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COMMERCE OF NEW ORLEANS. We extract from the New Orleans Price Current the following tables, showing the trade of that port for a number of years past. The amount of tonnage entered during the year 1848–49 was 893,920 tons, against 900,448 last year. The value of the exports for the year ending 30th June last was $65,392,571, against $67,182,323 the previous year. The value of the receipts from the interior, during the past four years, was as follows: 1848-9 $81,989,692 | 1846–7

$90,033,256 1847-8 79,779,151 | 1845-6

77,193,464 COMPARATIVE RECEIPTS AT NEW ORLEANS FOR FOUR YEARS. ARTICLES.

1848-9. 1847-8. 1846-7. 1845-6. Apples, barrels,

54,987 39,518 30,612 26,775 Bacon, asst. casks, &c.,

32,056 45,119 36,932 25,213 Bacon, barrels and boxes, 32,156 Bacon Hams, hogsheads, 19,831 18,539 14,518 12,092 Bacon in Bulk, pounds, 217,000 381,140 425,163 492,700 Bagging, pieces,

72,941 77,682 60,982 96,601 Butter, kegs,

57,972 45,213 51,384 44,170 Butter, barrels,

2,144 1,156

872 1,492 Bees’-wax, barrels,

481

698 1,109 1,204 Beef, barrels and tierces, 80,590 50,260 53,968 62,231 Beef, Dried, pounds,

20,300 56,100 49,000 98,200 Buffalo Robes, packs,

23
14

55 1,031 Cotton. La, and Mi., bales,

811,205 883,144 453,842 765,315 Lake, bales,

15,781 13,734 4,356 14,276 N. Alabama and Ten., bales, 217,078 227,561 211,502 222,677 Arkansas, bales,

46,733 64,294 35,279 34,876 Mobile, bales,

35,164 10,857 16,379 6,356 Florida, bales,

5,065 4,208 16,966 5,884 Texas, do.,

11,356 10,007 2,345 4,249 Corn Meal, barrels,

12,097 47,543 88,159 3,905 Corn in Ears, barrels, 295,711 509,583 619,756 358,573 Corn, Shelled, sacks, 1,706,312 1,083,465 2,386,510 1,166,120 Cheese, boxes,

54,287 52,362 57,429 57,392 Coal, Western, barrels, 315,000 320,000 356,500 262,800 Dried Peaches, barrels,

469
385 3,009

127 Dried Apples, barrels,

2,495 1,173 5,761 930 Flaxseed, tierces, 1,188 4,393 962

823 Flour, barrels,

1,013,177 706,958 1,617,675 837,985 Feathers, bags,

3,939 2,594 3,498 4,607 Hemp, bales,

19,856 21,584 60,238 30,980 Hides,

30,570 47,662 98,342 112,913 Iron, Pig, tons,

413

701 1,151 1,083 Lard, hogsheads,

790
459
143

45 Lard, tierces and barrels, 214,362 216,031 117,077 107,639 Lard, kegs,

275,485 303,661 275,076 334,969 508,557 606,966 650,129 785,394

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Lead, pigs,

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Lead, Bar, kegs,
Lead, White, kegs,
Molasses, barrels,
Oil, Linseed, barrels,
Oil, Castor, barrels,
Oil, Lard, barrels,
Potatoes, barrels,
Pork, tierces and barrels,
Pork, boxes,
Pork, hogsheads,
Pork, in bulk, pounds,
Packing Yarn, reels,
Skins, Deer, packs, .
Shot, kegs,
Sugar, hogsheads,
Sugar, barrels,
Tallow, barrels,
Tobacco, leaf, hogsheads,
Tobacco, chew, kegs,
Tobacco, bales,
Whiskey, barrels,
Window Glass, boxes,
Wheat, barrels and sacks,

1848-9. 1847-8. 1846–7. 1845-6.

949 787 1,291 1,431 7,795 9,203 11,686 7,853 155,807 159,460 61,710 132,363

1,409 2,327 3,637 1,136 2,628 1,199 1,439 2,379

8,842 5,401 2,573 2,606 146,116 151,860 142,888 107,058 530,643 356,480 302,170 369,601

18,279

18,499 14,201 9,452 9,988 10,273,680 13,564,430 8,450,700 9,740,752

2,211 3,333 2,193 1,193 1,301 1,361 1,784 4,364

4,377 5,258 3,992 3,103 125,592 128,112 82,011 93,109

5,873 10,622 4,357 6,658 8,255 52,335 55,882 55,588 72,896 2,315 6,390 3,930 3,040 33

118 1,001 1,105 125,029 135,333 126,553 117,104

575 4,260 3,805 2,831 238,911 149,181 833,619 403,786

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COTTON FACTORIES IN ALABAMA. The Montgomery Journal notices two new factories under headway in Au. toga county. One with a capital of $100,000, to work 3,500 spindles and 100 looms, to manufacture cotton goods alone, and will go into operation next January. The other has a capital of $75,000, and will be for cotton and woollen goods. Both are near the Alabama river, have fine water power, and are situated in a healthy and abundant provision region.

It affords us sincere pleasure to chronicle such enterprises, which are sources of individual as well as public benefit. With the staple commodity at the doors of her factories, and possessing operative labour of the cheapest character, we see no reason why the South should not compete with the North in the manufacture of cotton fabrics. The establishment of a cotton factory and of other nurseries of productive industry, will accomplish more for the independence of the South, than any resolves on paper can possibly do. The people of Georgia have long since made this important discovery, and it atfords us pleasure to observe that Alabama is becoming fully alive to the wisdom of the policy pursued by Georgia.

PUBLIC MONEYS—TREASURY OF UNITED STATES.

U. S. TREASURER'S STATEMENT, Showing the amount at his credit in the Treasury, July 23d, 1849. In what place.

Amount subject

to draft Assistant Treasurer, Boston, Mass.

$209,882 58 Assistant Treasurer, New York, N. Y.

815,057 29

Assistant Treasurer, Philadelphia, Pa.

92,723 91 Treasury United States, Washington, D. C..

164,212 35 Assistant Treasurer, Charleston, S. C.

85,335 92 Assistant Treasurer, New Orleans, La.

632,633 77 Assistant Treasurer, St. Louis, Mo.

79,630 17 Depository at Buffalo, N. Y.

4,867 80 Depository at Baltimore, Md.

23,667 02 Depository at Richmond, Va. Depository at Wilmington, N. C.

1,306 95 Depository at Savannah, Ga.

4,176 47 Depository at Mobile, Ala.

46,446 83 Depository at Nashville, Tenn.

7,790 92 Depository at Cincinnati, Ohio,

79,022 41 Depository at Pittsburgh, Pa. Depository at Norfolk, Va. Depository at Little Rock, Ark. (late receiver,)

18,351 78 Depository at Jeffersonville, Ind.

281,450 86 Depository at Chicago, III.

14,926 43' Depository at Detroit, Mich.

12,082 96 Depository at Little Rock,

2,551 96 Suspense account,

$2,304 71 Mint of the United States, Philadelphia, Pa.

710,000 00 Branch Mint of the United States, Charlotte, N. C.

32,000 00 Branch Mint of the United States, Dahlonega, Ga.

26,850 00 Branch Mint of the United States, New Orleans, La. 79,421 95

Deduct suspense account,

$3,424,391 13

2,304 71

Net amount subject to draft,

$3,422,086 42

Treasury Department, July 31, 1849. The receipts into the Treasury during the quarter ending the 30th of June, 1849, as nearly as can now be ascertained, were, namely: From customs,

$5,794,256 50 lands,

279,685 26 miscellaneous sources,

63,500 00 loan of 1847, (Treasury notes funded,)

2,986,600 00 loan of 1848,

2,017,450 00

$11,141,491 76 Expenditures of the United States from 1st April to 30th June, 1849: Civil list, miscellaneous, and foreign intercourse, (including $3,500,000 under the treaty with Mexico,)

$3,909,143 12 On account of the army, &c.

$2,268,203 69 Indian Department,

441,717 41 fortifications,

129,127 52 pensions,

162,380 17

3,001,428 79

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On account of the navy,

2,041,912 94 Interest on public debt and treasury notes,

1,765,223 58 Reimbursement of treasury notes,

2,998,850 00 Redemption of public debt,

641,175 00 Premiums and commissions on purchase of public debt, 60,443 81 Redemption of treasury notes purloined, &c.

54 05

814,418,231 29 W. M. MEREDITH, Sec. of Treasury.

NEW YORK SUB-TREASURY. The following statement of the movements of the Sub-Treasury at New York, for July and August, may not be uninteresting at this time: Balance on hand, 1st July,

81,086,581 90 Receipts during July and August, 1849: , On account customs,

$5,557,862 37 Patent Office,

3,040 50

6,000 00 Post Office department,

62,780 28 miscellaneous,

41,375 65 5,671,048 80

of loans,

$6,757,630 79 Payments during July and August, 1849: Treasury Drafts,

$3,660,598 61 Post office do.

99,342 22 3,759,490 83

Bulance, August 31st, 1849,

$2,997,689 96

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Funds set apart to pay interest on Stock, &c.

$1,037,487 50 Payments of interest during July and August: Instalments due July, 1848,

306 25 « January, 1849,

4,173 03 « July, 1849,

760,903 03 Coupons,

172,855 00 Interest on Treasury notes funded,

11,424 93 outstanding,

12,160 50 961,822 74

Balance on hand,

$75,664 76

SPECIE. The following is the export of specie from New York for the week ending 8th Sept. Ship Republic, Maranham, Mexican dollars,

$3,000 Ship St. Dennis, Havre, Mexican dollars,

15,000 Ship Prince Albert, London, Mexican dollars,

55,000 Steamer Canada, Liverpool, British silver,

1,015 gold dust,

2,160 Total,

$76,175 Previously reported,

$1,837,034 Total from January 1st to September 8,

$1,913,109

CALIFORNIA GOLD. We have been furnished from the mint with the following statement : The deposits of California gold, to the 31st of August, were, At the Philadelphia Mint,

$1,740,620 07 At the New Orleans Mint,

175,918 73

Add the deposits of 1848,

$1,916,538 80

44,177 00

Total deposits from California,

$1,960,715 80 The coinage of gold dollars at the mint in Philadelphia, to the 31st ult, was

$462,539 00 At the Branch Mints, to July 31st,

133,227 00

Total coinage of gold dollars,

$595,766 00

STATISTICS OF CHOLERA. In Philadelphia, the first official bulletin was issued on May 30th, and the last on August 19th, the board of health having declared at the latter date that cholera was no longer epidemic. The whole period of its duration was 82 days, during which time there were reported 2,131 cases, and 744 deaths, or one death in 2.86 cases. On the 14th July the greatest number of deaths occurred, viz., 32; cases 84; and on the 29th of July the greatest number of cases, viz., 90; deaths 24. The increase on the last date was owing to the violent breaking out of the disease in the Alms House.

During the months of May and June there were reported 278 cases and 97 deaths, or one death in 2.86 cases. In July 1566 cases, and 578 deaths, or 1 in 2.70. In August 277 cases, and 69 deaths, or 1 in 4.01 cases.

The whole population of Philadelphia, city and county included, amounts to about 350,000. This will give a ratio of cases to population of 1 to 164.24. The ratio of deaths to cases during the whole epidemic was 1 to 2.86 cases, and the ratio of deaths to population was 1 to 470.4 inhabitants.

1849.

Ratio of cases to Ratio of deaths Ratio of deaths Locality. Population. Cases. Deaths.

population.

to population. Philada., 350,000. 2,131. 744. 1 in 164.24 1 in 2.86 1 in 470.4

1832. 160,000. 2,314. 754. 1 in 69.1 1 in 3.06 1 in 212.2 By a comparison of the above tables it will be seen, that while the whole number of cases and deaths was more than half less in 1849 than in 1832, the mortality was much the same in the two epidemics.

The above statement of the number of deaths (744) reported during the prevalence of the epidemic, is from the daily bulletins of the Board of Health. But the reports of interments from cholera, from May 30th to August 19th, make the number of deaths 962, and up to September 8th, 1,012.

The discrepaney is owing to the fact that daily reports were not made by many physicians—that several cases were reported by the coroner, &c. Although the daily bulletins ceased on the 19th of August, there were cases reported up to the 8th of September, and in the last week in August there were 15 deaths in one block.

to cases.

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