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28 Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go 30 Hereafter I will not talk much with away, and come again unto you. If ye loved you: for the prince of this world cometh, me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto and hath nothing in me. the Father : for iny Father is greater than I. 31 But that the world may know that I

29 And now I have told you before it love the Father; and as the Father gare come to

pass,
that, when it is come to pass,

me commandment, even so I do. Arise, let ye might believe.

us go hence. Verse 18. “ I will not leave you comforlless.”—In the Greek the word is literally "orphans," or "fatherless." The word oppuvos is however used in a more extended sense than the English word “orphan," since it means generally all who are destitute, whether by the deprivation of parents, children, friends, or patrons ; " comfortless" or "destitute" is therefore a very fair rendering, and conveys better the idea of the original than the literal transference to the English of the word “orphans,” which has been made by Doddridge, Campbell, and others. In this and in many other cases, our translators have carefully distinguished the original and proper meaning, even when the original word has, with a modified or restricted signification, been adopted into the English language. It is observable that, as in the present instance, disciples, and indeed all the world, were among the Jews described as being left fatherless when their doctors and wise men were removed by death. So, among other examples, it is reported of R. Akiba, that, on the death of a famous Rabbi, “ he went out and cried, and his eyes flowed with water, and he said, Woe Rabbi! woe Rabbi! for the world is left fatherless by thee.”

The

CHAPTER XV.

11 These things have I spoken unto you, | The consolation and mutual love between Christ

that my joy might remain in you, and that and his members, under the parable of the vine.

your joy might be full. 18 A comfort in the hatred and persecution of the 12 *This is my commandment, That ye world. 26 The office of the Holy Ghost, and of love one another, as I have loved you. the apostles.

13 Greater love hath no man than this, I am the true vine, and my Father is the that a man lay down his life for his friends. husbandman.

14 Ye are my friends, if ye do whatso2 'Every branch in me that beareth not ever I command you. fruit he taketh away: and every branch that 15 Henceforth I call you not servants; beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may for the servant knoweth not what his lord bring forth more fruit.

doeth: but I have called you friends; for 3 *Now ye are clean through the word all things that I have heard of my Father which I have spoken unto you.

I have made known unto you. 4 Abide in me, and I in you. As the 16 Ye have not chosen me, but I hare branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it chosen you, and 'ordained you, that ye abide in the vine; no more can ye, except should go and bring forth fruit, and that ye abide in me.

your fruit should remain: that whatsoever 5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he that abideth in me, and I in him, the same may give it you. bringeth forth much fruit: for $without me 17 These things I command you, that ye ye can do nothing.

love one another. 6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast 18 If the world hate you, ye know that it forth as a branch, and is withered ; and men hated me before it hated you. gather them, and cast them into the fire, 19 If ye were of the world, the world and they are burned,

would love his own: but because ye are not 7 If ye abide in me, and my words abide of the world, but I have chosen you

out in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall of the world, therefore the world hateth be done unto you.

you. 8 Herein is my Father glorified, that ye 20 Remember the word that I said unto bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disci- you, "The servant is not greater than his ples.

Jord. If they have persecuted me, they will 9 As the Father hath loved me, so have also persecute you; if they have kept my I loved you: continue ye in my love. saying, they will keep your's also.

10 If ye keep my commandments, ye shall 21 But all these things will they do unto abide in my love; even as I have kept my you for my name's sake, because they know Father's commandments, and abide in his not him that sent me. love.

22 If I had not come and spoken unto s jnar 13. 10.

Chap. 13. 34. 1 Thess. 4. 9. 1 Juho 3. 11. * Matt. 98. 19.

6 Mail. 10. 24. Chap. 13. 16.

1 Matt. 15. 13.

* Or, seorop from me.

them, they had not had sin: but now they might be fulfilled that is written in their have no 'cloke for their sin.

law, "They hated me without a cause. 23 He that hateth me hateth

my

Father 26 'But when the Comforter is come, also.

whom I will send unto you from the Father, 24 If I had not done among them the even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth works which none other man did, they had from the Father, he shall testify of me, not had sin: but now have they both scen 27 And ye also shall bear witness, beand hated both me and

my
Father.

cause ye have been with me from the be. 25 But this cometh to pass, that the word ginning.

Luke 24. 49. Chap. 14. 26.

7 Or, ercuse,

8 Psal. 35. 19.

goest thou ?

CHAPTER XVI.

soever he shall hear, that shall he speak :

and he will shew you things to come. 1 Christ comforteth his disciples against tribulation by the promise of the Holy Ghost, and by his re

14 He shall glorify me: for he shall resurrection und ascension : 23 assureth their prayers ceive of mine, and shall shew it unto you. made in his name to be acceptable to his Father. 15 All things that the Father hath are

33 Peace in Christ, and in the world affliction. mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of These things have I spoken unto you, that mine, and shew it unto you. ye should not be offended.

16 A little while, and ye shall not see 2 They shall put you out of the syna- me: and again, a little while, and ye shall gogues: yea, the time cometh, that whoso- see me, because I go to the Father. ever killeth you will think that he doeth 17 Then said some of his disciples among God service.

themselves, What is this that he saith unto 3 And these things will they do unto us, A little while, and ye shall not see me: you, because they have not known the Fa- and again, a little while, and ye shall see me: ther, nor me.

and, Because I go to the Father? 4 But these things have I told you, that 18 They said therefore, What is this that when the time shall come, ye may remember he saith, A little while ? we cannot tell what that I told you of them. And these things I he saith. said not unto you at the beginning, because 19 Now Jesus knew that they were deI was with you.

sirous to ask him, and said unto them, Do 5 But now I go my way to him that sent ye enquire among yourselves of that I said, me; and none of you asketh me, Whither A little while, and ye shall not see me: and

again, a little while, and ye shall see me? 6 But because I have said these things 20 Verily, verily, I say unto you, That ye unto you, sorrow hath filled

your

heart. shall weep and lament, but the world shall 7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is rejoice: and ye shall be sorrowful, but your expedient for you that I go away: for if I go sorrow shall be turned into joy. not away, the Comforter will not come unto 21 A woman when she is in travail hath you ; but if I depart, I will send him unto sorrow, because her hour is come: but as you.

soon as she is delivered of the child, she 8 And when he is come, he will 'reprove remembereth no more the anguish, for joy the world of sin, and of righteousness, and that a man is born into the world. of judgment :

22_And ye now therefore have sorrow : 9 Of sin, because they believe not on but I will see you again, and your heart me;

shall rejoice, and your joy no man taketh 10 Of righteousness, because I go to my from

you. Father, and ye see me no more;

23 And in that day ye shall ask me no11 Of judgment, because the prince of thing. 'Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whatthis world is judged.

soever ye shall ask the Father in my name, 12 I have yet many things to say unto he will give it you. you, but ye cannot bear them now.

24 Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my 13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, name : ask, and ye shall receive, that your is come, he will guide you into all truth :joy may be full. for he shall not speak of himself; but what- 25 These things have I spoken unto you in 'proverbs : but the time cometh, when I 30 Now are we sure that thou knowest shall no more speak unto you in 'proverbs, all things, and needest not that any man but I shall shew you plainly of the Father. should ask thee: by this we believe that 26 At that day ye shall ask in my name:

* Matt. 7.7.

1 Or, convince.

thoi camest forth from God. and I say not unto you, that I will pray the

31 Jesus answered them, Do ye now beFather for you:

lieve? 27 For the Father himself loveth you, 32 Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now because ye have loved me, and have be

ye

shall be scattered, every man lieved that I came out from God.

to his own, and shall leave me alone: and 28 I came forth from the Father, and am yet I am not alone, because the Father is come into the world: again, I leave the with me. world, and go to the Father.

33 These things I have spoken unto you, 29 His disciples said unto him, Lo, now that in me ye might have peace. In the speakest thou plainly, and speakest no 'pro- world ye shall have tribulation : but be of verb.

good cheer; I have overcome the world. * Or, parables • Or, parables. • Or, parable.

7 Or, his own home

come, that

* Matt. 26 31.

CHAPTER XVII.

but these are in the world, and I come to i Christ prayeth to his father to glorify him, 6 to

thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own preserve his apostles, l1 in unity, 17 and truth, name those whom thou hast given me, that 20 to glorify them, and all other believers with they may be one, as we are. him in heaven.

12 While I was with them in the world, These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his I kept them in thy name: those that thou eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour gavest me I have kept, and none of them is is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also lost, but the son of perdition; 'that the

Scripture might be fulfilled. may As thou

hast given him power over all 13 And now come I to thee; and these flesh, that he should give eternal life to as things I speak in the world, that they might many as thou hast given him.

have my joy fulfilled in themselves. 3 And this is life eternal, that they might 14 I have given them thy word; and the know thee the only true God, and Jesus world hath hated them, because they are not Christ, whom thou hast sent.

of the world, even as I am not of the world. 4 I have glorified thee on the earth : I 15 I pray not that thou shouldest take have finished the work which thou gavest them out of the world, but that thou shouldme to do.

est keep them from the evil. 5 And now, O Father, glorify thou me 16 They are not of the world, even as I with thine own self with the glory which I am not of the world. had with thee before the world was.

17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy 6 I have manifested thy name unto the word is truth. men which thou gavest me out of the world: 18 As thou hast sent me into the world, thine they were, and thou gavest them me: even so have I also sent them into the and they have kept thy word.

world. 7 Now they have known that all things 19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee. that they also might be 'sanctified through

8 For I have given unto them the words the truth. which thou gavest me; and they have re- 20 Neither

pray

I for these alone, but for ceived them, and have known surely that I them also which shall believe on me through came out from thee, and they have believed their word; that thou didst send me.

21 That they all may be one; as thou, 9 I pray for them: I pray not for the Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they world, but for them which thou hast given also may be one in us : that the world may me; for they are thine.

believe that thou hast sent me. 10 And all mine are thine, and thine are 22 And the glory which thou gavest me mine; and I am glorified in them. I have given them; that they may be one, 11 And now I am no more in the world, I even as we are one:

* Chap 16.n.

• Or, truly sanctified.

1 Matt 96. 18.

a Psal. 109.8,

me.

23 I in them, and thou in me, that they 25 O righteous Father, the world hath may be made perfect in one; and that the not known thee: but I have known thee, world may know that thou hast sent me, and these have known that thou hast sent and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me.

24 'Father, I will that they also, whom 26 And I have declared unto them thy thou hast given me, be with me where I am; name, and will declare it: that the love that they may behold my glory, which thou wherewith thou hast loved me may be in hast given me: for thou lovedst me before them, and I in them. the foundation of the world.

• Chap 19 96.

CHAPTER XVIII.

my Father hath given me, shall I not drink

it? 1 Judas betrayeth Jesus. 6 The officers fall to the

12 Then the band and the captain and ground. 10 Peter smiteth off Malchus' eur. 12 Jesus is taken, and led unto Annas and Caiaphas. officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound 15 Peter's denial. 19 Jesus examined before him, Caiaphas. 28 His arraignment before Pilate. 13 And led him away to Annas first; for 36 His kingdom. 40 The Jews ask Barabbas to

he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was be let loose.

the High Priest that same year. When Jesus had spoken these words, 'he 14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave went forth with his disciples over the brook counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient Cedron, where was a garden, into the which that one man should die for the people. he entered, and his disciples.

15 | •And Simon Peter followed Jesus, 2 And Judas also, which betrayed him, and so did another disciple: that disciple knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted

was known unto the High Priest, and went thither with his disciples.

in with Jesus into the palace of the High 3 Jndas then, having received a band Priest. of men and officers from the Chief Priests 16 But Peter stood at the door without. and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns Then went out that other disciple, which and torches and weapons.

was known unto the High Priest, and spake 4 Jesus therefore, knowing all things that unto her that kept the door, and brought in should come upon him, went forth, and said Peter. unto them, Whom seek ye?

17 Then saith the damsel that kept the 5 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas this man's disciples? He saith, I am not. also, which betrayed him, stood with them. 18 And the servants and officers stood

6 As soon then as he had said unto them, there, who had made a fire of coals; for it I am he, they went backward, and fell to was cold: and they warmed themselves : the ground

and Peter stood with them, and warmed 7 Then asked he them again, Whom himself. seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Naza- 19 | The High Priest then asked Jesus reth.

of his disciples, and of his doctrine. 8 Jesus answered, I have told you that I 20 Jesus answered him, I spake openly am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these go to the world; I ever taught in the syna

gogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews 9 That the saying might be fulfilled, always resort; and in secret have I said which he spake, 'Of them which thou gavest nothing: me have I lost none.

21 Why askest thou me? ask them which 10 Then Simon Peter having a sword | heard me, what I have said unto them: bedrew it, and smote the High Priest's ser- hold, they know what I said. vant, and cut off his right ear.

22 And when he had thus spoken, one of vant's name was Malchus.

the officers which stood by struck Jesus 11 Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up ?with the palm of his hand, saying, Anthy sword into the sheath: the cup which swerest thou the High Priest so?

their way:

The ser

• Matt. 26. 47. * Chap 17. 19. • And Annas sent Christ lound unto Caiaphas the high priest, verse 94
* Chap 11.50.
7 Or, with a rod.

i Matt. 26. 36

• Matt. 26. 58.

23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken 33 "Then Pilate entered into the judg. evil, bear witness of the evil : but if well, ment hall again, and called Jesus, and why smitest thou me?

said unto him, Art thou the King of the 24 Now Annas had sent him bound unto Jews ? Caiaphas the High Priest.

34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this 25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee himself. 'They said therefore unto him, of me? Art not thou also one of his disciples? He 35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine denied it, and said, I am not.

own nation and the Chief Priests have 26 One of the servants of the High Priest, delivered thee unto me: what hast thou being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, done? saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with 36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not him ?

of this world: if my kingdom were of this 27 Peter then denied again: and imme- world, then would my servants fight, that I diately the cock crew.

should not be delivered to the Jews: but 28 'Then led they Jesus from Caia- now is my kingdom not from hence. phas unto "the hall of judgment: and it 37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art was early; "and they themselves went not thou a king then ?

thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou into the judgment hall, lest they should be sayest that I am a king. To this end was defiled; but that they might cat the Pass- I born, and for this cause came I into the over.

world, that I should bear witness unto the 29 Pilate then went out unto them, and truth. Every one that is of the truth hearsaid, What accusation bring ye against this eth my voice. man?

38 Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? 30 They answered and said unto him, If | And when he had said this, he went out he were not a malefactor, we would not have again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, delivered him up unto thee.

I find in him no fault at all. 31 Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye 39 "But ye have a custom, that I should him, and judge him according to your law. release unto you one at the Passover: will The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not ye therefore that I release unto you the lawful for us to put any man to death : King of the Jews ?

32 13That the saying of Jesus might be 40 16Then cried they all again, saying, fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Báraldeath he should die.

bas was a robber.

8 Matt. 26. 57.

9 Matt. 26. 69.

13 Matt. 20. 19.

10 Matt. 27. 2. 11 Or, Pilate's house. 18 Acts 10. 28.

15 Matt. 87.15. 18 Acts 3. 14.

1* Matt. 9. II.

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Verse 1. "A garden."— Matthew says, “ a place called Gethsemane” (ch. xxvi. 30), which is hence supposed to have been the name of the garden ; but was more probably that of a village near which the garden stood, and to which it probably belonged. Luke describes the going forth as to the Mount of Olives.". Thus it appears that the gardea was on, or at the foot of, the Mount of Olives, so that its situation might be indicated by a reference either to the mount or to the adjoining village. Those on whom local associations make strong impressions, must feel interest in a place which was a frequent resort of Christ and his disciples ; and, with the precise intimations afforded by the sacred test. there can be no difficulty in deciding that the spot now poiuted out to those who visit Jerusalem, as the Garden of Gethsemane, was probably such indeed. It corresponds to all the required conditions: “At the foot of Olivet," sers Sandys, “ once stood the village of Gethsemane, the place yet fruitful in olives; and near it the delightful gard-a wherein our Saviour was betrayed.” More precisely, the spot is an even plot of ground (Maundrell says, not more than fifty-seven yards square), between the brook Kedron and the base of Mount Olivet. The gardens of Gethsemane are now of a very miserable description, hedged round with a dry stone fence, and provided with a few olive-trees. A convent has been built on the spui, but it is now in ruins "Richurdson. The olive-trees here alluded to, and which are supposed to mark the more the immediate resort of Christ, are interesting from their antiquity. The Christians of Jerusalem believe them to have sprung from the roots of those that existed there in the time of our Saviour, the original trees having been all cut down by the Romans, when in want of wood to make crosses and warlike machines. (* Diary of a Tour, &c., by a Field-Officer of Cavalry:'). Chateaubriand confirms this ; and adds a curious proof of the antiquity of the trees :--- The olive may be said to be immortal, since a fresh tree springs up from the old stump. Those in the Garden of Olivet” (he means this garden) “at Jerusalem are, at least, of the time of the Eastern Empire, as is demonstrated by the following circumstance. In Turkey, every olive-tree found standing by the Mussulmans, when they conquered Asia, pays one medine to the treasury ; while each of those planted since the conquest is taxed half its produce by the Grand Signior. The eight olive-trees of which we are speaking, are charged only eight medines." These trees are unusually large. The spot on which they grow belongs to the Latin monks, who purchased it at their ova ex pense.

3. “ Lanterns and torches."—We introduce some examples of ancient torches, and some modern Oriental ones of torches and lanterns, to afford the subject such pictorial illustration as it seems capable of receiving. It is very prow bable that the lanterns at this time in use were such as are still common in Western Asia. The construction is at

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