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THE ARCHITECTURAL ANNUAL

ance of openness has been preserved and supple- (a feature so arranged as to add to the garmented by a secluded treatment on the rest of den picture and at the same time giving direct the grounds, thus making the rear most attractive but an inconspicuous means of communication and livable. Without a back street it has been

with the service court). Two open archways necessary to provide a service road and court, and isolate the buildings and allow fresh currents of in that a considerable amount of rubbish accumu air to carry off all odors from the stable, laundry lates from time to time on a place of this size; and kitchen. a spot behind the greenhouse is also reserved for

The whole scheme forms an organic composithe storage of unsightly articles.

tion, in which the popular opinion of neighbors Two points of command have been established: is conciliated by its appearance of openness and the library from which the family may get a wide inviting hospitality, while in reality the life of range, and the housekeeper's room, from whose the family, in and out of doors, may be as excluwindows an eye may be kept on the traffic of the sively conducted as behind the forbiiding walls establishment. The front porch, built in under that often make European streets so unattractive. the upper rooms, provides for the formal Moral : Plan a system of buildings, gardens and out-of-door life of the family ; while the terrace courts. from the billiard room to the greenhouse over Limited only by the primary ideas essential to looking a tennis-court on one side and a kitchen the problem in No. 6, we leave out of consideragarden and pool of water on the other, offers abso- tion conditions of size and location, and develop lute privacy for family and guests during hours a plan about an economic theory, viz., "the of relaxation. Likewise it would also be con servant question.” In other words, a compact stantly used as a means of access to the green- design has been prepared with a view to reducing house and stable. In fact, the outbuildings the cost and worry of the administration of a genmay be reached under cover through the back- tleman's country seat. Effective grouping natuhall and the sunny brick-paved kitchen porch rally becomes a binding condition quite as

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Courtesy of the Architectural Review No. 6– SHOWING A COMPACT AND EFFECTIVE METHOD OF PLANNING A SUBURBAN HOMESTEAD

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THE ARCHITECTURAL ANNUAL

important as the demands of taste and hygiene. over, only a step to the double linen closet and It will be noted that the family and servant quar- laundry clothes chute. ters are concentrated; united, yet distinct, and Moral : Organize. arranged to give the greatest amount of comfort Emphasis is given to the planning of a propand beauty in the former and the greatest economyerty, as a whole ; to the use of foresight, and to of space and arrangement to the latter.

loving study. The rise of family fortune enables The greenlouse, with its screen-like wall, has some to build more than one house during a lifebeen utilized to shield the dwelling from the time, and those who build several never live long north wind and to conceal the inevitable rubbish- enough in any one to leave the impress of their pile. Likewise, it is easily accessible and part of personality behind them, and, consequently, their the architectural scheme rather than an unsightly last creation is something usually large, costly, shed of metal and glass. Placed where the and perhaps grotesque. Seldom is time given to flowers within can be seen from the house, and produce something finished. And it is just here with a pedestal directly opposite the drawing- where the man of moderate means has a chance room window to display the show plants of the to show his judgment and good taste. In the season, it becomes a useful and ornamental struc- accompanying plans the immediate surroundings ture. The connected stable, with horse-stalls as of the house bave been treated with as much care far as possible from the house, adds to the pos. as the internal arrangements, and we have already sible efficiency of administration and to the com- seen that household economy includes many outpleteness of the picture. Thus centralization of-door conveniences, and likewise that the artisgives easy control of the entire establishment, as tic effect depends largely on garden and outfrom the front door all traffic can be accounted buildings. for, and, secondly, the point of vantage on the A full and immediate solution of all the possistair-landing gives a view of stable, paddock and bilities of a given site is neither necessary por greenhouse, from which the doings of coachman desirable, though the larger elements should be and gardener may in a measure be watched. determined upon and located in order that the

The garden, a sort “of trap to catch a sun- homestead may grow together without conflict. beam,” is an out-of-door room under the dining- A general scheme should be adopted and adroom windows, from which the flowers may be hered to. touched and cared for, and adjoins a large family A love of flowers, a penchant for out-of-door porch, safe from the gaze of callers, where one games-social, musical, artistic or sporting tastes may dine unobserved in the open air.

—will determine whether stable, studio or greenThe kitchen wing, studied for convenience, house is to be the dominant accessory; and the projects from the house to allow ample ventila- character thus determined may be elaborated, in tion, and in comparing the first and second floor conjunction with the house and grounds, to form plans, it will be noted that the arrangements are a complete story-recording family history. Thus, very complete. The back stair, enclosed in a a birthday tree, a garden walk, a row of hotbeds, separate hall from cellar to third floor, with an addition to the stable, studio or greenhouseentrance hall on each floor, thus isolates the each may contribute a chapter to the home and service traffic and all its associations. At the help to glorify it. A real home, full of cherished second floor it communicates with a storage-room associations and individual landmarks, will grow for household utensils, with slop-hopper, etc., up with the family, becoming, as the years go by, which may also be considered a place for airing something more than a random composition, someor drying clothes, deriving artificial heat the year thing better and more significant than a ready'round from the kitchen beneath. It is, more- made commonplace, if the proper start is made.

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