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e See a copy of this " Solemn League and Covenant for Reformation and Defence of Religion, the Honour and Happiness of the King; and the Peace and Safety of the three Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland," in " Lord Clarendon's History of the Rebellion," Vol. II, p. 373.

This Covenant was recommended to the common people, by their preachers, in very strange language..." See that the Covenant be both os taken and performed. It is the Covenant of the Most High God, who will « be much provoked sure with the neglect of it. You have holden forth a

pious example in entering into our Sulemn League and Covenant for « Retorniation, like the honoured Prince Josiah, and that with the same “ fincerity. Oh! accompany that King one step farther, in causing all in • Jeruíalem ard Benjamin to make it and itind to it, when they have o made it.” (John Strickland's Sermon before the Lords, Nov. 5, 1644, p. 5. --- England thall be England, or a Sodom and Gomorral), ac. is coding as it keeps or breaks the Covenant." (Lazarus Seaman's Fast Serinon before the Commons, Sept. 25, 1644, p. 45.) A Covenant is "' a golden girdle to tie us fait to Guit; it is a joining and glewing our" felves to the Lord : It is a binding ourselves apprentice to God: it is as not only commendable 'but very neceísary (ad for this cause you are " met here this da; ); to enter into a bond a second time, to bind and “ enrol yourselves again unto the Lord, to make up this hedge, to tie this " golden girdle, and to join and glew yourselves once more uito the Lord, " in a perpeinal Covenant never to be forgotten." (Edm. Calamy's Sormor before the Lord Mayor', Jan. 14, 1645, entitled, The great Danger of Cosciant refusing and Coreilant-breaking, p. 2.)

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f Dr. JOHN WILLIAMS was then Dean of Weltminster. He held this Deanery in commendam during the whole time of his being Bishop of Lincoln, ard likewise three years after his translation to York. (Le Nere.)

g Thomas Lord Fairfax, the Parliament's General, was wont to call this Assembly, wlich confified chiefly of Presbyterians, “ The Chariots " and Horsemen of Ifrael.” Mr. Baxter denominates it “ The Learned " and Pious Synod at Westminster.” The order for convening it is in. serted in “ Sir William Dugdale's View," p. 902.

Of the Members of this Assembly, Lord Clarendon observes, (Hist. of the Rebellion, Vol. I. p. 530.) that, “ of ahout one hundred and twenty " of which it was to confiit, there were not above iwenty, who were not es declared and avowed enemies to the doctrine or discipline of the Church os of England; foine of them infamous in their lives and correrlacions ; " and most of them of very mean parts in learning, if not of Icandalous

ignorance, and of no other reputation than of malice to the Church of " England." The famous Selden, one of their lay assessors, took great delight in exposing their want of learning. When they cited a text to prove their assertions, he would tell them, “ Perhaps in your gile little pocket Bibles" (which they would often pull out and read), “the translation may

be thus; but the Greek and Hebrew fignifies thus and thus;" and lo would totally lilence them. See “ Whitlock's Memoirs," p. 68. Each member of this Alsembly received a falary of four shillings a day, much too little, as fume thought, for men of iheir mesit; others grumbling at it as too much for what by them was pertormed. (Fuller's Church His: tory, B. X. p. 200.) " Our English Assembly late humdrumming several “ years, and after all expectation brong nt forth nothing worth a mi ule.”

(Foulis's Hist, of lickid Plots, 8c. p. 907.)

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name ; but the whole number of the delegates requested Dr. Zouch to draw up the law part, and give it to Dr. Sanderson,

He no sooner haid obtained his first degre: than he became an Advocate in Doctor's Commons. Through the influence of his noble kiosman, who was then Lord of the Cinque Pirts, he was elected, in 1630, a Burgess to serve in Parliament for Hythe in Kent. In the same year he succeeded Dr. John Budden as Professor of Civil Law; and, in 1625, he was appointed Principal of Alban's Hall, on the death of Dr. Edward Chaloner, of the ancient family of the Chaloners of Guilborough in Yorkshire, who died of the plague at Oxford. Though a layman, he held the Prebend of Shipíton, in the Church of Salisbury, which was then first annexed to the Law Professorslip by James I.

When William Earl of Pembroke, Chancellor of the University, by a letter dated June 23, 1623, had appointed certain persons nominated by the Convocation, to revise the statutes, and to reduce them to a betier form and order, they chose a Committee among themselves to prepare materials for the inspection of the whole body, This Coinmittee confifted of Robert Pink, D. D. Warden of New College, Richard Zsuch, LL. D. Bryan Twine, B. D. and Mr. Peter Turner, Savilian Professor of Geometry. Oo the death of Lord Pembroke, Dr. Laud, then Bishop of London, being elected Chancellor, April 12, 1630, exerted himself with unremitting zeal in promoting the arduous work of completing a fettled and a known body of Itatutes. What was begun by his noble predecessor was happily accomplished in 1634, under the auspices of this Prelate, the most munificent patron of learning which that age produced.

The University of Oxford acquired immortal fame by their virtuous opposition to the Solemn League and Covenant. Those members of that venerable Society, who joined in this opposition, appointed twenty delegates to draw up a declaration of the motives which influenced their conduct. To Dr. Zouch was assigned the province of composing that part of their defence which regarded the law; whilst his friend Di. Sanderson, then Regius Professor of Divinity, was requsíted to arrange the arguments de. ducible from law and conscience. The whole was methodized by the latter; and, when finished, was approved in full Convocation. That the learned men in Europe might be apprised of the propriety of this determi. nation, it was printed in Latin, under the side of " Judicium Universitatis Oxoniensis de 1. Solenni Legâ et fædere. 2. Juramento Negativo. 3. Ordinationibus Parlia:nenti circa Disciplinain et culuni, in pienâ Convocatione, 1 Junii 1647, communibus Suffragiis, Nemine contradicente, proinulgatum."

In 1648, when theVisitors appointed by Parliament exercised their powers in Oxford, Dr. Zouch acquiesced in their proceedings, actuated probably by the same motives which induced Sir Matthew Hale to accept of a Judge's place in the Common Pleas. After a mature deliberation, that great and good man determined, “hat it being abloiutely necessary to have justice and property kept up at all times, it was 90 in to take a commission from usurpers, if he made no declaration of acknowledging their authority.” Yet our Civilian resigned his office in the Admiralty, in which he was replace at the restoration.

In 1653, an unprecedented violation of the public peace, attended with assassination, and every species of insult was comprinted upon the New Exchange in London, by the domeitics of the Portuguese Ambassador, who was then foliciting terms of peace with Oliver Cronwell. The unbridled impetuofity of their fury had impelled thein, for {wo fuccelsive nights, to ats of ihe most favage cruelly. Several of them were apprehended a!id cu.mfied to prilon, the Ambassador having delivered into the hands of


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