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p This was spoken of the first edition of Isaac Walton's Life of Dr. Donne, which was printed in 1640; and not, as Wood affirmis, in 1653.
9 The Separatists from the Church of England, were originally called by a general term,“ Puritans." Split into parties, they were toon dilcriminated by the various appellations of “ Preibyterians,” • Independents," " Brownifts," - Familifis,” &c.
Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch, is in the list of the Apostolic Fathers, among whom were placed such Christian doctors as had conversed with the apostles themselves, or their disciples. This pious and veverable man, who being exposed to wild beasts by the order of Trajan, suffered martyrdom with the utmost constancy, was educated under the apuitle and evangelift St. John, and intimately acquainted with St. Peter and St. Paul.
$ The writer of this letter experienced, in his own person, a pleasure equal to any, of which human nature is capable, that of vindicating the injured fame of a beloved parent. When Dr. John King, Bishop of London, a man of solid gravity and piety, and of such an excellent volubility of tongue as well as invention, that James I. denominated him “ the King of Preachers,” was traduced as having abjured that religion, which in the course of a long life he had uniformly defended and adorned, this his lon detected the falsehood of the accusation, and in a sermon at St. Paul's Cross, clearly exposed the artificers of an infamous, but at that time no unusual calumny.
t President of Corpus Christi College in Oxford. After the death of Mr. Ilooker be published the five books of the Ecclefiaftical Polity, with an excellent preface, subscribed I. S. the initial letters of his name. (See Wood's Ath. Or, vol. I. p. 393.)
u The character of this prelate, justly to be admired for his truly Chrifiian moderation and mildness, has been molt happily pourtrayed by the pen of the Right. Hon. Arthur Onllow, for many years the venerable Speaker of the British House of Commons, in “ The Life of Dr. George Abbot, &c. reprinted with some additions, &c. Guildford, 1777."
x Chaplain to Archbishop Bancroft, as well as to his successor, Dr. Abbot, and Dean of Bocking in Essex: an able divine, and an ainiable man. To his knowledge in divinity he added other literary accomplifh-.
them to him to his palace in Lambeth; at which time, I have heard, they were put into the Bishop's library, and that they remained there till the martyrdom of Archbishop Laud; and were then, by the brethren of that faction, given, with all the library, to Hugh Peters", as a reward for his remarkable fer. vice in those fad times of the Church's confusion : And though they could hardly fall into a fouler hand; yet there wanted
mepts, being an accurate historian, well skilled in coins and antiquities, and so great a proficient in heralary, that he is generally supposed to have been the author of that celebrated work, which was published in the name of John Guillim. He was also the editor of Crakanthorpe's book against the Archbishop of Spalato, entitled “ Defensio Ecclefiæ,” &c. Speed, at the conclusion of his llisiory of Great Britain, gratefully acknowledges “ The most acceptable helps both of books and collecions “ (especially in matters remoier from our times) from that worthy di"vine, Master John Barkeham, a gentleman composed of learning, ver
tue, and courtefie, as being no leise ingeniously willing, than learnedly “able, to advance and forward all vertuous endeavours.” He bequeathed his valuable coins to Archbishop Laud, through whole munificence they were deposited in the Bodleian Library at Oxford.
, Hugh PETERS, a man of loose morals, having been expelled in the earlier part of his lite from the University of Cambridge, became afterward an itinerant preacher in New England, Holland, and other countries, and was at length appointed one of Oliver Cromwell's Chaplains, and a Colonel in the army. He and Dr. Burgels are clafled among those precious-gifted teachers, to whom Butler alludes in the heroical' epifile of Hudibras to his Lady, ver. 305, 306. Heoccasionally preached the lecture at Stepney, and from thence was called by William Greenbill, the noted Independant, « The Evening Star of Stepney.” Many infiances are recorded of the violence of bis zeal againfi monarchy. When Oxford was surrendered in 1646, for the use of ihe Parliament, he was one of the chaplains who, by propagating the most Ioditious doctrines in the town and in the univerfity, endeavoured to feduce the inhabitants and the young fcholars from their allegiance.-luthe pulpit he put une frequently acted the part of a buffoon or merry-andrew. He used to lay, that it would never be well till 150-" The three L's, the Lords, the Le“ vites, and the Lawyers,” were put down. He preached divers sermons to persuade thearmy to destroy the King, whom he compared to Barabbas. It was given in evidence againsi him, that be was wont to call the King tyrant and fool; and that, on the Sunday after his Majeliy was brougtit to his trial, in the course of his fermon, he uttered there words, --" Lord, “ now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, for mine eyes have seen "thy falsation."
Such was the man who got poffeffion, not only of the Archbishop's library at Lambeth, but allo of the invaluable one which belonged to the King. A commission was granted by Charles II. daled Sept. 10, 1600, to Thomas Rols, tutor to the Duke of Monmouth, and Elias Athmole, Esquires, empowering them to examine llogh Pelers concerning the books and medals which he was suspected of having embezzled. it was well known that he had ranfacked ihe royal library and closet, and that their most valuable curiofities were iaken out, and ditperied over Europe. In his examination (Biogr. Brit. vol. II. p. 23). K.) he declared, that he gave up the key and culiony of them to Major General Ireton.Vi bis behaviour, during his trial and at his execution, lee the State Trials. not other endeavours to corrupt and make them speak that lana guage for which the faction then fought, which indeed was— to subject the sovereign power to the people.
But I need not strive to vindicate Mr. Hooker in this particular; his known loyalty to his prince, whilft he lived, the sora Tow expressed by King James at his death, the value our late fovereign (of ever-blessed memory) put upon his works, and now, the fingular character of his worth by you, given in the paffages of his Life, especially in your Appendix to it, do sufficiently clear him from that imputation. And I am glad you mention how much value Thomas Stapleton, Pope Clement the VIII. and other eminent men of the Romifh persuasion, have put upon his books : Having been told the same in my youth by persons of worth that have travelled Italy.
Lastly, I must again congratulate this undertaking of yours, as now more proper to you than any other person, by reason of your long knowledge and alliance to the worthy family of the Cranmers (my old friends also), who have been men of noted wisdom, especially Mr. George Cranmer, whose prudence added to that of Sir Edwin Sandys, proved very useful in the completing of Mr. Hooker's matchless books: one of their letters I herewith send you, to make use of if you think fit. And let me fay further; you merit much from many of Mr. Hooker's best friends then living ; namely, from the ever-renowned Archbishop Whitgift, of whose incomparable worth, with the character of the times, you have given us a more short and fignicant account than I have received from any other pen, You have done much for the learned Sir Henry Savile, his contemporary and familiar friend; amongst the surviving monuments of whose learning (give me leave to tell you so) two are omitted ; his edition of Euclid ?, but especially his translation of “ King James's Apology for the Oath of Allegiance,” into elegant Latin ; which flying in that dress as far as Rome, was by the Pope and Conclave sent to Salamanca unto Franciscus Suarez a (then residing there as President of that college) with a com