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THE ARCHITECTURAL ANNUAL

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Luxury and Waste

asking for such an appropriation for such a purIn his address to the sculptors who collaborated pose would have. in

The mover would be derided and laughed to Berlin, last December, Emperor William alluded scorn. He would be called “the Great American to "the cultivation of the ideal as the highest Humorist ;" and long before completing his admission of civilization."

dress he would be urged by many voices “to go "Our sculpture,” he said,“ stands to-day pure way back off the earth and sit down.” from modern tendencies. Do not give up the And yet the Sieges Allee is but one of the great principles of the old a:t which thrusts itself monumental features of modern Berlin, and beyond the esthetic laws. It is the workshop trifling in comparison with the Avenue of art, the proneness to more technical tasks, which Sphinxes at Luxor and many another pageant of leads to a sinping against the very wells of art. antiquity. Art, furthermore, should educate the people and The ANNUAL claims it is no extravagance, offer ideals to the lower classes, after a hard day's believing every nation should enshrine its history, toil. The great ideals have been with the Ger and more especially since history proves that such mans a lasting good, while they have been more patriotic investments pay well in the long run. or less lost with other peoples.

Listen to the words of Mr. Brooks Adams : 'It only remains for the Germans to preserve, “I venture to assert that no investment ever foster, and hand down to posterity these great yielded such a large return, through so long a ideals. The working classes must be edified by period, as that made by Pericles on the Acropmeans of the beautiful. If art represents misery olis. To-day, those ruins are the best assets as more hideous than it is, it sins against the that Greece owus; and every year Americans German people. The cultivation of the ideal is leave some portion of the $100,000,COo I just the highest mission of civilization, and if we are mentioned in the hands of the Athenians as their to be and to remain a model for other nations in contribution to the tax which Greek genius still this respect, the whole people must work in levies on the world.” unison. Art helps when it raises the people, but In the able article from which the above is not when it runs to the gutter. A true artist does quoted, Mr. Adams shows that $100,000,000 a not require to be cried up in the market-place. year is squandered abroad because Americans are The great masters of Greece and Italy at the attracted across the ocean to more beautiful cities, Renaissance knew nothing of the present-dav where more congenial surroundings and a more newspaper advertising.

leisurely life induces even the hard-fisted busi“They worked as God gave them inspiration, ness man to spend his money ; arguing, that if and let the people clatter as they pleased. It is our own cities were equally attractive, this vast for the cultivation of this feeling that I need you. drain on our resources would cease, and that I thank you for having accomplished such work what our people would then spend abroad would in the Sieges Allee. The impression it exercises be counterbalanced by expenditures made by on strangers is stupendous. In all lands there is

In all lands there is foreign tourists to the United States! the deepest respect for Gerinan sculpture. May “The greatest economic pitfall of our Western this be maintained.”

civilization is, in my judgment, waste ; and our "The Sieges Allee," known in English as chief item of waste is the leakage of income to “The Avenue of Victory,” has been embellished Europe.” Thus again he pleads for public art by thirty-two exedras, each displaying three por in America, placing it entirely on an economic trait statues; the series illustrating various epochs basis, and showing conclusively that it is a good in Hohenzollern history. At a conservative esti- investment, not only financially but primarily in mate and if executed by contract they would cost the cultivation of the ideal. Public art to him at least $25.000 a piece in the United States, and is the test of the greatness of a people. collectively they would represent an outlay of $800,000.

lle hace made a beginning in parks and Eight hundred thousand dollars spent on the museums, but these only reach the few in their embellishment of a single thoroughfare !

leisure hours. We must bring art into the street

so the inhabitants may alays be surrounded by a And for the purpose of aiding in the culti

beautiful environment." Prof. John Quincy vation of the ideal ! What do you think of

Adams. that? Does it represent extravagant luxury or crim

Tbeodore L. De Vinne inal waste?

BOTH

OTH Yale and Columbia Universities at their Before considering the answer, think of the last commencements conferred the honorary effect the introduction of a bill into Congress degree of Master of Arts upon Mr. Theodore L.

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de Vinne, of New York, the celebrated typog- natural aptitude, need never feel that a thorough rapher and printer who, for more than a genera- education is beyond their reach. tion, has held a preëminent place and done much There are mentions to be won and scholarto elevate artistic standards of printing.

ships to be gained by the poorest. A college It is a matter for congratulation that he should education is by no means absolutely necessary, be thus recognized and honored. People of cult- for it will be remembered that at the first civilure and those who esteem men for what they have service examination for positions in the governdone to dignify civilization are always glad to see ment offices at Washington, it was not a college distinction conferred on such a man. We have man nor a Beaux Arts man (though many of each long been an admirer of Mr. De Vinne, and more class competed) that passed the highest examinaespecially of his "type,” and only wish there tion, but a student of the Scranton Correspondence were more like him for our universities to reward. School! During the past year four new archi

tectural clubs have been organized in remote Americans are a fine people-great, restless, cities of the United States by young architects rushing, even too quick. They want their paint

and draughtsmen for the purpose of mutual adings, all their sculpture, all their buildings in a hurry. 'Here,' they say, 'here is the land, drama'

vancement. This is the spirit that makes archithe plan, put up the building. The results are

tects; and there are hundreds of young men who wonderful-but art is slow."--Henri Benard. have been thus encouraged to persevere and

pursue arduous night-study in order to hold their The Garnier Memorial

own in the profession. WE E endorse with great pleasure the Garnier A man must have courage to be an architect.

Monument Fund which is being raised by a It is uphill work for the ablest, and the man committee of French architects, supplemented by without ambition and ability had better drop out the following committee from the United States : before he is too old to learn some other occupation. Walter Cook, chairman; John M. Carrère, J. H. Architects and draughtsmen are singled out Freedlander, Cass Gilbert, Charles F. McKim, on their merits, and even the youngest struggler George B. Post, Whitney Warren and Edward is being watched and marked for promotion. L. Tilton.

If his industry is coupled with natural ability to It is proposed to erect a monument, including design, many will be found to aid him. An a statue of the distinguished architect, at one side architect is an artist, and as such finds his true of his famous opera house ; and it is to be hoped level, be he rich or poor, college or dunghill that Americans will contribute liberally, especially bred. those who have enjoyed the hospitality of the École des Beaux Arts, and are thereby doubly Creative ability is not measured or paid for able to appreciate how much Charles Garnier by the clock. The eight- hour day never did an contributed to the advancement of architecture.

original thing in its life, and it never will.''

Seymour Eaton. The monument is to be placed against the round pavilion of the opera house, facing the

McKinley Memorials Rue Scribe and between the monumental lamp

S , entrance to the building. M. Thomas, sculptor,

ing from the shock of the cowardly assassinaand M. Pascal, architect, who was closely asso

tion of President McKinley. ciated with M. Garnier in constructing and de- Throughout the country, cities and organizasigning the Novel Opera, will execute the design, tions are preparing to raise funds for a suitable

memorial, and a national movement is on foot to

erect at Canton a monument suitable to the “Vo other land that history has yet recorded

occasion, both in scale and magnificence. numbers so many people having both the leisure

The memorial bridge, which is to be part of a and the equipment to be of use in the Commonwealth who yet frivolously wash their hands of

well-considered plan for the improvement of the all concern in their country's welfare."---Ou'en city of Washington, furnishes a valuable sugWister.

gestion in this connection. The time has gone

by for a massive pile, isolated from vital interests, Self-Help

like the Garfield monument in Cleveland. G

O to a night-school, join the local architec- The purpose of a memorial is to bind the

tural club, and don't be afraid of working remembrance of the great man to the thoughts overtime at the office.

and interests of those who follow him, and the Everybody has not it in him to be an architect; means to this end is to give it such form, that, but those that have a real love for the work, a a bridge, a hospital, a park, or a swimming pool

posts which mark the inclined state carriage A we go to press the country is just recover

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building, as is suggested in Chicago, it will have

been preached in various cities looking to its place as a pleasure or benefit in the daily lives of execution as a much-needed object lesson. the people.

In short, it is proposed “that those departThat kind of monument will do its work. ments of the general exposition, which are simi

lar in their functions to the same departments in The language of Art has many utterances. It

modern cities, be incorporated as working models will speak to use. In the solemn tenor and deep in the general plan of the “Model City.” With organ tone'-- from the sublime of architecture; such a nucleus to start with, an organic civic with the note of law and reason out of the well scheme will be created, including many phases of knit ordered structure; in accents pregnant with

unborn life, from the baby incubator to the creassociations that gather around country and shrine and tomb, etc.G. B. Brown.

matory. Particular attention will be given to "municipal housekeeping," and by means of

photographs, casts, plans, etc., the exhibit will Clearing the Way

also represent all that has been done in recent years FOR the past six months no feature of the to make city-life more healthful and enjoyable.

Louisiana Purchase Exposition, to be held at At the present writing no site has been defiSt. Louis in 1903, has commanded so much favor nitely determined upon, though it is reasonably able newspaper comment as the proposed Munici sure that the suggestion will be adopted in some pal Art and Science Section, commonly spoken form or other; and if organically presented it will of as the “Model City.”

do much to clear the way for a new start in many When the Pan-American Exposition was yet

of our backward municipalities. in embryo, Mr. Wm. M. Crandall, editor of Municipal Journal and Engineer, made an heroic

' A finer public spirit and a better social

order." effort to have a somewhat similar exposition,

Watchword of the Twentieth Century

Club, of Boston. which, however, would have been devoted primarily to municipal administration, incorporated

“ Progress Before Precedentin the Buffalo scheme.

IN

N the slow evolution leading to the inevitable The following resolutions, passed at the birth and growth of American architecture, annual convention of the American League for “Progress before precedent” has played its little Civic Improvement, in August started another part. campaign which, at the present writing seems Used as a rallying cry during the formative likely to result in the adoption of the project period of the now permanently organized Archiin a more comprehensive form:

tectural League of America-it did its work well WHEREAS, The improvement of towns and -was referred to editorially as a maxim “which cities, in the judgment of this convention, is a contained much thought-provoking wisdom," subject of widely recognized importance to the and elicited from the Brickbuilder an elaborate people of the United States; and

symposium which aroused a transcontinental WHEREAS, Civic improvements of a public discussion. and permanent character must soon transform It was never the official maxim of the League, many communities, reflecting “man in his full though it still clings to it after having been offitwentieth century development, exhibiting not cially repudiated; and we who know something alone his material, but his social advancement," of its paternity now bewail its fate with less in a most conspicuous manner; and

reverence for the deceased than the old colored WHEREAS, Municipal art and the science of woman had who, at the age of 107, heard of the modern city-making has formed the subject of a death of one of her sons aged eighty-eight, and department exhibit at three international exposi- sighing, said: “Ah nevah quite expected to tions abroad ; therefore, be it

raise dat chile." Resolved, That the American League for Civic Improvement, in annual convention assembled,

A grammar for the New Architecture

must partake of the spontaneity and flexibility of petitions the commissioners of the Louisiana

that art, or go by the board.''-- Louis H. SulliPurchase Exposition to make provision for an exhibit which shall have this characteristic. A committee from the Municipal Art Society

Congratulations of New York and another representing the Ameri- IT is our pleasant duty to record the appoint: for

ment of Mr. John Gaylen Howard as architect St. Louis to lay the matter before the exposition of the first of the great buildings to be erected authorities. Many other societies have adopted by the University of California. It is a double resolutions favoring it, and several sermons have pleasure because of the way the appointment has

l'an.

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been received by the profession at large. Noth- pired since the appearance of the first volume. ing could augur better for the future than the With becoming modesty we abstain from printgenerous attitude of old and young towards him. ing them. Many testimonials have also been

His ability as an architect and his personality received, which did much to make the ANNUAL a as a man enabled him to accept a position that success and a permanent addition to architectural for three years had been the most cherished goal literature. of every aspiring architect, with the hearty con- To those who had a good word to say for the gratulations of his peers and without a dissenting tyro-enterprise, we would now repeat what long voice being raised in criticism.

since was communicated to them (even before the Those who remember the meeting some years sales justified the thought of continuing the venago between the regents of this university and ture) that we sincerely appreciate their generosity, the architects of one of our Eastern cities, where and that it is in no spirit of rivalry that we have the most conspicuous of the latter attempted to entered the journalistic field, but with the idea of impress himself upon the former by recounting extending good, fellowship, raising higher standthe magnitude of the annual output of his plan- ards, making a broader circuit for architectural factory, could hardly then have hoped for such publications, and to arouse a better and more sinan eminently satisfactory and entirely professional cere interest in architecture. A purpose is behind outcome.

our effort, and if we assist in shaping an ideal, lookThe University of California is to be con- ing to concerted action, for the purpose of creating gratulated. Mrs. Hearst, to whose intelligent a native modern style, and a more organic system forethought and generosity the university is of city-making, our work will not have been in under obligation, is to be congratulated ; and, vain. lastly and above all, the profession is to be con- With its second issue the ANNUAL is firmly gratulated upon having an opportunity to show established, though it has not yet got its pace. how well the seat of a great and growing institu- We invite criticism and suggestion. As yet tion may be organized, planned and embellished our efforts are immature, and the reader, at a when under the direction of one or more of its glance, can detect our mistaken policy and set most accomplished members.

us ght next year. In this connection for Mr. Howard is a young We invite your co-operation in order that we man—we extend our felicitations to Messrs. Lord

may widen our scope and add suggestive value & Hewlit, the successful competitors for the De- to the work. Show us how the ANNUAL may be partment of Justice Building, to be erected at made of more immediate usefulness to you. Washington, D. C., and to those magnanimous Show us how the ANNUAL may better serve the older members of the profession who made an profession. Show us the hopeful signs, the proopportunity for several other new firms of talented gressive symptoms, the living in our young archiyoung men to compete in such an important and tecture, and we will profit by your advice. exclusive competition.

It likewise gives us cordial pleasure to congratulate the many members of the profession who contribute so generously to the upbuilding of architectural ideals, who, by their writing and lecturing, and more especially owing to their tact and patience, are doing so much to draw a sharp line of demarcation between architecture and building; who, in the face of overwhelming odds, are making the profession feared and respected, and who, above all, in their office-practice, are setting a worthy example to both architects and laymen.

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ANNUAL ADDRESS OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS.

BY ROBERT S. PEABODY. 1900.

T

HIS has been a year of prosperity for the Finally, after reviewing this first year of the

American Institute of Architects. Fifty- life of the Bulletin, you may determine to con

six Associates and one Fellow have been sider the question whether the work thus proselected, and nineteen more await a final vote. perously begun shall be changed in any other One Chapter has entered the Institute and others respects or continue in the general form to which are forming. Our debts are paid and we have a we are now becoming accustomed. balance on hand in our treasury. We have a The report of the Directors reviews the amendjournal of our own to represent us before the ments to the constitution on which you are to world, and we have a dignified home, in which vote, and that relate to the election of Associates we all take the greatest pride, where our growing and Fellows. One point, however, that seems to possessions are handsomely housed and which we me important, is not covered by these new amendhope may for a long time to come serve as a centre ments, nor is it referred to by the Directors. of national usefulness and influence.

Under our present by-laws it is possible for a man We are, therefore, enjoying great material to be a member of the Institute who is not a good fortune as I welcome you to this thirty- member of a local Chapter, although the Chapter fourth annual convention of the American Insti- would, presumably, know most about the canditute of Architects.

date. This has seemed so improper to some of The report of the Board of Directors will pre- the Chapters, that they have acted in the matter, sent to you in detail a review of the year's work. and by the adjustment of dues have made it Among other things this will call to your atten- simple for their members to be members of the tion what has been accomplished by our new Institute also. Others have agreed to vote against Quarterly Bulletin." You must have noticed the admission to the Institute of any of their the great amount of devoted labor given to its neighbors who are not members of the local preparation by our Secretary. As we are now Chapter. This is an unsatisfactory situation, and closing the first year of its publication, and as it seems very desirable that all the Chapters causes a substantial increase in our expenses, you should treat this important question in the same may wish to discuss methods of increasing its manner. usefulness.

I might thus comment further on the details Among other things, it has been proposed that of the year's work that will be presented to you the proceedings of the Judiciary Committee in the report of the Directors. But these convenshould be published therein to insure to them tions give us opportunity to recall the purposes greater publicity than they now receive. It has for which we are united and to inquire whether also been suggested that papers read at the Con- these ends are advancing. Such inquiries are vention be printed in the Bulletin and only be re- much to be desired. As we have passed the stage ferred to in our printed proceedings. I ask you of constitution-making, as our membership is now to act on these subjects.

large and increasing, and, as we have become a Perhaps you will also decide whether it is strong and well-organized body, we should make necessary to insert advertisements in the Bulletin, sure that we exert properly an influence which a practice that many find objectionable in the now extends from one end to the other of this catalogues of our local exhibitions, and which great country. For this reason, in what I have seems to me quite unworthy of the American to say before you, I desire to draw your attention Institute of Architects, no matter what similar to four general subjects. I wish briefly to review cases may be cited, or what distinguished bodies the relations of our National Government towards may be held up to us as examples. I think we the art of architecture, our attitude towards the had better publish no more than we can pay for. youth of our profession, the condition of our proI cannot be led to believe that the advertisements fessional intercourse with one another, and our are very willing investments. They are the more position in regard to the art to which we have deor less unwilling contributions from people who voted our life-work. are employed through us, and we ought not to As a national institution, our first duty is to accept this aid in our local exhibitions, and still our country. We all wish to help to our utmost less in this publication by the American Institute. those in authority in their endeavors to make

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