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the reader, that he was of a healthful constitution, cheerful and mild, of an even temper, very moderate in his diet', and had had little fickness, till fome few years before his death; but was then every winter punished with a diarrhoea, which left him not till warm weather returned and removed it: And this distemper did, as he grew older, seize him oftener, and continue longer with him. But though it weakened him, yet it made him rather indisposed than fick, and did no way disable him from studying (indeed too much). In this decay of his strength, but not of his memory or reason (for this distemper works not upon the understanding), he made his last Will, of which I shall give some account for confirmarion of what has been said, and what I think convenient to be known, before I declare his death and burial.
He did, in his last Will, give an account of his faith and per. suasion in point of religion and Church-government, in these very words:
I Robert Sanderson, Doctor of Divinity, an unworthy Minister of Jesus Christ, and by the providence of God, Bishop of Lincoln, being by the long continuance of an habitual distemper brought to a great bodily weakness and faintnes of spirits, but (by the great inercy of God) without any bodily pain otherwise, or decay of understanding, do make this my Will and Testament (written all with my own hand) revoking all former Wills by me heretofore made, if any such shall be found. First, I commend my soul into the hands of Almighty God, as of a faithful Creator, which I humbly beseech him mercifully to accepi, looking upon it, not as it is in itself (infinitely polluted with sin), but as it is redeemed und purged with the precious blood of his only beloved Son and my most sweet Saviour, Jesus Christ; in confidence of whose merits and mediation alone it is, thut I cast myself upon the mercy of God for the pardon of my sins, and the hopes of eternal life. And here I do profess, that as I have lived, so I desire and (by the grace of God) resolve to die in the communion of the Catholic Church of Christ, and u true son of the Church of England; which, as it stands by luw established, to be both in doctrine and worship agreeable to the word of God. and in the most, and most material points of both, conformable to the faith and practice of the godly churches of Christ in the primitive and purer times, I do firmly believe: led so to do, not so much from the force of custom and education (to which the greatest part of mankind owe their particular different persuasions in point of religion) as upon the clear evidence of truth and reason, after a serious and unpartial examination of the grounds, as well of Popery as Puritanism, alcording to that meusure of understanding, and those opportunities
which God hath afforded me: and herein I am abundantly satisfied, that the schism which the Papists on the one hand, und the supersti, tion which the Puritans on the other hand, lay to our charge, are very justly chargeable uron themselves respectively. Wherefore I humbly beseech Almighty God the Father of Mercies, to preserve the Church by his power and providence, in peace, truih, and godliness, evermore to the poorld's end: which doubtless he will do, if the wickedness and security of a sinful people cand particularly those sins that are so rife, and secm daily to increase among us, of unthank. fulness, riot, and sucrilege) do not tempt his patience to the contrary. ' And I also further humbly besedch him, that it would please him to give unto our gracious Sovereign, the reverend Bishops, and the Parliament, time!y to consider the great danger that visibly threatens this Church in point of religion by the late great increase of Popery, and in point of revenue by sacrilegious inclosures ; and to provide such wholesome and effectual remedies as may prevent the same before it be too late.
And for a further manifestation of his humble thoughts and desires, they may appear to the reader, by another part of his Will which follows:
As for my corrup!ible body, I bequeath it to the earth whence it was taken, to be decently buried in the parish-church of Buyden, towards the upper end of the chancei, upon the second, or, at the farthest, the third day after my deceuse; and that with as little noise, pomp, and charge as may be, without the invitation of any person, how near soever related to me, other than the inhabiiants of Bugden; without the unnecessary expense of escutcheons, gloves, ribbons, &c. and without any blacks to be hung any where in or about the house or church, other than a pulpit-cloth, a hearse-cloth, and a mourning-gown for the Preacher'; whereof the former, afier my body shall be interred, to be given to the Preacher of the funeral şermon, and the latter to the Curate of the parish, for the time being. And my will further is, that the funeral sermon be preached by my own houschold Chaplain, containing SOHC, wholesome discourse concerning mortality, the resurrection of the dead, and the last judgment; and that ke shull have for his pains five pounds, upon condition that he speak nothing at all concerning my person either good or ill, other than I myself shall direct; only signifying to the auditory that it was my express will to have it so. And it is my will that no costly monument be erected for my memory, but only a fair fiat marble stone be laid over me, with this inscripiion, in legible Roman characters :--DEPOSITUM ROBERTI SANDERSON NUPER LINCOLNIENSIS EPISCOPI, QUI OBIIT ANNO DOMINI MDCLXII. ET ÆTATIS SUÆ SEPTUAGESIMO SEXTO. HIC REQUIESCIT IN SPE BEATÆ RESURRECTIONIS. This manner of burial, although
I annot but foresee it will prove unsatisfactory to sundry my nearest" friends and relarions, and be apt to be censured by others, us an evin dence of way too much parsimony and narrowness of mind, as being altogether unusual, and not according to the mode of these times; yet it is a greeable to the sense of my heart, and I do very much desire my Will may be carefully observed herein, hoping it may become eremplary to some or other: at least howsoever testifying at my death, whit I have so often and earnestly professed in my life time, my utter dislike of the flatteries commonly used in funeral sermons, and of the vast expenses otherwise laid out in funeral solennities and entertuinments, with very little benefit to any, which, if bestowed in pious and charitable works, might redound to the public or private benefit of many persons.— This is a part of his Will.
* This narrative entirely confutes the rumour that was industriously propagated concerning this good man, " that, before his death, he reto pented of what he had written against the Presbyterians, and that on his « deatli-bed, he would suffer no hierarchical Minilter to come to pray with “ him, but delired, and had only Presbyterians about him :" And further ig contradict this report, Mr. Pullin, his household Chaplain, published
a sermon, a fermen, preached at a Vifitation holden at Grantham, o&t. 3, 1641, the lait fermon that Dr. Sanderfon wrote with his own hand. This sermon was printed in 1681, with all his other sermoos, in one volume folio,
giving for this blessing was ended, he spake to this purpose ; “I have now to the great joy of my soul tasted of the all“ saving sacrifice of my Saviour's death and passion, and with “ it received a spiritual afsurance that my fins past are par“ doned, and my God at peace with me: and that I shall never “ have a will or power to do any thing that may separate my “ soul from the love of my dear Saviour. Lord confirm this « belief in me; and make me ftill to remember that it was « thou, O God, that tookeft me out of my mother's womb, (i and haft been the powerful Protector of me to this present
moment of my life: thou haft neither forsaken me now I am " become grey-headed, nor suffered me to forsake thee in the “ late days of temptation, and sacrifice my conscience for the « preservation of my liberty or estate. It was not of myself but " by grace that I have stood, when others have fallen under o my trials; and these mercies I now remember with joy and “ thankfulness; and my hope and desire is, that I may die re“ membering this, and praising thee, my merciful God." The frequent repetition of the Psalms of David hath been noted to be a great part of the devotion of the primitive Christians : The Psalms having in them, not only prayers and holy instructions, but such come memorations of God's mercies, as may preserve, comfort, and confirm our dependence on the power, and providence, and mercy of our Greator, And this is mentioned in order to telling, that as the holy Psalmist said, that “ his eyes should prevent both the dawning « of the day and the night-watches, by meditating on God's “ word;"-so it was Dr. Sanderson's constant practice every morning to entertain his first waking thoughts with a repetition of those very psalms that the Church had appointed to be constantly read in the daily morning-service; and having at night laid him in his bed, he as constantly clofed his eyes with a repetition of those appointed for the service of the evening; remembering and repeating the very psalms appointed for every day; and as the month had formerly ended and began again, so did this exercise of his devotion. And if the first-fruits of his waking thoughts were of the world, or what concerned it; he would arraign and condemn himself for it. Thus he began that work on earth which is now the employment of Dr. Ham. mond and him in heaven. • After his taking his bed, and about a day before his death, he delired his Chaplain, Mr. Pullin, to give him absolution: and at his performing that office, he pulled off his cap, that Mr. Pullin inight lay his hand upon his bare head. After this defire of his was satisfied, his body seemed to be at more ease,