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18 established by the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in Convention, on the 12th Day of September, in the Year of our Lord 1801.

Art. I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. First Book of Samuel, The Second Book of Terlasting without body, parts

, or pasTHERE is but one living and true God, Book of Kings, The first

Book of ChroniSamuel, The First Book of Kings, The Second

cles, The Second Book of Chronicles, The sions ; of infinite power, wisdom and goodness;

First Book of Esdras, The Second Book of the Maker and Preserver of all things both vi.

Esdras, The Book of Hester, The Book of sible and invisible. And in unity of this God

Jab, The Psalms, The Proverbs, Ecclesiashead, there be three persons, of one substance,

tes or Preacher, Cantica or Songs of Solopower, and eternity ; the Father, the Son,

mon, Four Prophets the greater, Twelve and the Holy Ghost.

Prophets the less. Art. II. Of the Word, or Son of God, which And the other Books (as Hierome saith) the was made very Man.

Church doth read for example of life and inThe Son, which is the Word of the Father; ply them to establish any Doctrine; such are

struction of manners; but yet doth it not apbegotten from everlasting of the Father, the

these following: very and eternal God, of one substance with

The Third Book of Esdras, The Fourth the Father, took Man's nature in the womb

Book of Esdras, The Book of Tobias, The of the blessed Virgin, of her substance: so that two whole and perfect Natures, that is to

Book of Judith, The rest of the Book of say, the Godhead and Manhood, were joined of Sirach, Baruch the Prophet, The Song of

Hester, The Book of Wisdom, Jesus the Son together in one person, never to be divided, whereof is one Christ, very God, and very

the three Children, The Story of Susanna, Of

Bel and the Dragon, The Prayer of MaMan; who truly suffered, was crucified, dead, and buried, to reconcile his Father to us, and

nasses, The First Book of Maccabees, The to be a sacrifice, not only for original guilt,

Second Book of Maccabees.

All the Books of the New Testament, as but also for actual sins of men.

they are commonly received, we do receive Art. III. Of the going down of Christ into and account them Canonical. Hell.

Art. VII. Of the Old Testament. As Christ died for us, and was buried; so also is it to be believed, that he went down

The Old Testament is not contrary to the into Hell.

New ; for both in the Old and New Testa.

ment everlasting life is offered to mankind by Art. IV. Of the Resurrection of Christ. Christ, who is the only Mediator between Christ did truly rise again from death, and

God and Man, being both God and Man. took again his body, with flesh, bones, and all

Wherefore they are not to be heard, which things appertaining to the perfection of Man's feign, that the Old Fathers did look only for nature, wherewith he ascended into Heaven, transitory Promises. Although the Law giver and there sitteth, until he return to judge all

from God by Moses, as touching Ceremomen at the last day.

nies and Rites, do not bind Christian men, nor

the Civil Precepts thereof ought of necessity Art. V. Of the Holy Ghost.

to be received in any Commonwealth; yet The Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Fa. notwithstanding, no Christian man whatsoever ther and the Son, is of one Substance, Majes- is free from the obedience of the Commandty, and Glory with the Father and the Son, ments which are called moral. very and eternal God.

Art. VIII. Of the Creeds.
Art. VI. Of the Sufficiency of the Holy
Scriptures for Salvation.

The Nicene Creed, and that which is com

monly called the Apostle's Creed, ought Holy Scripture containeth all things neces- thoroughly to be received and believed: for sary to salvation: so that whatsoever is not they may be proved by most certain warrants read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is of holy Scripture. not to be required of any man, that it should be believed as an Article of the Faith, or be

Art. IX. Of Original or Birth-Sin. thought requisite or necessary to Salvation. Original sin standeth not in the following of In the name of the Holy Scripture we do un- Adam (as the Pelagians do vainly talk); but derstand those Canonical Books of the Old and it is the fault and corruption of the nature of New Testament, of whose Authority was every man, that naturally is engendered of the Dever any doubt in the Church.

offspring of Adam, whereby man is very far Of the Names and Number of the Cano

gone from original righteousness, and is of his nical Books.

own nature inclined to evil, so that the Aesh

lusteth always contrary to the Spirit; and Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numeri, Deu- therefore in every person born into this world, teronomium, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, The it deserveth God's vrath and damnation


And this infection of nature doth remain, yea, self once made, should take away the sins of in them that are regenerated; where by the the world, and sin (as St. John saith) was not lust of the flesh, called in Greek, opórmua in him. But all we the rest (although bapcaixòs, which some do expound the Wisdom, tized and born again in Christ) yet offend in some Sensuality, some the Affection, some the

many things; and if we say we have no sin, Desire of the Flesh, is not subject to the Law

we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in of God. And although there is no condemna. tion for them that believe and are baptized; Art. XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. yet the Apostle doth confess, that concupiscence and lust hath of itself the nature of sin.

Not every deadly sin, willingly committed

after Baptism, is sin against the Holy Ghost, Art. X. Of Free-Will.

and unpardonable. Wherefore the grant of The condition of man, after the fall of Adam,

repentance is not to be denied to such as fall is such, that he cannot turn and prepare him.

into sin after Baptism. After wedave receive self, by his own natural strength and good

ed the Holy Ghost, we may depart from grace works, to faith, and calling upon God: where given, and fall ivto sin, and by the grace of fore we have no power to do good works

God (we may) arise again, and amend onr pleasant and acceptable to God, without the

lives. And therefore they are to be condemngrace of God by Christ preventing us, that we

ed, which say, they can no more sin as long may have a good will, and working with us,

as they live here, or deny the place of forwhen we have that good will.

giveness to such as truly repent. Art. XI. Of the Justification of Man.

Art. XVII. Of Predestination and Election, We are accounted righteous before God,

Predestination to life is the everlasting pur. only for the Merit of our Lord and Saviour pose of God, whereby (before the foundations Jesus Christ by Faith; and not for our own

of the world were laid) he hath constantly deWorks or Deservings. Wherefore, that we ereed, by his counsel, secret to us, to deliver are justified by Faith only, is a most whole- from curse and damnation, those whom he some doctrine, and very full of comfort, as

hath chosen in Christ out of mankind, and to more largely is expressed in the Homily of bring them by Christ to everlasting salvation, Justification.

as vessels made to honour. Wherefore they,

which he endued with so excellent a benefit of Art. XII. Of Good Works.

God, be called according to God's purpose by Albeit that good Works, which are the his Spirit workingin due season: they through fruits of Faith, and follow after Justification, grace obey the calling: they be justified free. cannot put away our sins, and endure the se- ly: they be made Sons of God by adoption: verity of God's Judgment; yet are they pleas- they be made like the image of his only begot. ing and acceptable to God in Christ, and do ten Son Jesus Christ: they walk religiously in spring out necessarily of a true and lively good works, and at length by God's mercy Faith; insomuch that by them a lively Faith they attain to everlasting felicity. may be as evidently known, as a tree diseern- As the godly consideration of Predestina. ed by the fruit.

tion, and our Election in Christ is full of Art. XIII. Of Works before Justification.

sweet, pleasant, and unspeakable comfort to

godly persons, and such as feel in themselves Works done before the grace of Christ, and the working of the Spirit of Christ, mortifythe inspiration of his Spirit, are not pleasant ing the works of the flesh, and their earthly to God, forasmuch as they spring not of faith members, and drawing up their mind to high in Jesus Christ, neither do they make men and heavenly things, as well because it doth meet to receive grace, or (as the School Au- greatly establish and confirm their faith of thors say) deserve grace of congruity : vea eternal salvation, to be enjoyed through rather, for that they are not done as God hath Christ, as because it doth fervently kindle willed and commanded them to be done, we their love towards God: So, for curious and doubt not but they have the nature of sin. carnal persons, lacking the Spirit of Christ, to Art. XIV. Of Works of Supererogation.

have continually before their eyes the Sen

tence of God's Predestination, is a most danVoluntary Works besides over and above

gerous downfall, whereby the Devil dotb God's Commandments, which they call Works thrust them either into desperation, or into of Supererogation, cannot be taught without wretchlessness of most unclean living, no less árrogancy and impiety. For by them men do perilous than desperation. deciare, That they do not only render unto Furthermore, we must receive God's ProGod as much as they are bound to do, but mises in such wise as they be generally set that they do more for his sake than of bounden furth to us in Holy Scripture: And in our doduty is required: Whereas Christ saith plainly, ings, that will of God is to be followed, which When ye have done all that are commanded we have expressly declared unto us in the to you, say, We are unprofitable servants. word of God.

Art. XV. Of Christ alone without Sin. Art. XVIII. Of obtaining Eternal Salvar Christ in the truth of our nature, was made

tion only by the Nume of Christ. like unto us in all things (sin only except), They also are to be had accursed, that prefrom which he was clearly void, both in his flesh, and in his spirit. He came to be a

sume to say,

that every man shall be saved by

the Law or Sect which he professeth, so that Lamis without spot, who by sacrifice of him. he be diligent to frame his life according to and mark of Difference, whereby Christian standeth.


that Law, and the Light of Nature. For holy ses, and effectual signs of grace, and God's Scripture doth set out unto us only the name good will towards us, by the which he cloth of Jesus Christ, whereby men must be saved. work invisibly in us, and doth not only quick

en, but also strengthen and confirm our faitk Art. XIX. Of the Church.

in him. The visible Church of Christ is a Congrega

There are two Sacraments ordained of tion of faithful men, in the which the pure Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Word of God is preached, and the Sacraments Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord. be duly ministered according to Christ's Ordi- T'hose five commonly called Sacraments, nance, in all those things that of necessity are that is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, requisite to the same.

Matrimony, and extreme Unction, are not to As the Church of Hierusalem, Alexandria, be counted for Sacraments of the Gospel, beand Antioch have erred; so also the Church ing such as have grown, partly of the corrupt of Rome hath erred, not only in their living following of the Apostles, partly are states of and manner of Ceremonies, but also in mat. life allowed by the Scriptures; but yet have ters of Faith.

not like nature of Sacraments with Baptism

and the Lord's Supper, for that they have not Art. XX. Of the Authority of the Church.

any visible Sign or Ceremony ordained of The Church hath power to decree Rites or

God. Ceremonies, and Authority in Controversies The Sacraments were not ordained of of Faith: And yet it is not lawful for the Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried Church to ordain any thing that is contrary to about, but that we should duly use them. God's Word written; neither may it so ex- And in such only as worthily receive the pound one place of Scripture, that it be re- same, they have a wholesome effect or opepugnant to another. Wherefore, although ration: but they that receive them unwor. the Church be a Witness and a Keeper of thily, parchase to themselves damnation, as Holy Writ, yet as it ought not to decree any

St. Paul saith. thing against the same, so besides the same

Art. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the Mi. ought it not to enforce any thing to be believe

nisters, which hinders not the effect of the ed for necessity of salvation.

Sacraments. Art. XXI. Of the Authority of General

Although in the visible Church the evil be Councils. *

ever mingled with the good, and sometime Art. XXII. Of Purgatory.

the evil have chief authority in the ministra

tion of the Word and Sacraments: yet, forThe Romish doctrine concerning Purgato

asmuch as they do not the same in their own vy, Pardons, Worshipping and Adoration, as

name, but in Christ's, and do minister by his well of Images as of Reliques, and also Invo

Commission and Authority, we may use their eation of Saints, is a fond thing vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranty of Scrip: Ministry, both in hearing the Word of God,

and in receiving the Sacraments. Neither is ture, but rather repugnant to the word of

the effect of Christ's Ordinance taken away God.

by their wickedness, nor the grace of God's Art. XXIII. Of Ministering in the Congre- gifts diminished from such, as by faith, and gation.

rightly, do receive the Sacraments ministered

unto them, which be efi'ectual, because of It is not lawful for any man to take upon

Christ's institution and Promise, although him the Office of public Preaching, or Minis

they be ministered by evil men. tering the Sacraments in the Congregation, before he be lawfully called, and sent to exe

Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the Discicute the same. And those we ought to judge pline of the Church, that inquiry be made of

evil Ministers, and that they be accused by lawfully called and sent, which be chosen and

these that have knowledge of their offences: called to this work by men who have public

and finally being found guilty by just judgAuthority given unto them in the Congregation, to call and send Ministers into the Lord's

ment, be deposed. Vineyard.

Art. XXVII. Of Baptism. Art. XXIV. Of Speaking in the Congrega

Baptism is not only a sign of Profession, tion in such a Tongue as the People under.

men are discerned from others that be not

christened: but it is also a sign of RegeneraIt is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word tion, or new Birth, whereby, as by an inof God, and the Custom of the Primitive strument, they that receive Baptism rightly Church, to have Public Prayer in the Church, are grafted into the Church: the promises of or to Minister the Sacraments in a Tongue the forgiveness of sin, and of our adoption to dot understanded of the People.

be the Sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are Art. XXV. Of the Sacraments.

visibly signed and sealed : faith is confirmed,

and grace increased by virtue of Prayer unto Sacraments ordained of Christ be not only God. The Baptism of young children is in badges or tokens of Christian men's Profes- any wise to be retained in the Church as most sion; but rather they be certain sure witnes- agreeable with the institution of Christ.

* The 21st of the former articles is omitted, because it is partly of a local and civil nature, and is provided for as to the remaining parts of it, in other articles.

Art. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper.. of thc Church, and excommunicated, ought

to be taken of the whole multitude of the The Supper of the Lord is not only a sign of the Love that Christians ought to have faithful, as an Heathen and Publican, until he among themselves one to another; but rather

be openly reconciled by Penance, and received it is a Sacrament of our Redemption by into the Church by a Judge that hath authoChrist's death: Insomuch that to such as right

rity thereunto. ly, worthily, and with faith receive the same, Art. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the the Bread which we break is a partaking of

Church. the Body of Christ, and likewise the Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the Blood of Christ. It is not necessary that Traditions and Ce

Transubstantiation (or the change of Sub- remonies be in all places 'one, or utterly like; stance of Bread and Wine) in the Supper of for at all times they have been divers, and the Lord, cannot be proved by Holy Writ; may be changed according to the diversity of but it is repugnant to the plain words of Scrip- countries, times, and men's manners, so that ture, overthroweth the nature of a Sacra. nothing be ordained against God's word. ment, and liath given occasion to many Su

Whosoever through his private judgment, perstitions.

willingly and purposely doth openly break the The Body of Christ is given, taken, and

Traditions and Ceremonies of the Church, eaten in the Supper, only after an heavenly which be not repugnant to the word of God, and spiritual manner. And the mean where

and be ordained and approved by common by the body of Christ is received and eaten in Authority, ought to be rebuked openly (that the Suppei, is Faith.

other may fear to do the like) as he that of. The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was

fendeth against the common order of the not by Christ's Ordinance reserved, carried Church, and hurteth the Authority of the about, lifted up, or worshipped.

Magistratc, and woundeth the Consciences of

the weak Brethren. Art. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat not

Every Particular or National Church hath of the Body of Christ in the Use of the Authority to ordain, change, and abolish CereLord's Supper.

monies or Rites of the Chureh, ordained only The wicked, and such as be void of a lively by man's Authority, so that all things be done faith, although they do carnally and visibly

to edifying press with their Teeth (as St. Augustine saith) the Sacrament of the Body and Blood

Art. XXXV. Of Homilies. of Christ; yet in no wise are they partakers The second Book of Homilies, the several of Christ; but rather to their Condemnation titles whereof we have joined under this Artido eat and drink the Sign or Sacrament of so cle, doth contain a godly and wholesome Docgreat a thing

trine, and necessary for these Times, as doth

the former book of Homilies, which were set Art. XXX. Of both Kinds.

forth in the time of Edward the Sixth; and The Cup of the Lord is not to be denied to therefore we Judge them to be read in the Lay-People: for both the parts of the Churches by the Ministers diligently and disLord's Sacrament by Christ's Ordinance and tinctly, that they may be understanded of the Commandment, ought to be ministered to all People. Christian men alike.

Of the Names of the Homilies. Art. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished upon the Cross.

1. Of the right Use of the Church.

2. Against Peril of Idolatry. The offering of Christ once made, is that 3. of repairing and keeping clean of perfect redemption, propitiation, and satisfac

Churches. tion for all the sins of the whole world, both 4. Of good Works: first of Fasting. original and actual; and there is none other 5. Against Gluttony and Drunkenness. satisfaction for sin, but that alone. Where- 6. Against Excess of Apparel. fore the Sacrifice of Masses, in which it was 7. Of Prayer. commonly said, that the Priest did offer Christ 8. Of the Place and Time of Prayer. for the quick and the dead, to have remission 9. That Common Prayers and Sacraments of pain or guilt, were blasphemous fables, and ought to be ministered in a knowit dangerous deceits.

Tongue. Art. XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.

10. Of the reverent Estimation of God's

Word. Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, are not com- 11. Of Alms-doing. manded by God's Law, either to vow the estate 12. Of the Nativity of Christ. of single life, or to abstain from Marriage : 13. Of the Passion of Christ. therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other 14. Of the Resurrection of Christ. Christian men, to marry at their own discre- 15. Of the worthy Receiving of the Sacration, as they shall judge the same to serve bet- ment of the Body and Blood of Christ. ter to godliness.

16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. Art. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons,

17. For the Rogation-days. how they are to be avoided.

18. Of the State of Matrimony.

19. Of Repentance. That person which by open denunciation of 20. Against Idleness. the Church, is rightly cut off from the Unity 21. Against Rebellion.

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(This Article is received in this Church, so tendeth to all men, as well Clergy as Laity, far as it declares the books of Homilies to be in all things temporal; but hath no authority an explication of Christian doctrine, and in- in things purely spiritual. And we hold it to structive in piety and morals. But all refer- be the duty of all men who are professors of ences to the constitution and laws of England the Gospel, to pay respectful obedience to the are considered as inapplicable to the circum- civil authority, regularly and legitimately constances of this Church, which also suspends ' stituted. the order for the reading of said Homilies in Churches until a revision

of them may be con- Art. XXXVIII. Of Christian Men's Goods, veniently made, for the clearing of them, as

which are not common. well from obsolete words and phrases, as from the local references.]

The Riches and Goods of Christians are Art. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops and Possession of the same, as certain Anabap

not common, as touching the Right, Title, and Ministers.

tists do falsely borist. Notwithstanding, every The book of Consecration of Bishops, and man ought of such things as he possesseth, ordering of Priests and Deacons, as set forth liberally to give Alms to the Poor, according by the General Convention of this Church in to his ability 1792, doth contain all things necessary to such consecration and ordering; neither hath it any Art. XXXIX. Of a Christian Man's Oath. thing that, of itself, is superstitious and ungodly: and, therefore, whosoever are conse- As we confess that vain and rash swearing is crated or ordered according to said form, we forbidden Christian men by our Lord Jesus decree all such to be rightly, orderly, and Christ, and James his Apostle: so we judge lawfully consecrated and ordered.

that Christian Religion doth not prohibit, but Art. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Civil requireth, in a cause of Faith and Charity, so

that a man may swear when the Magistrate Mugistrates.

it be done according to the Prophets teaching The power of the Civil Magistrate' ex- in Justice, Judgment, and Truth.

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