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Old L. Alas, poor lady!
Commends his good opinion to you, and She's a stranger now again.'
Does purpose honour to you no less flowing Anne.
So much the more Than marchioness of Pembroke ; to which title Must pity drop upon her. Verily,
A thousand pound a year, annual support, I swear, 'tis better to be lowly börn,
Out of his grace he adds. And range with humble livers in content,
I do not know, Than to be perk'd up in a glistering grief, What kind of my obedience I should tender; And wear a golden sorrow.
More than my all is nothing :' nor my prayers Old L.
Our content Are not words duly hallow'd, nor my wishes Is our best having. 2
More worth than empty vanities; yet prayers, and Anne. By my troth, and maidenhead,
wishes, I would not be a queen.
Are all I can return. 'Beseech your lordship, Old L.
Beshrew me, I would, Vouchsafe to speak my thanks, and my obedience, And venture maidenhead for't; and so would you, As from a blushing handmaid, to his highness; For all this spice of your hypocrisy :
Whose health, and royalty, I pray for.. You, that have so fair parts of woman on you,
Cham. Have too a woman's heart; which ever yet
I shall not fail to approve the fair conceit,8 Affected eminence, wealth, sovereignty;
The king hath of you. I have perus'd her well; Which, to say sooth, are blessings : and which gifts
Aside. (Saving your mincing) the capacity
Beauty and honour in her are so mingled, of your soft cheverili conscience would receive, That they have caught the king and who knows yet, If you might please to stretch it.
But from this lady may proceed a gem, Anne.
Nay, good troth,- To lighten all this isle ?9-_I'll to the king, Old L. Yes, troth, and troth,—You would not | And say, I spoke with you. be a queen?
. My honour'd lord. Anne. No, not for all the riches under heaven.
[Exit Lord Chamberlain Old L. 'Tis strangc; a threepence bowed would Old L. Why, this it is; see, see! hire me,
I have been begging sixteen years in court Old as I am, to queen it: But, I pray you,
(Am yet a courtier beggarly,) nor could What think you of a duchess ? have you limbs Come pat betwixt too early and too late, To bear that load of title?
For any suit of pounds: and you, (O fate!)
A very fresh-fish here, (fye, fỹe upon Old L. Then you are weakly made: Pluck off a This compell’d fortune !) have your mouth fill'd up, little ;4
Before you open it. I would not be a young count in your way,
This is strange to me. For more than blushing comes to : if your back Old L. How tastes it? is it bitter? forty pence, 10 Cannot vouchsafe this burden, 'tis too weak
no. Ever to get a boy. .
There was a lady once ('tis an old story,).
That would not be a queen, that would she not, I swear again, I would not be a queen
For all the mud in Egypt:11_Have you heard it? For all the world.
Anne. Come, you are pleasant." · Old L. In faith, for little England Old L.
With your theme, I could You'd venture an emballing :: I myself
O'ermount the lark. The marchioness of Pembroko Would for Carnarvonshire, although there 'long'd | A thousand pounds a year! for pure respect; No more to the crown but that. Lo, who comes No other obligation: By my life, here?
That promises more thousands: Honour's train
Is longer than his foreskirt. By this time, • Enter the Lord Chamberlain.
I know, your back will bear a duchess ;-Say, Cham, Good morrow, ladies. What wer't worth Are you not stronger than you were ? to know
Good lady, The secret of your conference ?
Make yourself mirth with your particular fancy,. Anne.
My good lord, And leave me out on't. Would I had no being,
To think what follows.
In our long absence : Pray, do not deliver
What here you have heard, to her. Anne. Now I pray God, amen!
What do you think me? Cham. You bear a gentle mind, and heavenly
SCENE IV. A Hall in Black-Friars. Trumpets Follow such creatures. That you may, fair lady, sennet, 12 and cornets. Enter two Vergers, with Perceive I speak sincerely, and high note's Ta'en of your many virtues, the king's majesty and Antony and Cleopatra are not exactly in point; for
the word commend, in both those instances, signifies 1 The revocation of her husband's love has reduced commit. her to the condition of an unfriended stranger.
7 Not only my all is nothing ; but if my all were more 2 Our best possession.
than it is, it were still nothing. 3 Cheveril is kid leather, which, being of a soft yield. 3 To approve is not, as Johnson explains it, here, to ing nature, is often alluded to in comparisons for any strengthen by commendation, but to confirm (by the re. thing pliant or flexible.
port he shall make) the good opinion the king has 4 Anne Bullen declining to be either a queen or a formed. duchess, the old lady says, pluck off a littie :' let us 9 The carbuncle was supposed by our ancestors to descend a little lower, and so diminish the glare of pre- have intrinsic light, and to shine in the dark : any other serment by bringing it nearer your own quality.
gem may reflect light, but cannot give it. ó i e. you would venture to be distinguished by the 10 Forty pence was in those days the proverbial ex. ball, the ensign of royalty, used with the sceptre at co- pression of a small wager. Money was then reckoned ronations.-Johnson.
by pounds, marks, and nobles. Forty pence, or three 6 I cannot but be surprised that Malone should have and fourpence, is half a noble, and is still an established made any difficulty about the reading of the text : legal fee. is the king's majesty
11 The fertility of Egypt is derived from the mud and • Commends his good opinion to you.
slime of the Nile. It is one of the most common forms of epistolary and I 12 This word sennet, about which there has been so colloquial compliment of our ancestors, whose letters much discussion to little purpose, is nothing more than Frequently terminate with and so I commend me to the senne of the old French, or the segno or segnata ot you,' or begin with After my hartie commendacions to the Italians, a signal given by sound of trumpet – sige vou.' &c. The instances cited by Steevens from Lear | num dare buccina.'
short silver wands ; next ther, two Scribes, in the With many children by you: II, in the course habits of doctors; after them, the Archbishop of And process of this time, you can report, Canterbury alone; after him the Bishops of Lin. And prove it too, against mine honour aught, coln, Ely, Rochester, and Saint Asaph; next | My bond to wedlock, or my love and duty, them, with some small distance, follows a Gentle Against your sacred person, in God's narde, nan bearing the purse, with the great seal, and a Turn me away; and let the foul'st contemp cardinal's hat; then two Priests, bearing each a Shut door upon me, and so give me up silver cross; then a Gentleman Usher bareheaded, To the sharpest kind of justice. Please you, sir, accompanied with a Sergeant at Arms, bearing a The king, your father, was reputed for silver mace; then two Gentlemen, bearing two A prince most prudent, of an excellent great silver pillars ;' after them, side by side, the And unmatch'd wit and judgment: Ferdinand, two Cardinals, WOLSEY and CAMPEIUS ; two My father, king of Spain, was reckonid one Noblemen with the sword and mace. Then enter | The wisest prince, that there had reign'd by many the King and Queen, and their Trains. The King A year before: It is not to be question'd takes place under the cloth of state ; the two That they had gather'd a wise council to them Cardinals sit under him as judges. The Queen Of every realm, that did deb takes place at some distance from the King. The Who deem'd our marriage lawful: Wherefore I Bishops place themselves on each side the court
humbly in manner of a consistory; between them, the Beseech you, sir, to spare me, till I may Scribes. The Lords sit next the Bishops. The Be by my friends in Spain advis'd; whose counsel Crier and the rest of the Attendants stand in con- I will implore: if not, i' the name of God, venient order about the stage.
Your pleasure be fulfill'd!5
You have here, lady, Wol. Whilst our commission from Rome is read, (And of your choice,) these reverend fathers; men loet silence be commanded.
Of singular integrity and learning, K. Hen.
What's the need ?
Yea, the elect of the land, who are assembled 11 hath already publicly been read,
To plead your cause: It shall be therefore bootless, And on all sides the authority allow'd ;
That longer you desire the court ;6 as well You may then spare that time.
For your own quiet, as to rectify Wol."
Be't so :-Proceed. What is unsettled in the king Scribe. Say, Henry king of England, come into
His grace the court.
Hath spoken well, and justly: Therefore, madarn, Crier. Henry king of England, &c.
It's fit ihis royal session do proceed; K. Hen. Here.
And that, without delay, their arguments Scribe. Say, Katharine queen of England, come Be now produc'd, and heard. into court.
Lord cardinal, Crier. Katharine queen of Enyland, &c. To you I speak.
Your pleasure, madam ? (The Queen makes no answer, rises out of her chair,
il Q. Kath. goes about the court, comes to the King, and kneels
I am about to weep; but, thinking that at his feet; then speaks.?)
We are a queen (or long have dream'd so,) certain, Q. Kath. Sir, I desire you, do me right and jus. The daughter of a king, my drops of tears tice ;3'
I'll turn to sparks of fire. And to bestow your pity on me : for
Wol. . . Be patient yet. I am a most poor woman, and a stranger,
Q. Kath. I will, when you are humble; nay, Börn out of your dominions; having here No judge indifferent, nor no more assurance Or God will punish me. I do beliere, Of equal friendship and proceeding. Alas, sir, Induc'd by potent circumstances, that In what have I offended you? what cause
You are mine enemy; and make my challenge, Hath my behaviour given to your displeasure, You shall not be iný judge: for it is you That thus you should proceed to put me off, Have blown this coal betwixt my lord and me, And take your good grace from me? Heaven wit- | Which God's dew quench !-Therefore, I say agam, ness,
I utterly abhor, yea, from my soul, I have been to you a true and humble wife, Refuse you for my judge ;8 whom, yet once more, Af all times to your will conformable :
I hold my most malicious foe, and think not Ever in fear to kindle your dislike,
At all a friend to truth. Yea, subject to your countenance, glad, or sorry,
I do profess, As I saw it inclin'd. When was the hour,
You speak not like yourself; who ever yet I ever contradicted your desire,
Have stood to charity, and display'd the effects Or made it not mine too? Or wh
? Or which of your friends Of disposition gentle, and of wisdom Have I not strove to love, although I knew O’ertopping woman's power. Madam, you do me He were mine enemy? what friend of mine
wrong: That had to him deriv'd your anger, did I
I have no spleen against you; nor injustice Continue in my liking ? nay, gave notice
For you, or any : how far I have proceeded, He was from thence discharg'd ? Sir, call to mind Or how far further shall, is warranted That I have been your wife, in this obedience, By a commission from the consistory, Upward of twenty years, and have been blest Yea, the whole consistory of Rome. You charge
me, I Ensigns of dignity carried before cardinals.
2. Because she could not come directly to the king parted from thence. Many supposed that she would for the distance which severed them, she took pain to go have resorted again to her former place; but she took about unto the king, kneeling down at his feet,' &c. her way straight out of the house, leaning (as she was Cavendish's Life of Wolsey, vol. i. p. 149, ed. 1825. . wont always to r)) upon the arm of her general re
3 This speech is taken from Holinshed (who copies ceiver Master Gridíths...Life of Wolsey, p. 152. from Cavendish) with the most triling variations. Hall 6 That you desire to protract the business of the has given a different report of the queen's speech, court. "To pray for a longer day,' i. e. a more distant which, he says, was made in French, and translated by one, is yet the language of the bar in criminal trials. him from notes taken by Campeggio's secretary 17 Challenge here (says Johnson) is a law term. The
4 That is, If you can report and prove aught against criminal, when he refuses a juryman, says 'I chal mine honour, my love and duty, or aught against your lenge him.' facred person,' &c.
3 These are not the mere words of passion, but tech 5. The historical fact is, that the queen staid for no re. nical terms of the canon law : detestor and recuso. Th ply in this speech. Cavendish says, 'And with that she former, in the language of canonists, sigr ifies no more rose up, making a low courtesy to the king, and so de. I than I protest against.-Blackstone.
That I have blown this coal: I do deny it: Induce you to the question on't? or ever
My lord cardinal, I am not of your wrong. Therefore in him
I do excuse you; yea, upon mine honour, It lies, to cure me; and the cure is, to
I free you from't. You are not to be taught Remove these thoughts from you: The which before That you have many enemies, that know not His highness shall speak in, I do beseech
Why they are so, but, like to village curs, You, gracious madam, to unthink your speaking, Bark when their fellows do : by some of these And to say so no more...
The queen is put in anger. You are excus'd: Q. Kath.
My lord, my lord, But will you be more justified ? you ever I am a simple woman, much too weak
| Have wish'd the sleeping of this business; never To oppose your cunning. You are meek, and hum Desir'd it to be stirrd; but oft have hinder'd, of, ble mouth'd ;
The passages made toward it:-on my honour, You sign your place and calling, in full seeming, ? I speak my good lord cardinal to this point, With meekness and humility ; but your heart And thus far clear him. Now, what moy'd nie Is cramm'd with arrogancy, spleen, and pride.
to't, You have, by fortune, and his highness' favours, I will be bold with time, and your attention :Gone slightly o'er low steps; and now are mounted | Then mark the inducement. Thus it came ;-give \Vhere powers are your retainers: and your
heed to't:wards, 3
| My conscience first receiv'd a tenderness, Domestics to you, serve your will, as't please Scruple, and prick,' on certain speeches utter'd Yourself pronounce their office. Í must tell you, By the bishop of Bayonne, then French ambasa You tender more your person's honour, than
sador; Your high profession spiritual : That again
Who had been hither sent on the debating I do refuse you for my judge ; and here,
A marriage, 'twixt the duke of Orleans and Before you all, appeal unto the pope,
Our daughter Mary : l' the progress of this buTo bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness,
siness, And to be judg'd by him.
Ere a determinate resolution, he [She curtsies to the King, and offers to depart. (I mean, the bishop) did require a respite ; Сат.
The queen is obstinate, Wherein he might the king his lord advertise Stubborn to justice, apt to accuse it, and
Whether our daughter were legitimate, Disdainful to be try'd by it; 'tis not well.
Respectirg this our marriage with the dowager, She's going away.
Sometimes our brother's wife. This respite shook K. Hen. Call her again.
The bosom of my conscience,' enter'd me, Crier. Katharine queen of England, come into Yea, with a splitting power, and made to tremble the court.
The region of my breast; which forc'd such way, Grif. Madam, you are call'd back.
That inany maz'd considerings did throng, Q. °Kath. What need you note it? pray you, And press'd in with this caution. First methough, keep your way:
I stood not in the smile of heaven; who had
Do no more offices of life to't, than
The grave does to the dead : for her male issue In any of their courts.
Or died where they were made, or shortly after [Exeunt Queen, Griffith, and other This world had air'd them: Hence I took a though, Attendants.
This was a judgment on me; that my kingdom, K. Hen.
Go thy ways, Kate : Well worthy the best heir o the world, should not That man i' the world, who shall report he has Be gladded in't by me: Then follows, that
I weigh'd the danger which my realms stood in . For speaking false in that: Thou art, alone, By this my issue's fail; and that gave to me (If thy rare qualities, sweet gentleness,
Many a groaning throe. Thus hullinge in
Toward this remedy, whereupon we are
I then did feel full sick, and yet not well, Carried herself towards me.
By all the reverend fathers of the land, Wol.. .
Most gracious sir, 1 And doctors learn'd. First, I began in private In humblest manner I require your highness, With you, my lord of Lincoln ; you remember That it shall please you to declare, in hearing How under my oppression I did reek, 10 Of all these ears (for where I am robb’d and bound, When I first mov'd you. There must I be unloos'd; although not there
Very well, my liege. At once and fully satisfied, 5) whether ever I
K. Hen. I have spoke long; be pleas'd yourselt Did broach this business to your highness; or
to say.. Laid any scruple in your way, which might Ilow far you satisfied me.
So please your highness, 1 Deny. 2 You show in appearance meekness and humility,
6 The king, having first addressed Wolsey, breaks au a token or outwurd sign of your place and calling ;
off; and declares upon his honour to the whole court, but your heart is crammed with arrogancy, &c.
I that he speaks the cardinal's sentiments upon the point 3 The old copy reads :
in question; and clears him from any attempt or wish to
stir that business. " Where powers are your retainers and your u
7 The words of Cavendish are- The special cause Domestics to you,' &c.
that moved me hereunto was a scrupulosity that pricked 4 If thy several qualities had tongues capable of my conscience."-See also Holinshed, p. 907. speaking out thy merits, 1. e. of doing them extensive 8 Theohald thought we should read 'The bottom of justice.
his conscience.' 5 The sense, which is encumbered with words, is no 9 The phrase belongs to navigation. A ship is said more than this :-I must be loosed, though when so to hull when she is dismasted, and only her hull or hulh loosed I shall not be satisfied fully and at once; that is, is left at the direction and mercy of the waves I shall not be immediately satisfied,
10 Waste, or wear away