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cular Priest against a Jesuit"), you may believe, that about that time there were many endeavours, first to excommunicate, and then to shorten the life of King James.
Immediately after Sir Henry Wotton's return from Rome to Florence (which was about a year before the death of Queen Elizabeth), Ferdinand, the Great Duke of Florence", had intercepted certain letters that discovered a design to take away the life of James the then King of Scots. The Duke abhorring the fact, and resolving to endeavour a prevention of it, advised with his Secretary Vietta, by what means a caution might be best given to that King; and after consideration, it was resolved to be done by Sir Henry Wotton, whom Vietta first commended to the Duke, and the Duke had noted and approved of above all the English that frequented his court.
Sir Henry was gladly called by his friend Vietta to the Duke, who, after much profession of trust and friendship, acquainted him with the secret; and being well instructed, dispatched him into Scotland with letters to the King, and, with those letters, such Italian antidotes against poisons as the Scots till then had been strangers to.
Having parted from the Duke, he took up the name and language of an Italian ; and thinking it best to avoid the line of English intelligence and danger, he posted into Norway, and
through that country towards Scotland, where he found the King at Stirling : Being there, he used means by Bernard Lindsey, one of the King's bed-chamber, to procure him a speedy and private conference with his Majesty; assuring him, " That the bufiness which he was to negociate was of such con“ sequence, as had caused the Great Duke of Tuscany to en"join him suddenly to leave his native country of Italy, to im“part it to his King."
This being by Bernard Lindsey made known to the King, the King, after a little wonder (mixed with jealousy) to hear of an Italian ambassador or messenger, required his name (which was said to be Octavio Baldi), and appointed him to be heard privately at a fixed hour that evening.
When Octavio Baldi came to the presence-chamber door, he was requested to lay afide his long rapier (which Italian-like he then wore), and being entered the chamber, he found there with the King three or four Scotch Lords standing distant in several corners of the chamber, at the fight of whom he made a stand; which the King observing, “ bade him be bold, and “ deliver his message ; for he would undertake for the secrecy “ of all that were present." Then did Oétavio Baldi deliver his letters and his message to the King in Italian: which when the King had graciously received, after a little pause, Octavio Baldi steps to the table, and whispers to the King in his own language, that he was an Englishman, beseeching him for a more private conference with his Majesty, and that he might be concealed during his stay in that nation ; which was promised, and really performed by the King during all his abode there, which was about three months : all which time was spent with much pleasantness to the King, and with as much to Octavio Baldi himself as that country could afford ; from which he departed as true an Italian as he came thither.
To the Duke at Florence he returned with a fair and grateful account of his employment; and within some few months after his return, there came certain news to Florence, that Queen Elia zabeth was dead, and James, King of the Scots, proclaimed King of England. The Duke knowing travel and business to be the best schools of wisdom, and that Sir Henry Wotton had been tutored in both, advised him to return presently to England,
u James I. was as liberal in the distribution of honours, as his predecessor Queen Elizabeth was fparing. In 1603 he conferred knighthood on more than five hundred persons.
x James I. heard with great pleasure the epithet of the “ pacific" monarch applied to himself. "I know not by what fortune the dicton “ of pacific was acided to my title at my coming into England, that of “ the lyon expreffing true fortitude having been my dicton before: " But I am not ashamed of this addition, for King Solomon was a " figure of Christ, in that, that he was a King of Peace. The greatest
goi that our Saviour gave his apofiles immediately before his ascen" lion was, that he left his peace with them, be himtelf having prayed or tor his perfecutors and forgiven his own death, as the proverb is.'
(King James's Horks, p. 590. the courts of great princes to be sumptuous, and necessarily expensive, inclined most to that of Venice, as being a place of more retirement, and best suiting with his genius, who did ever love to join with business, study, and a trial of natural experiments: for both which, fruitful Italy, that darling of Nature, and cherisher of all arts, is so juftly famed in all parts of the Chriftian world
Sir Henry having after some short time and confideration resolved upon Venice, and a large allowance being appointed by the King for his voyage thither, and a settled maintenance during his stay there, he left England', nobly accompanied through France to Venice by gentlemen of the beit families and breeding that this nation afforded : they were too many to name, but these two, for the following reasons, may not be omitted. Sir Albertus Morton his nephew, who went his see cretary; and William Bedel, a man of choice learning, and sanctified wisdom, who went his chaplain. And though his dear friend Dr. Donne (then a private gentleman) was not one of the number that did personally accompany him in this voyage, yet the reading of the following letter sent by him to Sir Henry Woton, the morning before he left England, may testify he wanted not his friend's best wishes to attend him.