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long to end this digression, that I may lead my reader back to Mr. Hooker, where we left him at the Temple

John Whitgift was born in the county of Lincoln, of a fam mily that was ancient and noted to be prudent and affable, and gentle by nature. He was educated in Cambridge much of his learning was acquired in Pembroke-Hall, where Mr. Bradfordd the martyr was his tutor: from thence he was re, moved to Peter-Houfe "; from thence to be Master of Pembroke. Hall; and from thence to the Mastership of Trinity College. About which time the Queen made him her Chaplain, and not long after Prebendary of Ely, and then Dean of Lincoln; and having for many years past looked upon him with much reverence and favour, gave him a fair teftimony of both, by give ing him the Bishopric of Worcester, and (which was not an usual favour) forgiving him his first-fruits; then by constituting him Vice-president of the principality of Wales. And having for several years experimented his wisdom, his justice, and moderation in the manage of her affairs in both these

a Ifaac Walton's epitome of the life of Dr. Whitgift, is truly excellent.

"a hand or eye
“ By Hilyard drawne, is worth a history
" By a worse painter made.”

DR. DONNE. 6 WHIT GIFT was descended from an ancient family in York Gire, resident' at Whitgift, a town in the Weft-Riding of that county. He was educated under a paternal uncle, Robert Whitgift, Abbot of a monafiery in Lincolnshire, from whom he often heard the following prophetic declaration : “ That they and their religion could not long con

tinue; because,” said be, “I have read the whole Scripture over and '" over, and could never find therein that our religion was founded by ** God:” And to support his opinion the Abbot would allege that saya ing of our Saviour, " Every plant which my heavenly Father bath not "planted Mall be rooted out.” Matt. xv. 13.

c He was first admitted of Queen's College. He afterward removed to Pembroke-Hall, the Mafier of that College at that time being Bitho) Ridley.

d As holy a man as any who lived in his time and learned also. Of him fee “ Fox's Book of Martyrs,” and “Fuller's Abel redivivus,” p. 179.

e Dr. Whitgift was the great restorer of order and discipline in the Univerliiy. In 1562 he was appointed Lady Margaret's Professor of Divinity, the salary of the Professorship being, on account of his extraurdinary merit, augmented from twenty inarks to twenty pounds. He did noi continue Mafier of Pembroke-Hall above three months, being appointed Mafier of Trinity College, July 4, 1567, on the death of Dx. Beaumont. To this good prelate has been upplied what was laid of de Roman Fabius :

« Unus homo nobis cunctando refiituit rem :

“ Ergo pólique magisque viri nunc gloria claret." Fuller tells us, that Whi!gift's finger mored more in church matters, than the hands of all the privy counsellors belides. (Ch. Hist. P. X. p. 218.)


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& Rather, according to Strype, “by reason of his suspension or fe “ queliration which he lay under (together with the Queen's displeao lure) for some years when the ecclefiatiical affairs were managed by or certain Civilians.” During the latter part of his life Archbishop Grindal was confined to his houfe, and fequeftered for a non-conipliance with the directions of the Queen, when the ordered him to forbid the exercises and prophecies which were then much practised by the Puritans. He became totally blind in 1582. The resignation of his Archbishopric being frequently urged by her Majeliy was delayed from, time to time, until broken down with infirmity he died July 6, 1583, aged 63 years. Though he has been blamed for holding the reins too loole in respect to the Puritans, and for his Nackness in the government of the affairs of the church, yet this has been considered as too severe a charge. Hollingshead fays of him, “ That he was fo ftudious, that his ¢ book was bis bride, and his fiudy his bride.chamber, wherein he spent « both his eye-fight, his strength, and his health.”--In fact, he was a person of mild manners, and of singular moderation, and very unwilling to have recourse to extremities. Hence the Puritans claimed hiin as iheir own, though in reality no one was ever more lincerely at tached to the Church of England.

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9 The first article of Magna Charta is “ Que les Eglises de Engleterre “ seroni franches et aient les dreitures franches, et enterinés, et ple“piéres."

r This beautiful apologue is taken with some alterations from “ Æfop's Fable of the Fox and the Eagle.”-Apposite to this passage are the remarks in a very scarce and curious tract, written by Mr. Ephraiin Udall, and entiiled “ Noli me tangere,London, 1612. “And it is a " thing to be thought on, that many antient fainilies (as some intellis * gent men have observed) who inherited the lands of their ancellors, " longa serie deductâ à majoribus; when they took in fome of the Spoiles made in lithes and glebe by the flatute of dissolution, their possessions " quickly fpued out the old possessors of them as a loatbfume thing, " the bread of God proving as the bread of deceit, gravell in their * teeth ; and the portion of God's mivillers becoming like antimony or



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