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Ramjiewaun garrisons Ramnagur for the Rajah. Scheme for the res duction of the place frustrated by the rashness of Capti Mayaffres who is killed in an ill judged attack, and the party repulsed with great loss. Country immediately in arms. Design of attacking the governor general in his quarters obliges him to retire by night to Chunar. Repeated proposals made by the Rajab for an accommodation, produce no effect. Eme barrassment occafioned by the Nabob vizier's visit. The commotion in Benares spreads the flame in the adjoining countries. Cheit Sing's manifefto. Attack on the Rajab's camp at Pateetah.

Great reinforcements arrive at Chunar. Bundob Cawn, a native, proposes the means, by which the Rajab's forces might, without much difficulty, be difpofelfed of their strong-bolds. The scheme adopted by Major Popham; who privately dispatches Major Crabbe, with a strong detachment, to penes trate the mountains, under the guidance of Bundoo Cawn, and attack the enemy in the rear, while he engages them in front. The design fucceeds ; Major Crabbe carries the strong pass of Suckroot; the enemy abandon the fortress of Lutteef poor ; the Rajah flies to Bidjeygur, and all bis forces disperse. Country immediately resumes its usual tranquillity. Governor general returns to Benares ; settles the government ; appoints a new Rajah ; and increafes the revenue. Disturbances in the neigh. bouring countries quelled. Treaty of peace and alliance bappily concluded with Madajee Scindia by Colonel Muir. The Rajab, Cheit Sing, totally abandons his country. Strong fortress of Bidjeygur taken, upon conditions, by Major Popham. Great treasure found, and spoil made by the army.


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Peninsula of India. Efforts by France to recover her ancient poffeffions and

influence, and totally to overthrow the English power. French Squadron
Jails from the African ifands with a strong body of forces for the coast of
Coromandel; takes the Hannibal of 50 guns, and appears suddenly be-
fore Madras, intending to destroy the English Squadron in the road, and,
in concurrence with Hyder Ally, to besiege that place by sea and land.
Causes which obliged M. de Suffrein to abandon that design and put out
70 jea. Is pursued by Sir Edward Hughes, who chaces and takes several
of the convoy. Partial fea-fight ; in which the French, having the
wind in tbeir favour, direct their whole force to the attack of the rear
and a part of the center of the British line. Admiral's ship, the Su-
perbe, and Commodore King's ship, the Exeter, suffer extremely, through
the great superiority of force by which they are attacked. Capt. Ste-
phens, of ihe former, and Capt. Reynolds, of the latter, killed. " Enemy
Juddenly baul their wind and stand off ; are out of hght in the morning.
Admiral, on his way from Madras to Trincomale, is joined by the Sul-
tan and Magnanime from England. Falls in with the Enemy's fleet.
Bloody action of the coast of Ceylon, on the 12th of April. The da-
mage on both sides so great, and so nearly equal, that the boftile com-

manders lie for several days within hight of each other, repairing their VOL. XXVI.



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Colonel Brathwaite's detachment suddenly surrounded by Tippoo Saib, with

a confiderable army, on the banks of the Coleroon. Desperate resistance.
Cruel Laughter restrained by the humanity of M. Lally. Southern pro-
vinces laid entirely open to the enemy by this lofs. Embarrasing situation
of Sir Eyre Coote. French forces, under the conduet of M. Duchemin,
land at Pondicherry, and are joined by a body of Hyder's troops; the
combined enemy besiege Cuddalore and Permacoil, both of which they take;
and meditate, in concert with the grand army, an attack upon the im-
portant fortress of Vandiwash. Sir Eyre Coote, in advancing to the pro-
tection of Vandiwash, hopes thereby to bring on a battle with Hyder ;
but finding the latter relinquisbed his object to evade that design, he pushes
on two days march to attack him on his own ground, Hyder abandons
his camp, and retires to a fecure position on the Red Hills. British gene.
ral, in order to draw the enemy from his frong post, and bring on an
action, advances towards the fortress of Arnee, where his magazines
are deposited. Maneuvre fucceeds: Hyder immediately descends from the
Red Hills, and marches to the relief of Arnee. Battle of the ad of June.
Enemy routed and pursued till right. The want of cavalry on one side,
and abundance of it on the other, prevent the grand effeits of victory in
this war. Pursuit continued for two days. Enemy abandon the great
road, and cross the country to Arnee. British grand guard cut off. Fatigue,

fickness, and want of provisions, oblige the army to fall back towards the

Yources of its supply. Sir Eyre Coote's ill health obliges him to quit the

army, and leave the command to General Stuart. Hyder in a similar

ftate of ill health. Destined never to face each other again in the field.

Both, probably, victims to the contention. Failure of Hyder's great de-

figns, affects his constitution. French Squadron returns from the island

of Ceylon to the coast of Coromandel, and is followed by the English.

M. de Suffrein takes on board great reinforcements of troops

and artillery,

men at Cuddalore, with a view of entirely crushing the British naval

power in those seas. Appears before Negapatan, to challenge Sir Edward

Hugbes. A&tion of the 6th of July. French fleet saved by a sudden shift

of wind. Severe strikes to the Sultan, but afterwards escapes. Capt


Maclellan, of the admiral's fhip, killed. Great loss of the enemy. While

the squadron is refitting at Madras, M. de Suffrein joins the Sieur d' Aymar,

on the coast of Ceylon, who is arrived there with two fhips of the line,

and the second division of the Marquis de Buly's troops from the Max-



Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S. ritius. Enemy besiege and take Trincomale, while the British squadron is detained by adverse winds from its rescue. Sir E. Hughes arrives early in the morning close in with that place. Enemy, relying on their superior force, come out to battle. Desperate and well-fought action on the 3d of September. Enemy lose one of their best ships in getting in te Trincomale. * Loss of men small, with respect to number; but the three brave captains, Wood, Watts, and Lumley, with other distinguished offi-cers, are unfortunately sain. Great lofs of the enemy. Admirable behaviour of the British commanders, through the whole course of this severe naval warfare.


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Treaty of peace concluded with the Mahrattas, through the mediation of

Madajee Scindia. Negotiation conducted with ability by Mr. Anderson. Madajee Scindia the mutual guarantee. Peace fortunate with respect to the season of its conclufion, and advantageous in its ftipulations to the English. Baroach coded to Scindia. Supposed causes which delayed the ratification at Poonah. Dreadful burricane, and deplorable famine at Madras. British Squadron driven to sea, and Juffer much from bad weather in their passage to Bombay. Advantages derived by the French fleet from the posesion of Trincomale. Colonel Humbersione's successes on the coast of Malabar. Penetrates far into the country ; but is obliged to retire with loss from Palacatcherry. Government of Bombay dispatch a body of forces under General Mathews to the coast, with a view to extricate Humberstone ; while Tippoo Saib proceeds with the utmost rapidity from the Carnatic, in order to cut him off. Colonel Humberstone gains intelligence of his approach, and retires to Paniany, closely purJued by the enemy. Command of the troops devolves on Colonel Macleod, who is immediately invested by the enemy. Tippoo Saib and M. Lally attack the British lines with a great force, but are gallantly repulsed with confiderable lofs. Tippoo Saib breaks up his camp by night, and returns to the Carnatic. General Mathews takes Onore by storm. Death and character of Hyder Ally. General Mathews takes Cundapore ; forces the Gauts, and makes his way into the Bednore country. Some oba Jervations on the conduet pursued, and the cruelties committed in this expedition. Short account of the ancient kingcom of Canara, and of the royal city of Bednore, or Hyder Nagur, the supposed depofitary of Hyder's treafures. Private negotiation and treaty with Hyat Saib, who Jurren-ers the country and capital to the British forces. Great difcontents in the army, relative to the disposal of the treasures found in the royal palace. Diference between the general and the principal officers of the King's forces, occasions the Colonels Macleod and Humherfione, with Major Shaw, to quit the army and return to Bombay. Dispatches from the general, containing a general accufation against bis army. Proceedings of the government of Bombay: appoint Colonel Macleod to the command of the army in the Bednore country. Captain Carpenter takes Care


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Ε Ν Τ S. war, with other forts, and reduces the whole Soundab country. General Mathews returns with part of the army to tbe coaft; besieges and takes Mangalore. Tippoo Sultan abandons the Carnatic, and marches with his whole army to recover the Bednore country, and bis dominions on the Malabar coas. Letters from General Mathews to the government of Bombay, informing them of the approach of the enemy, and requiring a reinforcement : returns to Bednore ; marches out to fight the prodigious army under Tippoo Sultan; being instantly defeated, he retires with the remainder of the forces to the adjoining fortress ; closely surrounded and befreged. The strong ports in the Gauts Mamefully loft to a detachment from Tippoo's army. The fugitives from the Gauts communicate their panic to the garrison of Cundapore, who set fire to the magazines, and abandon the place, with a large field of artillery. General Mathews capitulates upon honourable conditions. Capitulation violated by Tippoo Sultan. General, and principal officers, seized and imprisoned. Army plundered and inhumanly treated. Miseries endured in a cruel march and ime prisonment. General, and several officers, said to have been barbarously murdered. Siege of Mangalore converted to a blockade, upon the departure of the French auxiliaries from Tippoo Sultan. Sir Eyre Coote returns to Madras, where he dies. Sir Edward Hughes arrives with the fleet from Bombay. Successes of the Colonels Lang and Fullarton in the Coimbatour country. General Stuart beheges Cuddalore. French lines and outworks carried, after a desperate attack and resistance, with great faughter' on both sides. Last naval action between Sir Edward Hughes and M. di Suffrein. Great fally made by the French with their beš troops, who are repulsed with much loss. Account of the peace being received, an immediate celation of boftilities takes place.


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Retrofpe&tive view of affairs in the West Indies, North America, Africa,

and Europe, previous to the conclusion of peace. Bahama islands taken by the Governor General of Cuba. Dutch settlements in Africa reduced by the English. French expedition to Hudson's Bay, where they take and destroy two of the Company's settlements. Various successes on the Musquito fhore: Fort Dalling retaken : Don T. Julia, with the Spanish forces on Black River, surrender prisoners of war to Colonel Despard. Calamities of the fleet and convoy from Jamaica. Ramillies, Centaur, Ville de Paris, Le Glorieux, and Le Hiftor, with many merchant ships loft. Sir Guy Carleton communicates to General Washington the resolutions of parliament for an accommodation with the Americans, and the instructions and authority be had received for that purpose from government; requiring at the fame time a pasport for Mr. Morgan, who be intended to dispatch upon the business to Congress. Washington refers the proposal to Congress, who forbid his granting the pasport. Resolutions of several asemblies,

against any separate negotiation, peace, or truce with Great Britain. Subsequent declaration to the same purpose by Congress ; with striet injunctions, against the receiving of any proposals, or the adinition of any emillaries from England. Measures


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pursued in Europe towards the attainment of a general peace. Empress of Ruffia, and the Emperor of Germany, mediators. State and condition of the contending parties. Mr. Grenville fent to Paris. - Mr. Fitz-Herbert appointed plenipotentiary, to negociate and conclude a treaty of peace, with the ministers of France, Spain, and Holland. Mr. Oswald appointed commissioner on the part of his Britannic Majesty, to negociate a treaty with

John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and Henry Laurens, the American commissioners. Provisional articles signed with America. Preliminary articles of peace between England, France, and Spain, figned at Versailles, by Alleyne Fitz-Herbert, Ēfq; the Count de Vergennes, and the Count D'Aranda, Sketch of the provisional and preliminary treaties. [114

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Various conje&tures concerning the state and views of the different political

parties previous to, and at the meeting of parliament. Letters from the secretary of ftate to the lord-mayor of London respecting the peace.--King's Speech.--Debates in both houses on the address.-Reasons affigned by Mr. Fox for the resignation of his office. Second debate, on expressions in the speech repeating the treaty with America.Question put to the forf. commisioner of the treasury in the House of Peers on the same fubje£t.-Motion for the provisonal treaty to be laid before the House of Commons rejected.--Bill brought in for preventing doubts that might arise respecting the legislative and judicial rights of the parliament and courts of justice of Ireland.---Cause of the introducțion of the bill, and objections made to it,


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Preliminary articles of peace figned at Versailles laid before both houfes

of parliament.-Address of thanks moved by Mr. Thomas Pitt.-Amendment proposed by Lord John Cavendish.- Second amendment proposed by Lord North.-List of the principal speakers for and against the original address. The peace defended on three grounds.--ift. From the deplorable ftate of the finances of the navyof the army.-2dly. On the merits of the articles of the several treaties.-Defence of the French treatyof the ceffion of part of the Newfoundland fishery, and of the islands of St.

Pierre and Miquelon of the restoration of St. Lucia, and of the cession of Tobago -- of the ceffion of Senegal, and the restoration of Goree of the restoration of the French continental fertlements in the Eaji. Indies of the abrogation of the articles relative to Dunkirk.-Defence of the Spanilo treatyof the cefion of East and West Florida and Mi. norca.- Defence of the provisional treaty with the Americans of the line of boundaries of ihe settlement of the fisheries of the terms procured for the loyalists.--3dly. On the factions and interested motives of those who pretended to disapprove of it. Arguments urged by the opposite fide in support of the amendments. Arguments used in defence of the peace replied to in the same order.-Botb amendments carried in the House of


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