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6 They also made injunctions " Against the unnecessary increase of "new churches, convents, and other religious buildings within their “ dominions."

C CLEMENT VIII. the admirer of Mr. Richard Hooker's vaft erudition, was a munificent patron of learning, having proinoted to the purple, Bellarmine, Baronius, and many other eminent scholars. Sir Henry Wotton in a letter to Lord Zouch, from Florence, July 27, 1592, gives üs the following anecdote of this Pope.' " The Pope (Clement VIII.) “ in this last general examination of the clergy in St. John Lateran hath " deposed four canonists of that church, the one for having Plutarch's “ Lives' found on his table, the rest for failing in declining of nouns and “ verbs.” He has drawn his character in another letter to the fame nobleman, May 8, 1592; and in a letter from Florence, July 31, 1592. he declares, that Clement had “la santita di Pio quarto, la prudentia " di Gregorii XIII. et la severita di Sisto V." Leo XI. the immediate successor of Clement VIII. died on the 29th day of his pontificate. Upon his death, Paul V. was advanced to the Papal dignity, in preference to two learned antagonists, Bellarmine and Baronius--a pontiff of haughty, vindictive, and violent spirit, who, as hath already been

ved diføraced his character by an express approbation of the doc. be of SUAREZ the Jesuit, in defence of “ The Murder of Kings."

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Matters thus heightened, the state advised with father Paul", a holy and learned friar, the author of “ The History of the Council of Trent,” whose advice was, “ Neither to provoke the Pope, nor lose their own right;" he declaring publicly in print, in the name of the state, “That the Pope was trusted to To keep two keys, one of prudence and the other of power ; and " that if they were not both used together, power alone is not « effectual in an excommunication."

And thus these discontents and oppositions continued, till a report was blown abroad that the Venetians were all turned Proteitants; which was believed by many: for that it was observed that the English ambassador was so often in conference with the senate; and his chaplain, Mr. Bedels, more often with Father Paul, whom the people did not take to be his friend: And also, for that the Republic of Venice was known to give commission to Gregory Justiniano, then their ambassador in England, to make all these proceedings known to the King of England, and to crave a promise of his assistance, if need should require; and in the mean time they required the King's advice and judgment; which was the same that he gave to Pope Clement, at his first coming to the crown of England-(that Pope then moving him to an union with the Roman church);--namely, “ To endea« your the calling of a free Council for the settlement of peace « in Christendom; and that he doubted not but that the French “ King, and divers other Princes, would join to assist in fo good « a work; and in the mean time the fin of this breach, both “ with his and the Venetian dominions, muft of neceflity lie « at the Pope's door."

In this contention, which lasted almost two years, the Pope grew still higher, and the Venetians more and more reTolved and careless, ftill acquainting King James with their proceedings, which was done by the help of Sir Henry Wotton,

We have already had occafion to name this venerable ecclefiaftic. The History of the Council of Trent was published as the work of Pietro Soare Polano, the anagram of his name. His principal adversaries in the Venetian cause were Bellarmine and Baronius, the two great champions of their church. It was said of Father Paul, that “ He not only is knew more than other men, but that he knew better;" and that “he “ seemed to have wisdom by habit.” Attempts have been recently made by fome modern writers among the high Catholics, as they are denomiDated, to depreciate the fame and invalidate the authority of this great man. There attempts are vain. His works will be held in veneration when the names of his adversaries are funk into oblivion,

& Afterward Bishop of Kilmore, in Ireland. During his residence at Venice for eight years, he contracted an intimate acquaintance with Father Paul, who taught him the Italian language, and who was much afflicted when Mr. Bedel returned to England, to whom at his departure he presented bis picture, the MSS. of his Hiftory of the Council of Trent, his History of the laterdict and Inquisition, with other literary donations.

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King James had written « A Premonition to all Christian Princes and States,” in the Latin language. Sir Henry Wotton is much censured for having delayed to present it to the Senate of Venice, as there was no doubt but that it would have tended much to separate them entirely from the papal power. It was his intention to have produced it on St. James's day. Before that day came, the difference between the Pope and the Republic was made up: fo that when he had his audience, all the answer he got was, “That they thanked the King of England for « his good will, but that they were now reconciled to the Pope, and " that therefore they were resolved not to adınit any change in their re“ ligion, according to their agreement with the court of Rome.” (Burnet's Life of Bedel, p. 13, 14.-It must be remembered that the above account is expressly contradicted by Dr. Hickes, who asserts, that the King's book, of which Bishop Burnet speaks, was not then extant. « The Pope and the Venetians were reconciled in April 1607, and the « King's Premonition came not out till 1609."

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