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superintendent, by such other officer as the school authorities may desigpate, certifying that such child has complied with the law relating to attendance at school during the school year between September and July, then current; and any person who shall employ any child contrary to the provisions of this section shall, for each offense, forfeit and pay to the treasurer of the city or village or to the supervisor of the town in which such offense shall occur, a penalty of fifty dollars, the same, when paid, to be added to the public school moneys of the city, village or district in which the offense occurred.

HOURS OF LABOR.*

Drug Clerks in New York City.

LAWS OF 1900, CHAPTER 453. An Act for the regulation of the working hours of pharmacists and drug

clerks in cities of one million or more inhabitants. Section 1. No pharmacist or drug clerk employed in any pharmacy or drug store shall be required or permitted to work more than seventy hours per week. Nothing in this section shall prohibit the working six hours overtime during any week, for the purpose of making a shorter succeeding week, provided, however, that the aggregate number of hours in any such two weeks, shall not exceed one hundred and thirty-six hours. The working hours per day shall be consecutive, allowing one hour for each meal. The hours shall be so arranged that an employee shall be entitled to and shall receive at least one full day off in two consecutive weeks.

§ 2. No proprietor of any drug store shall require or permit any clerk to sleep in any room or apartment in or connected with such store, which does not comply with the sanitary regulations of the local board of health.

$ 3. A failure to comply with any of the provisions of this act shall be deemed a misdemeanor.

§ 4. This act shall apply to cities of one million or more inhabitants. § 5. This act shall take effect immediately.

Accepted by the city; became a law April 14, 1900, with the approval of the Governor,

Public Holidays. LAWS OF 1892, CHAPTER 677, BEING THE STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION LAW

AND CONSTITUTING CHAPTER I OF THE GENERAL LAWS. § 24. Public holidays; half holidays.—The term holiday includes the following days in each year; the first day of January, known as new year's day; the twelfth day of February, known as Lincoln's birthday; the twenty-second day of February, known as Washington's birthday; the thirtieth day of May, known as memorial day; the fourth day of July, known as independence day; the first Monday of September, known as labor day, and the twenty-fifth day of December, known as Christmas day, and if either of such days is Sunday, the next day thereafter; each general election day and each day appointed by the president of the United States or by the governor of this state as a day of general thanksgiving, general fasting and prayer, or other general religious observances. The term, half holiday, includes the period from noon to midnight of each Saturday which is not a holiday. The days and half days aforesaid shall be considered as the first day of the week, commonly called Sunday, and

* Most of the legal restrictions upon the hours of labor are to be found in the Labor Law (articles I, VI, VIII and XI). See also under “ Public Work " below.

as public holidays or half holidays, for all purposes whatsoever as regards the transaction of business in the public offices of this state, or counties of this state. On all other days and half days, excepting Sundays, such offices shall be kept open for the transaction of business. Where a contract by its terms requires the payment of money or the performance of a condition on a public holiday, such payment may be made or condition performed on the next business day succeeding such holiday, with the same force and effect as if made or performed in accordance with the terms of the contract. [A8 amended by L. 1897, ch. 614, and L. 1902, ch. 39.]

Sunday Labor.

PENAL CODE: LAWS OF 1881. CHAPTER 676. $ 263. Servile labor.–All labor on Sunday is prohibited, excepting the works of necessity or charity. In works of necessity or charity is included whatever is needful during the day for the good order, health or comfort of the community. [A8 amended by L. 1883, ch. 358.]

$ 214. Persons observing another day as a Sabbath.-It is a sufficient defense to a prosecution for work or labor on the first day of the week, that the defendant uniformly keeps another day of the week as holy time, and does not labor on that day, and that the labor complained of was done in such a manner as not to interrupt or disturb other persons in observing the first day of the week as holy time. [A8 amended by L. 1885, ch. 519.]

$ 266. Trades, manufactures and mechanical employments.-All trades, manufactures, agricultural or mechanical employments upon the first day of the week are prohibited, except that when the same are works of necessity they may be performed on that day in their usual and orderly manner, so as not to interfere with the repose and religious liberty of the community. [As amended by L. 1883, ch. 358.]

$267. Public traffic.-All manner of public selling or offering for sale of any property on Sunday is prohibited, except that articles of food may be sold and supplied at any time before ten o'clock in the morning, and except also that meals may be sold to be eaten on the premises where sold or served elsewhere by caterers; and prepared tobacco, milk, ice and soda water in places other than where spirituous or malt liquors or wines are kept or offered for sale, and fruit, flowers, confectionery, newspapers, drugs, medicines and surgical appliances may be sold in a quiet and orderly manner at any time of the day. The provisions of this section, however, shall not be construed to allow or permit the public sale or exposing for sale or delivery of uncooked flesh foods, or meats, fresh or salt, at any hour or time of the day. [As amended by L. 1883, ch. 358; L. 1896, ch. 648; L. 1901, ch. 392.]

LAWS OF 1895, CHAPTER 823.

An Act to regulate barbering on Sunday. Section 1. Any person who carries on or engages in the business of shaving, haircutting or other work of a barber on the first day of the week, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction

thereof shall be fined not more than five dollars; and upon a second conFiction for a like offense shall be fined not less than ten dollars and not more than twenty-five dollars, or be imprisoned in the county jail for a period of not less than ten days, nor more than twenty-five days, or be punishable by both such fine and such imprisonment at the discretion of the court or magistrate; provided, that in the city of New York, and the village of Saratoga Springs, barber shops or other places where a barber is engaged in shaving, hair cutting or other work of a barber, may be kept open, and the work of a barber may be performed therein until one o'clock of the afternoon of the first day of the week.

§ 2. This act shall take effect on the first day of June eighteen hundred and ninety-five.

POLITICAL AND LEGAL RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES OF

WORKINGMEN.
Allowing Time for Employees to Vote Without Loss of Pay.
LAWS OF 1896, CHAPTER 909, BEING THE ELECTION LAW AND CONSTITUTING

CHAPTER VI OF THE GENERAL LAWS.
§ 109. Time allowed employees to vote.-Any person entitled to vote
at a general election held within this state, shall, on the day of such
election, be entitled to absent himself from any service or employment in
which he is then engaged or employed, for a period of two hours, while
the polls of such election are open. If such elector shall notify his em-
ployer, before the day of such election, of such intended absence, and if
thereupon two successive hours for such absence shall be designated by
the employer, and such absence shall be during such designated hours,
or if the employer, upon the day of such notice, makes no designation,
and such absence shall be during any two consecutive hours while such
polls are open, no deduction shall be made from the usual salary or wages
of such elector, and no other penalty shall be imposed upon him by his
employer, by reason of such absence. This section shall be deemed to
include all employees of municipalities.

To Prevent Employers from Coercing Employees in Their Exercise

of the Suffrage. PENAL CODE: LAWS OF 1881, CHAPTER 676. § 418. Any person or corporation, who, directly or indirectly

3. Being an employer, pays his employee the salary or wages due in pay envelopes " upon which there is written or printed any political niotto, device or argument containing threats, express or implied, intended or calculated to influence the political opinions or actions of such employees, or within ninety days of a general election puts or otherwise exhibits in the establishment or place where his employees are engaged in labor, any handbill or placard containing any threat, notice or information that if any particular ticket or candidate is elected or defeated, work in his place or establishment will cease, in whole or in part, his establishment be closed up, or the wages of his employees reduced, or other threats, express or implied, intended or calculated to influence the political opinions or actions of his employees, is guilty of a misdemeanor, and, if a corporation, shall in addition forfeit its charter. (L. 1892, ch. 693, as amended by L. 1894, ch. 714, and L. 1901, ch. 371.]

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Exempting Workingmen's Tools, Etc., from Attachment for Debt.

CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE, CHAPTER 13, TITLE 2, ARTICLE 1. § 1390. What personal property is exempt, when owned by a householder.—The following personal property, when owned by a householder

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