy and quiet

The staircase halls and the apartments and to prevent the spread of fire. The large throughout are to be steam-heated. The dumbcentre courts are to be open to the street, thus waiters will run from cellar to roof, will be selfinsuring a free circulation of air at all times. retaining and enclosed with fireproof shafts. These open courts will be attractively though Speaking-tubes are to be provided from the cellar economically beautified by means of grass-plots, to each apartment. Dust-chutes for discharging flower-beds, and fountains, and may be used as a sweepings, etc., will be built from the staircase playground by the children.

landings on each floor to dust-bins in the cellar. Common halls and corridors are to be dis- There will be ventilated garbage stoi e-rooms in pensed with, except the first-story entrance halls the cellar. Laundry and steam-heated clothesand the staircase halls. The space devoted to drying chambers will be installed. Bathtubs and long public halls running from the front to the showers, with hot and cold water, are to be prorear in the prevailing type of twenty-five-foot vided. These baths, together with the laundry “double-decker” tenements will be converted into and drying-rooms, will be for the free use of the rentable area. The buildings will be divided by tenants. unpierced brick walls into separate apartments, Baby-carriage and bicycle storage-rooms will each with a fifty-foot frontage. No rooms will be located on the first floor. General storerooms, open directly from the staircase-halls, as each workshops, and one storage-room for each tenant apartment is to have a private hall, insuring abso- will be built in the basement. A flushing system lute privacy to the tenants. Each flat, whether has been planned, arranged so that the entire of two, three, or four rooms, will contain a private cellar may be readily flushed and thoroughly toilet with windows to the outer air. There will washed out at any time. The roof will be conbe a space for a refrigerator in the private hall; structed and finished to permit its use as a roofalso shelves and hooks for hanging hats and garden. The cost, including steam-heating plant, coats.

gas fixtures, window shades, etc., complete, ready In the kitchens there will be a gas range, for occupancy, will be $100,000 for each unit of sink, stationary wash trays, supplied with hot 100 feet frontage. The rentals will average $1 water from the boiler in the cellar, and a large per week for each room.

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PLAN OF ST. JOHN THE EVANGELIST'S CHURCH, LANSDOWNE, PA.

FREDERICK M. MANN, ARCHITECT

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