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voices of various still wines imported from France, Spain, Portugal, and Germany, and these, of course, furnish a very inadequate representation of the wine products of those countries. Such an investigation as appears to be contemplated by Congress and by the department can be made only from time to time as the wines arrive, and it is obvious that a long period must elapse before sufficient samples of all the wines of all the wine-producing countries can be obtained. The end sought would certainly be reached much more speedily through the agency of the consuls. The papers are herewith returned. Respectfully,

D. C. STURGES,

Assistant Appraiser, Tenth Dirision, To S. B. DUTCHER, Esq., Appraiser,

CUSTOM-HOUSE, PHILADELPHIA, PA.,

Collector's Office, April 25, 1879. Sir: In reply to department letters of March 10 (T. B. S.) and 9th instant (H.B.J.) requesting certain statistical information, based on resolution of the United States Senate, pertaining to importations at this port of fermented and alcoholic liquors and wines, &c., I have the honor to report that up to the date of receipt of letter of 10th ultimo no record was kept of results of tests made to ascertain if the alcoholic strength of still wines exceed the limit of 24 per centum allowed by act of Con. gress of February 8, 1875. I am, therefore, unable to present any record of results prior to March 21, 1879. The accompanying statement exhibits the results reached by the distillation of all still wines received since that date.

From this statement it will be observed that only the high-grade sherries approach the limit fixed by Congress, and these are made to approximate, as near as possible, the limit fixed by the statute without incurring the penalty of forfeiture. In one instance, sherry wine dereloped the test of 24 per cent. of alcohol; another 23.72, while in a number of other instances it exceeded 23 per cent. It is only in these high grades of wines that it is found necessary to resort to the test by distillation.

None of the importations or any portions thereof referred to in inclosed list have been re-exported.

With the exception of statement showing the quantity of alcohol, wines, and other alcoholic liquors produced in this country and exported to foreign countries, the destination of the same, and their alcoholic strength and other characteristics, which I am unable to furnish, it is believed the information herewith covers all the points on the subject in question, so far as this port is concerned. I am, sir, very respectfully,

A. P. TUTTON, Collector. Hon. John SHERVAN,

Secretary of the Treasury, Washington, D. ('.

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(1) 21.30 frs, per velte..... Bordeans 6 casks... J. F. D. & C. 285 frs. per hecto. Coln

5 cases 36 J. B. N. 2.30 maks. per bot 11. 2.3

bottles. 'ognac

3 casks.. C. H, 59-61. 13.10 frs. per velte Jerez de la 1 butt Yoaasy T. W.C.1 22 per butt

24 Frontin. Bordeaux 1 cask

C. L. 496. 342 frs per cask 11,5 Port St. Mary's 17 casks

420 pirbntt

23, 14 Jerez de la 2 butts .... J. F. T. & Co. $22 per butt.

23. 72 Frontin. Weiler 5 casks A.M. 700 mks. per 1,200 lit

12.5
1 cask

4. M.
1 ink. Joer lit

15,35
Bordeaux
50 barrels P.J. L. 180 frs. per bbl

13 Frank Wieler. 12 casks

J. S.

550 mks. per 1,000 lit 13. 5 Rudesheim 8 casks

A.K.

900 mks. por 1,200 lit 12. 25 Port St. Mary's 1 butt. T. & W.C.D. 492 per batt

21. 3 ....do 3 butts. C. G. & C. £ 20 per butt

23, 14 Jerez de la 2 butts T. & C. #22 per butt

23. 72 Frontin, Wriler.

1,529 liters. 1. M. 700 mks. per 1,200 lit, 12.5 ....do 305 liters. A. M. 150 mks. per 150 lit

13 Bordeaux 2 casks M.A. 300 frs. per cask.

12. 25 Ludwigshafen 2,550 liters Chr. I. 450 inks. per 1,000 lit 11. 75 ....do

632 liters.. Chr. 1. 600 mu ks. per 1.000 lit 12. 5 ....do

1,925 liters A. Sch. 480 mks. per 1,000 lit 12. 75
650 liters

A. Sch.

350 inks. per 1,000 lit 12 Grossvintern. 2,450 liters. G, J. H. 800 mks. per 1.200 lit 12. 73 beim.

L. W. & S. Frankfurt .... 3,592 liters.

11.5 500 mks. per 1.000 lit J.J.B.

L. W. & S.
....do
328 liters..

12. 23
700 mks. per 1,000 lit
J.J. B.

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CUSTOM-HOUSE, BALTIMORE, MD.,

Collector's Office, December 17, 1879. SIR: Respectfully referring to department letters (H. B. J.), dated respectively the 10th of March and 9th of April, 1879, inclosing copies of a report made to the United States Senate by the Committee on Finance under date of Febuary 25, 1879, in regard to the subject of importations of fermented and alcoholic liquors and wines, instructing me to collect as far as practicable from the records of this office certain statistics in regard to the matter, as required by Senate resolution, I have now, in compliance with said instructions, to furnish the following statements:

First, statement marked A, showing the relative quantities and natures of various kinds of alcoholic liquors and wines and from whence imported at this port during the periods of 1875 to 1878 inclusive; and as a supplement to this statement, the special report of Appraiser Goldsborough, marked B.

This statement and report, it is believed, are in full compliance with the terms of the resolution as far as it is practicable to make them.

Second, statement marked C, showing the relative quantities of such imported alcoholic liquors that have been re-exported for the benefit of drawback or customs taxes.

Third, statement marked D, showing the quantities of domestic liquors which have been exported to foreign countries from this port from October 6, 1877, to May 3, 1879, and showing the destination of the same and their alcoholic strength.

From the special report of the appraiser, it will be noted that it is his experience that the addition of proof-spirits to wines is not so near as common and frequent as the report of the Finance Committee has stated it to be, and where any addition of such spirits has been detected, it has been found in sherry and port wines imported from England alone. In reference to the quantity of wines re-exported which have been fortified with alcohol, and in excess of per cent. of absolute alcohol, I find that there have been no exportations of such articles from this port during the periods named, and I am, therefore, not able to furnish the information required on this point, nor am I able to state the original source of production of such wines or any of their ingredients when the same were exported from countries that do not produce them, inasmuch as the invoices of the wines made up in such countries do not show on their face their origin. Such information, it is supposed, can be obtained through the United States consular officers.

In reply to the further inquiry as regards to what extent the commerce and public revenues of the United States may be affected by taxing wines fortified with alcohol, according to the tax on spirits for each degree of alcohol contained in such wines in excess of 13 per cent., I have again to refer you to the appraiser's report on this subject, it being the opinion of that official that should it be deemed necessary to change the present laws for the importation of wines, the fixing the limit of alcoholic strength at 13 per cent. or at any other percentage much below the present figures, would have the tendency to exclude some of the best and most valuable wines made froin pure grape-juice and without improving upon the natural production, and further allowing wines to enter for consumption which are more or less artificial products but conforming in percentage of alcohol to genuine article.

Very respectfully, JOHN L. THOMAS, JR., Collector. Hon. JOHN SHERMAN,

Secretary of Treasury, Washington, D. C.

Statement of quantities and rarious natures of alcoholic liquors imported at the port of Bal

timore, Jd., during the periods of 1875 to 1878, inclusire.

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PORT OF BALTIMORE, MD.,

Appraiser's Office, May 10, 1879. . SIR : Referring to department letters of the 10th ultimo, and of March 10th relating to the percentage of alcohol in imported wines and other spirituous beverages, we have the honor to state that after the receipt of the last-named letter, we have made actual tests of the alcoholic strength of articles therein mentioned and that such tests have pre. viously been made on all occasions when imported wines were suspected of being fortified or coming within the provision contained in section 2, act of February 8, 1875. From the tests made and the observations of this office generally we are enabled to say that the addition of alcohol or proof spirits to wine is not near as common and frequent as the report of the Finance Committee to the Senate would make it appear. We have occasionally detected an unusual and unnatural percentage of alcohol in sherries and ports, some of them ranging very close to the 24 per cent. allowed by law, and two importations of small quantities exceeding that standard. The wines so detected as being fortified have without exception come from England.

All other wines generally conform to the standard of the country or latitude of their growth or production, that is under 13 per cent. on German wines, common Hungarian and clarets, and over 13 per cent on sherries, ports, most Sauternes, Madeira, and Tokay. Of late years we have found the percentage of alcohol in the various kinds of wines, al. though of different vintages, much more uniform than formerly, and we attribute this fact to the improvements in wine manufacture introduced by Gall, Petiot, and Chaptal.

According to them the grape-juice (or a substitute for it made from the pressed husks of grapes with sagar) is tested before fermentation, and an excess of any material constituents reduced by dilution with water, while a deficiency, generally of the alcohol-producing ingredient, sugar, is applied in the shape of grape-sugar or glucose. The manufacurers, knowing the quantity of saccharine matter necessary to produce a certain percentage of alcohol, are thereby enabled to produce wine of uniform strength without resorting to the addition of alcohol or proof

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