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The wise man's cumbrance, if not snare ; more i. intimating somewhat respecting his own preTo slacken Virtue, and abate her edge, sapt | vious sufferings, asks Satan, why he should Than prompt her to do aught may merit praise. be so solicitous for the exaltation of one,' What if with like aversion ( reject
whose rising was destined to be bis fall. Satan Riches and realms ? yet not for that a crown, replies, that his own desperate state, by ex-' Golden in show, is but a wreath of thorns,
cluding all hope, leaves little room for fear; Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and sleepless and that, as his own punishment was equally nights,
doomed, he is not interested in preventing the To him who wears the regal diadem,
reign of one, from whose apparent benevoWhen on his shoulders each man's burden lies; lence he might rather hope for some interFor therein stands the office of a king,
ference in his favour. Satan still pursues his His honour, virtue, merit, and chief praise,
former incitements; and, supposing that the That for the public all this weight he bears.
seeming reluctance of Jesus to be tbus ad. Yet he, who reigns within himself, and rules
vanced might arise from his being unacquaintPassions, desires, and fears, is more a king;
ed with the world and its glories, conveys him Which every wise and virtuous man attains;
to the summit of a high mountain, and from And who attains not, ill aspires to rule
thence shows him most of the kingdoms of Cities of men, or headstrong multitudes,
Asia, particularly pointing out to his notice Subject himself to anarchy within,
some extraordinary military preparations of Or lawless passions in him, which he scrres. the Parthians to resist the incursions of the But to guide nations in the way of truth
Scythians. He then informs our Lord, that By saving doctrine, and from errour lead
he showed him this purposely that he might To know, and knowing worship God aright,
see how necessary military exertions are to Is yet more kingly ; this attracts the soul,
retain the possession of kingdoms, as well as Governs the inner man, the nobler part;
to subdue them at first, and advises him to That other o'er the body only reigns,
consider how impossible it was to maintain And oft by force, which, to a generous mind,
Judea against two such powerful neighbours as So reigning, can be no sincere delight.
the Romans and Parthians, and how necessary Besides, to give a kingdom hath been thought it would be to form an alliance with one or Greater and nobler done, and to lay down
other of them. At the same time he recomFar more magnanimous, than to assume.
mends, and engages to secure to him, that of Riches are needless then, both for themselves, the Parthians; and tells him that by this And for thy reason why they should be sought, means his power will be defended from any To gain a sceptre, oftest better miss'd.”
thing that Rome or Cæsar might attempt against it, and that he will be able to extend
his glory wide, and especially to accomplish, · what was particularly necessary to make the
throne of Judea really the throne of David, PARADISE REGAINED.
the deliverance and restoration of the ten
tribes, still in a state of captivity. Jesus, harBOOK III.
ing briefly noticed the vanity of military ef
forts and the weakness of the arm of flesh, THE ARGUMENT.
says, that when the tinie comes for his ascend
ing his allotted throne he shall not be slack: Satan, in a speech of much flattering commenda
he remarks on Satan's extraordinary zeal for tion, endeavours to awaken in Jesus a passion
the deliverance of the Israelites, to whom he for glory, by particularising various instances
had always showed himself an enemy, and of conquests achieved, and great actions per-|
declares their servitude to be the consequence formed, by persons at an early period of life.
of their idolatry ; but adds, that at a future Our Lord replies, by showing the vanity of
* time it may perhaps please God to recall worldly fame, and the inproper means by /
them, and restore them to their liberty and which it is generally attained; and contrasts
native land. with it the true glory of religious patience and rirtuous wisrioli, as exemplified in the cha- So spake the Son of God; and Satan stood racter of Job. Satan justifies the love of glory | A while, as mute, confounded what to say, from the example of God himself, who requires What to reply, confuted, and convinc'd it from all his creatures. Jesus detects the Of his weak arguing and fallacious drift ; fallacy of this argument, by showing that, as At length, collecting all his serpent wiles, goodness is the true ground on which glory is With soothing words renew'd, him thus accosts. due to the great Creator of all things, sinful! " I see thou know'st what is of use to know, man can have no right whatever to it.-Satan What best to say canst say, to do canst do ; thon urges our Lord respecting his claim to Thy actions to thy words accord, thy words the throne of David; he tells him that the To thy large heart give utterance due, thy heart kingdom of judea, being at that time a pro- | Contains of good, wise, just, the perfect shape. vince of Roine, cannot be got possession of Should kings and nations from thy mouth consult, without much personal exertion on his part, | Thy counsel would be as the oracle and presses him to luse no tinc in beginning | Urim and Thummim, those oraculous gems to reign. Jesus refers him to the time allot- / On Aaron's breast ; or tongue of seers old, ted for this, as tur all other things; and, after Infallible : or were thou sought to deeds.
"That inight require the array of war, thy skill Worshipt with temple, priest, and sacrifice ? Of conduct would be such, that all the world One is the son of Jove, of Mars the other ; Could not sustain thy prowess, or subsist
Till conqueror Death discover them scarce men, In battle, though against thy few in arms. Rolling in brutish vices, and deform'd, These God-like virtues wherefore dost thou hide, | Violent or shameful death their due reward. Affecting private life, or more obscure
But if there be in glory aught of good,
It may by means far different be attain'd,
By deeds of peace, by wisdom eminent,
borne, All treasures and all gain esteem as dross, Made famous in a land and times obscure; And dignities and powers all but the highest ? Who names not now with honour patient Job? Thy years are ripe, and over-ripe; the son Poor Socrates, (who next more memorable ?) Of Macedonian Philip had ere these
By what he taught, and suffer'd for so doing, Won Asia, and the throne of Cyrus held
For truth's sake suffering death, unjust, lives 'Af his dispose; young Scipio had brought down
now The Carthaginian pride ; young Pompey quell'd
ride : voung Pomnev auellid | Equal in fame to proudest conquerors. The Pontic king, and in triumph had rode.
Yet if for fame and glory aught be dune, Yet years, and to ripe years judgment mature, | Aught suffer'd; if young African for fame Quench not the thirst of glory, but augment. His wasted country freed from Punic rage; Great Julius, whom now all the world admireg, The deed becomes unprais'd, the man at least The more he grew in years, the more inflam'd And loses, though but verbal, his reward. With glory, wept that he had liv'd so long Shall I seek glory then, as vain men seek, Inglorious : but thou yet art not too late.” Oft not deserv'd? I seek not mine, but his
To whom our Saviour calınly thus replied. Who sent me; and thereby witness whence I « Thou neither dost persuade me to seek wealth
(plied. For empire's sake, nor empire to affect
To whom the tempter murmuring thus reFor glory's sake, by all thy argument.
“Think not so slight of glory ; therein least For what is glory but the blaze of fame,
Resembling thy great Father: he seeks glory, The people's praise, if always praise unmix'd? And for his glory all things made, all things And what the people but a herd confus'd,
Orders and governs ; nor content in Heaven A miscellaneous rabble, who extol
By all his angels glorified, requires Things vulgar, and, well weigh’d, scarce worth the Glory from men, from allmen, good or bad, praise ?
(what, Wise or unwise, wo difference, no excmption ; They praise, and they admire, they know not Above all sacritice, or hallow'd gift, And know not whom, but as one leads the other; Glory he requires, and glory he receives, And what delight to be by such extollid,
Promiscuous from all nations, Jew or Greek, To live upon their tongues, and be their talk, Or barbarous, nor exception hath declar'd; Of whom to be disprais'd were no small praise ? From us, his foes pronounc'd, glory he exacts.” Hjs lot who dares be singularly good.
To whom our Saviour fervently replied. The intelligent among them and the wise
“ And reason ; since his word all things produc'd Are few, and glory scarce of few is rais'd. Though chiefly not for glory as prime end, This is true glory and renown, when God, But to show forth his goodness, and impart Looking on the Earth, with approbation marks His good communicable to every soul The just man, and divulges him through Heaven Freely; of whom what could he less expect To all his angels, who with true applause
Than glory and benediction, that is, thanks, Recount his praises : thus he did to Job,
'The slightest, easiest, readiest recompense When to extend his fame through Heaven and From them who could return him nothing else, Earth,
| And, not returning that, would likeliest render As thou to thy reproach may'st well remember, Contempt instead, distonour, obloquy ? lle ask'd thee, 'Hast thou seen my servant | Hard recompense, unsuitable return Job ?'
For so much good, so much beneficence ! Famous he was in Heaven, on Earth less known; But why should man seek glory, who of his own Where glory is false glory, attributed
Hath nothing, and to whom nothing belongs, To things not glorious, men not worthy of fame. But condemnation, ignominy, and shame? They err, who count it glorious to subdue
Who for so many benefits receiv'd,
Turn'd recreant to God, ingrate and false,
Yet so much bounty is in God, such grace, Made captive, yet deserving freedom more That who advance his glory, not their own, Thin those their conquerors, who leave behind Them he himself to glory will advance." Nothing but ruin wheresoe'er they rore,
So spake the Son of God; and here again And all the flourishing works of peace destroy; Satan had not to answer, but stood struck Then swell with pride, and must be titled Gods, With guilt of his own sin; for he himself, Great Benefactors of mankind, Delivereis, Insatiable of glory, had lost all;
Yet of another plea bethought him soon.
Willingly could I Ay, and cope thy reign,
Would stand between me and thy Father's irë, To sit upon thy father David's throne,
(Whose ire I dread more than the fire of Hell,) By mother's side thy father; though thy right | A shelter, and a kind of shading cool Be now in powerful hunds, that will not part
Interposition, as a summer's cloud. Easily from possession won with arms:
If I then to the worst that can be haste, Judæa now and all the Promis'd Land,
Why move thy feet so slow to wbat is best, Reduc'd a province under Roman yoke,
Happiest, both to thyself and all the world, Obeys Tiberius; nor is always ruld
That thou, who worthiest art, should'st be their With temperate sway; oft have they violated The temple, oft the law, with foul affionts, Perhaps thou linger'st, in deep thoughts detain'd Abominations rather, as did once
Of the enterprise so hazardous and high; Antiochus : and think'st thou to regain
No wonder; for, though in thee be united Thy right, by sitting still, or thus retiring? What of perfection can in man be found, So did not Maccabeus: he indeed . | Or human nature can receive, consider, Retir'd unto the desert, but with arms;
| Thy life bath yet been private, most part spent And o'er a mighty king so oft prevailid,
At home, scarce view'd the Galilean towns, That by strong hand his family obtain'd, Aud once a year Jerusalem, few days' (obserre? Though priests, the crown, and David's throne Short sojourn ; and what thence could'st thod usurp'd,
The world thou badst not seen, much less her With Modin and her suburbs once content.
glory, If kingdom move thee not, let move thee zcal | Empires, and monarchs, and their radiant courts, And duty; and zeal and duty are not slow, Best school of best experience, quickest insight But on occasion's forelock watchful wait :
In all things that to greatest actions lead, They themselves rather are occasion best ;
The wisest, unexperienc'd, will be ever Zeal of thy father's house, duty to free
| Timorous and loth; with novice modesty, 'thy country from her heathen servitude.
(As he who, seeking asses, found a kingdom,) So shalt thou best fulfil, best verify
Irresolute, unbardy, unadventurous: The prophets old, who sung thy endless reign; But I will bring thee where thou soon shalt quit The happier reign, the sooner it begins :
Those rudiments, and see before thine eyes Reign then ; what canst thou better do the The monarchies of the Earth, their pomp and while?" Sufficient introduction to inform
(state ; To whom our Saviour answer thus return'd. Thee, of thyself so apt, in regal arts, * All things are best fulfill'd in their due time; And regal mysteries; that thou may'st know And time there is for all things, Truth bath said. | How their best opposition to withstand." If of my reign prophetic writ hath told,
With that, (such power was given him then,) That it shall never end, so, when begin,
he took The Father in his purpose hath decreed;
The Son of God up to a mountain high. He in whose hand all tiines and scasons roll. It was a mountain at whose verdant feet What if he hath decreed that I shall first
A spacious plain, outstretch'd in circuit wide, Be tried in humble state, and things adverse, Lay pleasant ; from his side two rivers flow'd, By tribulations, injuries, insults,
The one winding, the other straight, and left Cintempts, and scorns, and snares, and violence,
between Suffering, abstaining, quietly expecting,
Fair champaign wita less rivers interveln'd, Without distrust or doubt, that he may know Then meeting join'd their tribute to the sea : What I can safler, how obey? Who best
Fertile of corn the glebe, of oil, and wine; Con suffer, best cao do; best reigu, wbo first With herds the pastures throng'd, with flocks Well hath obey'd; just trial, ere 1 merit
seem My exaltation without change or end.
Huge cities and high-tower'd, that well inight But what concerns it thee, when I begin
The seats of nightiest monarchs; and so large My everlasting kingdom? Why art thou
The prospect was, that here and there was Solicitous? What moves thy inquisition ?
room Koow'st thou not that my rising is thy fall, For barrén desert, fonntainless and dry. And my promotion will be thy destruction ?" To this high mountain top the tempter brought
To whom the templer, inly rack'd, replied. Our Saviour, and new train of words began. "Let that come when it comes; all hope is lost “Well have we speeded, and o'er hill and Of my reception into grace : what worse?
dale, For where no hope is left, is left no fear:
Forest and field and food, temples and towers, If there be worse, the expectation more
Cut shorter many a league ; here tbou behold'st Of worse torments mc than the feeling can. Assyria, and her empire's ancient bounds, I would be at the worst : worst is my port, Araxes and the Caspian lake; thence on My harbour, and my ultimate repose;
As far as Indus east, Euphrates west, The end I would attain, my final good.
And oft beyond : to south the Persian bay, My értour was my errour, and my crime And, inaccessible, the Arabiad drought: My crime; whatever, for itself condemn'd; Here Nineveh, of length within her wall And will alike be punish'd, whether thou
Several days journey, built by Ninus old, Reign, or reign not; though to that gentle brow of that first goldeo monarchy the seat,
And seat of Salmanassar, whose success,
At sight whereof the fiend yet more presum'a, Israel in long captivity still mourns;
And to our Saviour thus his words renew'd. There Babylon, the wonder of all tongues,
" That thou may'st know I seek not to engage As ancient, but rebuilt by him who twice
Thy virtue, and not every way secure Judah and all thy father David's house
On no slight grounds thy safety; hear, and mark, Led captive, and Jerusalem laid waste,
To what end I have brought thee hither, and Till Cyrus set them free; Persepolis,
shown His city, there thou scest, and Bactra there; | All this fair sight: thy kingdom, though foretold Ecbatana her structure vast there shows,
By prophet or by angel, unless thou And Hecatompylos her hundred gates;
Endeavour, as thy father David did, There Susa by Choaspes, amber stream,
Thou never shalt obtain ; prediction still The driok of none but kings : of later fame, In all things, and all men, supposes means; Built by Emathian or by Parthian hands,
Without means us'd, what it predicts revokes. The great Seleucia, Nisibis, and there
But, say thou wert possess'd of David's throne, Artaxata, Teredun, Ctesiphon,
By free consent of all, none opposite,
Between two such enclosing enemies,
Roman an:1 Parthian? Therefore one of these From the luxurious kings of Antioch won.
Thou must make sure thy own; the Parthian first And just in time thou com'st to have a view By my advice, as nearer, and of late Of his great power; for now the Parthian king Found able by invasion to annoy In Ctesiphon hath gather'd all his host
Thy country, and captive lead away her kings, Against the Scythian, whose incursions wild Antigonus and old Hyrcanus, bound, Have wasted Sogdiana; to her aid ,
Maugre the Roman: it shall be my task He marches now in haste; see, though from far, To render thee the Parthian at dispose, His thousands, in what martial equipage Choose which thou wilt, by conquest or by They issue forth, steel bows and shafts their
By him thou shalt regain, without him not, Of equal dread in flight, or in pursuit ;
That which alone can truly re-install thee All horsemen, in which fight they most excel; In David's royal seat, his true successor, See how in warlike muster they appear,
Deliverance of thy brethren, those ten tribes, În rhombs, and wedges, and half-moons, and Whose offspring in his territory yet serve, wings.”
In Habor, and among the Medes dispers’d:
'Their fathers in the land of Egypt serv'd,
To their inheritance, then, nor till then, From Arachosia, from Candaor east,
Thou on the throne of David in full glory, And Margiana to the Hyrcanian cliffs
From Egypt to Euphrates, and beyond, Of Caucasus, and dark Iberian dales;
Shalt reign, and Rome or Cæsar not need fear." From Atropatia and the neighbouring plains
To whom our Saviour answer'd thus, unmov'da Of Adiabene, Media, and the south
" Much ostentation vain of fleshy arm Of Susiana, to Balsara's haven.
And fragilearms, much instrument of war, He saw them in their forms of battle rang'd, Long in preparing, soon to nothing brought, Huw quick they wheel'd, and flying behind them Before mine eyes thou hast set; and in my ear shot
Vented much policy, and projects deep Sharp sleet of arrowy showers against the face Of enemies, of aids, battles and leagues, Of their pursuers, and overcame by flight; Plausible to the world, to me worth nought. The field all iron cast a gleaming brown:
Means I must use, tbou say'st, prediction else Nor wanted clouds of foot, nor on each hora Will unpredict, and fail me of the throne: Cuirassiers all in steel for standing fight,
My time, I told thee, (and that time for thee Chariots, or elephants indors'd with towers Were better farthest off,) is not yet come : Of archers; nor of labouring pioneers
When that comes, think not thou to find me slack A multitude, with spades and axes arm’d On my part aught endeavouring, or to need To lay hills plain, fell woods, or valleys fill, Thy politic maxims, or that cumbersome Or where plain was raise hill, or overlay
Luggage of war there shown me, argument With bridges rivers prond, as with a yoke ; Of human weakness rather than of strength. Mules after these, camels and dromedaries, My brethren, as thou call'st them, those ten tribes And waggons, fraught with útensils of war. I must deliver, if I mean to reign Such forces met not, nor so wide a camp,
David's true heir, and his full sceptre sway When Agrican with all his northern powers
To just extent over all Israel's sons. Besieg'd Albracca, as romances tell,
But whence to thee this zeal? Where was it then The city of Gallapbrone, from whence to win For Israel, or for David, or his throne, The fairest of her sex Angelica,
When thou stood'st up his tempter to the pride His daughter, sought by many prowest knights, Of numbering Israël, which cost the lives Both Payoim, and the peers of Charlemain. Of threescore and ten thousand Israelites Such and so numerous was their chivalry: By three days pestilence? Such was thy zeal
To Israel ther; the same that now to me!
to him the celebrated seat of ancient learning, As for those captive tribes, themselves were they Athens, its schools, and other various resorts Who wrought their own captivity, fell off
of learned teachers and their disciples ; acFrom God to worship calves, the deities
companying the view with a highly-finished Of Egypt, Baal next and Ashtaroth,
panegyric on the Grecian musicians, poets, And all the idolatries of heathen round,
orators and philosophers of the different sects. Besides their other worse than heathenish crimes; / Jesus replies, by showing the vanity and inNor in the land of their captivity
sufficiency of the boasted heathen philosophy; Humbled themselves, or penitent besought
and refers to the music, poetry, eloquence The God of their forefathers; but so died
and didactic policy of the Greeks, those of Impenitent, and left a race behind
the inspired Hebrew writers. Satan, irritated Like to themselves, distinguishable scarce
at the failure of all his attempts, upbraids From Gentiles, but by circumcision vain;
the indiscretion of our Saviour in rejecting his And God with idols in their worship join'd.
offers; and, having, in ridicule of bis expected Should I of these the liberty regard,
kingdom, foretold the sufferings that our Who, freed, as to their ancient patrimony,
Lord was to undergo, carries him back into the Unhambled, unrepentant, unreform’d,
wildemess, and leaves him there. Night Headlong would follow; and to their gods perhaps comes on : Satan raises a tremendous storm, Of Bethel and of Dan? No; let them serve and attempts further to alarm Jesus with Their enemies, who serve idols with God.
frightful dreams, and terrific threatening Yet he at length, (time to himself best known,) spectres; which bowever have no effect upon Remembering Abraham, by some wunderous him. A calm, bright, beautiful morning suecall
ceeds to the horrours of the night. Satan May bring them back, repentant and sincere, again presents himself to our blessed Lord, And at their passing cleave the Assyrian flood, and, fronı noticing the storm of the preceding While to their native land with joy they haste; night as puinted chiefly at him, takes occasion As the Red Sea and Jordan once he cleft,
once more to insult him with an account of the When to the Promis'd Land their fathers pass'd : sufferings which he was certainly to undergo. To his due time and providence I leave them." This only draws from our Lord a brief rebuke.
So spake Israel's true king, and to the fiend Satan, now at the height of his desperation, Made answer meet, that made void his wiles. confesses that he had frequently watched Jesus So fares it, when with truth faleseliood contcnds. from his birth, purposely to discover if he was
the true Messiah; and, coliecting from what passed at the river Jordan that he most pro
bably was so, he had from that time more assi. PARADISE REGAINED.
duously followed him, in hopes of gaining some advantage over him, which would most effec
tually prove tbat he was not really that Divine BOOK IV.
Person destined to be his “ fatal enemy."
In this he acknowledges that he has hitherto Tue ARGUMENT.
completely failed; but still determines to
make one more trial of him. Accordingly be Satan, persisting in the temptation of our Lord,
conveys him to the Temple at Jerusalem, and, shows him imperial Rume in its greatest pomp
placing hiin on a pointed eminence, requires and splendour, as a power which he probably
him to prove his divinity either by standing would prefer before that of the Parthians; and
there, or casting bimself down with safety. tells him that he might with the greatest ease
Our Lord reproves the tempter, and at the expel Tiberius, restore. the Romans to their
same time manifests his own divinity by standliberty, and make himself master not only of
ing on this dangerous point. Satan, amazed the Roman Empire, but by so doing of the
and terrified, instantly falls; and repairs to whole world, and inclusively of the throue of
his infernal compeers to relate the bad suc. David. Our Lord, in reply, expresses his
cess of his enterprise. Angels in the mean contempt of grandeur and worldly power, no
time convey our blessed Lord to a beautiful tices the luxury, vanity, and profligacy of the
falley, and, while they minister to him a Romans, declariug how little they merited to repast of celestial food, celebrate his victory be restored to that liberty, which they had ią a triumphant hymn, lost by their misconduct, and briefly refers to the greatness of his own future kingdom. Satan, Perrlex'd and troubled at his bad success now desperate, to enhance the value of his The tempter stood, nor had what to reply, proffered gifts, professes that the only terms, | Discover'd in his fraud, thrown from his hope on which he will bestow them, are our Saviour's So oft, and the persuasive rhetoric falling down and worshipping him. Our Lord | That sleek'd his tongue, and won so much on expresses a firm but temperate indignation at
Eve, such a proposition, and rebukes the tempter So little here, nay lost; but Eve was Ere: by the title of “ Satan fur ever damned." This far his over-match, who, self-deceivid Satan, abashed, attempts to justify himself: And rash, before-hand had no better weighd he then assuines a new ground of temptation, The strength he was to cope with, or his own : and proposing to Jesus the intellectual gratifi- | But as a man, who had been matchless held cations of wisdom and knowledge, points out | In cunning, over-reach'd where least he thought,