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Bury, (Lanc.) Crompton.
Cambridge, Stevenson.,
Canterbury, Barnes.



Aberdeen, Brown & Co.
Alnwick, Smith.
Ashford, Jennings; Elliott.
Ashton-under-Line & Staley
Bridge, Cunningham.
Banbury, J. G. Rusher.
Bangor, Shone.
Barnet, Cowing.
Barnstaple, Brightwell.
Bath, Silverthorne.
Birmingham, Langbridge.
Blackburn, Morrice.
Bolton, Heaton & Sons.
Boston, Noble.
Bourn, Daniells.
Bradford, Taylor.
Braintree, Joscelyne.
Bridport, Tucker.
Bristol, Vickery.
Burnley, Sutcliffe.

Bury, Lankester; Thomp-Dundee, Shaw.



Durham, Andrews.
Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd.
Exeter, Hannaford.
Falmouth, W. Ellis.

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Cardiff, Bird.
Carlisle. Thurnam.
Carmarthen, White.
Carnarvon, Potter & Co.
Chatham, Burrill.
Chelmsford, Guy.
Cheltenham, Lovesy.
Chertsey, Wetton.
Chester, Seacome; Pritch-
ard; Boult & Catherall.
Chichester, Glover.
Clitheroe, Whalley.
Cockermouth, Baily.
Colchester, Albin.
Colne, Earnshaw.
Derby, Wilkins & Son.
Devonport, Byers.
Doncaster, Brooke & Co.
Dover, Batchellor.
Dublin, Curry & Co.

Faversham, Thiselton.
Glasgow, Murray.
Gloucester, Jew.
Guernsey, Moss.
Guildford, Russells.
Halifax, Whitley & Booth.
Harrogate, Blackburn.
Haslingden, Read.
Hertford, Simson.
Hinckley, Short.
Hoddesdon, Tuffs.
Horncastle, Babington.
Huddersfield, Lancashire.
Hull, Cussons; Goddard
& Brown; Stephenson.
Huntingdon, Edis.
Ipswich, Deck.
Jersey, P. Falle.
Kendal, Hudson & Co.
Kettering, Dash.
Kidderminster, Pennell.
Kimbolton, Ibbs.
Kirby Lonsdale, Foster.
Lancaster, Milner.
Launceston, Cater.


Leamington, Merridew.
Leeds, Robinson.
Leicester, Combe and
Lewes, Baxter.
Lincoln, Brooke & Sons.
Liverpool, Hughes.
Llandovery, Rees.
London, Berger.
Long Sutton, Swain.
Lyme Regis, Dunster.
Lynn, Smith.
Manchester, Bancks and
Co.; Simms.
March, Sarjeant.
Maryport, Adair.
Merthyr Tydvil, White.
Middlewich, Lindop.
Mold and Holywell, Lloyd.
Monmouth, Heath.
Neath, Hayward.
Newark, Ridge.
Newcastle-on-Tyne, Finlay Southampton, Skelton.
and Co.; Currie and Stamford, Mortlock; Rooe.


Northampton, Birdsall.
Norwich, Muskett; Smith.
Nottingham, Wright.
Orford, Slatter.
Penrith, Allison, Brown.
Peterborough. Bell
Plymouth, Nettleton.
Portsmouth, Comerford.
Preston, Clarke.
Retford, Turvey.

Staffordshire Potteries,
Watts, Lane End.
Stockport, Claye.
Stratford-on-Avon, Bolton;
Swaffham, Gowing.
Tavistock, Helms.
Totness, Hannaford.
Ulverstone, Tyson.
Wakefield, Stanfield.

Richmond, Bowman & Co. Warwick, Merridew; So-
Royston, Warren.
Rugby, Combe..
Salisbury, Brodie & Co.
Sandbach, Lindop.
Scarborough, Theakston.
Sheffield, Innocent.
Sherborne, Penny.
Shrewsbury, Eddowes.
Sidmouth, Harvey.
Sittingbourn, Coulter.
Skipton, Tasker.

Weymouth, Commins.
Whitby, Rodgers.
Whitehaven, Gibson.
Wigton, Ismay.
Winchester, Jacob & Co.
Wisbeach, Leach.
Worcester, Deighton.
Workington, Kirkconel,
Worthing, Carter.
Yarmouth, Alexander.
Yeovil, Porter.
York, Bellerby.


Berlin, A. Asher.Hamburg, Perthes & Besser.--Leipsic, Black & Armstrong, (of London.)-St. Petersburgh, A Asher.
United States of America, Adlard & Co., New York.-Upper Canada, Rowsell, Toronto

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AARON and the Priesthood, 42
Abernethy, selections from, 32
Acquirement of riches, on, 70
Action, necessity of determinate prin-
ciples of, 216

Adhesion and Cohesion, 55


Advice of a philosopher, 200
Age and Youth, 213.

Algebraic sigus, + and -, origin of, 15
Altars, various kinds of, 197
American Indian tradition, 160
American's opinion of the wealth and
power of Great Britain, 101
Anatomy, See Comparative
Anderson, J. S. M., selections from, 134
Andrews, selections from, 176
Animals without feet, motion of, 136
powers of defence and offence
possessed by, 104

on the feeding of, 142
language of, Í., 22—II., 27
Animal life, wonders of, 70
Arabians, navigation of the, 161
Arnott, extracts from, 239
Art of gilding, 96

Arts and sciences, progress of, 246
Astronomy, Popular, Part II., 33-
III., 121-IV., 201

Attraction, on Capillary, 84, 156

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Capillary Attraction, 84, 156
Carelessness productive of poverty, 88
Carter, selections from, 223
Casaubon, selections from, 171
Casuerba, selection from, 83
Caterpillar, organs of digestion in the,
Cathedral Churches, on the destruc-
tion of, 88

of Florence. 177
Centre of gravity, 188, 220
Chain-links of various forms, 176
Character of a true philosopher, 229
Chelsea water-works, mode of filtra-
tion adopted at, 54
Chemist, the young. XII., 91
Chest-explorer, account of, 226
Chief Butler, duties of, at corona-
tions, 59
Childhood, lines on, 64
Children, their propensity to imita-
tion, 32

of Israel, murmurings of, 12
China, No. IX., 89-X., 153
Chinese, filial piety of the, 89

domestic manners of the, 153
Christianity, the greatest of blessings,



Civet cat, the, 189

Civilized life, 239

Clarendon, selection from, 157


Cleanliness in nature, principles of, 195
Clifford Castle, ruins of, 19
Coal-field, the great Northern, I., 209
-11, 225-III., 241
Cohesion and Adhesion, 55
Coleridge, selections from, 13, 16, 24,
28, 30, 216, 247

Colton, selection from, 136
Combats, Judicial, 170
Comb-cutting engine, 224
Companions, necessity of care in
choosing, 191
Comparative Anatomy, Facts in, III.,
28-IV., 104-V., 136-VI., 240
Compassion, an emotion never to be
ashamed of, 184

Conscience, value of a good, 232
Conder, lines by, 3
Conductors and non-conductors
Electricity, 151
Consolations of Religion, 11
Construction of the violin, 199
Coronations, Chapters on, III, The

Regalia, 4-IV., Coronation Vest-
ments, 20-V. Great Officers of
State, 44-VI., Services performed
at the Coronation by tenure of
grand sergeantry.
of Claims, 59-VII., 94
Coronation Anecdotes, III., 14—IV.,
29-V., 51-VI.. 71-VII., 102
Cottage gardening, I., 84-II., 109
Cowper, selections from, 88
Creation, wonders of the, 70
Cultivation of the Manioc plant, 57
Dahlia, 111
Cumberland, selection from, 200

Dahlia, cultivation of the, 111
Dartmoor, description of, 113
Davy, Sir H., selections from, 150, 246
Day and night, how produced, 204
Deer, horns of, 93


Defence, powers of, possessed by ani-
mals, 104

Definition of Prose and Poetry, 30
Dependance of man upon his Creator, 3
Description of Tintern Abbey, 65
Desmond, Earl, fate of, 107
Dialogue between body and spirit, 159
Difficulties, resignation under, 70
Doum-tree of the Thebaid, 64
Dramatic writings of the Chinese, 153
Drink, excess in, to be avoided, 192
Drunkenness, evils of, 141

Evils of drunkenness, 141
Excess in drink to be avoided, 192

Earth, its appearance to the moon, 120
replenishment of, by plants, 191
Earthenware, remarks on, 13
Eclipses, solar and lunar, causes of, 127
Education, the use of a proper, 104
Effects of religious feelings, 15
Electrical experiments, 228
Electricity, I., General Principles of,
111-II., Conductors and Non-
conductors, 151-III., Electrical
Machines, 172-IV., 212-V., 228
Elephant, various species of the, 160
Elizabeth, coronation of queen, 83
Ely Chapel, Holborn, 129, 185
Engine, comb-cutting, 224
English, navigation of, during the mid-
dle ages, 165
Envy, effects of, 68
Erdman, Mr., his description of phos.
phorescent lichens, 220
Euphrates expedition, account of, 1
Europe, comparative tables of the
weights, measures, and monies of,

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Future state, on a,' 119
Gaming, remarks on, 239
Gardening, remarks on cottage, 85-
II., 109.


Gecko, foot of the, 240
Genius and virtue, lines on, 32
Gerdil, selections from, 223
Gilding, art of, 96
Gillman, Mrs., extract from, 187
Gisborne, lines by, 191
God, omnipotence and omnipresence
of, 173

God, lines on the bounty of, 88!
God's overruling providence, 134
Gold-leaf beating, 248
Goldsmith, selections from, 11
Good conscience, value of a, 232
Goodrich Castle, Monmouthshire, 97
Gravity, centre of, 188, 220
Great Britain, an American's opinion
of the wealth and power of, 101
Great buffalo, Indian tradition of, 160
Grub, organs of digestion in the, 104

Hale, Sir M., selections from, 141, 191
Hamley, Rev. E., lines by, 144
Happiness the reward of a virtuous
life, 19
Harvest-time, hymn in, 200
lines on, 70
Hazel, the, 116
Health, lines on, 144
Herschel, selections from, 220
Hogg, selections from, 159
Home, what is, 3

Hope, Collins's ode to, extract from,
Horns of deer, 93
Hospitality, moderation in, to be prac-
tised, 189
Hour-glass, philosophy of the, 158
Howitt, Mary, lines by, 19
Humphrey, Rev. Dr., extract from, 101
Hurdis, lines by, 15, 30, 70, 88
Hydraulic ram, description of, 211
Hymu in harvest-time, 200

Idria, quicksilver mines of, 155
Ill-temper, evil attending, 248
Imitation, propensity of children to, 32
Incentive to the study of botany, 87
Indian ink, how prepared, 174
Indian tradition of the buffalo, 160
Inks, mode of preparing various, 174
Inkstands, 236
Inorganic substances, uses of some of,
to man, 119

Insects, on the transformation of, 150
Intellectual labour, aversion of man-
kind to, 3
Intemperance, lines on, 119

Jewish master, story of a, 150
Johnson, selections from, 3, 195, 231,
Judicial combats, 170

Kentucky, racoon hunt in, 53
Kilmallock, Ireland, description of, 105
King's champion, duties of, 94
Knox, selection from, 232
Kremlin bell, lifting of the, 235

La Fontaine, selection from, 147
Land measures of area, table of, 63
Language of animals, I., 22—II., 27
Latitude and longitude, what meant by
the terms, 208

Lavater, selections from, 221, 239
Leadhills, Lanarkshire, village of, 230
Learning not knowledge, 213
Leaves of plants, on the, 67
Leech, the medicinal, 231
"Let us go to the woods," 152
Liberality, what meant by, 134
Liberty conducive to happiness, 224
Lichens, phosphorescent, in the Dres-
den coal-mines, 220
Life, shortness of, 3

Light of the marine animals, 237
Lighting public street, custom of, 140
Lincoln Lunatic Asylum, 45
Lines on Childhood, 64
Liquids, level surfaces of, 7
Locke, selections from, 19, 70
Looking-glasses and mirrors, 144
Love and friendship, 147
Love of the world, 157
Lucas, selections from, 8

Macculloch, extracts from, 22, 27, 119,
136, 142, 152, 191, 237

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Moon, phases of the, 125
Moral courage of women, 215
Morning, lines on a summer, 223
Motion of animals without feet, 136
Motion, on perpetual, 99

Moth, dwelling of a species of, 88
Mutual forbearance, 32
Myxine, glutinous hag, or borer, 184
National morality, its dependence ou
religion, 15

Natural Philosophy, Recreations in,

II., 7-111, 55-IV., 84-V., 99—
VI., 156-VII., 179-VIII., 188-
IX., 220.

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Plasterer, the, 32

Plumber, the, 31

Plus and minus, origin of the signs of,


Poison fangs in serpents, 61
Polyanthos, account of the, 244
Poor, sinfulness of oppressing the, 173
Pope, selections from, 212, 223
Popular Astronomy, Part II., 33-

Comparative sizes of the planets,
33-The Sun, 34-Mercury, 37-
Venus, 38-III., 121-The Earth,
121-The Moon, 122-Phases of,
125 Eclipses, 126-Solar and
lunar eclipses, 127-IV., 201-The
seasons, 201-Day and night, 204
-Refraction, 205-Tides, 206-
Latitude and longitude, 207
Porter, selection from, 220
Portuguese and Spaniards, navigation
of, 251

Primrose, the common, 244
Printer's ink, what composed of, 175
Prize-fighting, on, 143

Profile machine, description of, 192
Progress of the arts and sciences, 246
Progress and public processions of
Queen Elizabeth, VII., 9-VIII.,
46-IX., 81

Prose and poetry, definitions of, 30
Public streets, custom of lighting, 140
introduction of stone
pavements in, 219

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Capillary attraction, illustrations of,
84-86, 156, 157
Caracole, a, 161
Caterpillar of the turnip-fly, 7

organs of digestion in, 104
Centre of gravity, figures illustrative
of, 188, 189, 220, 221
Chain-shot, 235
Cheapside, procession through, 48
Chinese lady, child, and attendant, 89
drama, scene in a, 153
Civet Cat, 189
Clifford Castle, on the Wye, 17
Cocoon of the turnip-fly, 7
Colobium Sindonis, 21
Comb-cutting engine. 224
Congreve rocket, effect of a, 234
Cornhill, ancient view of, 9
Cup of Tantalus, 7

Dartmoor, Gray Wethers at, 113
Digestion, organs of, in the caterpil

lar, 104
Doum Palm, fruit of the, 64
Drawing from an old mosaic, 168

Earl Marshal's staff. 45

Early English vessel, 253
Earth, probable appearance of, to the
Eclipse, total, 126

annular, 127
lunar, 128
moon, 121

Egyptian king Rameses offering in-
cense and oblations, 41

Egyptian method of spinning, 108
offerings of the, 148
Electrical experiments, diagrams to

illustrate, 228, 229
Electrical machines, 172, 173

Smith, Adam, selection from, 19
Snake and the viper, 140
Sorrow, effects of, 147
Soul and body, 159
Sounds, rural, 152
South, selection from, 223
Stebbing, extract from, 159
Steele, selection from, 213
Sterne, selection from, 143
Stethoscope, or chest-explorer, 226
Stone pavements in streets, 219
Story, Robert, lines by, 183
Strafford, Lord, selection from, 192
Streets, lighting, 140
Struve, selection from, 212
Study of Truth, advantages of, 83
Botany, incentive to the, 87
Summer Morning, lines on, 223
- lines où, 19
Sumptuary laws, old English, 157

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Sacrifice, universality of, 148
Sago Palm, description of the, 24
St. Swithin, 15

San Lorenzo, Florence, church of, 138
Sanford, Mrs. J., selections from, 150,

Say, J. B., anecdote by, 110
Scene in Russia, 222
Sea, British sailor's praise of the, 183
shell, lines on, 231
Seasons, successions of the, 201
Self-instruction, advantages afforded
for, 240

Sensibility of women, 159
Sensitive mind, advantages of a, 150
Serpents, poison fangs in, 61
Shakspeare, selections from, 147
Shortness of life, 3

Simpson, extract from, 54

Sin, deceitfulness of the pleasures of,

Sistine chapel, Rome, account of, 75
Slater, the, 31
Smith, selection from, 3

Electricity, illustraçoins of, 112

Elephant, heads of various species of,

Ely Chapel, Holborn, 129
Palace, 185

English war-boat, early, 166 |
vessel, early, 253


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Tabernacle, building of the, 107
Taylor, Jeremy, Coleridge's opinion
of, 24

Latitude and longitude, diagram illus
trative of, 208
Leech, medicinal, 232
Letter-writer, Roman, 73
Link-chains, various models of, 176
Llandogo, on the Wye, 217
Lunar eclipse, 128

Bishop, selection from, 224
Telford, extract from the life of, 62
Temple, Sir W., selection from, 223
Templeton, selection from, 96
Thames water, filtration of, 54
Thebaid, Doum tree of the, 64
Thinking not an easy employment, 247
Thompson, lines by, 200
Thoughts of the moment, value of, 136
Tides, operation of the sun, moon, and
earth in producing, 206
Tillotson, selections from, 136, 221
Time, value of, 231

Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, 65
Tolling of the passing-bell, reflections
on, 183
Transformation of insects typical of the
human being, 150
Trench, Mrs., selections from, 15
Trials by ordeal, and judicial combats,

Truffle, description of the, 29
Truth, on the study of, 83

the foundation of knowledge,
Tongue of the woodpecker, 28
Turnip-fly, account of, 6

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Racoon, the, 53

Ragland Castle, ruins of, 145
Rameses offering incense and obla
tions, 41

Rat, the black, 216

Red and fallow deer, horns of, 93
Refraction, diagrams illustrative of,


Rings, king and queen's, 5
River view of Newcastle-upon-Tyne,

Roebuck, horns of, 94
Roman letter-writer, 73

altar and sacrifice, 197
Rottler, J. P., monument to, 25
Rotunda, or Repository, Woolwich, 233
Royal progress through the Strand, 81

Useful Arts, No. XXXVIII., 31
Useful knowledge, ardour in the pur
suit of to be cherished, 195
Vatican, account of the, 75
Velocity of the wind, 192
Venetians, navigation of the, 249
Verses addressed to Queen Elizabeth,
9, 10, 47, 48, 83

Vestments, coronation, account of, 20
Village church and pastor, 130
Violin, history of the, 181
construction of, 199
Viper and the snake, 140
Virtuous life, happiness the reward of,


Visit to the quicksilver mines of Idría,
blind school at Philadel-
phia, 187

Washington, selections from, 15
Watchmen, the establishment of, 214
Wayland, selections from, 70, 88
Wealth, how acquired, 88

Wealth and power of Great Britain,

Weights of Europe, table of, 62
Wilberforce, selections from, 56
Willmott, selection from, 240
Wind, velocity of the, 192
Women, sensibility of, 159

-, moral courage of, 215
Woodpecker, tongue of the, 28
Woolwich, naval and military esta-
blishments at, 233
World, love of, 157,
World, what the most sublime spec-
tacle in, 136

Writing materials, IV.History of
writing paper, 68-V. Manufacture
of writing paper, 117-VI. On
parchment, 133-VII. On ink, 174
-VIII., 236
Wye and Monmouthshire, II., 17-
III., 49-IV., 97-V., 193-VI.,

Young Chemist, XII., 91
Youth and age, 213

Sago-palm, fruit, &c, of, 24
Sail-maker, from a French print, 164
St. Paul's Cross, Cheapside, 48
St. Nicholas Church, Newcastle, 209
Sandals, coronation, 21
Scene in a Chinese drama, 153
Sceptre, king and queen's, with cross, 4
with dove, 4

Seal, great, of Henry the First, 5
Seasons, the, 201

Serpents, poison fangs of, 61
Ship, Anglo-Saxon aud Norman, 165
Silvering table, 144

Slating, diagram illustrative of, 31
Snake and viper, heads of, 140
Solstice, Summer and Winter, 204
Spinning, ancient Egyptian method of,

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Tantalus, cup of, 7

Tides, spring, new and full moon, 207

neap, 208

Tintern Abbey, ruins of, 65
Transformations, insect, 88
Truffle, the, 29
Turnip-fly, 7

Venetian gondola, 250
Venus, phases of, 39

Viper and snake, heads of, 140
Virge, queen's, or ivory rod, 4

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THE Euphrates Expedition, undertaken for the purpose of ascertaining the navigability of that river, must be considered one of the most useful and interesting journeys recently made. Useful, not only because of proving practicable a much shorter and more convenient route from hence to India; but also as opening out new sources of commercial enterprise with a people with whom we have as yet had little intercourse; and whom, it appears, Europeans have hitherto much misunderstood.

But the usefulness resulting from such an expedition even yields to the interest it must awaken in the mind of the Biblical or classical antiquarian. The river Euphrates, whose banks have been styled "the cradle of the world," whose margins bore the proud weight of the greatest cities of antiquity; and whose bosom was ploughed by the ships of the princely merchants of Babylon, concerning which so many prophecies of Holy Writ were recorded and terribly fulfilled, the theatre of war of the Ten Thousand Greeks and the army of Alexander,-the early seat of Christianity,-offers a mine of material for the poet, the philosopher, and the historian. Having been kindly granted access to the Notes VOL. XIII.



7TH, 1838.

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of the accomplished Surgeon and Naturalist of the Expedition, Mr. Ainsworth, (to whom we are also indebted for the sketch, taken on the spot by Lieutenant Fitzjames, R. N., from which our engraving is made,) we are enabled to lay before our readers some curious and novel facts concerning the city of cities," Babylon the Great.

The modern town of Hillah is situated upon the river Euphrates, where once stood a considerable suburb of Babylon. Its present population, which may average from six to seven thousand souls, consists chiefly of Arabs, who have their own Sheik, but the Mutsellim, or governor of the place, is under the pacha of Baghdad, and resides in a fortress within the town. There are bazaars and markets on both sides of the river. The shopkeepers are chiefly Armenians, Turks, and Jews. A most important fact connected with these traders is, that Manchester and Glasgow goods that were taken out by the Expedition as samples, were eagerly bought by them, at a profit

Mr. Ainsworth's work, Researches in Babylonia, Assyria, and Chaldea, is now published, and the Author has departed on a journey to the Syrian Christians, under the auspices of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and the Royal Geographical


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