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loaded down with the financial diffi- has never been enacted. For many culties, wants to conciliate. It requires months a committee, composed mostly some courage to meet a not over- of extreme partisans, has been in sesscrupulous body of men clothed with sion with extraordinary powers to send authority, and who, if they choose, for persons and papers, and with the can embarrass the government with- public treasury and an army of public out financial accountability. The Pre- scavengers to assist them to find, if sident has held his own very well, possible, some act or transaction, or considering his surroundings. Seward expression, which would justify or exhe probably consults most, and Seward cuse an arraignment of the chief maghas, as Mr. Clay said of him, ‘no con- istrate. His public and his private victions. (He) is an egotist and selfish acts have been scanned, his household aspirant. Randall, whose confirmation affairs, his domestic life, his bankis understood to have been secured by accounts, his social intercourse, as well pledges to radical senators, is greatly as all his speeches, conversations, and under Seward's influence, and the Pre- doings as a man and President have sident cannot, with his reticence, avoid been scrutinized. Failing in their incommitting errors with such advisers. trigue, scandal and defamation have The result is that the President is been set to work to palliate these outappointing more enemies than friends, rageous proceedings. Most of the memand his administration is thereby weak- bers of the Cabinet, and I believe all ened.

but myself, have been summoned beSaturday, May 4, 1867. fore this committee, as well as his The Judiciary Committee of the private secretaries and members of his House has re-assembled in Washing- family. Why I was spared, I know not. ton to pursue enquiries and see if they I have an impression and intimations cannot obtain something on which to in fact that Stanton proposed and orimpeach the President. No facts, no dered I should not be called. Both he charges, no malconduct, are known or and Seward, in a conversation which preferred, for the slip-slop of Ashley took place as to disclosing proceedings was long since discarded, but a stand- in Cabinet, thought the matter might ing committee is advertised and has be got along with by answering pretty assembled to ascertain whether some- fully all questions that were put withthing cannot be found which may be out any allusion to the fact whether it tortured or twisted against the Pre- was or was not a cabinet subject. I sident, whom they cannot induce to doubted whether it was right to disgo with them in their revolutionary close what had occurred in Cabinet, to schemes, and who is, consequently, in

such a committee, - perhaps to any their way. A more scandalous villainy one at present. never disgraced the country.

Friday, June 7, 1867.

Admiral Farragut went home toTuesday, June 4, 1867. day. He has been my guest for a week. The Judiciary Committee have, by Gave him yesterday his orders to the a vote of five to four, decided against European squadron and he expects impeachment, but by a strict party to sail within a fortnight. In bidding vote passed a resolution of censure him good-bye I was more affected than against the President. A more shame- he was aware, and I perceived that he less and disgraceful proceeding than was to some extent similarly affected. this whole impeachment conspiracy We have both reached that period of life when a parting of two years may

them until he has become nervous and be a parting forever on earth. Cir apprehensive, without resolute courage cumstances have brought us together to carry out or maintain his convicand we are under mutual obligations. tion, and that he is in constant dread I selected him for important duties and of impeachment. he proved himself worthy of the trust Blairis shrewd and observing, though and confidence. In addition to his of strong prejudices. He thinks it abgreat, unsurpassed service to the coun- solutely necessary to revive the Demotry, he has given just fame to my ad- cratic party and its organization in ministration of the navy, and I honor order to rescue the government from him for his unnecessary modesty as centralizing hands. This has been the well as for possessing the heroic quals policy of himself and some others for ities which I expected. I trust we may some time past. The policy has its dislive to meet again on earth and enjoy advantages as well as advantages. One memories of the past. If not, God's cause of the failure of the Union movewill be done. I esteem the choice of ment' a year since was the attempt to Farragut to command the Gulf squad- bring forward as leaders and candiron the most judicious and best selec- dates those Democrats who had made tion which could have been made in themselves obnoxious for their extreme the entire service. I consider him the partisanship, and especially their opgreat hero of the war, and am happy position to the measures of the governin the thought that I was the means ment for the preservation of the Union. of carrying him to the head of his pro- The people were not disposed to infession where he had an opportunity vest‘copperheads,’rebel-sympathizers, to develop his power and ability. and rebels, with power while the soil

was yet wet with the blood of patriSaturday, June 8, 1867.

ots; and Blair and others injure themThe President and party returned to- selves at this time in pressing forward day from North Carolina. All appears prematurely that class of persons. In to have passed off well.

the conversation to-day, we spoke of There is much talk and feeling in re- Grant in connection with the presidgard to Sheridan's movements, which ency, and from present indications I are arbitrary, tyrannical, and despotic. expressed the opinion that he was disHis removal of Wells, the poor govern- posed to be a candidate, and if so, he or of Louisiana, is justified by most of would probably be elected. Blair said the radicals, although it is an outrage he could not be if he was the radical on our laws and institutions. The trim- candidate. I said Grant would enming course of Wells and his want of deavor to be the army and union canhonest character palliates Sheridan's didate; (that) without much political conduct, which, however, is wholly intelligence or principle, he had party indefensible.

cunning and would strive to be a can

didate but not strictly a party candiThursday, June 27, 1867.

date; that the radicals did not want Montgomery Blair has become quite him, but they could not help themindifferent in regard to the fate of selves nor perhaps could Grant. They President Johnson. Says he is com- felt that they must nominate him in pletely under the dominion of Seward order that they might succeed; he felt and Stanton, who have demoralized

* A political movement in support of Johnhim, that the President has listened to son's policies.

a

that he could not reject their candi- understanding with the violent radidacy, if they took him up, but really cals, had embarrassed the administraprefers the Democrats to the Repub- tion and thwarted its policy - and licans.

he was surprised that Stanton should Blair has been and still is friendly persist in holding on to his place, and to Grant, but perceives that G[rant] mixing with us. I remarked it was now is becoming alienated from old friends of little consequence. He had so manand getting in with new ones, and it aged with the radicals as to cripple the rouses his opposition. I asked whom administration until it was powerless, he would have for a candidate in op- and he might remain on to the close, position to Grant. He said he cared or he might leave soon. The President not who it was. 'Nor I,' was my reply, assented, presumed Stanton intended 'but whom can you present?' He said to be a candidate. McClellan. "That,' said I, 'insures defeat. The people will not, and I think

Wednesday, July 10, 1867. ought not to, rally under him.'

The loose, reckless violence, and in

considerate action of Congress, make Friday, June 28, 1867. it irksome and painful for me to read A committee is in session to enquire their proceedings. How little regard into the ordnance transactions of the have the members for their oaths and War and Navy Department, composed their country's welfare! The worst of as unprincipled a set of scoundrels, principles of tyranny and outrage, they with scarcely an exception, as is in Con- avow and encourage. The President is gress. I have told Wise, Chief of Ord- coarsely, falsely and vindictively asnance in Naval Bureau, to give them sailed by leaders as well as by followers, every facility for enquiry; if he, or any who are secretly prompted. The Conone, had done wrong I desired it should stitution and its limitations are ridibe exposed.

culed and contemned. Saturday, June 29, 1867.

Senator Wade equivocates and backs The President and party are ex

down from his recent aggressive speech. pected home to-day. They have had, Instead of a step in advance as he apparently, a pleasant tour. Too much boasted, he takes a step to the rear. speaking, but less than in the Chicago A curious letter in the New York jaunt last year.

Herald, reciting a conversation and

certain avowals of Thad Stevens, is Sunday, June 30, 1867.

attracting attention, and he, to-day, on Called this morning on the President the floor of the House, made remarks and congratulated him on his safe re- on the letter. Almost all which this turn, in apparently improved health. vicious old man does is premeditated, He was very cordial, disposed to talk. dramatic, and for effect. The letter Was not fully posted on occurrences was, evidently, carefully prepared by and events of the last ten days. Talked himself. Not that he wrote it, but the

, of Sheridan, of Congress, of Stanbery's correspondent had the catechism and opinions, etc. In regard to Stanton, answers furnished him. Stevens is perhe expressed himself convinced that he haps a worthy leader for such a party had played a part for himself, had an - the 'Great Commoner.'

(To be continued.)

A LETTER TO MR. WILLIAM DE MORGAN

BY CHARLOTTE PRENTISS HARDIN

If it is true that no lady in Society a belated apology to a story that I read would ever speak of her daughter as a long time ago. I remember writing Miss Peggy, and if a previous know- one of my first College Essays on this ledge of that fact entitles one to a posi- book, and denouncing it because the tion in the above-mentioned Body, I Author would not remain in the backfeel that at this moment I should be ground, but persisted in saying what covered with confusion upon finding he thought about this and that. A myself addressing in person a gentle- newly acquired thirst for UNITY (vide man who has never been presented to Thompson's Aids to Literary Criticism) me, and of whom I know nothing except drove the members of the class to a his name and the fact, gleaned from an most insulting attack on the book. examination of covers, that he is classed This, it seemed, was filled with the in the Public Library as 823D, accord- Author's Personality; and we were asing to a system which I have been as- sured by Thompson that such Personsured is simple, but which I have never alities were not desirable, as interfering been able to fathom. It is true that, in with the Progress of the Plot. Upon order to do so, I should be obliged to looking back I can see that it was the ask somebody about it, or even read a fault of the Author's Personality, or book about it. I prefer, however, to possibly my fault. Certainly not that leave the subject wrapped in mystery, of the book. If the Personality had together with so many others connected been of the proper strain, all would with the great Public Library; as for have been well, in spite of Thompson. instance, why they always say, 'Please What for instance should we do withleave your umbrella to be checked,' out your Personality? Not to say that and you say, 'I am only going in the your plots and characters are entirely shelves a moment,' and they take the unsatisfactory; but we like to hear umbrella from you and say, "No mat- what you have to say; we do not skip ter, it must be checked'; and when you you. Which is the highest form of comcome for it in, say, three minutes, just pliment. The most we say is that you to show that you meant what said, are unconventional; but after reading it is impossible to get the knot untied some of the late works of Mr. Chesand the check must not be torn; or terton, we are rather in doubt as to else you lose the check and have to send whether or not you are not really confor the Librarian whose Aunt lives in ventional. For Mr. Chesterton, who is the next street but from

you,

and himself a most conventional person, who would naturally be able to vouch tells us that Conventions are not the

dead stiff things we used to think them. But this has nothing to do with what Not at all: they are alive and bristling, I wanted to tell you, which is, that you full of good red blood and ready to shed have made me wish that I could offer it all upon attack, at the same time

you

one

for you.

retaining all of their good red blood in in your works), such as, 'Ethel, I adore order to enable them to continue be- the ground your tiny feet have trod,' ing re-blooded. This seems -- But you this marked once with a pencil, will understand; it is really quite sim- lightly, indicates a spinster and some ple, and we have only to go on saying old sweet love-affair. Two heavy penso very fast, and other things also, so cil-marks give away the secret of some as not to stop: such as, that Shaw is lovesick Miss; while the gentleman so absurdly transparent; and that child- entangled never uses a pencil, but ren should not be scorched to make scores heavily with his thumb-nail, them dread the fire, for fear that leaving marks all through the followlater on some injudicious parent maying thirty pages, to the bewilderment strangle its offspring in order to make of the next reader. This thumb-nail it careful to avoid running risks which method, by the way, is used by the best might terminate in fatal accidents. people, but never on Seven-Day Books:

You are not to think that I am run- one finds their approval streaked along ning down Mr. Chesterton; I have a passages of Maeterlinck, — preferably great admiration for him in his balanced passages containing an Uplift. Those moments, which are many, and more of this class who use a pencil have somebeautifully balanced than those of al- thing to say, often a clever comment; most any other contemporary writer; one hopes the Librarian will not find it. so that, besides the inner meaning, we But for such illuminating comments as get the pleasure of that even sensation Sweet,'Just like R. H.,'How True,' produced by seeing an Acrobat on a etc. - one must turn to the Seven-Day tight-rope; and when he (Mr. C.) does Books. tip over the balance, he is usually bril- I have often thought that it is unfair liantly incomprehensible, and so it is to such a writer as the author of the all right and as it should be. And so Yellow Car or the Brass Bag to be placed let me get on to something else, which upon the same shelf with You (the Capis some more about Public Libraries. ital letter not conveying a misleading

Of course, you know that they buy sense of your importance, but seeming You and paste a strip of paper across a respectful mode of address). Think the front cover saying “Seven-Day of the down-lift (if up, why not down?) Book,'and charge two cents a day over- of Miss Gladys Mae Harrison, when dues and no reduction made on account she opens your book and reads about of Holidays as you should have allowed Pope and Chappell and the Approfor that; and under no circumstances priateness of - was it Jonah? (I have can it be renewed even on another returned the book.) Not even the hint ticket. This is sometimes a disadvant- of a ghost-story will lure her a line furage, as you must know, dear Mr. De ther; naturally she bangs the book to, Morgan, that your books are occasion- and shoves it back on the shelf between ally long; in fact, I found written at the Pam Decides and The Secret Agent, and end of one of them in a flowing hand, goes off for one of the good old regulars, “A sweet story, a little long.'

old numbers of favorite authors that These notes, by the way, are very can be kept two weeks and renewed interesting to one who has frequented for Hilda to read. For all Seven-Day the P. L. for years. One gets so that Books are not golden: and there is so one can tell from the

marked much of Gladys Mae! what kind of party the reader has been. However, I must tell you that your Impassioned passages (not to be found books are very well thumbed, covers

passages

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