A Select Collection of Scarce and Valuable Tracts on Commerce: From the Originals of Evelyn, Defoe, Richardson, Tucker, Temple, and Others : with a Preface, Notes and Index

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John Ramsay McCulloch
Harrison and Sons, 1859 - 623 páginas
 

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Página 185 - ... that for raising these three millions on commodities, and bringing so much into the Exchequer, there must go a great deal more than three millions out of the subjects pockets. For a tax of that nature cannot be levied by officers, to watch every little rivulet of trade, without a great charge, especially at first trial.
Página 139 - Even those we call poor people, journey-men, working and pains-taking people do thus; they lye warm, live in plenty, work hard, and (need) know no want.
Página 137 - Encrease of the Commerce and Trade of their Subjects, and of the Growth of the Country; anxious to propagate the Sale of such Goods as are the Manufacture of their own Subjects, and that employs their own People ; especially, of such as keep the Money of their Dominions at Home, and on the contrary, for prohibiting the Importation from Abroad, of such Things as are the Product of other Countries, and of the Labour of other People, as which carry Money back in return, and not Merchandize in Exchange.
Página 425 - But if in the time of a minority, the power of the government should be divided among different competitors for the regency, the parliaments and people will find it still more easy to acquire and ascertain the liberty at which they aspire, because they will have the balance of power in their hands, and be able to make either scale preponderate.
Página xv - Navigation and Commerce, their Original and Progress, containing a succinct Account of Traffick in General; its Benefits and Improvements: of Discoveries, Wars and Conflicts at Sea, from the Original of Navigation to this Day; with special Regard to the English Nation; Their several Voyages and Expeditions, to the Beginning of our late Differences with Holland; In which His Majesties Title to the Dominion of the Sea is asserted, against the Novel and later Pretenders.
Página 203 - ... Or if you will keep its rate to silver as fifteen' to one, when in Holland, France, and Spain its market value is but fourteen ; will they not send hither their gold, and fetch away your silver, at one fifteen loss to you ? This is unavoidable, if you will make money of both gold and silver, at the same time, and set rates upon them by law, in respect of one another.
Página 185 - It is plain, the merchant and broker, neither will, nor can ; for if he pays a quarter more for commodities than he did, he will sell them at a price proportionably raised. The poor labourer and handicraftsman cannot : for he just lives from hand to mouth already, and all his food, clothing, and utensils, costing a quarter more than they did before, either his wages must rise with the price of things, to make him live, or else, not being able to maintain himself and family by his labour, he comes...
Página 279 - Would he not consider, that, by so doing, he would empty his own pockets the sooner, and that, in the end, he would greatly injure his own family by such whims? And shall this nation commit an absurdity that stares every private man in the face? The certain way to be secure is to be more powerful, that is, to extend our trade as far as it is capable of; and as restraints have proved its ruin, to reject them, and depend on freedom for our security, bidding defiance to the French, or any nation in...
Página 27 - To allure and encourage the people for their private gain, to be all workers and erectors of a commonwealth. To enrich and fill your majesty's coffers by a continual coming in, and making your people wealthy, by means of their great and profitable trading and employment. To vend our homebred commodities to far more reputation, and much more profit to the king, the merchant, and...
Página 424 - ... and the first act of reformation ought to be a total abolition of all the farms. There are undoubtedly many marks of relaxation in the reins of the French government, and in all probability the subjects of France will be the first to take the advantage of it. There is at present a violent fermentation of different principles among them, which, under the reign of a very weak prince, or during a long minority, may produce a great change in the constitution. In proportion to the progress of reason...

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