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Life for delays and doubts no time does give, | but of this part, which here set down (if a very
Too low for envy for contempt too high.
Th' unknown are better than ill known :
Rumour can ope the grave. Pleasures abroad, the sport of Nature yields, Acquaintance I would have, but when't depends Her living fountains, and her smiling fields; Not on the number, but the choice, of friends. And then at home, what pleasure is 't to see A little, cleanly, cheerful, family!
Books should, not business, entertain the light, Which if a chaste wife crown, no less in her And sleep, as undisturb'd as death, the night. Than fortune, I the golden mean prefer.
My house a cottage more
For all my use, no luxury.
My garden painted o'er
Thus would I double my life's fading space;
For he, that runs it well, twice runs his race.
And in this true delight,
I would not fear, nor wish, my fate ; It is a hard and nice subject for a man to write But boldly say each night, of himself; it grates his own heart to say any | To morrow let my sun his beams display, thing of disparagement, and the reader's ears to Orin clouds hide them ; I have liv'd to day. bear any thing of praise from him. There is no danger from me of offending him in this kind; You may see by it, I was even then acquaintneither my mind, nor my body, nor my furtune, ed with the poets (for the conclusion is taken allow me any materials for that vanity. It is out of Horaces); and perhaps it was the immasufficient for my own contentment, that they ture and immoderate love of them, which stampt have preserved me from being scandalous or re- first, or rather engraved, these characters in me: markable on the defective side. But, besides they were like letters cut into the bark of a that, I shall here speak of myself only in rela young tree, which with the tree still grow protion to the subject of these precedent discourses, portionably. But, how this love came to be and shall be likelier thereby to fall into the produced in me so early, is a hard question: I contempt, than rise up to the estimation, of believe, I can tell the particular little chance most people.
that filled my head first with such chimes of As far as my memory can return back into my verse, as have never since left ringing there : for past life, before I knew, or was capable of guess- | I remember, when I began to read, and to take İng, what the world, or the glories or business of some pleasure in it, there was wont to lie in my it, were, the natural affections of my soul gave mother's parlour, (I know not by what accident, me a secret bent of aversion from them, as some for she herself never in her life read any book plants are said to turn away from others, by an but of devotion) but there was wont to lie Spenantipathy imperceptible to themselves, and in-ser's works; this I happened to fall upon, and scrutable to man's understanding, Even when was infinitely delighted with the stories of the I was a very young boy at school, instead of knights, and giants, and monsters, and brave running about on holy-days and playing with my houses, which I found every where there (though fellows, I was wont to steal from them, and my understanding had little to do with all this ;) walk into the fields, either alone with a book, or and, by degrees, with the tinkling of the rhyme with some one companion, if I could find any and dance of the numbers; so that, I think, I of the same temper. I was then, too, so much had read him all over before I was twelve an enemy to all constraint, that my masters years old, and was thus made a poet as imcould never prevail on me, by any persuasions or mediately as a child is made an cunuch. encouragements, to learn without book the com With these atlections of mind, and my heart mon sules of grammar; in which they dispensed | wholly set upon letters, I went to the university, with me alone, because they found I made a but was soon torn from thence by that violent shift to do the usual exercise out of my own read- public storm, which would suffer nothing to stand ing and observation. That I was then of the where it did, but rooted up every plant, even from same mind as I am now (which, I confess, I won the princely cedars to me the hyssop. Yet, I had der at myself) may appear by the latter end of as good fortune as could have befallen me in such an ode, which I made when I was but thirteen a tempest ; for I was cast by it into the family of years old, and which was then printed with mapy other verses. The beginning of it is boyish;
3 3 Od, xxix. 41,
one of the best persons, and into the court of one | No matter, Cowlev; let proud Purtume see, of the best princesses, of the world. Now, though That thou canst her despise no less than she does I was here engaged in ways most contrary to
thee. the original design of my life, that is, into much Let all her gifts the portion be company, and no small business, and into a dai
Of folly, lust, and flattery. iy sight of greatness, both militant and trium
Fraud, extortion, calumny, phant (for that was the state then of the English Murder, infidelity, and French courts); yet all this was so far from
Rebellion, and hypocrisy. altering my opinion, that it only added the con Do thou not grieve nor blush to be, firmation of reason to that which was before but As all th' inspired tuneful men, natural inclination. I saw plainly all the paint And all thy great forefathers, were, from Homer of that kind of life, the nearer I came to it; and
down to Ben. that beauty, which I did not fall in love with, when, for aught I knew, it was real, was not like However by the failing of the forces which I to bewitch or entice me, when I saw that it was had expected, I did not quit the design which I adulterate. I met with several great per had resolved on ; I cast myself into it a corps sons, whom I liked very well ; but could not perdu, without making capitulations, or taking perceive that any part of their greatness was to counsel of Fortune. But God laughs at a man, be liked or desired, no more than I would be glad | who says to his soul, “ Take thy ease :" I met or content to be in a storm, though I saw many presently not only with many little incumbranships which rid safely and bravely in it; a storm | ces and impediments, but with so much sickness would not agree with my stomach, if it did with |(a new misfortune to me) as would have spoiled my courage. Though I was in a crowd of as | | the happiness of an emperor as well as mine : good company as could be found any where ; yet I do neither repent, nor alter my course. though I was in business of great and honourable | Non ego perfidum dixi sacramentum: nothing trust; though I eat at the best table, and enjoy- shall separate me from a mistress which I have ed the best conveniences for present subsistence loved so long, and have now at last married ; that ought to he desired by a man of my condi- though she neither has brought me a rich porLion in banishment and public distresses; yet I tion, nor lived yet so quietly with me as I hoped could not abstain from renewing my old school- | from her: boy's wish, in a copy of verses to the same effect:
Nec vos, dulcissima mundi
Nomina, vos Musæ, libertas, otia, libri, Well then 4; I now do plainly see
Hortique, silvæque, animâ remanente, relinThis busy world and I shall ne'er agree, &c.
And I never then proposed to myself any other
Nor by me e'er sball you, advantage from his majesty's happy restoration You, of all names the sweetest and the best, but the getting into some inoderately convenient You Muses, books, and liberty and rest; retreat in the country; which I thought in that You, gardens, fields, and woods, forsaken be, case I might easily have compassed, as well as | As long as life itself forsakes not me. some others, with no greater probabilities or pretences, have arrived to extraordinary fortunes : But this is a very pretty ejaculation.-Because but I had before written a shrewd prophecy | I have concluded all the other chapters with a against myself; and I think Apollo inspired me copy of verses, I will maintain the humour to in the truth, though not in the elegance, of the last. it:
Martial, Lib. X. Epigr. xlvii. " Thou neither great at court, nor in the war, Nor at the exchange, shalt be, nor at the wrang
Vitam que faciunt beati vrem &c. ling bar. Content thyself with the small barren praise,
SINCE, dearest friend, 'tis your desire to see
A true receipt of happiness from me;
These are the chief ingredients, if not all:
Take an estate neither too great or small,
Which quantum sufficit the doctors call:
Let this estate from parents' care descend; But I was born for love, and for a Muse.
The getting it too much of life does spend : With Fate what boots it to contend?
Take such a ground whose gratitude may be
A fair encouragement for industry.
Let constant fires the winter's fury tame;
And let thy kitchen's be a vestal flame,
Thee to the town let never suit at law,
And rarely, very rarely, business, draw,
Thy active mind in equal temper keep,
In undisturbed peace, yet not in sleep. 4 We have these verses, under the name of Lei exercise a vigorous health maintain, The Wish, in the MisTRESS,
Without which all the composition's vain.
In the same weight prudence and innocence take, Hic sparge flores, sparge breres rosas
Nam vita gaudet mortua floribus
Vatis adhuc cinerem calentem.
| A PROPOSITION FOR THE AD.
That the philosophical college be situated within one, two, or (at farthest) three miles of Lon
don; and, if it be possible to find that convenience Martial, Lib. X. Epigr. xcvi. upon the side of the river, or very near it.
That the revenue of this college amount to four Sæpe loquar nimium gentes, &c. thousand pounds a year.
That the company received into it be as follows: ME, who have liv'd so long among the great, 1. Twenty philosophers or professors. 2. Six. You wonder to hear talk of a retreat :
teen young scholars, servants to the professors, And a retreat so distant as may show
3. A chaplain. 4. A bailiff for the revenue. 5. A No thoughts of a return, when once I go.
manciple or purveyor for the provisions of the Give me a country, how remote so'er,
house. 6. Two gardeners. 7. A master-cook, Where happiness a moderate rate does bear, 8. An under-cook. 9. A butler. 10. An underWhere poverty itself in plenty Aows,
butler. 11. A surgeon. 12. Two lungs, or chyAnd all the solid use of riches knows. [there; mical servants. 13. A library-keeper, who is
The ground about the house maintains it, likewise to be apothecary, druggist, and keeper The house maintains the ground about it, here; of instruments, engines, &c. 14. An officer to Here even hunger's dear; and a full board feed and take care of all beasts, fowl, &c. kept Devours the vital substance of the lord.
by the college. 15. A groom of the stable. 16. The land itself does there the feast bestow, A messenger, to send up and down for all uses The land itself must here to market go,
of the college. 17. Four old women, to tend the Three or four suits one winter here does waste, chambers, keep the house clean, and such-like One suit does there three or four winters last, services. Here every frugal man must oft be cold,
That the annual allowance for this company be And little luke-warm fires are to you sold. as follows: 1, To every professor, and to the There fire's an element, as cheap and free, chaplain, one hundred and twenty pounds. 2. Almost, as any of the other three.
To the sixteen scholars, twenty pounds apiece; Stay you then here, and live among the great, ten pounds for their diet, and ten pounds for their Attend their sports and at their tables eat. | entertainment. 3. To the bailiff, thirty pounds, When all the bounties here of men you score, besides allowance for his journies. 4. To the The place's bounty there shall give me more. purveyor, or manciple, thirty pounds. 5. To
each of the gardeners, twenty pounds. 6. To the master-cook, twenty pounds. 7. To the
under-cook, four pounds. 8. To the butler, ten EPITAPATUI VIVI AUCTORIS,
pounds. 9. To the under-butler, four pounds.
10. To the surgeon, thirty pounds. 11. To the Hic, o viator, sub lare parvulo
library-keeper, thirty pounds. 12. To each of Couleius hic est conditus, hic jacet;
the lungs, twelve pounds. 13. To the keeper Defunctis humani laboris
." Ingenious men delight in dreams of reformas Sorte, supervacuâqe vitâ.
tion.-In comparing this Proposition of Cowley, Non indecorâ pauperie nitens,
with that of Milton, addressed to Mr. Hartlib, Et non inerti nobilis otio,
we find that these great poets had amused themVanóque dilectis popello
selves with some exalted, and, in the main, conDivitiis animosus hostis.
genial fancies, on the subject of education: that,
of the two plans proposed, this of Mr. Cowley Possis ut illum dicere mortuum ;
was better digested, and is the less fanciful; if a En terra jam nunc quantula sufficit !
preference, in this respect, can be given to either, Exempta sit curis, viator."
when both are manifestly Utopian: and that our · Terra sit illa levis, precare.
universities, in their present form, are well enough calculated to answer all the reasonable ends of
such institutions; provided we allow for the unş See a translation of this Epitaph among the avoidable defects of them, when drawn out into focus of Mr. Addison.
of the beasts, six pounds, 14. To the groom, that in the middle there be a parterre of flowfive pounds. 15. To the messenger, twelve ers and a fountain. pounds. 16. To the four necessary women, ten That the second quadrangle, just behind tho pounds. For the manciple's table, at which all first, be so contrived, as to contain these parts: the servants of the house are to eat, exccpt the 1. A chapel. 2. A hall, with two long tables un scholars, one hundred and sixty pounds. For each side, for the scholars and officers of the house three horses for the service of the college, thirty to eat at, and with a pulpit and forms at the ponnds.
end for the public lectures. 3. A large and pleaAll which amounts to three thousand two sant dining-room within the hall, for the profeshundred eighty-five pounds. So that there re sors to eat in, and to hold their assemblies and mains for keeping of the house and gardens, and conferences. 4. A public school-house. 5. A operatories, and instruments, and animals, and library. 6. A gallery to walk in, adorned experiments of all sorts, and all other expenses, with the pictures or statues of all the inventors seven hundred and fifteen pounds.
of any thing useful to human life; as printing, Which were a very inconsiderable sum for guns, America, &c. and of late in anatomy, the the great uses to which it is designed, but that circulation of the blood, the milky veins, and I conceive the industry of the college will in such like discoveries in any art,with short elogies, a short time so enrich itself, as to get a far bet under the portraitures : as likewise the figures ter stock for the advance and enlargement of of all sorts of creatures, and the stuft skins of the work when it is once begun : neither is the as many strange animals as can be gotten. 7. continuance of particular men's liberality to be An anatomy-chamber adorned with skeletong despaired of, when it shall be encouraged by the and anatomical pictures, and prepared with all sight of that public benefit which will accrue to conveniences for dissection. 8. A chainber for all mankind, and chiefly to our nation, by this all manner of drugs, and apothecaries' materifoundation. Something likewise will arise from als. 9. A mathematical chainber, furnished with leases and other casualties; that nothing of all sorts of mathematical instruments, being an which may be diverted to the private gain of appendix to the library. 10. Lodgings for tho the professors, or any other use besides that of chaplain, surgeon, library-keeper, and purveythe search of nature, and by it'the general good or, near the chapel, anatomy-chamber, library, of the world ; and that care may be taken for the and hall. certain performance of all things ordained by That the third court be on one side of these, the institution, as likewise for the protection and very large but meanly built, being designed onencouragement of the company, it is proposed : | ly for use, and not for beauty too, as the others. · That some person, of eminent quality, a lover That it contain the kitchen, butterjes, brew-house, of solid learning, and no stranger in it, be chosen bake-house, dairy, lardry, stables, &c. and eschancellor or president of the college, and that pecially great laboratories for chymical opera. eight governors more, men qualified in the like tions and lodgings for the under servants. manner, be joined with him, two of which shall | That behind the second court be placed tho yearly be appointed visitors of the college,and re- garden, containing all sorts of plants that our ceive an exact account of all expenses, even to soil will bear; and at the end a little house of the smallest, and of the true estate of their pub- pleasure, a lodge for the gardener, and a grove of lic treasure, under the hands and oaths of the trees cut out into walks. professors resident.
That the second enclosed ground be a garden, That the choice of professors in any vacancy destined only to the trial of all manner of exbelong to the chancellor and the governors ; periments concerning plants,as their melioration, but that the professors (who are likeliest to know acceleration, retardation, conservation, compowhat men of the na: ion are most proper for the sition, transmutation, coloration, or whatsoever duties of their society) direct their choice, by re else can be produced by art, either for use or commending two or three persons to them at curiosity, with a lodge in it for the gardener. every election : and that, if any learned person. That the third ground be employed in convewithin his majesty's dominions discover, or emi nient receptacles for all sorts of creatures which deutly improve, any useful kind of knowledge, the professors shall judge necessary for their he may upon that ground, for his reward and more exact search into the nature of animals, the encouragement of others, be preferred, if he and the jinprovement of their uses io us. pretend to the place before any body else.
That there be likewise built, in some place of That the governors have power to turn out the college where it may serve most fur ornaany professor, who shall be proved to be either | ment of the whole, a very high tower for obserscandalons or unprofitable to the society.
vation of celestial bodies, adorneď with all sorts That the college be built after this, or some of dials, and such like curiosities ; and that such manner: That it consist of three fair qua there be very deep vaults made under ground, drangular courts, and three large grounds, en- | for experiments most proper to such places, closed with good walls behind them. That the which will be undoubtedly very many. first court be built with a fair cloister; and the Much might be added, but truly I am afraid professors' lodgings, or rather little houses, four this is too much already for the charity or geon each side, at some distance from one another, nerosity of this age to extend to ; and we do not and with little gardens behind them, just after design this after the model of Solomon's house the manner of the Chartreux beyond sea. That in my lord Bacon, (which is a project for expethe inside of the cloister be lined with a gravel- riments that can never be experimented), but walk, and that walk with a row of trees; and propose it within such bounds of expense bare
often been exceeded by the buildings of privatean extraordinary), after consent of the other citizens.
That all the professors shall sup together in
the parlour within the hall every night, and shall OF THL PROFESSORS, SCHOLARS, CHAPLAIN, dine there twice a week (to wit, Sundays and AND OTHER OFFICERS,
Thursdays) at two round tables, for the conveni
ence of discourse ; which shall be for the most THAT of the twenty professors four be al part of such matters as may improve their stuways travelling beyond seas, and sixteen always dies and professions; and to keep them from falresident, unless by permission upon extraordi ling into loose or unprofitable talk, shall be the nary occasions; and every one so absent, leaving duty of the two arbitri mensarum, who may likea deputy behind him to supply his duties. wise comunand any of the servant-scholars to read
That the four professors itinerant be assigned them what he shall think fit, wbilst they are at to the four parts of the world, Europe, Asia, table; that it shall belong likewise to the said Africa, and America, there to reside three years | arbitri mensarum only, to invite strangers, which at least; and to give a constant account of all they shall rarely do, unless they be men of learn, things that belong to the learning, and especially ling or great parts, and shall not invite above two natural experimental philosophy, of those parts. at a time to one table, nothing being more vain
That the expense of all dispatches, and all and unfruitful than numerous meetings of acbooks, simples, animals, stones, metals, mine-quaintance. rals, &c. and all curiosities whatsoever, natu- That the professors resident shall allow the ral or artificial, sent by them to the college, shall college twenty pounds a year for their diet, be defrayed out of the treasury, and an addition, whether they continue there all the time or not. al allowance (above the 1207.) made to them as That they shall have once a week an assembly, soon as the college's revenue shall be improved. or conference, concerning the affairs of the col
That at their going abroad, they shall take a lege, and the progress of their experimental phisolemn oath, never to write any thing to the col- losophy. lege, but what, after very diligent examination, That, if any one find out any thing which he they shall fully believe to be true, and to confess conceives to be of consequence, he shall commuand recant it as soon as they find themselves in nicate it to the assembly, to be examined, expean errour.
rimented, approved, or rejected. That the sixteen professors resident shall be That, if any one be author of an invention that bound to study and teach all sorts of natural may bring in profit, the third part of it shall experimental philosophy, to consist of the ma belong to the inventor, and the two other to tie thematics, mechanics, medicine, anatomy, chy- society; and besides, if the thing be very conmistry, the history of animals, plants, minerals, | siderable, his statue or picture, with an elogy elements, &c.; agriculture, architecture, art mili- | under it, sball be placed in the gallery, and tary, navigation, gardening ; the mysteries of made a denison of that corporation of famous all trades, and improvement of them; the fac men. ture of all merchandizes; all natural magic or That all the professors shall be always assigned divination; and briefly all things contained in the to some particular inquisition (besides the orcatalogue of natural histories annexed to my dinary course of their studies), of which they sball lord Bacon's Organon.
give an account to the assembly: so tbat by this That once a day, from Easter till Michaelmas, means there may be every day some operation and twice a week, from Michaelmas to Easter, or other made in all the arts, as chymistry, anaat the hours in the afternoon most convenient for tomy, mechanics, and the like; and that the auditors from London, according to the time of college shall furnish for the charge of the opethe year, there shall be a lecture read in the hall, ration. upon such parts of natural experimental phi That there shall be kept a register under lock losophy, as the professors shall agree on among and key, and not to be seen but by the profesthemselves, and as each of them shall be able sors, of all the experiments that succeed, signto perform usefully and honourably.
ed by the persons who made the trial. That two of the professors, by daily, weekly, That the popular and received errours in expeor monthly turns, shall teach the public schools, rimental philosophy (with which, like weeds in a according to the rules hereafter prescribed. neglected garden, it is now almost all over-grown)
That all the professors shall be equal in all shall be evinced by trial and taken notice of respects (except precedency, choice of lodging, in the public lectures, that they may no lonand such-like privileges, which shall belong to ger abuse the credulous, and beget new ones by seniority in the college); and that all shall be consequence or similitude, masters and treasurers bv annual turns ; which That every third year (after the full settletwo officers, for the time being, shall take placement of the foundation, the college shall give an of all the rest, and shall be arbitri duarum account in print, in proper and ancient Jatin of mensarum.
the fruits of their triennial industry. That the master shall command all the offi | That every professor resident shall have his cers of the college, appoint assemblies or confer- scholar to wait upon him in his chamber and at ences upon occasion, and preside in them with table ; whom he should be obliged to breed up in a double voice; and in his absence the treasurer, natural philosophy, and render an account of his whose business is to receive and disburse all mo- progress to the assembly, from whose election be nics by the master's order in writing (if it be received him, and therefore is responsible to it,