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advantage ages antient appears Appian army arts ascribed aster asterwards Athenians Athens authority banished bastard princes Cæsar citizens civil commerce commodities commonly commonwealth consent consequence consider cultivated Demosthenes difadvantages Diodorus Siculus dissicult dominions employed ESSAY established esteemed Europe expence faid fame favourable fays foreign former Gaul gold and silver gratisication greater Greece historians house of Stuart human increase industry inhabitants inserior insinite interest intirely Italy Julius Cæsar kingdom labour land less liberty lise luxury Lysias magistrates mankind manufactures maxims ment merchants monarchical nation natural neighbouring never obliged observe ossices party peafants perhaps pernicious persection pleasure Plutarch political Polybius possessed powersul present preserve prince prosits reason regard render resinement riches Roman Rome seems senate sield sirst slaves society sovereign Sparta Strabo subjects sunds superfluous supposed surnish sussicient taxes thing thoufand tion trade univerfal whole Xenophon
Página 49 - Accordingly we find, that, in every kingdom, into which money begins to flow in greater abundance than formerly, every thing takes a new face: labour and industry gain life; the merchant becomes more enterprising, the manufacturer more diligent and skilful, and even the farmer follows his plough with greater alacrity and attention.
Página 85 - ... afford sufficient profit? In how little time, therefore, must this bring back the money which we had lost, and raise us to the level of all the neighbouring nations? Where, after we have arrived, we immediately lose the advantage of the cheapness of labour and commodities; and the farther flowing in of money is stopped by our fulness and repletion.
Página 105 - In opposition to this narrow and malignant opinion, I will venture to assert, that the increase of riches and commerce in any one nation, instead of hurting, commonly promotes the riches and commerce of all its neighbours...
Página 64 - Now, what is so visible in these greater variations of scarcity or abundance in the precious metals must hold in all inferior changes. If the multiplying of gold and silver fifteen times makes no difference, much less can the doubling or tripling them. All augmentation has no other effect than to heighten the price of labour and commodities : and even this variation is little more than that of a name. In the progress towards these changes, the augmentation may have some influence by exciting industry,...
Página 85 - What nation could then dispute with us in any foreign market, or pretend to navigate or to sell manufactures at the same price, which to us would afford sufficient profit? In how little time, therefore, must this bring back the money which we had lost, and raise us to the level of all the neighbouring nations?
Página 85 - ... that, in spite of all the laws which could be formed, they would be run in upon us and our money flow out till we fall to a level with foreigners and lose that great superiority of riches which had laid us under such disadvantages...
Página 314 - ... controversy can ever be decided. And nothing is a clearer proof, that a theory of this kind is erroneous, than to find, that it leads to paradoxes, repugnant to the common sentiments of mankind, and to the practice and opinion of all nations and all ages.
Página 290 - It was not written on parchment, nor yet on leaves or barks of trees. It preceded the use of writing and all the other civilized arts of life. But we trace it plainly in the nature of man, and in the equality, ' or something approaching equality, which we find in all the individuals of that species.
Página 100 - But this general ill effect, however, results from them, that they deprive neighbouring nations of that free communication and exchange which the Author of the world has intended, by giving them soils, climates, and geniuses, so different from each other.